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4 and to look therein. And I wept much because none

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was found worthy to open the book", and to look therein. Then one of the elders saith to me, “Weep not: behold, the lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, hath prevailed so as to open the book, and the seven seals of it #.” And I beheld, [and lo, in the midst between the throne and the four living creatures, and in the midst between the elders, a lamb standing, as if it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes; which are the seven spirits of God sent forth into all the earth. And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him who sat upon the throne. And when he had taken the book, the four living creatures, and the twenty-four elders, fell down before the lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden phials $ full of incense ||, which are the prayers of the saints. And they sang a new song, saying, “ Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals of it : for thou wast slain, and hast bought us to God by thy blood, out of every tribe, and language, and people, and nation; whom thou hast made kings and priests to our God; and they shall reign on the earth I.” And I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne, and round about the living creatures and the elders; (and the number of them was ten thousands of ten thousand **, and thousands of thousands;) saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the lamb that was slain to receive power, and wealth, and wisdom, and might, and honour, and glory, and blessing.” And every creature that is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and those that are on the sea, and all things that are in them, I heard, saying, “Blessing, and honour, and glory, and dominion, be unto Him that o sitteth upon the throne, and unto the lamb, for ever and o 14 ever*.” And the four living creatures said, “Amen.” 7. - And the elders fell down and worshipedit. o Ch. vi. And I saw when the lamb opened one of the seven * seals; and I heard, as it were the sound of thunder, the * first of the four living creatures saying, “ Come and see.” o: 2 And I looked, and, behold, a white horse: and he that i. sat thereon had a bow; and a crown was given to him:

* to open and to read the book, R. T. + and to loose the seven seals ofit R.T.

. . took it. MSS. § bowls, N. | So N. m. odours, N.

*I thou hast made us kings &c.; and we shall reign. R. T. ** Or, myriads of myriads,

and he went forth conquering, and to conquer, , , 3 And when the lamb had opened the second seal, I heard 4 the second living creature saying, “ Come t.” And another horse, that was red, went forth; and power was given to him who sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that men should kill one another: and a great

so o sword was given to him. o 5 And when the lamb had opened the third seal, I heard

so the third living creature saying, “ Come $.” [And I looked, and, behold, a black horse: and he who sat on

6 him had a pair of balances in his hand. And I heard a voice in the midst of the four living creatures, saying, ol “A small measure of wheat for a denarius, and three o small measures of barley for a denarius: but hurt thou o not the oil and the wine.”

- 7 And when the lamb had opened the fourth seal, I o heard the fourth || living creature saying, “Come T.” 8 [And I looked, and, behold, a pale horse; and his name o - * Gr. ages of ages.

* + Him that liveth for ever and ever. R. T. and N. These words are wanting in the - best copies. See Griesbach. This homage paid to a symbolical representation of o, Christ in a visionary scene, by symbolical persons represented as visibly present with him, cannot justify the actual worship of Christ, when he is not visible, and in direct

3. opposition to his own express precept, Luke xi. 1, 2; John iv. 23, 24. Least of all

g can it be concluded, as Mr. Lindsey well observes, (Seq. p. 96,) “that equal honour

;: and worship are to be given to Christ and to God, from their being thus joined in the

same act of worship. Because, if so, it will follow that equal honour and worship is to

be given to David and to God; for it is expressly said (1 Chron. xxix. 20,) that all the

congregation bowed down their heads and worshiped the Lord and the king.”
† Come and see. R. T. § Come and see. R. T. and Griesbach.
| I heard the voice of the fourth, R. T. * Come and see, R. T. and Griesbach.










who sat thereon was Death, and Hades * followeth him. And power + was given him f over the fourth part of the earth, to kill by the sword, and by famine, and by pestilences, and by the wild beasts of the earth.

And when the lamb had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those that had been slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they had borne. And they cried with a loud voice, saying, “How long, O sovereign Lord, holy and true, wilt thou not judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell upon the earth 2" And a white robe was given | to every one of them: and they were told to rest yet for a time", till the number of their fellow-servants also and of their brethren, who were about to be killed as they were, should be filled up. * .

And I looked when the lamb had opened the sixth seal, and there was “a great earthquake ++; and the sun be: came black as sackcloth of hair, and the whole moon; became as blood; and the stars of heaven fell to the earth, as a fig-tree casteth its untimely figs when it is shaken by a mighty wind. And the heaven departed as a parthment when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the commanders, and the rich, and the strong, and every slave, and severy] freeman, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; and say to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us, and hide us from the face of Him who sitteth on the throne, and from the anger of the lamb: for the great day of his anger is come; and who is able to stand 2

Ch. vii. And after these things I saw four angels standing on

* i. e. the unseen world. Or, the grave. N. m. + Or, authority. : given them, R. T. § Gr, death. | white robes were given, R.T. *I for a little time, R. T. ** and, behold, there was, &c. R. T.

++ or, shaking; N. m. - # the moon, R. T.


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the four parts of the earth, restraining the four winds of
the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth,
nor on the sea, nor on any tree. And I saw another an-
gel coming up from the east, having the seal of the living
God. And he cried with a loud voice to the four angels
to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea, say-
ing, “ Hurt not the earth, nor the sea, nor the trees, till
we have sealed the servants of our God on their fore-
heads.” And I heard the number of those who were
sealed: and there were sealed a hundred and forty-four
thousand, of all the tribes of the sons of Israel. Of the
tribe of Judah were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe
of Reuben were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of
Gad were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Asher
were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Naphtali
were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Manasseh
were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Simeon
were sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Levi were
sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Issachar were
sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Zebulon were
sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Joseph were
sealed twelve thousand. Of the tribe of Benjamin were
sealed twelve thousand.
After these things I looked, and, behold, a great mul-
titude, which none could number, of all nations, and
tribes, and peoples", and languages, standing before the
throne and before the lamb, clothed with white robes,
and palm-branches in their hands: and they cry with a
loud voice, saying, “Our salvation be ascribed to our
God who sitteth upon the throne, and to the lamb.”
And all the angels stood round about the throne, and
about the elders, and about the four beasts, and fell on
their faces before the throne, and worshiped God, say-

* people, N.






ing, “Amen: blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, be to our God for ever and ever. Amen.” And one of the elders spake, saying unto me, “Who are these that are clothed in white robes, and whence came they f" And I said to him, “O my lord, thou knowest.” Then he said to me, “ These are they who came out of great affliction, and have washed their robes, and made them bright, in the blood of the lamb. Therefore they are before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple; and he that sitteth on the throne will dwell among them *. They will hunger no more, nor will they thirst any more; nor will the sun strike on them, or any heat. For the lamb that is toward the midst of the throne will be their shepherd +, and will lead them to living springs of waters: and God will wipe away all tears from their eyes.”

Ch. VIII. And when the lamb had opened the seventh seal,

there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour. And I saw the seven angels who stand before God: and to them were given seven trumpets. Andal. other angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer: and to him was given much incense, that he might offer it, with the prayers of all the saints, upon the

4 golden altar which was before the throne. And the smoke

of the incense went up before God from the hand of the

5 angel, together with the prayers of the saints. And the

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angel took the censer, and filled it with the fire of the

altar, and cast it upon the earth: and there were sound

and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake. AND the seven angels that had the seven trumpets, pro

7 pared themselves to sound them. The first angel sounded

his trumpet, and there was hail and fire mingled vio

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