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lord over the rest; ye also are the last of all nations, and I have blessed you already; * come then and be ye two, a blessed pair together, and thus ye shall remain a couple for ever: and here the whole world will confess, that from that time until this day Israel has never forsaken his pair. Thus far it is shewn, that before the world was created Israel and the Sabbath was to be a pair; also all the feasts shall be called Sabbaths, for so we find it in the great drawing. One feast is the Passover, also called Sabbath; "And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath." The second feast is the Pentecost, also called Sabbath; "Even unto the morrow after the seventh." Next comes the new year, also called Sabbath; " In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a Sabbath." Next comes the tenth day, or the day of atonement, also called Sabbath; "It shall be unto you a Sabbath." Next comes the feast of Tabernacles, also called Sabbath; "On the first day shall be a Sabbath." Levit. xxiii. 15, 16, 20, 32, 39. After all that has been said, here is a proof that before the world was created Israel and the Sabbath were blessed, and coupled together to be a pair for ever, and to be lords over all the things which God created. The first Sabbath was also a type of the great Sabbath, and known by the name of * Millennium, and properly means the reign of the Messiah upon earth.
*THE OPINION OP THE GENTILES CONCERNING
The Sabbath.—If I say to one of the gentiles, What do you think about the law of Moses? he will answer me thus, The law is abolished. Then
if I ask him, The whole of it, or only part? he then will say, I am a gentile; we are bound to observe only the moral law, which is the ten commandments. Then I say, answer this question; Is not the Sabbath one of the ten commandments? then he will answer me thus; I, as a gentile, keep the first day, and that is my proper Sabbath.
This observation wants consideration: every one knows that the first day is called a working day, and the Lord of heaven and earth made it, and began on it to work; the question will be, who is he that will stand up and contradict the Lord over all? he said, The first day shall be a labouring day, and somebody got up and said, I say the contrary, it shall be called the Sabbath. Now the question is, who is the person that will dare to call holy that which the Lord called unholy? it cannot be said that the gentile Messiah commanded it: do Christians derive it from what Paul said?" Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store." 1 Cor. xvi. 2.
Here the question will be, are men to obey the command of God, or the command of the apostle Paul? It is already noticed * that the Sabbath is a type of the Millenium, but what is the first day to typify? Now, according to the law, the gentiles have nothing else to do but observe the law of Noah, already mentioned in page 69; they have * no right to keep holy that which is not holy, but, if any one will keep a Sabbath, he must then keep the Sabbath of the Lord. It is also mentioned in page 83, that all the feasts arc called Sabbaths: then it will follow that he who will be an observer of the Sabbath must observe also all the feasts and must keep the whole law. But we see that the gentiles act contrary to the will of God, they will have a Sabbath on a working day; and here it may be asserted that the Millennium will be only for those who observe the Sabbath; as for the gentiles, they shall work then on the Sabbath, even as they do now.
*the Day Of Atonement.—"And this shall be a statute for ever unto you, that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country or the stranger that sojourneth among you: for on that day the priest makes an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your, sins before the Lord: it shall be a Sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever; and this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year." Lev. xvi. 29, 30, 31.34..
In page 47 it is mentioned, that Moses was convinced that Israel would be dispersed among the gentiles, and therefore he gave them direction how to steer, that they might recover their ancient glory: he never told them to sacrifice any thing in their dispersion, but informed them that they had nothing else to do, but to return unto the Lord by true repentance, and then the Lord would restore them. But here the Jew will ask the question, Are we left destitute in our dispersion of a tabernacle, or of a temple, or of sacrifices? No, for even this very day we have a temple, and we have also sacrifices. "Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord God; Although I have cast them far off among the heathen, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet will I be to them as *a little sanctuary in the countries where they shall come." Ezek. xi. 16. Here you see that our Synagogues are still the temples of the Lord.
* Sacrifices.—" The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit." Psalm li. 17. "O, Israel! return unto the Lord thy God; for thou hast fallen by thine iniquity. Take with you words, and turn to the Lord; say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously; so will we render the calves of our lips." Hosea xiv. 1, 2. *Now, when the day of atonement comes, we all go into our little sanctuary; there we continue the whole day, we fast the whole day, the whole day is spent in prayers. Thus we are ordered to do, and so we do year by year; and here is the forgiveness of all the sins of Israel once a year. Thus far is shewn to the gentiles, that Israel has this very day a temple, also sacrifices. The gentiles, perhaps, will say, if so, why is then Israel not restored to her former glory?
Take notice of what follows: It is already mentioned in page 67 that the proper Messiah will come in due time; and in page 69 it is stated that there were to be in this world * only seventy nations. These seventy nations were formed at the building of the tower of Babylon. At that time Abraham was forty-eight years old. From that time until * the Lord made a covenant with Abraham were twenty-two years; thus was * Abraham seventy years old. Here Abraham represents the seventy of his family that afterwards went down into Egypt, see page 69; "And the Lord said unto Moses, Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel." Num. xi. 16. This number remained in Israel until the second temple was destroyed. These seventy were the first Sanhedrin, and Moses the Lord over them, the same as the Sanhedrin above; the seventy angels that stand in the presence of the Lord are called the heavenly Sanhedrin.
At that time, when the sons of Adam had one language only, they began to be rebellious. The Lord said to his Sanhedrin, " Let us go down, and there confound their language ;" the seventy families shall be divided by lot: and thus every angel became a guardian angel to that family, which was afterwards a nation. Abraham fell to the lot of God, as it is written, " For the Lord's portion is his people; Jacob is the lot of his inheritance." Deut. xxxii. 9. But here it should be known, that the lot of God was as much in number as that of all his seventy Sanhedrin, for so it is written, Deut. xxxii. 8: see page 50. And * that every nation has a prince in heaven, is confirmed by the prophet: "And now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth lo, the prince of Grecia shall come." Daniel x. 20.
David, the father of the Messiah, lived only seventy years.
The captivity of Babylon was seventy years.
From the birth of David, until the desolation of the temple of Solomon was seventy weeks.