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three o'clock in the afternoon; the cavalry It is understood that any property obviwith their swords drawn, trumpets sound- ously belonging to the inhabitants of these ing; and the infantry in the manner pre- States, in the possession of the garrison, scribed for the garrison of York. They shall be subject to be reclaimed. are likewise to return to their encamp- Art. 5. The soldiers to be kept in Virments until they can be finally marched ginia, Maryland, or Pennsylvania, and as off.
much by regiments as possible, and supArt. 4. Officers are to retain their plied with the same rations or provisions side-arms. Both officers and soldiers to as are allowed to soldiers in the service of keep their private property of every kind, America. A field-officer from each nation and no part of their baggage or papers to —to wit, British, Anspach, and Hessianbe at any time subject to search or in- and other officers on parole in the prospection. The baggage and papers of offi- portion of one to fifty men, to be allowed cers & soldiers taken during the siege to to reside near their respective regiments be likewise preserved for them.
and be witnesses of their treatment; and Granted.
that their officers may receive and deliver
GENERAL RETURN OF OFFICERS AND PRIVATES SURRENDERED PRISONERS OF WAR, OCT. 19, 1781, TO THE ALLIED ARMY UNDER COMMAND OF HIS EXCELLENCY GENERAL
WASHINGTON—TAKEN FROM THE ORIGINAL MUSTER-ROLLS.
THOMAS DURIE, Camp near Yorktown, October 27, 1781.
Deputy Commissary of Prisoners. N. B.-Since finishing the above return, I find unaccounted for: 1 Ensign Loyal Foresters, 1 Wagon Master, 6 Conductors, 5 Artificers, 1 Clerk to the Deputy Quartermaster-General.
Thomas DURIE, D.C.P. October 28, 1781.
clothing and other necessaries for them; be considered as prisoners of war upon for which passports are to be granted parole. when applied for.
Art. 10. Natives or inhabitants of difGranted.
ferent parts of this country, at present in Art. 6. The general, staff & other offi- York or Gloucester, are not to be punished cers, not employed as mentioned in the on account of having joined the British articles, and who choose it, to be per. army. mitted to go on parole to Europe, to New This article cannot be assented to, be. York, or any other American posts at ing altogether of civil resort. present in possession of the British forces, Art. 11. Proper hospitals to be furat their own option, and proper vessels tonished for the sick & wounded. They are be granted by the Count de Grasse to carry to be attended by their own surgeons on them under flags of truce to New York parole; and they are to be furnished with within ten days from this date, if pos- medicines & stores from the American sible, and they to reside in a district hospitals. to be agreed upon hereafter until they The hospital stores now in York and embark.
Gloucester shall be delivered for the use The officers of the civil department of the British sick & wounded. Passports of the army and navy to be included in will be granted for procuring further this article. Passports to go by land supplies from New York as occasion may to those to whom vessels cannot be fur require; and proper hospitals will be furnished.
nished for the reception of the sick & Granted.
wounded of the two garrisons. Art. 7. Officers to be allowed to keep Art. 12. Wagons to be furnished to soldiers as servants according to the com- carry the baggage of the officers attendmon practice of the service. Servants, ing on the soldiers, and to surgeons when not soldiers, are not to be considered as travelling on account of the sick, attending prisoners and are to be allowed to at the hospitals at public expense. tend to their masters.
They are to be furnished if possible. Granted.
Art. 13. The shipping and boats in Art. 8. The Bonetta sloop-of-war to the two harbors, with all their stores, be equipped and navigated by its present guns, tackling, and apparel, shall be decaptain and crew and left entirely at the livered up in their present state to an disposal of Lord Cornwallis from the hour officer of the navy appointed to take posthat the capitulation is signed, to receive session of them, previously unloading an aide-de-camp to carry despatches to the private property, part of which had Sir Henry Clinton; and such soldiers as been on board for security during the he may think proper to send to New York, siege. to be permitted to sail without examina- Granted. tion, when his despatches are ready. His Art. 14. No article of capitulation to lordship engages on his part that the ship be infringed on pretence of reprisals; and shall be delivered to the order of the Count if there be any doubtful expressions in it, de Grasse, if she escapes the dangers of they are to be interpreted according to the the sea ; that she shall not carry off any common meaning and acceptation of the public stores. Any part of the crew that words. may be deficient on her return, and the Granted. soldiers passengers, to be accounted for on Done at York Town in Virginia Oct her delivery.
