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Ps. 105:13. When they went from one nation (a sing.) to another (a sing.),

from one kingdom to another nation (v sing.) 20. The king sent and loosed him; even the ruler of the gentiles

(v pl.), and let him go free. 24. And he increased his nation (y sing.) greatly; and made

them stronger than their enemies. 25. He turned their heart to hate his nation (v sing.), to deal

subtilly with his servants. 40. The nation asked, and he brought quails, and satisfied them

with the bread of heaven. 43. And he brought forth his (v sing.) nation with joy, and his

chosen with gladness. 44. And gave them the lands of the gentiles (a pl.): and they

inherited the labour of the gentiles (5 pl.); 106: 4. Remember me, O Lord, with the favour that thou bearest

unto thy nation (v sing.): O visit me with thy salvation; 5. That I may see the good of thy chosen, that I may rejoice

in the gladness of thy nation (v sing.), that I may glory

with thine inheritance. 27. To overthrow their seed also among the gentiles (a pl.), and

to scatter them in the lands. 34. They did not destroy the gentiles (v pl.), concerning whom

the Lord commanded them: 35. But were mingled among the gentiles (a pl.), and learned

their works. 40. Therefore was the wrath of the Lord kindled against his nation

(y sing.), insomuch that he abhorred his own inheritance. 41. And he gave them into the hand of the gentiles (3 pl); and

they that hated them ruled over them. 47. Save us, O Lord our God, and gather us from among the

gentiles (2 pl.), to give thanks unto thy holy name, and

to triumph in thy praise. 48. Blessed be the Lord God of Israel from everlasting to ever

lasting: and let all the nation (y sing.) say, Amen.

Praise ye the Lord. 107:32. Let them exalt him also in the congregation of the nation

(v sing.), and praise him in the assembly of the elders. 108: 3. I will praise thee, O Lord, among the gentiles (v pl.): and

I will sing praises to thee among the gentiles (v pl.). 110: 3. Thy nation (v siny.) shall be willing in the day of thy

power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the

morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. 6. He shall judge among the gentiles (a pl.), he shall fill the

places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads

over many countries. 111: 6. He hath showed his nation (v sing.) the power of his works,

that he may give them the heritage of the gentiles (a pl.). 9. He sent redemption unto his nation (y sing.): he hath com

manded his covenant for ever: holy and reverend is his

name. 113: 4. The Lord high above all gentiles (a pl.), and his glory

above the heavens, 8. That he may set him with princes, even with the princes

of his nation (v sing.). 9" The nationhere has no word to represent it in the Hebrew.—ED.

Ps. 114; 1. When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from

a nation (y sing.) of strange language ; 115: 2. Wherefore should the gentiles (a pl.) say, Where is now

their God ? 116:14. I will pay my vows unto the Lord now in the presence of

all his nation (v sing.). 18, I will pay my vows unto the Lord now in the presence of

all his nation (y sing.) 117: 1. O praise the Lord, all ye gentiles (a pl.): praise him, all ye

gentiles.10 118:10. All gentiles (a pl.) encompassed me about: but in the name

of the Lord will I destroy them. 125: 2. As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so the Lord

is round about his nation (v sing.) from henceforth even

for ever. 126: 2. Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue

with singing : then said they among the gentiles (a pl.),

the Lord hath done great things for them. 135:10. Who smote great gentiles (a pl.), and slew mighty kings. 12. And gave their land for an heritage, an heritage unto Israel

his nation (v sing.) 14. For the Lord will judge his nation (v sing.), and repent

himself concerning his servants. 15. The idols of the gentiles (a pl.) are silver and gold, the

work of men's hands. 136:16. To him who led his nation (v sing.) through the wilderness:

for his mercy endureth for ever. 144: 2. My goodness and my fortress ; my high tower and my

deliverer; my shield, and he in whom I trust ; who

subdueth my nation (v sing.) under me. 15. Happy is that nation (y sing.) that is in such a case : yea,

happy is that nation (v sing.) whose God is the Lord. 147:20. He hath not dealt so with any nation (a sing.): and as for

his judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye

the Lord. 148:11. Kings of the earth, and all gentiles (5 pl.); princes, and all

judges of the earth: 14. He also exalteth the horn of his nation (v sing.), the praise

of all his saints, even of the children of Israel, a

nation (v sing.) near unto him. Praise ye the Lord. 149: 4. For the Lord taketh pleasure in his nation (y sing.): he

will beautify the meek with salvation. 7. To execute vengeance upon the gentiles (a pl.), and punish

ments upon the gentiles (5 pl.);

1. The word in this place is another word, not one of the three under review, viz., D'OR or Hing it only occurs here and in Genesis xxv. 16., "twelve princes according to their nations ;" and in Numbers xxv. 15., "head over a people.—ED.

The Editor suggests that in Ps. vii. 8 and Ps. ix. 20 the word rendered “God” should be as in the authorised version, “Lord.” In noticing the omission of the word “ Selah” from this paper, he would avail himself of the opportunity to remark that Jerome renders the word Selah" by SEMPER, i. e. ALWAYS; Comm: vol. i d. 49


No. II.



