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turns in the afternoon, or exchanging with each other only; which, excepting the case of illness, or extraordinary accidents, was very punctually observed. The fund, appropriated to the repairs of the church, having by neglect and wrong management fallen into much confusion, he took great pains in examining the accounts, reducing payments, making a proper division of expense betwixt the dean and chapter on one side, and the three trustees on the other, and prevailing on the latter to agree to that division; by which means the fund was put on such a footing, that it increased afterwards considerably, and promised to be sufficient for the purposes it was designed to answer. In the following year he was engaged in another very troublesome transaction, making an agreement with the inhabitants of St. Faith's parish, concerning their share of St. Paul's church-yard, And he left behind him a great number of papers relative to both these points. He procured the old writings of the church to be put in order, and an index made to them. He collated a copy of the old statute book, as it is called, with that which is used as the

original, original, and corrected a multitude of mistakes in that transcript. He examined also the registers and books in the chapter-house, extracted out of them what seemed material, and left the extracts in the hands of his successor.

In the summer months he resided constantly at his episcopal house at Cuddesden. The vicinity of that place to the university of Oxford, and the natural connection which his station gave him with the members of that learned body, could not but be very pleasing to a man of his literary turn. Yet his situation, agreeable and honourable as it was to him, had, notwithstanding, its difficulties. To appear with any considerable degree of credit amongst so many men of the first eminence for genius and erudition, and to preserve the reverence due to the character of a diocesan, amidst such violent party-dissensions as at that time unhappily prevailed there, required no small share of ability and prudence. Dr. Secker however had the good fortune to succeed in both those points. His house was the resort of those who were most distinguished for academical merit, and his conversation


such as was worthy of his guests, who always left him with a high esteem of his understanding and learning. And though in the warm contest in 1754, for representatives of the county (in which it was scarce possible for any person of eminence to remain neuter) he openly espoused that side which was thought most favourable to the principles of the revolution; yet it was without bitterness or vehemence, without ever departing from the decency of his profession, the dignity of his station, or the charity prescribed by his religion. On the contrary, along with the truest affection to the government (though he was then under the displeasure of the court) he preserved at the same time so much good temper and good will towards the opposite party; took such unwearied pains to soften the violent prejudices conceived against them by the administration; and shewed on all proper occasions so cordial and friendly a concern for the welfare and honour of the whole university; that they, who most disliked his political tenets, could not help acknowledging bis candour and moderation. The same prudent conduct in this respect which he observed himself, he recommended to his clergy in that memorable passage towards the conclusion of his fifth charge*, which struck the hearers by its novelty and propriety at the time in a very remarkable manner, and is well worthy the serious perusal of all who happen to be in similar circumstances. Indeed the whole series of those excellent charges, which he delivered in the course of his governing that diocese, were listened to by a very learned and critical audience with peculiar marks of attention and regard. The first of them, which contains directions for regulating the studies, the temper, and general conduct of the clergy, was printed soon after it was spoken, and passed through several editions. Having in this considered them as ministers of the gospel at large, in his subsequent charges he proceeded to consider them as ministers of the several parishes in which they officiated; and descended to more particular directions, both with regard to the discharge of their spiritual functions, and also the care of their tempo


* Page 197.

ralities, ralities, their incomes, churches, lands, and houses.

But words were not the only persuasives he made use of. He enjoined no duty, he imposed no burthen on those under his jurisdiction, which he had not formerly undergone, or was not still ready, as far as became him, to undergo. He preached constantly in his church at Cuddesden every Sunday morning, and read a lecture on the catechism in the evening (both which he continued to do in Lambeth chapel after he became archbishop); and in every other respect, within his own proper department, was himself that devout, discreet, disinterested, laborious conscientious pastor, which he wished and exhorted every clergyman in his diocese to become. . '

A conduct like this could not fail of attracting the notice and esteem of all those who wished well to the cause of learning and religion, in whose thoughts he had been long marked out for the highest honours of his profession. He continued notwithstanding in the see of Oxford upwards of twenty years ; going on that whole time in the same even course of


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