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writings ; and fortune, as it were in spight, hath made the vanity of their request to continue, even to our daies, and long since the historians were lost.” Florio's translation, 1622.
VOL. II. P. 16. 1. 18. After choses, put a comma. P. 26. 1. 19. For fregore, r. frigore. P. 27. 1. 14. For nature, r. name. P. 35. n. When this note was written, I thought our
author had more concern in the ESSAY ON SATIRE than I now, on a closer examination, believe he had.
See vol. i. part i. p. 130. P. 83. l. ult.-—" and curse ye Meroz, would be oftener
preached upon, than- Give to Cæsar,–,"
See the book of JUDGES, V. 23. “ Curse ye Meroz, said the Angel of the LORD; curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof, because they came not to the help of the LORD, to the help of the LORD against the mighty.”
“ This text," (says Edmond Hickeringhill, who preach. ed a Sermon on it before the Lord- Mayor and Aldermen of London, May 9, 1680, that made much noise at that time,) “ this text, about forty years ago, I have heard, was the common theme in pulpits, and ushered in, as well as promoted, the late bloody civil wars.” Hick. eringhill had written an Answer to our author's MEDAL. See the Life of Dryden, p. 164. . · P. 84.he had, as an old historian says of another,
magnas virtutes, nec minora vitia.
I have in vain endeavoured to trace this passage to any historian. Annibal's character in Livy, (1. xxi. c. 4.) contains these words : “ Has tantas viri virtutes ingentia vitia æquabant ; which I should have suspected were in our author's contemplation, (for he seldom is exact in his quotations, but that the very words, here introduced, occur in other modern authors. Thus Howel, in his LETTERS, Book 1. let. 42. says, “ To conclude; in Italy there be virtutes magna, nec minora vitia." So also Sir Thomas Browne, in his Religio Medici, P. II. $ 10.“ Magnæ virtutes, nec minora vitia, is the poesy of the best natures ;"-a poesy, which Dr. Johnson has ap. plied to the style of Browne. The same words also occur in one of the Epistles of Erasmus. P. 91. n. 9. For Queen Elizabeth's birth-day, r. the day of
Queen's Elizabeth's accession to the throne.
The following account of this ceremonial is given by Wright, in his “ Compendious View of the late Tumults and Troubles,” &c. p. 59, 8vo. 1685.
“ The effigies of the Pope, in all his Pontificalibus, had been for several years past solemnly burnt by the people in the month of November, yearly; but never with so much ceremony as on the 17th of November this year ; it being a day observed by some in memory of Queen Elizabeth. The procession consisted of one per. sonating the dead body of Sir Edmundbury Godfrey, carried on a horse, with a bellman to mind the people of his murther; Priests in copes, with a large silver cross; Carmelites and Gray Friers; six Jesuites, and after them the Waits; several Bishops, some in lawn sleeves, others with copes and miters on; then six Cardinals; and after them the Pope on a pageant, with boys and incense pots, and other ceremonious pomp; behind him the Devil's representative. In this manner they marched, about five at night, from Bishopsgate to the Temple Gate at Chane cery Lane end, attended with thousands of people ; at which appointed station they committed the effigies to the flames of a very extraordinary bonefire, at which time the mock devil departed, and the shew ended."-See also our author's Prologue to Southerne's LOYAL BROTHER, 1682.
A very curious and scarce print, representing this ce. remonial, is in Mr. Bindley's Collection.
P. 105. Add to the Note-So, in “ The Treacherous Aria.
baptist, or the Dipper Dipt, a new Protestant ballad :" “Oye Roundheads and Whiggs, for ever be silent, “ Cease to scandalize Tory, and honest Tantivy."
Again, in Choice Songs, printed at the end of an He. roick Poem to his Royal Highness the Duke of York on his return from Scotland, by Matthew Taubman, folio, 1682 : “ Here's a health to the King and his lawful successors, “ To honest Tantivies, and loyal Addressers ; “ But a pox take all those, that promoted Petitions, “ To poison the nation, and stir up seditions.” P. 134. n. 7. For Leolin, r. Leoline.--I have lately ob
served, that Sir John Dalrymple, in his “ APPENDIX to the Review of Events after the Restoration,” p. 324, says, that the relation of Shaftesbury's death here given, was chiefly founded on the testimony of one Massal; and that “ if he had known Massal's character to have been so bad as he afterwards found it to have been, he
should not have given credit to any thing said by him." P. 151. n. 1. 6. For third, r. sixth.
