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tion of eight or ten millions of foreign and famished millions are deprived quarters, annually, upon our people alike of food and employment, by the a full sixth of the national subsistence, suicidal policy of preceding rulers ? and which will soon become indis- Our present strength will then be the pensable to their existence. A simple measure of our weakness; our vast non-intercourse act will alone enable population, as in a beleaguered town, Russia or America, without firing a the useless multitude which must be shot, to compelus to lower the fed, and cannot fight-our wealth, flag of Blake and Nelson. Stern the glittering prize which will attract famine will “guard the solitary coast,” the rapacity of the spoiler. With inand famished multitudes demand dignant feelings, but caustic truth, national submission as the price of our people will then curse the inlife. The repeal of the Navigation fatuated policy which abandoned the Laws will ere long bring the foreign national defences, and handed them seamen engaged in carrying on our over, bound hand and foot, to the trade to a superiority over our own, as enemy, only the more the object of rahas already taken place, in so woful pacity, becanse such boundless wealth a manner, with the Baltic powers. had accumulated in a few hands Hostile fleets will moor their ships of amongst them.

Then will be seen, the line across our harbours, and that with our own hands, as into the throw back our starving multitudes ancient city, we have admitted the eneon their own island for food, and their mies' bands; we have drawn the horse own market for employment. What pregnant with armed men through our will then avail our manufactures and ramparts, and our weeping and dispersour fabrics,--the forges of Birming- ed descendants will exclaim, with the ham, the power-looms of Manchester, Trojans of old, the iron-works of Lanarkshire,mif the enemies' squadrons blockade the “Fuimus Tröes, fuit Ilium et ingens Thames, the Mersey, and the Clyde, Gloria Teucrorum."

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La Bonte and his companions pro- which had been carried away, they ceeded up the river, the Black Hills discovered by the flatstick, a little on their left hand, from which several distance down the stream, with a large small creeks or feeders swell the waters drowned beaver between iis t-eth. of tbe North Fork. Along these they The animals being carefully skinned, bunted unsuccessfully for beaver "sign," they returned 10 camp with the choicand it was evident that the spring est portions of the meel, and the tails, bunt had almost entirely exterminated on wbich they most luxuriously supthe aniinal from this vicinity. Follow. ped; and La Bonté was fain to confess ing Deer Creek to the ridge of the ihat all his ideas of the superescellence Black Hills, they crossed the moun. of buffalo were thrown in the shade by tain on to the waters of the Medicine the delicious beaver tail, the rich meat Bow, and here they discovered a few of which he was compelled to allow lodges, and La Bonié set his first trap. was great eating,” unsurpassed by He and old Luke finding "cuttings “ lender loin ” or “ houdini," or other near the camp, followed the "sign meal of whalever kind he had eaten along the bank until he practised eye of before. of the latter discovered a "slide,” The country where La Bonté and where the beaver had ascended the his companions were trapping, is very bank 10 chop the trunk of a cotion curiously situated in the extensive bend wood, and convey the bark 10 its lodge. of the Platie which encloses ibe Black Taking a trap from “sack,” the old Hill range on the north, and which bunter after " settingthe “ trigger,” bounds the large expanse of broken placed it carefully under the water, Iraci known as the Laramie Plains, where the “ slide” entered the stream, their southern limit being ihe base of securing the chain to the stem of a the Medicine Bow Mountains. From sappling on the bank ; while a stick, the north-western corner of the bend, also attached to the trap by a thong, an inconsiderable range extends to the floated down the streani, to mark the westward, grailually decreasing in position of the trap, should the animal height until they reach an elevated carry it away. A little farther on, plain, which forms a break in the stų. and near another “run," three traps pendous chain of the Rocky Mounwere set ; and over these Luke placed iains, and affords their easy passage, a little stick, which he first dipped into now known as the Great, or South a mysterious looking phial which con Pass. So gradual is the ascent of this tained his medicine."*

portion of the mountain, ibat the traThe next morning they visited the veller can scarcely believe that he is traps, and bad the satisfaction of find. crossing the dividing ridge between ing three fine beaver secured in the the winters which flow inio the Atfirst three they visited, and the fourth, lantic and Pacific Oceans, and in a few

