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and, except we be reprobates, will be followed with bitter la. mentations, and a serious retirn to him.
Finally. Whatever of this kind has been permitted to take place in any of our connections, it is designed, no doubt, to be a warning to us. While we feel a proper abhorrence of the evil, it becomes us to trcmble for ourselves. . Let him that thinketh he sțandeth, take heed lest he fall.'
I am affectionately yours, &c. 1
Evangelicana. Origin of Bunhill Fields Burying-Ground, London. Tuis extensive burial-place is part of the manor of Finsbury, or Fenr. bury, which is of great antiquity, as appears by its being a prebend of St. Paul's Cathedral in 1104. In the year 1315, It was granted by Robert de Baldock to the Mayor and Commonalty of London. Part of it was, in 1498, converted ito a large field for the use of archers and other inilitary citizens to exercise in. This is now called The Arlillery Ground.
In the year 1665, that part of the ground now called Bunhill (originally Bowhill) field, was set apart as a common cemctery, for the interment of such bodies as could not have room in their parochial burial-grounds, in that dreadful year of pestilence. However, not being made use of on that occasion, a Mr. Tindal tovk a lease thereof, and converted it into a burial-place for the use of Dissenters. It was long called Tindal's Burial. place. Over the west gate of it was the following inscription : - * This church-yard was inclosed with a brick-wall, at the sole charges of the city of London, in the mayoralty of Sir John Lawrence, Knt. Anno Domini 1665; and afterwards the gates thercof werc built and finished in the mayoralty of Sir Thomas Bloudworth, Kat. Anno Domini 1666.'
The fen or moor (in this neighbourhood) from whence the name Moorfields, reached from London-wall to Hoxton; the southern part of it, denominated " indmill-still, began to be raised by above 1000 cart-loads of human bones, brought from St. Paul's charnel-house in 1519; which being soon after covered with street dirt from the city, the ground became vo elevated, that thrce windinills were erected on it; and the ground on the south side being also much raiscd, it obtained the name of he Upper Moorfield. The first monumeptal inscription in Bunhill Fieids is, Grace, daughler of T. (loudely, of Leeds, Feb. 1666.
Maillund's History nf London, p. 775. Dr. Goodwin was buried there in 1679; Dr. Owen in 1683; and John Punyan in 1658. Sir,
To the Editor. I have often thought there is a great similitude between the scoptical reasoniug. of Infidels, and that of the Negroes on the river Gambia, concerning a mailer of fact, which, although to them strange and unknown, was no less true. Mr. Mungo Park says, “Considering the use that is made of the elephant in the East Indies, it may be thought extraor. dinary, that the natives of Africa have not, in any part of this im. mense continent, acquired the skill of taming this powerful and docilo creature, and applying ass strength and faculties to the service of inan. When I told some of the natives that this was actually done in the coun: tries of the east, my auditors laughed me to scors; and exclaimed, Tobuubo jonniv! (whiic man': lie). see lark's Travels, p. 17.
Spiritual Improvement of a Rose. A GENTLEMAN being with the late Mr. Hervey, in his garden, he plucked a rose, and desired him to present it to his wife, to put her in mind of the Rose of Sharon. The lady paid that regard to the giver and the gift, as to put it into a frame with a glass. Mr. Hervey hearing of this, wrote the gentleman the following lines : • Your lady has shewn the most welcome complacence to me and to the rose ; to me, in accepting what is less than a trifle; -- to the rose, in putting it to such an use. Could that poor vegetable know, it would rejoice to be a remembrancer of its amiable Creator. The prophet calls upon the whole creation, inanimate as it is, to exult and triumph in the grace of our incarnate God. Sing, O heavens! be joyful, 0 earth! break forth into singing, ye mountains ! O forest, and every tree, whether cultivated or wild ! - for the Lord, by his incarnation, blood, and righteousness, hath redcemed Jacob and glorified himself! most magnificently displayed all his divine perfections, in the salvation of Israel? I heartily wish she may every day become more and more acquainted with the Rose of Sharon, that his loveliness, riches, and glory may be revealed in her heart by the Holy Ghost ! Happy the souls in which this flower of Heaven blossoms, who are charmed with its beauty, and refreshed with its odours ! - their happiness will not fade away as a leaf; but, like the merit and mercy of their Lord, will be new every morning, new every moment, and new through eternal ages!'
