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From these illustrations we derive the following

RULE.

Q. How do you reduce the New England currency to federal money?

A. Reduce the question to the decimal of a pound, and divide by ,3.

Q. How do you reduce federal money to the same currency again?

A. Multiply by ,3.

will pay

More Exercises for the Slate. 3. Bought a building for 17£. 15 s. 6 d.; how many dollars

for it? A. $59,25. 4. How many pounds in $53,25 ?-17-15-6. In $177,75 ?53-6-6. In $355,50 ?-106-13. In $71 ?-21-6. In $142?42-12. In $568 ?-170-8. A. 412£. 1 s.

5. What will 15 barrels of flour cost, in dollars, at 6£. 16 s. N. E. currency a barrel ?-340. At 7£. 10 s. a barrel ?-375. At 7 £. 7 s. a barrel ?-36750. At 6£ 10 s. 6 d. a barrel ?-32625. At 6£. 4 s. 6 d. a barrel ?-31125. A. $1720.

6. What will 4 acres of land cost in pounds, at $50 an acre ?60.

At $49 an acre ?-58-16. At $48 an acre ?-57-12. At $25 an acre ?-30. At $12 an acre ?-14-8. At $24,50 an acre ?-29-8. A. 250£. 4 s.

7. What will 4 acres of land cost in federal money, at 15£. an acre ?-200. At 14£. 14 s. an acre ?-196. At 14£. 8 s. an acre ?-192.

At 14£. 4 s. an acre ?-189333. At 3£. 12 s. an acre ?-48. At 7£. 4 s. an acre ?-96. A. $921,333.

8. What will 15 barrels of rum cost, in pounds, at $22,75 a barrel ?-102-7-6. At $23,75 a barrel ?-106-17-6. At $20,75 a barrel?-93-7-6. A. 302£. 12 s. 6 d.

9. A gentleman in Virginia purchased a house for 300£. 15 s. 6d.,-1002583, 40 acres of land for 61£. 5 s. 6 d.,-20425, and ex. pended for repairs 109£. Is. 8 d.-364944. What did the whole amount to in federal money ? A. $1571,777.

New YORK CURRENCY.-Q. What is the currency of New York, North Carolina and Ohio called ? A. New York currency: Q: How many shillings make a dollar of this currency? A. 8 shillings. Q. Whal part of a pound is & s.? A. = t; decimally = ,4.

AI AL

ROLE. Q: How do you proceed to reduce this currency to federal money, and federal money to the same currenay. again?

A. Take ,4, and proceed with it as with ,3, in the last rule.

Exercises for the Slate. 1. Change 204£. 18 s. to dollars and cents.

204£. 18 s.= = 204,9£. = 4= $512,25, Ans. 2. Change to federal money. 409£. 16 s.-102450 ;, 136£. 12.8.34150; 413£. 16 s.-103450 ; 49£. 12 s.-124; 50£. 2 s.-12525; 600£.-1500. A. $4149,75.

3. Will you change into New York currency $22,078 ?8-16-7-1 ; $14,154 ?-17-13-2-3; $88,312 ?-35-6-5-3; $176,624 ? 70-12-11-3. A. 132£. 9 s. 3'; d.

4. What will 20 yards of cloth cost, in dollars and cents, at 15 s. 6 d. a yard ?-3875. At 12 s. 6 d. a yard ?-3125. At 13 s, 6 d. a yard ?-3375. At 17 s. 6 d. a yard?-4375. A. $147,50.

PENNSYLVANIA CURRENCY.-Q. What is the currency of
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland called ?

A. Pennsylvania currency.
Q. How many shillings make a dollar of this currency ?
A. s. 6 d.
Q. What part of a pound is 7 s. 6 d. ?
A. 7 s. 6 d. = 90 d., and 20 ş. = 240 d.; then,

= £.
RULE. Q. How do you roduce this currency to federal money?

A. Divide by ; that is, multiply by 8, and divide by 3.

Q. How do you reduce federal money to the saine currency again ? A. Multiply by :

Exercises for the Slate. 1. Change 60£. 15 s. to federal money.

60£. 15 s.= 60,75£. X8=486; 3= $162, Ans. 2. Cliange $162 to Pennsylvania currency.

$162 X 3=486:8=60,75£.=60£. 15 s. Ans. 3. Change to dollars and cents 80£.-21333:3 ; 250£. 16 s.66880; 247£.-640; 1£. 15 s. 7 d.-4744; 50£.7 S. 2 d.-134288 A. $1601,165 +:

4. Will you change to Pennsylvania currency $9,50 -3-11-3; $28,50 ?-10-13-9; $577-21-7-6; $35,50 ?-32-1-3; $42,25 ?15-16-10-2; $126,752-47-10-7-2; $633,75 -237-13-1-2,

A. 368. 14 s. 4 d. 2 qrs.

?At

90 240

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GEORGIA CURRENCY.-Q. What is the currency of Carolina and Georgia called ?

A. Georgia currency.
Q. How many shillings make a dollar of this currency?
A. 4 s. 8 d.
Q. What part of a pound is 4 s. 8 d. ?

A. 4 s. 8 d. = 56 d., and 20s. = 240 d.; then, 56 d. is .= £.

RULE. Q. How do you reduce Georgia currency to federal money?

