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own religion, under bishops and pastors. They profess the same creeds as we do: the Apostles', Nicene, and Athanasian. They carefully have preserved the sacred books of the Old and New Testament; a' fine specimen of which Dr. Buchanan brought to England with him, and presented to the University of Cambridge. They celebrate the Christian sacraments, Baptism and the Supper of the Lord; observe his day; assemble for public worship and instruction; and display the features of a true church, in doctriñe and a holy conversation. Their number indeed is but small, not exceeding 50 congregations; and the wonder is, that they have subsisted so long, amidst the difficulties they have had to struggle with. Under the protection and fostering care of the generous British governinent, we may hope they will revive, as the corn; and spread abroad, as a cedar in Lebanon. Among the other members of the Greek church, nothing presents so promising a prospect in any native Asiatics as in this little church, towards the extremity of the peninsula. In the portion of Asia under the government of Russia, where many Greek churches are settled, and the religion of Christ is the established profession, we can scarcely doubt but some few, though tecble, remains of true Christianity may be found. A door of hope remains in the valley of Achor; and some Elijah or Paul may arise to turn the hearts of the children of God to him, from whom they have so grievously departed.
In the former part, mention is made of the protection given to truly Christian men and Missionaries at Sarepta, the German colonies on the Wolga, and at harass. These shew the spirit of the government, and encourage the confidence, thet no obstacle from thence would be put in the way of such « should be prompterl to seek the salvation of sinners in this distant and expighted land.
But the chief efforts which have been made to convey the glad tidings of salvation to Asia, bave originated in this favowed country, and been elected by the Christian ze:l of Britons. Tuto those vast regions of the east which han become subject to our dominion, we have carried, with our arts and commerce, our religion. The spirit of conquest ad the thirst for gain, however in themselves ininical to a kiigdom not of this world, have, with extended empire, openè a vast field for Missionary labours; and good hath thus, asis often seen, arisen out of human evil. A small indeed, bu' faithful band, hath in various directions dispersed themselvesto diffuse the light of true religion among the natives, whethr Hindou or Mahoinetan.
Among these, several of the chaplains sent ont by the East India Company have filled, and continue to oceup, a respectable station. They have been men of a truly evangelical spirit, and Liloure: not only airong their countrymer but among
the natives also, to communicate the knowledge of a crucified Redeemer, persuaded themselves, and seeking to enforce the conviction on others,ʻthat there is no other name given under heaven among men, whereby they can be saved.' It must be confessed, that men in power, and engaged in mercantile pursuits, are in every country too inattentive to the things which make for their everlasting peace; and in India, perhaps in a greater ratio than elsewhere, from the peculiarity of their situation and views in life; yet God hath not left their labours, in this respect, without fruit; and many can say, in that strange land, that they were born there. And though the greatest obstacle to the conversion of the Heathen will be found in the unseemly conduct of those who profess the Christian name, yet have not the deep-rooted prejudices of Gentoo cast, or Mahomedan bigotry, prevented the power of gospeltruth from casting down vain inaginations, and bringing every high thing which exalteth itself into the obedience of Christ. The converts indeed are few; but each is a miracle of grace, and well worth years of labour. Perhaps, never since India has been visited by us, have there been more, or more faithful witnesses for God and his truth than at present, among the servants of the Company. - The Lord increase their number, and crown their labours with success!
The Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, with vast resources entrusted with them for this very purpose, have sent many Missionaries to this desolate region. Of what spirit they have been, in what labours employed, and with what success, their Transactions may be consulted to declare. Nothing is more important, than that the selection made should be made of men full of faith and the Holy Ghost; not driven for a maintenance, nor the hope of advantage, to expatriate themselves ;-but animated by the bright flame of Christian charity, and willing to spend and be spent in the service of iminvrtal souls. If few such have been found among our own countrymen, their places have been nobly supplied by Gerinan brethren, under whose labours this wilderness and solitary place budded and blossomed as the rose. Swartz, Gerike (now gone to their eternal rewards) with others, whose praise will be ever in the churches, manifested what might be done when men of such a spirit devoted themselves to the work. The many congregations of converted natives, Hindoos and Mahometans, witness the divinc benediction on their labours, and call on their successors to exert a like Christian spirit, and unwearied diligence and labour, – preaching the word in season and out of season ; and not satisfying themselves in the mere discharge of torms, or registers of the baptism of infants. I know many regard the admonition of a friend as the insinuations of an enemy. God knoweth! May the issue prove that the mantle of Elijah bas fallen on the surviving Missionaries ! - and who will bless
God for their success more cordially than ourselves? No piact is here for envy and contention. 'The vineyard needs more labourers than can be found, to gather the clusters of the earth. Here, surely, at least, all bigotry, party, denomination and name, should merge in the one title of Christian; and no contention remain, but who shall serve with greatest fidelity; and, as helpers together in the truth, endeavour to strengthen the hands and heart of every other to spread the fame, and exalt the glory of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ. Ilow strange, unchristian, and criminal to forbid any to speak to the Gentiles, that they might be saved, because they gather not with us, are of a different persuasion, follox a different mode of worship, or wear a different garb! But God will do bis own work amidst the folly of sone, and the unfaithfulness of more; and if he will work, then none can let it.
A Danish Mission hath long subsisted on the coast of Coromandel. 'Tranquebar, as well as the other settlements of Europeans, have submitted to the British Government: they continue to this day labouring, and have not fainted. Many congregations, formed by their ministry, subsist and flourish. They give the right hand of fellowship to all who embark in the same honourable cause with themselves. Our brethren, who have been with them, bear witness to their candour, charity, and zeal. Under British rule they will be assured of every protection and encouragement.