For a more particular account of the news of the Duke of Monmouth's landing, reaching London, see the Life of Dryden, p. 188. n. P. 152. n. See vol. iii. p. 32, where our author has given
the same definition; but we there find that he meant only what he calls “ poetical wit.”. This qualification
in a great measure obviates the objections made by · Addison on this subject. : P. 211. I. 13 from the bottom.---so have you wisely chosen
to withdraw yourself from publick business, &c. · On the 19th of October, 1689, the Marquis of Halifax desired to be excused from officiating any longer as Speaker of the House of Lords; and Sir Robert Atkins, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, was appointed Speaker in his room.
P. 218. n. There is here a slight mistake, in consequence
of my trusting to memory. Lord Rochester was in the reign of Charles II. only First Commissioner of the Treasury, and by King James was made Lord High Treasurer, as has been rightly stated in p. 64.-In this note therefore, in l. 3, for Lord Treasurer, r. First Lord of the Treasury; and afterwards, dele the words
again, and a second time. P. 220. n. 1. 1. 2. Read, James, Earl of Ossory, afterwards
the second Duke of Ormond. Ibid. I. 5. For the Duchess of Ormond, r. Lady Ossory. P. 231. I. 12 from the bottom. For Ptolomy, r. Ptolemy. P. 237. n. 1. 3. For Charles, r. Thomas. P. 249. For 1662, 7. 1661. P. 274. n. 1. 1. Since this note was written, I have ob
served that Crowne, in the Preface to his CaliguLA, a tragedy, printed in 1698, says, that “three parts of four of the Notes on THE EMPRESS OF MOROCCO,
were written by him.” P. 278. 1. 5. “ I suspect he took her character from the
Catharine des Hayes, the widow of the Sieur Monte Voisin, and thence known by the name of LA VOISIN, about this time, having purchased from an Italian chemist named Exili, a poison named acqua toffana, with it de. stroyed many lives. She pretended to the spirit of pro. phecy, and took care to fulfil her deadly predictions, by giving her drug to those whose death she had foretold. By this flagitious trade' she supported herself in great elegance for some years. Being at length suspected, in consequence of various persons having died suddenly, a chambre ardente was held at the Arsenal in Paris, by order of Louis the Fourteenth, and she was burned, July 22, 1680.-I doubt, however, whether she was suffi. ciently notorious, when the Notes on THE EMPRESS Or MOROCCO were written, to have been here in contemplation. P. 288. n. See also The LOYAL SATIRIST, 40, 1662,
“— among the Turks, dizziness is a divine trance; changelings and ideots are the chiefest saints ; and 'tis the greatest sign of revelation to be out of one's wits." P. 293. n. 3. See this matter more accurately stated in
the Life of Dryden.—Though the story of Absalom and Achitophel had not been applied in the pulpit to this part of King Charles the Second's reign, before our author's poem, Nathaniel Carpenter had exhibited the picture of " a wicked politician,” in the person of Achitophel, in three sermons preached at Oxford, which were printed in the year 1627. I doubt, how.
ever, whether Dryden had ever seen Carpenter's book. P. 294. n. 6.—The following instances fully support my
conjecture here. In Mr. Bindley's Collection is “ A · proper New Brummigham Ballad, to thetuneof-Hey then,
up go we;' which is a song of triumph on the prospect of the speedy downfall of the Church of England, and the arrival of the happy time when men shall be allowed to teach beneath a tree, and make a pulpit of a cart. So also in “Old Jemmy, an excellent new ballad," in the same Collection ; published Sep. 15, 1681 :
" Old Jemmy is the top
“ And chief among the princes, “ No mobile gay fop,
“ With Brimigham pretences." Again, in IGNORAMUS, a ballad, Dec. 15, 1681 :
“O, how they plotted !
“ Briminghams voted, " And all the mobile the holy cause promoted."