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unto them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer. For I say unto you, I shall not any more eat of it, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” And he took a cup, and gave thanks, and said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves: for I say unto you, I shall not drink of the produce of the vine, until the kingdom of God come.” And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body which is given for you : do this in remembrance of me”.” In like manner he took the cup also, when he had supped, saying, “This cup is the new covenant through my blood, which is poured out + for you. “Yet, behold, the hand of him who delivereth me up is with me on the table. And the Son of man departeth indeed, as it hath been determined : but alas for that man by whom he is delivered up !” Then they began to inquire among themselves, which of them was about to do this thing. Now there had been a contention also among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest. And he said unto them, “The kings of the gentiles use dominion over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors. But ye ought not to act thus:: but he that is greatest $ among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that serveth. For which is greater; he that is at table, or he that serveth 2 is not he that is at table P But I am among you as he that serveth. Now ye are they that have continued with me in my trials. And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me; that ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom; and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”
* Or, as a memorial of me, Pierce. In commemoration, Campbell. + Shed. N. : Or, do not ye act thus. § Or, the elder.
And the Lord said, “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath sought you”, that he may sift you like wheatf: but I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not utterly: and when thou hast returned, strengthen thy brethren.” And Peter said unto him, “Master, I am ready to go with thee, both into prison and to death.” And he said, “I say unto thee, Peter, the cock will not crow ; this day, before thou have thrice denied that thou knowest me.”
And he said unto them, “When I sent you without purse, and bag, and sandals, wanted ye any thing?” And they said, “Nothing.” Then he said unto them, “But now he that hath a purse, let him take it; and in like manner his bag; and he that hath no sword, let him sell his mantle, and buy one. For I say unto you, that this which is written must still be accomplished in me, ‘And he was reckoned among the transgressors:’ for the things concerning me will soon have an end.” And they said, “ Master, behold, here are two swords.” And he said unto them, “It is enough.”
And he came out, and went, as his custom was, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him. And when he was at the place, he said unto them, “Pray that ye enter not into temptation.” And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed, saying, “Father, O that thou wouldest take away this cup from me! nevertheless, not my will,
* An allusion to the history of Job, c. i. 9–12.
+ agitate you violently by severe trials. N. As the account in Job is to be understood allegorically, and not literally, so likewise is this.
: i. e. “the trumpet of the third watch will not sound,” &c. It is well known that no cocks were allowed to remain in Jerusalem during the passover feast. The Romans, who had a strong guard in the castle of Antonia, which overlooked the temple, divided the night into four watches, beginning at six, nine, twelve, and three. Mark xiii. 35, alludes to this division of time. The two last watches were both called cockcrowings. The Romans relieved guard at each watch by sound of trumpet: the trumpet of the third watch was called the first, and that of the fourth the second cock. And when it is said the cock crew, the meaning is, that the trumpet of the third watch sounded; which always happened at midnight. See Theological Repository, vol. vi. p. 105.
but thine, be done.” And there appeared to him an angel
44 from heaven, strengthening him. And, being in an agony,
he prayed more earnestly : and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground *. And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them asleep from sorrow ; and said unto them, “Why sleep ye 2 rise and pray, that ye enter not into temptation.” And while he was yet speaking, behold a multitude ; and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus, to kiss him. And Jesus said unto him, “Judas, deliverest thou up the Son of man with a kiss?” And when those that were about Jesus saw what would follow, they said unto him, “Master, shall we smite with the sword P” And one of them smote the servant of the high-priest, and cut off his right ear. Then Jesus spake and said, “Suffer me thus far.” And he touched his ear, and healed him. Then Jesus said to the chief-priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, who came to him, “Are ye come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs 2 When I was daily with you in the temple, ye did not stretch forth your hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.” Then they took him, and led him away, and brought [him] into the high-priest's house. And Peter followed at a distance. And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and had sitten down together, Peter sat down among them. And a certain maid-servant saw him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, “ This man also was with him.” But he denied him, saying, “Woman, I know him not.” And after a short time another saw him, and said, “Thou also art one of them.” And Peter said, “ Man, I am not.” And
* These verses are wanting in the Vatican, the Alexandrian, and other manuscripts, and are marked as doubtful in some in which they are inserted.
about the space of one hour after, another strongly af. firmed, saying, “In truth this man also was with him: for he is a Galilean.” And Peter said, “ Man, I know not what thou sayest.” And forthwith, while he was
yet speaking, the cock crew”. And the Lord turned,
and looked upon Peter f. And Peter called to remembrance the word of the Lord, that he had said unto him, “Before the cock crow, thou wilt deny me thrice.” And Peter went out, and wept bitterly. And the men that held Jesus derided him, and smote him. And when they had blindfolded him, they smote him on the face, and asked him, saying, “Prophesy, Who is he that struck thee " And many other things they blasphemously spake against him. And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief-priests and the scribes assembled, and brought him into their council, saying, “If thou be the Christ, tell us.” And he said unto them, “If I tell you, ye will not believe: and if I also ask you, ye will not answer me; nor release me. Hereafter the Son of man will sit on the right hand of the power of God.” And they all said, “Art thou then the Son of God P” And he said unto them, “Ye say that I am f.” Then they said, “What further need have we of testimony 2 for we ourselves have heard from his own mouth.”
Ch. xxiii. AND the whole multitude of them rose up, and led
him to Pilate. And they began to accuse him, saying, “We found this man perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Cesar, saying, that he himself is Christ a King.” And Pilate asked him, saying, “Art thou the King of the Jews?” And he answered him, and said, “Thou sayest truly.”. Then Pilate said to the chiefpriests and to the multitudes, “I find nothing faulty in 5 this man.” But they were the more violent, saying, “He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Ju6 dea, having begun from Galilee to this place.” Now when Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man 7 were a Galilean. And as soon as he knew that he belonged to Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was in Jerusalem at that time. 8 And when Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad: for he had long desired to see him, because he had heard [many things] of him; and he hoped to see some miracle done 9 by him. Then he questioned Jesus in many words; but 10 Jesus answered him nothing. And the chief-priests and 11 the scribes stood and earnestly accused him. And Herod, and his soldiers, despised and derided him, and arrayed him in gorgeous apparel, and sent him again to Pilate. 12 And on that day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they had been at enmity between themselves. 13 And Pilate, when he had called together the chief14 priests and the rulers and the people, said unto them, “Ye have brought to me this man, as one who perverteth the people: and, behold, I have examined him before you, and have found nothing faulty in this man 15 concerning those things of which ye accuse him: no, nor Herod: for I sent you to him”; and, behold, no16 thing worthy of death hath been done by him: I will 17 therefore chastise him, and release him.” [(Now there was a necessity that he should release one unto them at 18 the feast.)] But the whole multitude cried out at once, saying, “Destroy this man, and release unto us Barab19 bas:” (who for a certain insurrection raised in the city, 20 and for murther, had been cast into prison.) Pilate therefore, desiring to release Jesus, spake again unto 21 them. But they cried aloud, saying, “ Crucify him,
* i. e. the trumpet sounded. See ver. 24. + One manuscript of no great account omits the first clause of ver, 61. ; Gr, Ye say truly for I am. o