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killed. Guristersigo, a famous Creek vention that ratified the national Constichief, was killed. The royalists coming tution. In April, 1792, he was made genout of Savannah to assist the Indians eral-in-chief of the army. were driven back, with the loss of a stand- The defeat of GEN. ARTHUR ST. CLAIR ard and 127 horses with packs. The men (q. v.) spread alarm along the frontiers fled back to the city, and soon afterwards and indignation throughout the country. evacuated it. Wayne took possession of General Wayne was appointed his succes
sor. Apprehending that pending negotiations with the Indians, if they failed, would be followed by immediate hostilities against the frontiers, Wayne marched into the Northwestern Territory in the autumn of 1793 with a competent force. He spent the winter at Greenvile, not far from the place of St. Clair's disaster, and built a stockade, which he named Fort Recovery. The following summer he pushed on through the wilderness towards the Maumee, and at its junction with the Auglaize he built Fort Defiance. On the St. Mary's he built Fort Adams as an intermediate post; and in August he went down the Maumee with 1,000 men and encamped near British post at the
foot of the Mauthe city, and of the province of Georgia, mee Rapids, called Fort Miami, which had been held by the British mili- Maumee. Wayne, with a force ample to tary commanders about four years. It destroy the Indians in spite of British was estimated that Georgia lost in the influence, willing to spare bloodshed, war 1,000 of its citizens and 4,000 of its offered them peace and tranquillity if they slaves (see GEORGIA ; SAVANNAH, EVACUA- would lay down their weapons. They reTION OF). In 1784-85 Wayne served in the fused. Waynė then advanced to the head Pennsylvania Assembly, and in the con- of the rapids, and at a place called
Brave to the verge of rashness, Wayne received the name of Mad Anthony." Yet he was discreet and cautious, fruitful in resources, and prompt in the execution of plans. After his successful campaign against the Indians, he returned to Fort Presque Isle (now Erie), Pa., where he died, Dec. 15, 1796. His body was afterwards removed by his son and buried in Radnor church-yard, in his native county. Over his remains the Pennsylvania Society of the Cincinnati caused a neat marble monument to be erected in 1809.
Wayne, FORT, ATTACK ON. Forts Wayne and Harrison, the former at the junction of the St. Joseph's and St. Mary's rivers, where they formed the Maumee, and the latter on the Wabash, were strongholds of the Americans in the Northwest in 1812. General Proctor, in command at Fort Malden, resolved to reduce them, with the assistance of Tecumseh, whom Brock had commissioned a brigadier-general. Major Muir, with British regulars and Indians, was to proceed up the Maumee Valley to co-operate with other Indians, and Sept. 1 was appointed as the day when they should invest Fort Wayne. The garrison consisted of only seventy men under Capt. James Rhea. The Indians prosecuted raids in other directions to divert attention from
Forts Wayne and Harrison and prevent Fallen Timbers, not far above (present) their being reinforced. A scalping-party Maumee City, he attacked and defeated fell upon the “ Pigeon-roost Settlement " the Indians on Aug. 20. Almost all the dead warriors were found with British arms.
HARMAR's Wayne laid waste their coun- DEFEAT. try, and at the middle of September moved up to the junction of the St. Mary's and St. Joseph's rivers, near the (present) city of Fort Wayne, Ind., and built strong fortification which he named Fort Wayne. The little army wintered at Greenville. The Indians perceived their own weakness and sued for peace. The following sum
about 1,100 sachems and warriors, representing twelve cantons, met (Aug. 3, 1795) commissioners of the United States at Greenville, and made a treaty of peace.
GENERAL WAYNE'S GRAVE.
FIGHT BETWEEN MILITIA
BURSUIT BY MILITIA A
FIGHT BETWEEN REGULARS AND INDIANS
MAP OF FORT WAYNE AND VICINITY.
in Scott county, Ind. (Sept. 3), and during Wayne, James MOORE, jurist; born in the twilight they killed three men, five Savannah, Ga., in 1790; graduated at women, and sixteen children. Similar Princeton College in 1808; admitted to atrocities were committed by these allies the bar in 1810, and began practice in his of the British preparatory to the invest. native city; was judge of the Georgia ment of Fort Wayne. For several days Supreme Court in 1824–29; member of the Indians had been seen hovering in the Congress in 1829–35; and in the latter woods around the fort, and on the night year was appointed an associate justice of Sept. 5 they attacked the sentinels. of the United States Supreme Court, The treacherous Miamis, who, since the where he sat till his death in Washington, massacre at Chicago, had resolved to join D. C., July 5, 1867. :
the British, kept up a zealous pretence of Wayne's Indian Campaign. See OHIO; friendship for the Americans, hoping by WAYNE, ANTHONY. this to get possession of the fort by sur- Weather Bureau. The United States prise. They joined the other Indians in weather bureau, from its organization in an attack on the fort on the night of the 1870 until June 30, 1891, when it was 6th, supposed to have been 600 strong. transferred to the Department of AgriThey attempted to scale the palisades, but culture, was a division of the United were driven back. Then, under the direc- States signal service under the War Detion of a half-breed, they formed two logs partment. It was organized by Chief into the shape of cannon, and demanded Signal Officer Brig.-Gen. Albert J. Myer, the instant surrender of the fort, which under act of Congress, Feb. 9, 1870, the would be battered down in case of a re- first legislation of the United States for fusal. The troops were not frightened. a national weather service. MeteorologiThey knew friends were on their way to cal reports had been collected and maps relieve them. The besiegers kept up as- sent out daily by Professor Henry at the saults until the 12th, when they fled pre. Smithsonian Institution in 1854, and cipitately on the approach of a deliver- European governments had issued storm ing force that night which saved the fort. warnings in Holland, France, and EngThe Indians had destroyed the live-stock, land; but Prof. Cleveland Abbé, meteocrops, and dwellings outside of the fort. rologist, of Cincinnati, originated the The city of Fort Wayne stands near the present system of weather forecasts. Prospot.
fessor Abbé began the publication of the