To any soul quickened into life through Christ Jesus (risen from the death due to us), and thus and then united to Him,-must be deeply interesting, the path and service he may observe to be well-pleasing to the Lord; and not only so, but also, the definite testimony which he, in common with his fellow-partakers in this life, as members in the one body, should pursue here, as expressive of the reality and blessedness of union with the Head.

I need scarcely remark that, until our own individual interests are assured to us in the Lord, we shall have no heart or power to be interested for His glory in the Church, or for the members of it. A true servant must be un-selfish. Until peace keeps my heart and mind, “the Apostles' course is little regarded by me” (Phil. iv. 9), and the source of the peace is imperfectly known to

But to one from whom the pathetic appeal of Jesus “Lovest thou Me,” can awaken the same plain, earnest response as it did from Peter,-it must be a subject of no small moment, how he may prove his love, according to the word, in feeding and caring for (and both are implied) the sheep,-objects of the love of Christ. Love to the Lord Jesus is the great ability and qualification wanting to most for such service. The service is feeding and caring for: no political movement, no amelioration of the propensities of our nature can ever reach to the deep and important and personal interest expressed by “feeding and caring for.” If we love, let us show our love. Dear to Christ Jesus is the feeding and caring for the sheep, and not less can satisfy the heart that loves Him. The Church should be of things on earth, our sole interest and service. St. Paul could say—I fill up that which is behind of the sufferings of Christ, in my flesh, for His body's sake which is the Church; and again, I endure all things for the elects' sake, that they also may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory. The great point is, Service to the Church; this is too plainly enforced to be denied, though the manner in which this is attempted to be rendered is the fruitful cause of many and grievous mistakes. In truth, to know how rightly to feed and care for the Church we need to be instructed in the nature and doctrines of the Church. If that which we call the church is but an assembly bound to observe a certain ritual and ceremonies,--to serve it will fall very far short of the intention of Christ and lead to a very different course from that which a man will follow who regards every believer as a member of the mystical body of Christ, and as one who ought to be served referentially to that union, which is true in Christ, and would be declared here but for the interposition of the flesh, and is declared so far as the flesh is crucified; for the Spirit is one, and spiritual service must lead to this; not merely to a nominal union but to a union, as true and as real and as holy as that which the members in particular have with the Head.

The Spirit cannot countenance less nor can He work in God's servants for less. So that whenever any thing discordant or disaffective to the union, as it is in Christ, arises, then, just so far, there must be a breach in union, in godly union here. True service begins with Christ, who is the Head, and when Christ is forgotten then the service is defective; it has lost connection with the spring and fountain of all service, because it is from the Head that all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered increaseth. The body is of Christ and He loves it as He loves Himself, and every one who would serve it will best learn to do so by knowing His heart and purposes towards it. In a word it is Christ serves, though it may be through us. We are but "joints and bands:" if we are not derivative and communicative from Christ, we are useless. To be useful, my eye and heart must be on Christ, and not on the issue of my service; though if true to Him, the end will vindicate me too, however disheartening the interval. He who judges of his service by present appearances will judge by the blossom and not by the fruit; and after all the service is not for the sake of the Church but for the sake of Christ; and if he

be served in the Church, though the Church own it not, yet, Christ being served, He will own it. Now the constant effort of Satan is to disconnect, in our minds, Christ from our service; and this, much more than any of us, perhaps, have fully discovered. Whether in reading, or praying, or speaking, how seldom, if we judge ourselves, do we find that we act simply as towards Christ and Him alone! How often may sentimentality and natural feelings affect us in our service, instead of simple love to Him?

Such was the sin of the church of Ephesus. You could not say that they did not show interest for the members, as far as man could see; they had works and patience—could not bear them that were evil—had tried them which say they are apostles, and are not. Laborious, righteous, strict in discipline, nay, labouring also for the sake of Christ, and yet they were wanting in the allengrossing undivided affection for Christ, which “ first love" designates. The absence of first love entailed the loss of “first works” and the inevitable judgment was the removal of their candlestick, or ability to hold light for the guidance of others. The symbol of a candlestick illustrates the peculiar and blessed office of the church upon earth to be a lightbearer in the midst of surrounding darkness, and thus a guide ; but this it forfeited when it failed in simple and abstract reference to Christ as the centre of affection and the object of all service. If the first fruits of service are not rendered to Christ, there can be no real service to the members. If we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship one with another: there could be no fellowship in the flesh; flesh is selfish ; fellowship obtains when flesh is silenced, and in the light to which Jesus has introduced the quickened members of His body, through His own life. If we love our brother we abide in the light and light is in the presence of God where Christ has set us; it is known to us by our union with Jesus—when we walk in it we walk in the consciousness of Himself, because He alone is our light. a

He is the light of men. When we walk in the light a The church is called the candlestick ; the Lamb is the candle Auxvos (Rev. xxi. 23.)

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