* A substance obtained from a gland in the scrotum of the beaver, and used to attract that animal to the trap. VOL. LXIV.


minutes can fling a stick into two a Mexican from Taos, one Marcellin, neighbouring streams, one of which a fine strapping fellow, the best trapwould be carried thousands of miles, per and hunter in the mountains, and which the eastern waters traverse in ever first in the fight. Here, too, their course to the Gulf of Mexico, the arrived the “ Bourgeois" traders of the other, borne a lesser distance, to the “ North West”* Company, with their Gulf of California.

superior equipments, ready to meet The country is frequented by the their trappers, and purchase the beaCrows and Snakes, who are at perpetual ver at an equirable value ; and soon the war with the Shians and Sioux, follow. encampment began to assume a busy ing them often far down the Platte, appearance when the trade opened. where many bloody battles have taken A curious assemblaye did the renplace. The Crows are esteemed friendly dezvous present, and representatives to the whites; but when on war expe- of many a land met there. A son of ditions, and “ hair” their object, it is La belle France here lit his pipe from always dangerous to fall in with In

one proffered by a native of New dian war-parties, and particularly in Mexico. An Englishman and a Sandthe remote regions of the mountains, wich islander cut a quid from the where they do not anticipate retalia same plug of tobacco. A Swede and tion.

an “old Virginian” puffed together. Trapping with tolerable success in A Shawnee blew a peaceful cloud this viciniiy, as soon as the premoni- with a scion of the “Six Nations.” tory storms of approaching winter One from the Land of Cakes—a canny warned them to leave the mountains, chiel--sought to “ get round” (in they crossed over to the waters of trade) a right “smart” Yankee, but Green River, one of the affluents of couldn't "shine.” the Colorado, intending to winter at The beaver went briskly, six doi. a rendezvous to be held in - Brown's lars being the price paid per Ib. in Hole”—an enclosed valley so called, goods—for money is seldom given in which, abounding in game, and shel. ihe mountain market, where “ beaver” tered on every side by lofty mountains, is cash for which the articles suppried is a favourite wintering-ground of the by the traders are harlered. In a very mountaineers. Here they found several short time peliries of every description trapping bands already arrived ; and had changed hands, either by trade, or a trader from the Vintah country, with gambling with cards and betting. With a store of powder, lead, and tobacco, ihe mountain men bets decide every prepared to ease them of their hardly question that is raised, even the most earned peltries.

trivial; and if the Editor of Bell's Life In bands numbering from two 10 was to pay one of these rendezvous a ten, and singly, the trappers dropped winter visit, he would find the broad into the rendezvous; some with many sheet of his paper hardly capacious pack-loads of beaver, others with enough to answer all the questions greater or less quantity, and more than which would be referred to his decision, one came in on foot, baving lost his Before the winter was over, La animals and peltry by Indian thieving. Bonté had lost all traces of civilized Here were soon congregated many humanity, and might jnstly claim to mountaineers, whose names are fa. be considered as “ hard a case” as mous in the history of the Far West. any of the mountaineers then present. Fitzpatrick and Hatcher, and old Bill Long before the spring opened, he had Williams, with their bands, well-known lost all the produce of his bunt and leaders of trapping parties, soon ar- both his animals, which, however, by rived. Subletle came in with his men a stroke of luck, he recovered, and from Yellow Stone, and many of wisely “ held on to " for the future. Wyeth's New Englanders were there. Right glad when spring appeared, Chabonard with his half-breeds. Wah. he started from Brown's Hole, with keiichas all, brought his peliries from four companions, to hunt the l'iulah the lower country; and half a dozen or Snake country, and the affluents Sbawanee and Delaware Indians, with of the larger streams which rise in

The Hudson's Bay Company is so called by the American trappers.

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