Danes or English, natives or foreigners, freemen or slaves, one is our Master, even Christ; and whoever approves his fidelity to him will have his reward, whether he be bond or free.
A feeble Mission of our Moravian brethren subsisted, but was withdrawn, for want of support or success; but it has been succeeded by two other Missionary Societies, whose vigorous exertions give increasing confidence, that these labours of love shall never cease, till the kingdoms of the world become the kingdoms of the Lord and of his Christ!
The Baptists, prompted by some of their zealous pastors, determined on attempting a Mission to the East. The Danish governor at Serampore received them, and encouraged their labours. Mr.Carey, a name deserving veneration, with his Jamily and fellow-labourers, began the arduous task; and the great Master has crowned their endeavours with a progress in which all wlio love Him in sincerity, cannot but rejoice and give thanks. They have been kindly helped by the candid and liberal of all denominations; and he must have an unfeeling heart who hath read their Journals, and doth not breathe out blessing and praise to the God of all grace for what he hath done, and cry mightily to him to perfect what he hati begun!
The British and Foreign Bible Society hath especially sigpalized their high approbation, by a noble annual grant, for the furtherance of translating the Scriptures into the various languages of the east; in which Mr. Carey's eminence and proficiency has been proved so great, as to advance him to a chair in the College at Calcutta. Already, from their press, thousands of copies of the Scripture, in different languages of the country, have been circulated among the natives, by the indefatigable pains and attention of Mr. Carey and his aš. sociates, whose progress in this study hath corresponded with his own; while their travels, preaching, and conferences with the natives have, as it is recorded, produced the happiest effects. Indeed, this may be expected. The gospel is the same power of God unto salvation that it hath been from the beginning; and our anticipations of the effect of this progressive work may well be sanguine, when we see what hath been done, is doing, and hoped to be performed, till men of every tongue or nation shall have it in their power to search the Scripture, and find therein eternal life, through the name of the holy child Jesus. Surely, the Lord hath not thus providentially led, and powerfully qualified them for their work, without desigving to give them a plenteous harvest of souls for their hire. Shall the little distinctions among Christians check the overflowings of the gracious heart' over these reviving appearances? If Christ be preached, and sinners, Heathen or Mahometan, converted unto him, who must not express his high approbation, and own, 'I therein do rejoice, and will rejoice? Let the Lord send by whom he will send. When shall hateful bigotry and narrow prejudices give place to generous union, love, and peace among all who profess themselves followers of the Lamb that was slain ! How strange must it appear, that these good men should meet frou ns instead of favour, and be regarded with jealousy instead of encouragement! Patiently pursuing their great object, they persevere; and in addition to their labours in Hindosun, have penetrated lately into the Burman empire, where they will probably meet with less enmity and opposition than they have sometimes encountered from their own countrymen. · The other great Society, which was formed upon a still larger scale, comprehending the whole habitable globe, halb, upong other scenes of Missionary, labour, stretched out its arins to India. Ceylon, Madura, Madras, the Northern Circais, Surat, and Mysore, have been their first objects; and they too have lately attempted to pass into the Burman empire. They are employed in the tuition of youth, and attend particularly to the poor of the flock. To their other labours they also have added translations of the Scripture in the Tamul and Telinga languages, for the benefit of those ainoug whom they
minister; with Religious Tracts and Catechisms in the native tongues, suited to convey the great leading truths of Christianity to those around them. Their Journals will speak for them what they have done, and continue to do:- Faint, yet pursuing. From the view of all that hath been thus effected, and the progress already made, Dr. Buchanan, in his beautiful view of the Star in the East,' hath drawn this reviving con. clusion, That true Christianity hath taken such root in the soil of India, as all the malice of the wicked, and all the powers of darkness shall not be able to eradicate, and it will be acknowledged by every one who knows the man, that more accurate information, vigorous intellect, sacred adherence to truth, and spiritual discernment, will hardly be found than in Dr. Buchanan.
From this Society also, one man of a strong mind hath gone forth, with earnest desire to quality himself first, and then attempt the arduous task of preaching the gospel in the hitherto, by Protestant ministers, unpenetrated regions of China. With zeal equal to any enterprize, and with ability and industry admirably qualified to attain the difficult language, Mr. Morrison resides at Canton; and his progress is said to be of the most promising nature. He hath already begun a translation of the Scriptures into the Chinese; and entertains no doubt he shall be able to master it. When I view that desolate land, the jealousy of its government, the danger of the attempt, and the feebleness of the means, unabated as is his zeal and firin his pursuit, undismayed on the spot and persevering in his efforts, my unbelief, shall I call it, hath ever regarded the attempt as a most forlorn bope, and an expence our Society ought not to have incurred, without prospects more auspicious, and means more adequate; yet will no man I hope rejoice more upteignedly in his success, or more honour his zeal and fidelity, and not the less for disappointment or failure.
After having thus raked up every living spark of truth and hope that I can discover, in the wide regions of Asia, I can. not but say, from whence shall Jacob arise, for he is small? -- but dismaying and discouraging as all appearances are, the faithful never despair. Duty is ours, - the issue is in better hands. Fresh warriors are preparing for the conflict, and buckling on the panoply of God for a renewed attempt in the heart of India, and two men of zeal and wisdom passing shortly to the great city of Surat. How great a fire may a little spark yet kindie, if the Lord, the Spirit, breathes upon it with the spirit of Judginent and the spirii of Burning!
[ Africu in our next.]