CORNWALLIS, Art. 9. The traders are to preserve
THOMAS SYMONDS. their property, and to be allowed three Done in the trenches before York Town months to dispose of or remove them; and in Virginia Oct 19 1781. those traders are not to be considered as
G. WASHINGTON, prisoners of war.
LE COMTE DE ROCHAMBEAU, The traders will be allowed to dispose
LE COMTE DE BARRAS, en mon of their effects, the allied army having
nom & celui de Comte de the right of pre-emption. The traders to
Yorktown Monument. On Oct. 24, 1781, after the Congress had voted the thanks of the nation to Washington and his associate officers who had brought about the surrender of Cornwallis, that body resolved:
“ That the United States, in Congress assembled, will cause to be erected at York, in Virginia, a marble column, adorned with emblems of the alliance between the United States and his Christian Majesty, and inscribed with a cinct narrative of the surrender of Earl Cornwallis to his excellency General Washington, commander-inchief of the combined forces of America and France; to his excellency the Count de Rochambeau, commanding the auxiliary troops of his most Christian Majesty in America; and to his excellency the Count de Grasse, commanding the naval forces of France in Chesapeake Bay.”
On the centennial anniversary of the surrender the corner-stone of a commemorative monument was laid, with impressive services, including the following address by President Arthur:
“ Upon this soil, one hundred years ago, our forefathers brought to a cessful issue their heroic struggle for independence. Here and then was established, and is, we trust, made secure upon this continent for ages yet to come, that principle of govern. ment which is the very fibre of our political system —the sovereignty of the people. The resentments which attended and for a time sur
vived the clash of arms have long since " In recognition of the friendly relaceased to animate our hearts. It is with tions so long and so happily subsisting no feeling of exultation over a defeated foe between Great Britain and the United that to-day we summon up a remembrance States, in the trust and confidence of of those events which have made this peace and good - will between the two ground holy whereon we tread. Surely countries for all centuries to come, and no such unworthy sentiment could find especially as a mark of the profound reharbor in our hearts, so profoundly thrill- spect entertained by the American people ed with the expression of sorrow and for the illustrious sovereign and gracious sympathy which our national bereavement lady who sits upon the British throne, it has evolved from the people of England is hereby ordered that, at the close of and their august sovereign. But it is alto. these ceremonies in commemoration of the gether fitting that we should gather here valor and success of our forefathers in to refresh our souls with the contempla- their patriotic struggle for independence, tion of unfaltering patriotism, the sturdy the British flag shall be saluted by the zeal of sublime faith which achieved the forces of the army and navy of the United results we now commemorate. For so, if States now at Yorktown. The Secretary we learn aright the lesson of the hour, of War and the Secretary of the Navy shall we be incited to transmit to the will give orders accordingly.” generations which shall follow, the pre- The monument, which was the joint cious legacy which our forefathers left to work of J. Q. A. Ward, sculptor, and of us—the love of liberty, protected by law. Richard M. Hunt and Henry Van Brunt, Of that historic scene which we here cele architects, unveiled Oct. 19, brate, no feature is more prominent and 1885. none more touching than the participa- Yosemite Valley, a picturesque stretch tion of our gallant allies from across the of country in the Sierra Nevada of Cali
It was their presence which gave fornia, 150 miles in a direct line southfresh and vigorous impulse to the hopes east from San Francisco, and nearly in the of our countrymen when wellnigh dis- centre of the State. Its scenic attracheartened by a long series of disasters. tions are most remarkable. It was disIt was their noble and generous aid ex- covered in 1851, a party of settlers near tended in the darkest period of the strug- the mining-camp of Mariposa having visit. gle which sped the coming of our triumph ed it that year. The Indian residents of and made the capitulation at Yorktown that region are said to be a mixed race. possible a century ago. To their descend- They were troublesome to the white setants and representatives, who are here tlers, and were chased to this stronghold, present as honored guests of the pation, and thus it was discovered. The name it is my glad duty to offer a cordial wel- “ Yosemite signifies “a full · grown come. You have a right to share with grizzly bear.” By act of Congress in 1864 us the associations which cluster about the valley, with a small adjacent region, the day, when your fathers fought side was intrusted to the State of California by side with our fathers in the cause as a State park. This was followed by which was here crowned with success, and the reservation of other regions, and the none of the memories awakened by this area has since been set aside by Congress anniversary are more grateful to us all as a national park. than the reflection that the national
Young, BRIGHAM, Mormon president; friendships here so closely cemented have born in Whitingham, Vt., June 1, 1801; outlasted the mutations of a changeful joined the Mormons at Kirtland, O., in century. God grant, my countrymen, that 1832, and by shrewdness and energy soon they may ever remain unshaken, and that became influential among them. He was ever henceforth with ourselves and with appointed one of the “apostles” sent out all nations of the earth we may be at in 1835 to make converts; and on the peace!"
death of Joseph Smith, the founder of A touching feature of the official exer- the Mormon Church, in 1844, became cises was the execution of the following its president, prophet, and high-priest. Presidential order:
Informing his followers that the region
of the Great Salt Lake, in mid-continent, Young led a few persons to Great Salt was the promised land of the Mormons, Lake Valley, and in May, 1848, the great they abandoned Nauvoo in 1846, after be- body of the Mormons arrived there and ing cannonaded by exasperated citizens of founded Salt Lake City. Appointed the that region. The following year Brigham first territorial governor of Utah, he