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“ hath cause to tremble*." If any such how. ever had unhappily found means to obtain ordination, he did his utmost to prevent their further progress ; or if that could not be done, very openly signified his dislike of their conduet; nor could be ever bring himself to treat them, however considerable their rank might be, with any marks of esteem or respect.

Men of worth and eminence in the church he cherished and befriended, and endeavoured to bring forward into stations where they might be singularly useful. Above all, he distinguished with peculiar marks of his favour, the conscientious and diligent parish priest. He was of opinion, that " the main support of “piety and morals consisted in the parochial “ labours of the clergy; and that, if this “ country could be preserved from utter pro“ figateness and ruin, it must be by their “ means t." For their assistance therefore in one important branch of their duty, he gave them in his third archiepiscopal charge directions for writing and speaking sermons. The thoughts of such a man, on so nice and difficult a subject, must naturally raise some expectation, and that expectation will not be disappointed. They are the evident result of a sound judgment, matured by long experience and a thorough knowledge of mankind, and are every way worthy of one who was himself so great a master of that species of composition and elocution. It was his purpose, after speaking of stated instructions, to have gone on to occasional ones ; but he did not live, as he himself foreboded he should not, to accomplish that design.


* First Charge to the Diocese of Canterbury, p. 226.

1 Ibid. p. 239.

The conduct which he observed towards the several divisions and denominations of christians in this kingdom, was such as shewed his way of thinking to be truly liberal and catholic. The proselyting spirit of popery indeed, he thought should always be kept under proper legal restraints. He himself observed its movements with care, and exhorted his clergy to do the same, especially those who were situated in the midst of Roman catholic fami. lies; against whose influence they were charged to be upon their guard, and were furnished with proper books, or instructions for that purpose. He took all fit opportunities of com

bating the errors of the church of Rome in his own writings; and the best answers, which were published to some of the late apologies for its doctrines, were written at his instance, and under his direction. He had the good fortune to preserve some persons of consequence from embracing that communion, and to receive several converts from it, both of the clergy and laity, into the church of England. Yet he never encouraged the smallest degree oi persecution or needless severity against the members of the Romish church, which he well knew to be totally opposite to the spirit of the gospel; nor did he consider their number in this kingdom to be so great as to afford any just ground for apprehension or alarm. When the earl of Radpor moved in the house of lords for an inquiry into their numbers, his grace was very active in forwarding that measure. The return for his diocese was no more than 271; that for all the dioceses in England and Wales did not amount to 68,000; which, even when all due allowances were made for unavoidable errors of computation in great towns, more especially in London, fell far short of what by some well-meaning persons


they were supposed or represented to be. And if we further reflect how many wealthy and noble families in these kingdoms have lately embraced the protestant religion, each of which would probably draw after it several other converts of inferior rank, it will appear the better grounded opinion of the two, that popery is rather in a declining than a progressive state amongst us.

Towards his protestant brethren of all persuasions, he demeaned himself with great mildness and moderation. One very striking proof of this occurs in the directions he gives his clergy, with regard to their conduct towards those who are commonly distinguished by the name of Methodists *. It is impossible to read that passage without acknowledging the justness of it, and conceiving the highest opinion of the writer's philanthropy and good sense.

With the dissenters his grace was sincerely desirous of cultivating a good understanding. Though firmly attached to the church of England, and ready on all proper occasions to defend its discipline and doctrines with



* Second Archiepiscopal Charge, p. 280.

becoming spirit; yet it never inspired him with any desire to oppress or aggrieve those of a different way of thinking, or to depart from the principles of religious liberty, by which he constantly regulated his own conduct*, and wished that all others would regulate theirs. He considered the protestant dissenters in general as a conscientious and valuable class of men, and was far from taking the spirit of certain writings to be the spirit of the whole body. With some of the most eminent of them, Watts, Doddridge, Leland, Chandler, Lardner, he maintained an intercourse of friendship or civility; by the most candid and considerate part of them he was highly reverenced and esteemed; and to such amongst them as needed help, shewed no less kindness and liberality than to those of his own communion.

Nor was his concern for the protestant cause confined to his own country. He was well known as the great patron and protector of


* A strong confirmation of these assertions may be seen in one of his grace's letters to Dr. Lardner, written when he was bishop of Oxford, and preserved in the Memoirs of that learned man, which have been lately published, p. 98.

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