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%dly, From Christ's defeating the malicious Designs of the Pharisee, in watching of him, we may learn to walk warily and circumspectly, not as Fools, but as wife, and to arm our selves against the Wiles of the Wicked. When Christ sent his Disciples abroad into the World, he told them, Behold I send you forth as Sheep among Wolves; that is, among wicked and ungodly Men, who will be apt to worry and lie in wait for you, as the ravening Wolves do for the innocent Sheep: therefore (faith he) be ye wife as Serpents, and harmless as Doves. A Serpent, you know, hath many Ways to secure and defend himself from Danger; it hath many Windings and Turnings to that purpose, and can incircle it self into a narrow Compass, the better to avoid being hit or receiving Harm. Which things may teach us to use all good Means to escape the Treachery and Malice of designing Men: but yet to the Wisdom of the Serpent we are to add the Harmlessness of the Dove- , \ t. to use nothing but good and lawful Means to that end, and not betake our selves to sinister and indirect Courses to promote our Safety. The Dove, you know, is an innocent Creature, void of Gall, that often takes, but never does any harm-, which we should therefore imitate in the Innocence of our Ways and Behaviour. Gur Saviour silenc'd and sccur'd himself from those that watch'd him, and sought by tempting to bring him into Danger: In like manner we should cut off all occasion from them, that seek occasion against us, that they who watch for our halting may be asham'd, having no evil thing to fay against us.
Lastly, From our Saviour's checking the Pharisee's-for: their affecting Precedence and Preheminence, we may learn to cast off all Pride, and to be cloth'd with Humility: for God and Man resist the Proud, and pull down such as are lifted up-, but both conspire to give Grace and Favour to the Humble. He putteth down the Mighty from their Seats , (faith the Blessed Virgin) that is, from thole upper Rooms, and higher Seats, to which their Pride had mounted them and exalteth the Humble and Meek, that is, such as they seek to depress and despise. Wherefore let us strive not so much to be Great as Good, and labour more for Lowliness than Haughtiness of Mind; and by thus humbling our selves, God (hall exalt us in due time: Which God grant, for the fake of Jesus Christ, &c. Amen;
The Epistle for the Eighteenth Sunday after
i Cor. i. 4 S.
J thank my God always on your behalf, for the Grace of God which is given you by Jesus Christ, &c.
TH E Collect for this Day teaches us to beseech God for Grace to withstand the Temptations of the World, the Flesh, and the Devil; and with pure Hearts and Minds to follow him, the only true God.
Suitable hereunto, the Epistle for this Day contains St. Paul's Thanksgiving unto God, for giving this Grace unto the Corinthians, together with the many blessed Fruits and Effects that proceeded from it: / thank my God always en your behalf, &c. Where we may observe,
First, The great Duty of Thankfulness•, I thank my God.
Secondly, The Time when this Duty is to be pertorm'd; and that is always.
Thirdly, The Persons for whom this is here done and that is, for the Corinthians: I thank my God always on your behalf
Fourthly, The subject Matter of his Thanksgiving; and that is, fof the Grace of God given unto them by Jesus Christ. And,
Lastly, The blessed Fruits and Effects of this Divine Grace, in the following part of this Epistle. Of each ef these particularly. And,
Firsts I must begin this Discourse, as St. Paul here does this Epistle, with the great Duty of Thankfulness 7 I thank m God. There being no better way to derive the BlessingB of Heaven upon us, than by the Channel of a thankful Heart •, and nothing more stops the Current of future FaTours, than tJnthankfulnsss for former. Now Thankfulness
hi in general consists in a due Sense and Valuation of Benefits, join'd with humble Acknowledgments of them, and hearty Desires and Endeavours of Requital. This is the Nature of this Vertue: Where I stile it,
(1.) A due Sense and Valuation of Benefits, Tis great Ingratitude not to be sensible of Favours, nor to remember or regard them as we ought: and therefore we find the Pfalmist often blaming the Israelites, for not keeping God's Mercies in remembrance; They regarded not the Works of the Lord (faith he) neither consider'd they the Operation of his Hand, Pfat. 28. 5. Yeaj Of the Bock that begat them they were unmindful., and for gat.the God that form'd them; Deut. 32* 18. This made him often to call upon his Soul, faying, Bless the Lord, O my Soul, and forget not all his Benesits; Pfal. 103.1,2. He resolv'd to rub up his Memory, faying, / will remember thy Wonders of old, and will meditate on all thy Works; for thou hast been gracious unto met and thy Mercy is over all thy Works. Pfal. 143. 5,
And as Gratitude requires the remembring and recollecting of Benefits, so does it the high esteeming and valuing of them too: For we measure our Thankfulness not so much by the Worth of the things, as by the Esteem we have of them. He that undervalues a Benefits his Gratitude will be but small, if any j but he that sets a high Price and Value upon it, his Heart will be fill'd with Thankfulness : and therefore we find David often extolling and magnifying the Works of the Lord ., The Mercies of the Lord are great (faith he) fought out of all that have pleasure therein ; PfaL 111.2. And elsewhere, His Mercy is great unto the Heavens, and his Faithfulness reacheth unto the Clouds. And indeed he that considers the undeserved Freeness of God's Bounty, and his own Unworthinefs of the least of his Mercies, will be still magnifying of God's Goodness, and raise his Thankfulness accordingly.
