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shows the literal truth of the words of God, as much as the dispersion of the Jews among all nations, and the treading down of Jerusalem by the Gentiles, to this day. But here too the prophet's vision embraced the final judgments at Israel's redemption, also on the Gentiles. He saw, as only partly shown in the preceding Table, the day of the Lord's vengeance, and the year of recompenses for the controversy of Zion. But as to that day of which the Lord hath spoken, and the vengeance He will then render to his enemies, the words of Isaiah, as alike those of the Lord, have all the weight of the song of Moses, while they rise higher than it, as to the glory that shall follow.

A volume, not a chapter, can best convey a just idea of the actual and all-pervading harmony of prophecy, by a comparison of the book of Isaiah with other scriptures, if each be read as it is written. In these simple words Christ and his apostles appealed to the word of God by the prophets. The expression had lost none of its divine import, however little care has been taken to build upon the foundation both of apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief corner-stone; or however much the apostolic and more than apostolic example has been neglected, and the authoritative expression—it is writtenminstead of being accounted absolutely conclusive, has been practically disused or disowned, and other things substituted for those which the Lord hath spoken. But the word of the Lord standeth

Though Jesus, who was of the tribe of Judah, wept over Jerusalem, and told that the time of the treading down of it by the Gentiles hung on the fulfillment of the times of the Gentiles themselves, and that Jerusalem would not see him again, till it shall hail him coming in the name of the Lord—yet Judah and Jerusalem, Jacob and Zion, except where judgments fall, have been displaced, if fancy could displace them, from the writings of Isaiah and other prophets of Israel, till a “Commentary on Isaiah as it is" may seem a startling title to many- - whom though not avowed commentary on the book of Isaiah as it is not written would have failed to surprise, as if there could be shown in it the prophet's meaning far better than he knew it, or far other than he told it. Yet the things which Isaiah saw are things which the Lord revealed : and it is written is the watchword to which an exclusive comparison of scripture with scripture necessitates the return, if truth be sought at its centre and its source, whence naught but harmony can flow.

ever sure.

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Some instances may here be shown how the things recorded by John are illustrated by the prophecies of Isaiah ; and how separate testimonies to the same things, or to those which God had joined together in his Word, throughout the Scriptures, are ever shown to be interwoven, while new things are added to old as the opening of the book and reading it as written unfold the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven.

The second chapter has already in part been compared with the opening of the sixth seal. Reaching beyond the great day of the wrath of the Lamb, as also depicting it, the vision opens with the sight of the establishment of the mountain of the Lord's house on the top of the mountains, as all nations shall flow unto it. Universal peace


prevail when the law shall go forth out of Zion and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem, and the house of Jacob shall walk with the nations in the light of the Lord. The third chapter is full of judgments on Jerusalem ruined, and Judah fallen, which no Gentile has appropriated. But in the same vision it is written, in that day shall the branch of the Lord be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel. Jerusalem purged from its filth and its blood, and every one called holy that is written among the living in Jerusalem, the fiery judgments are past, and “all the glory” remains. That shall be the day when the song of Moses and the Lamb shall be sung, and the nations shall rejoice with his people, and walk in the light of the new Jerusalem—“in the light of the Lord,” as the Lamb is the light thereof.

The Apostle Paul, while he marks the distinction between the Jews and the Gentiles, throughout three consecutive chapters in the Epistle to the Romans, as clearly as does Isaiah, cites, “ Esaias” four times by name, and also twice, not less emphatically, as it is written. In the last of these, before closing with the exclamation of praise, O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! he testifies to the salvation of all Israel at last as it is written, There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: for

1 See Isaiah as it is.



this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins. As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes; but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sakes. For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance (or change of purpose).” Rom. xi. 26–29. The first of these quotations from Isaiah is, “Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved --for He will finish the work, and cut it short in righteous--because a short work will the Lord make

upon earth.” Rom. ix. 27, 28.—“And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the Lord, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God. For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return : the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. For the Lord God of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land (earth). Isa. x. 20–23.

In the following chapter, and in continuation of the same vision, it is shown how the Lord will execute the judgment written, or the consumption decreed, and how that consumption shall overflow with righteousness, and the vision next closes with a triumphant song of praise, when the anger of the Lord is turned away, and the Lord Jehovah is Israel's strength and song, when He also is become her salvation.

xi. 1. And there shall come I am the root and the offspring forth a Rod out of the stem of of David. Rev. xxii, 16. Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots :

2. And the Spirit of the Lord Thou art fairer than the chil. shall rest upon him, the spirit of dren of men; grace is poured wisdom and understanding, the into thy lips : therefore God hath spirit of knowledge and of the blessed thee for ever.