Gospel Support in the views of Death. (Anecdote of Mr. Boston, of Etterick, Author of the Fourfold State.]
JULY 20, 1121. Awaking out of sleep, I was taken extremely ill of a kind of heart-swooning, - a most vebement heat and sweat being felt by me. While in my agony, Death stared me in the face. The doctrine of Grace, concerning the gift and grant of Christ and eternal life (Joho iji. 16; and 1 John y. li); by which I understood, that God hath given to us mankind sioners (and to ine in particular) Christ and eternal life, whereby it is lawful for me to take possession of it as my own, was the sweet and comfortable prop of my soul, believing it and claiming it accordingly.
Boston's Memoirs, p. 376.
EVIDENCES OF CHRISTIANITY. Our pious forefathers merit the highest encomium for their attention to the religious education of their children; but, unhappily, the Evidences of Christianity made no part of their catechetical instruction. This bas had an effect not at all anticipated by them, but much to be regretted by us. When the emissaries of infidelity assailed our youth with their artful objections to the authority of Scripture, they were, in general, uuprepared to answer thein. They had been taught indeed to reverence the Scriptures as divine, but not to prove their divinity by substantial arguments; and, therefore, wben grace prevented not, after the first shock to their religious feelings, they listened with astonishment ; and soon fell under the plausible reasonings, or will pointed raillery of their assailants.
Happily, the present age is well provided with Xvidences of Christianity for every class and every age; and the difficulty is, not to find, but to select froin so great varicly. Some attempts have been inade to furnish tuladt mind« with a sketch üf the Evidences of Revelation, in the way of
Question and Answer : and the pious Bishop of St. David's has composed a series of such catechismus, pariicularly adapted to the Members of the Established Church. The hand of a Waits, however, is wanted, to reduce the subject to the counprehension of the infant mind.
Dr. ijoddridge's. Evidences of Christianity' is a tract which merits every encomium we can bestow; for lucid statement, strength, and compres sion of argunent, it is perhaps hardly capable of improvement. On this account. the late Bishop of London strongly recommended it to the clergy, and to all candidates for the sacred office.
There are otber tracts, however, which must by no means be overlooked. Jr. Fawcett's, on the same subject, is certainly very excellent ; ard rendered particularly interesting by the hints on the external evide aces, borrowed from antiquity. As many of the arguments difier materially from those of Dr. Doddridge, these iracts may be considered as suitable companions and coadjutors.
For general eirculation, in a very compressed form, the late Mr. Ryland wrote a very impressive small tract, on the Evidences of the Christian Religion; which we are glad to find is“just reprinted.
But young people of inquisitive ininds will bardly rest satisfied with the perusal of these brief tracts. They will wish to pursue the subject farther. To such, the small volume of Grotius, De verilale (of which there are several English editions); and the Evidences of Mri Addison, first prewent themselves. The former is a compact system, supported by the prodigious learning of one of the greatest scholars of the 16th century, and the latter sufficiently recommends itself, as the production of one of the most elegant and accomplished writers of the 17th; and certainly, in this cause, a inost disinterested witness.
Mr. Boue, in his. Jissay on the New Testament,' has thrown so much Lovelty into the subject, and illustrated it with so much genius, that te a young man of taste, it ofurds as much entertainment as instruction.
Nr. tu'ler has placed the subject in another point of view; and, in his Cinepel its own Witress,' done ample justice to the internul Evidences of Christianity. His appeal is both to the understanding and to the heart Bis arguments are like arrows. pot only pointed, but barbod; and the unbeliever, who can read his books without agitation and trembling, must Have a heart long bardoped in the career of sin.