Å. Divide by 370 ; that is, multiply by 30, and divide by 7.

Q. How do you reduce federal money to the same currency again? A. Multiply by 30.

Exercises for the Slate. 1. Change 835£. 9 s. to federal money.

835,45£. X 30=2506350 = 7=$3580,50, Ans. 2. Change $3580,50 to Georgia currency.

$3580,50 X 7=25063,50 - 30=835£. 9 s. Ans. 3. Change to federal money 208£ 17 s. 3 d.-895125; 104£. 8 s. 7 d. 2 qrs.-447562; 252£. 3 s. 1 d. 2 qrs.-1080669.

A. $2423,356. 4. Will you change to pounds, shillings, &c., $447,562 ?104-8-7-1; $895,125?-208-17-3; $1080,669 ?-252-3-1-1.

A.565£. 8 s. 11 d. 2 qrs. +. ENGLISH OR STERLING MONEY.-Q. How many shił lings of this money make a dollar ? A. 4 s. 6 d. Q. What part of a pound is 4 s. 6 d. ?

A. 4 s. 6 d. 54 d., and 20 s.= 240 d.; then, $1 is 4* £. =*£.

RULE. Q. How may sterling money be reduced 10 federal money ? Å. Divide by to; that is, multiply by 40,

and divide by 9.

Q. How do you change federal money to sterling money?
A. Multiply by to

Exercises for the Slate. 1. Change 21£. 7s. 6 d. to federal money.

21£. 7 s. 6 d.=21,375 X 40=855,000:-9= $95, Ans.

2. Change $95 to sterling money. A. 21£. 7 s. 6 d.
3. Change 21£. 7s. 6 d. to federal money. A. $95.
4. Change $285 to sterling money. A. 64£. 2 s. 6 d.

CANADA CURRENCY.-Q. What is the currency of Canada and Nova Scotia called?

A. Canada currency:
Q. How many shillings of this currency make a dollar ?
A. 5 s.
Q. What part of a pound is 5 s. ?

A. O

1.

RULE. Q. How do you change this currency into federal money ?
A. Divide by $; that is, multiply by 4.
Q. How do you reduce federal money to Canada currency?
A. Multiply by 1; that is, divide by 4.

Exercises for the Slate.
1. A gentleman, residing in Boston, contracted a debt of
200£. 17 s. in Halifax; how many dollars will pay the debt?

200£. 17 s. 200,85£. X 4=$803,40, Ans. 2. A, residing in Montreal, sent 300£. Canada currency to B, his correspondent in New York, to purchase 120 barrels of flour. The four cost $12,50 per barrel; how much, in Canada currency, is the balance which is due ? A. 75£.

3. A merchant in Quebec wrote to his correspondent in Philadelphia, to purchase a large quantity of cotton. His correspondent writes he has purchased 300 bales, each containing 275 pounds, at 104 cents per pound. How many pounds Can. ada currency must the merchant remit to his agent to meet the purchase price ? A. 2114£. 1 s. 3 d. Foreign Coins are cstimated in the United States

according to the following

TABLE.
Livre of France,

$ ,181. Franc of France,

$ ,181 Guilder or Florin of the U. Netherlands, $ ,40. Mark Banco of Hamburg,

$ ,335. Rix dollar of Denmark,

$ 1,00. Real of Plate of Spain,

$ ,10. Milrea of Portugal,

$ 1,24. Tale of China,

$ 1,48.

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Pagoda of India,

$ 1,84. Rupee of Bengal,

$ 350. A pound sterling of Great Britain,

$ 4,445 A pound sterling of Ireland,

$ 4,10. 1. Reduce 500 livres of France to federal money.

1 livre $,18.3; then, 500 x 184 =$92,50, Ans. 2. Reduce $92,50 to livres of France. A. 500 livres. 3. Reduce 5000 francs to federal money. 1. $937,50. 4. Reduce 12500 florins to federal money. A. $5000. 5. Reduce $5000 to florins. A. 12500 florins.

Questions on the foregoing.

1. How many are 40, 5, and 9, added together? How many 100+19+9? How many 400 + 50+25+9? How many 500+100+80+ 20? How many 89+9+ 87-6?

2. How many are 6 times 50? 10 X 100 ? 10 x 1000 ? 20 X 60 ? 30 X 40 ?

3. What number added to 20 will make 30 ? Will make 40? Will make 39? Will make 89 ?

4. What number multiplied by 4 will make 8? Will make 40 ? Will make 400 ? 600 ? 1000?

5. What number divided by 8 will make 2? Will make 6? Will make 10?

6. If the minuend be 40, and the subtrahend 21, what will be the remainder ?

7. If the remainder be 40, and the subtrahend 20, what will be the minuend?

If the divisor be 6, and the quotient 8, what will the dividend be?

9. If the quotient be 10, and the dividend 120, what will the divisor be?

10. If the product of two numbers be 84, and the multiplicand 7, what will the multiplier be?

11. What will 120 yards of cloth cost, at 50 cents a yard? (Divide by the aliquot part, found in 1 XXVIII.) At 338 cents ? At 25 cents ? At 20 cents ? At 163 cents ? At 12 cents? At 10 cents ? At 5 cents ?

12. How many times will a little wheel, 6 inches in cir

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