Gird thy fear of the Lord.

sword upon thy thigh, &c. Ps.

xlv. 2, 3. 3. And shall make him of Not every one that saith unto quick understanding in the fear me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into of the Lord: And He shall not the kingdom of heaven. - Many judge after the sight of his cyes, will say unto me in that day, neither reprove after the hearing Lord, Lord, have we not proph

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of his ears.- - And He shall smite esied in thy name ? &c. Then the earth.

will I profess into them, I never

knew you. Matt. vii. 21-23. The day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ

according to my gospel. Rom. ii. 16. 4. But with righteousness shall He shall judge thy people with he judge the poor, and reprove righteousness. - He shall judge the with equity for the meek of the poor of the people, he shall save earth.

the children of the needy, and shall

break in pieces the oppressor, Ps. lxxii. 2, 4. Yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be—but the meek shall inherit the earth. xxxvii. 10, 11.—Thou didst cause judgment to be heard from heaven; the earth feared and was still, when God arose to judgment to save all the meek of the earth. Ixxvi. 8, 9; Isa. xxxv. 3, 4; Zeph. ii. 3. Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. Matt. v.

3, 5.


The fourth and fifth verses of this chapter may briefly compared with the judgments 'recorded in Rev. xix.; and the ninth and tenth verses, together with the short chapter which follows, which is one psalın of praise, court a similar comparison with the triumphant songs there also written, in which Alleluiahs, as already seen, are common to the New Testament and to the Old. Thou shalt arise and have mercy upon Zion.- When the Lord shall build up Zion, He shall appear in his glory. He will regard the prayer of the destitute; and not despise their prayer. This shall be written for the generation to come: and the people which shall be created shall praise the Lord. Ps. cii. 13-18.

True and righteous are his Righteousness shall be the girjudgments. Rev. xix. 2.-I saw dle of his loins, and faithfulness heaven opened, and behold a the girdle' of his reins. Isa. xi. 5. white horse ; and he that sat on him was called Faithful and True.

And in righteousness he doth. With righteousness shall He judge and make war. 11. judge the poor, and reprove with

equity for the meek of the earth : Out of his mouth goeth a sharp

He shall smite the earth with sword, that with it" he should the rod of his mouth. smite the nations ; and he shall rule them with a rod of iron, &c.

11, 15.

I saw the beast and the kings And with the breath of his lips of the earth and their armies shall He slay the wicked. 4. gathered together to make war


against him.-And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat on the horse, which sword proceeded out his mouth. 19, 21.

Anh after these things I heard And in that day thou shalt say, a great voice of much people in O Lord, I will praise thee.-Beheaven, saying, Alleluia ; Salva- hold God is my salvation.—The tion, and glory, and honor, and Lord Jehovah is my strength and power, unto the Lord our God. my song; He also is become my 1.

salvation. Isa. xii. 1, 2. And a voice came out of the And in that day shall ye say, throne, saying, Praise our God, Praise the Lord, call upon his all ye his servants, and ye that name, declare his doings among fear him, both small and great. the people, make mention that his 5.

name is exalted, &c. 4. And I heard as it were the Sing unto the Lord; for he voice of a great multitude, and as hath done excellent things: This the voice of many waters, and as is known in all the earth. Cry the voice of mighty thunderings, out and shout, thou inhabitant of saying, Alleluia :

Zion : For the Lord God Omnipotent For great is the Holy One of reigneth 6.

Israel in the midst of thee. xii.

5, 6.-For the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord (Jehovah), as the waters cover the

sea. xi. 9. Let us be glad and rejoice, and He is become my salvation; give honor to Him. 7.

therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salva

tion. xii. 2, 3. Blessed are they which are His rest shall be glorious. xi. called to the marriage supper of 10. the Lamb. 9. Write, Blessed are (There remaineth therefore a the dead which die in the Lord rest for the people of God. Heb. from henceforth; Yea, saith the iv. 9.) Spirit, that they may rest from their labors; and their works do follow them. xiv. 13.

And they sing the song of In that day shall ye say, Praise Moses—and the song of the the Lord-declare his doings Lamb, saying, Great and mar- among the people, make mention velous are thy works, Lord God that his name is exalted. Sing Almighty.--All nations shall unto the Lord; for He hath done come and worship before thee; excellent things: this is known in for thy judgments are made man- all the earth. xii. 4, 5. ifest. xv. 3, 4.

I John saw the holy city, new Cry out and shout, thou in. Jerusalem, coming down from habitant of Zion : for great is the God out of heaven.-Behold, the Holy one of Israel in the midst of tabernacle of God is with men, thee. xii. 6. and He will dwell with them. xxi. 2, 3. The throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it. xxii. 3.

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