Ainong the advocates of Christianity, it would be unpardonable to omit the names of Watson and Paley: The Apologies of the former are mas terly replies to Gibbon and to Paine ; bit we do not think it necessary for young people to enter into all the objections of Deistical writers. Should any of otir readers be particuiarly assailed by them, the writer of this article would be happy in directing him to the ablėst answers: but it is of more im-tance to be well gronnded in the arguments on which Christianity is founded. Here Dr. Paley's Evidences stand varivalled, both for perspicuity of style and strength of reasoning : and he bas rendered the owl works of Christianity so impregnable, that the man must be a bero indeed in the cause of Intidelity, who dare now attack them. It would be endless to enumerate all the able advocates for Christianity during the bast 50 years. To Dr. Beattie, whose Essay was honoured with royal approbation, should be added the honoured names of Campbell, Douglas, Haller, Bryant, Newton, Porteus, and many others.
We conclude this article, with an Anecdole we hare lately met with, and which may be useful to our young readers, whose ruinds may be at any time disturbed with doubts on the divinity of our religion :-A gentlemau once applied to Dr. Foster (an able advocate for Christianity in the last century) for a resolution of some doubts which troubled him on this subject.
Have you prayed this morning,' said the Doctor, 'to the Father of Lighte for divine illumination ? “ No, sir.” • Then, Sir, I must be excused enter ing into your doubts en Berelativa, while you 'neglect the first duty of Xalocal i cligion
MISS AXX LUCRAFT, connected with that churchi, she
uever cordially received them. Tue subject of this Obituary, was l'pon learning this, she observed lu born in London, in the year 1784 : the visitor, trat she did not likc his and though it does not appear that manner of rcading the Bible; and ker conduct during her childhood noticed that he had omiited to sa was other than what is generally cs tbe Lord's Prayer when lie had teemed moral, yet, until her last prayed; which circumstance occaillness, she was totally destitute of sioned her to snied itars after he was vital religion; and was of course gonc. This was about three weeks living without scriptural hope, and after she was first visited ; and ever Without God in the worid. It how after this, she received the visitors ever pleased Ilim who does not with thanhfulness. She now bewithout cause afflict the children of
came very atientive, lier prejudices men, to visit her, in the mouth of gradually wore off, and she began October, 1807, with a nervous and tu enquire whether these things intermittent fever, which ultimately
Au enquiring spirit was brought on a cousumption. About soon followed by deep convictions seven months ago, she was visited ju her inind that slic was wroug; by some persons from Silver Street and she sorrowfully deplored that Chapel
, and from a Society in con- she bad not attended to her soul's section with Christ Church, New concerns while in health. At first gate Street, who found her in a very she appeared to be careful about weak and low state of body; but many things; and questioned how ignorant respecting the concerns of it would be with her mother, &c. her soul, tho'a person of good natu- after she was gone; but from this ral understanding and considerable time she was enabled to give all into kquirements. Being questioned the hands of God, while her whole concerning the foundation of her
concern was about the one thing trope of happiness bereafter, she necdful.' She remained under ten answered, That God was mer strony convictions of sin for some ciful; and she hoped he would for weeks, when the Lord was pleases give her. This led to an explana- to bless an explanation of some lion of the universal and total depra. Scripturos, particularly Job xxxiis, vity of our nature, and our conse and Lamentations iii ; and, through quent inability to obtain happiness them, to reveal biniself to her, as by our own works or deservings. the Lord, who had blotted out her ki was observed to her, that no na- transgressions for his own name' tural endowments, no apparent sake; and her joy on that occasion, difference in the moral characters she said, was unutterable. Before of inankind, would be of avail to that, when the Bible was afened, obtain the approbation of God, she began to treuhe, lest lscre who seeth not as man seeth, but should be any senience which would who looketh upon the hcart; and condemu her ; but afterwards sie consequently none could be justified had no relish for any thing but the and accepted in his sigbt, but those Scriptures. she would often read who found mercy through Jesus herself, and request others to read
