« AnteriorContinuar »
EXPLANATION OF THE DESIGN FOR A SELF-SUPPORTING INSTITUTION.
THE object of the Institution may be described in the words, “Seek ye first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things
DESCRIPTION OF THE BUILDING.
The Kitchen-garden, extending from one playground to the other
The Governor's House is immediately opposite that of the Clergyman,
keeper's Residence adjoining.
At a short distance on the left of the Buildings is a Manufactory
carried on in the cottages.
A little further on, to the right of the Manufactory, is the Laundry
On the hill is a Windmill belonging to the Institution.
The whole to be surrounded by 1,000 acres of land; but should the
inmates consist of a large proportion of the Agricultural labourers, and
# The principle of Economy, for which the Buildings are designed, is not necessarily confined to those of one religious persuasion; but as the number of members is not large, it would be desirable that an uniformity of sentiment and feeling should prevail in each Establishment, thus constituting a congregation.
In the manifold phases of society, whether in its rudest stages and in its progress, or as it may now be seen in different parts of the world, there may be recognised, among minor variations and resemblances, five distinctive features—the Hunting State, the Pastoral, Agricultural, Commercial, and Manufacturing.
When it was perceived that nations the most advanced in civilisation were not the most moral ; that their vices, if less gross, were more numerous; that they had corrupted or exterminated the Aborigines of newlydiscovered countries—it is not surprising that some error should have been suspected to exist in the very foundations of society, nor is it unworthy of remark, that those authors who, from time to time, have speculated upon better systems of polity, were the most distinguished in the age in which they lived, for transcendent talent and profound wisdom. The views of Milton himself may be inferred from his opinion on the respective works of Plato, Lord Bacon, and Sir Thomas More :
“That grave and noble invention, which the greatest and sublimest wits in sundry ages, Plato in ‘Critias,' and our two famous countrymen, the one in his ‘Utopia,' the other in his “New Atlantis, chose, I may not say as a field, but as a mighty continent, wherein to display the largeness of their spirits by teaching this our world better and exacter things than were yet known or used.”—Milton's Apology for his Early Life and Writings.
To these may be added the “Oceana” of Harrington, and the “Gaudentia di Lucca" ascribed to Bishop Berkeley. That Bishop Burnet belonged to the same school may be concluded from his translating More's “Utopia.”
That these distinguished authors, so devoted to the good of mankind, should have written imaginative works upon this subject, and upon no other, shows how much importance was attached to the widest spread of their opinions, and to the necessity of securing general consent before their hopes and lofty aspirations could be realised. The idea of commencing de novo with a detached portion of the community, and illustrating their principles by an epitome of society, had not then occurred : but in modern times the principle of Association has been often resorted to for the accomplishment of many important objects; it remains only to be adopted for the attainment of the most important, to prevention as well as remedy, to training in the right path as well as correcting in the wrong, and numerous weaknesses and disorders, physical and moral, will disappear from society.