Clarist. This was proved from Scrip- them; and one day engaged in prayer i ture to be the stale of her soul; and extempore, to the great surprize of
the appeared so much disgusted with ber mother, sho was with bier. the representation, as to be inclined Being sometimes exercised with to forbid the visitors coming any doubts and fears alout her state, more to see her. Her prejudice's she would often express her desires, were very great respecting the by repeating dir. Newton's Hymn, Church of England: and until she 'Tis a pusat I long to know, &c. daaruit that one of the visitors was 'She was thankfu ior the gilt of
Jesus Christ, who, by his death, had asked whether Christ was precious, become her surety: The progress she answered, 'Ile is very precious in religious experience which she as I have no other dependence." was enabled to make in the course Indeed, she appeared remarkably diof a few wecks, was truly surpriz- vested of every thing but Christ, as ing; and thongh her pain was inces- her only hope ! The week before sant, and frequently excruciating, she died, a female friend sat up with yet she was endued with much pall her a few nights, when it appeared ence. She would say, ' Ms pain is that the eneiny of souls was again very great ; but I pray for patience, permitted to harrass her mind with froin the recollection of what my doubts and fears; for she said to Saviour underwent for me! I am this friend, I feel nyself a sinner, very thankful that God has aflicted and I fcel very impatičnt, - do you me; and the more so, as I trust he think that Jesus will cast me off for has made it the means of bringing it?' This was answered in the neme to himself. She felt sensible gative; and Christ's own words were that God had wrought a great referred to, in Johın xxviii. 29, &r change in her soul; incomucli, thit It hearing these scriptures read, she the things she once loved, she now said, “Well, this is comfortable ! esteemed of no value; and the ob- I am sure I have come to Him: I jects which had become of the high am very sure I am right. It is very est importance in her esteein, were profitable for ine to hear the prothe things which she had before de- mises of the gospel and its consolo spised and neglected. It was ob- tary parts, but I like that iny sins served by her, That she would not should be brought to my mind make an exchange (even consider. Please to read the blst ' Psalm. ing all her pain) with those who pos- From this time she expressed her sesscil, and were attached to the self confident; and it was pleasing to earc, honours, and pleasures of the observe her composure. She wa world.
visited a few hours before her de Having obtained mercy herecil, pacture: her mental faculties were she now began to be anxious tor joreserved to the last ; but she wa the welfare of her relatives; and so weak she could scarcely speak cntrcalcd her sister, as her dying re She was asked how she felt herse) quest, to attend to the ineans or in the near prospect of death ; api grace, she herself being an iu• replied,' I have no doubt: I have ne stance of the uncertainty of life. fear! She enquired of the visitor She was afterwards asked whethe How long do you think I shall be she should like to be restored to here yet: -- and when she receivec health; and her reply was, ' If it is for answer. that it was thought a few the will of God I would rather not, bours would terminate the conflict as I am afraid I should get into the she appeared greatly rejoiced ; am World and imbibe its spirit again : said Thank God!' I would rather depart, and be with She was now fast approaching the Christ, which is far beiter.' About verge of Jordan, possessing a cala this time lier disorder began to in- and rooted faith in the Lord Jesus crcase; and, through grace, she Heç last words, which were noticed could see death approach and con were, . When wilt thou send to fetch template it with pleasure, saying, meaway, blessed Jesus?'-Her Jesa • How happy shall we be when we heard her; and took her happ: arrive in Heaven!' Frequently did spirit to himself shortly after, o she repeat that hymn, • 0 Ziori, af Sunday Sept. 11, 1808, in the 9401 flicted with wave upon ware,' &c. your of her age. Her remains wery She would thank God that ever she interred in the burial-ground con was visited, on account of her illness, nected with Elim Chapel, on the fol by the abovencntioned Societies. lowing Sabbath ; and the event wa seing her mother weep, she ob suitably improved by the Rev. Mr served, ' Can you wish me to slay Austin, from 2 Cor. v. 5, 6, who hai when I am going to be happy?. visited bier during her illness, aut God will provide for you.' Being expressed himself satisfied that al