(2.) I stile it a due Sense and Valuation of Benefits, join'd with humble and frequent Acknowledgments of them. 'Tis a known piece of Gratitude, to own and publish what we have receiv'd; and indeed where the Heart is truly sensible of a Kindness, there the Tongue will not be silent. Thus we find David, that great Example of Thanksgiving, often acknowledging the Loving-kindness of the Lord; faying, / will sing of the Mercies of the Lord for ever, with my Mouth will I make known his Faithfulness to all Generations j P£l, 8p. 1. twill publijb with the Plaice of Thanksgiving, and speak os all thy wondrous Works; Pfal. 26. 7. / have not hid thy Righteousness within my Heart, my Talk hath been of thy Salvation ', Plal.40. 10. These Calves of the Lips are more acceptable unto God, than all the Calves in the Stall j neither doth he call so much for the Fruit of our Land, as the Fruit of our Lips, in these Acknowledgments.
(5.) To such humble Acknowledgments we are to add hearty Desires and Endeavours of Requital ; which is the just Tribute we owe to our great Benefactor. Hence we find David the devout Thankigiver frequently asking, What stsall I render unto the Lord for all his Benefits? He knew something was to be render'd to him, but knew not what was able to make any Compenfation to the Donor, or answer the many and great Obligations of the Receiver. And indeed we can make no Returns suitable to the Number and Greatness of God's Mercies ., for our Righteousness ixtendethnot unto him, neither is he the better for all our Sacrifices. And therefore the Pfalmist adds, I will take the Cup of Salvation, and call upon the Name of the Lord: I will pay my Vows unto him, and praise him with joyful Lips. This he hath promis'd to accept as the best Requital we can make, which therefore we mould not fail to return to him. This is the Vertue of Thankfulness, here taught us in these words, / thank my God.
But, Secondly, when is this Duty to be perform'd? Why that, our Apoitle tells us, must be always; I thank my God always. Which cannot be understood of a continual unintermitted Course of Thanksgiving ., for then we must do . nothing else, which would be both unreasonable and unpracticable: but of such a Perseverance in the Duty, as is agreeable with the Nature of the thing, and the Possibility of doing if. And so the Phrase implies,
1st, The frequent Performance of the Duty. What is seldom or never done, is in Scripture-Dialect faid not to be done at all;, and what is often done and repeated, is faid to be done always: of both which, many Examples might be given., Every day (faith David, that eminent Example in this kind) will I bless the Lord, and sing Praises unto him for ever and everi As God renews his Mercies upon us every day, so are we every day ia renew our Thanksgivings; and what is done thus daily, is faid to be done always.'
zdly, The thanking of God always, may imply the appointing and observing %ie certain. Seasons and Opportu
- -"-i''" nkies
nities for the performing of this Duty; the constant observing whereof, tho it includes not every Minute of Time, may and usually is term'd the doing it always.
But this Phrase here chiefly implies a constant Readiness and Preparation for this Duty: he that is habitually dispos'd to give Thanks, and willingly embraces all fit Opportunities of expressing it, is in the Scripture-Sense faid to do it always. So we are bid to pray continually, and to pray without ceasing; which does not require us to be always upon our knees, offering up our Prayers, but to be still in a Readiness and Disposition for it upon every fit Occasion. The good Man is faid to be ever merciful, and lendeth; not that he is always actually dispensing of Alms, but that his Mind is ever inclin'd to do it as occasion offereth. In like manner, a grateful Person is faid to give thanks always, because he is always difpos'd to do it upon all fit Opportunities.
But, Thirdly, who are the Persons, for whom we are thus to thank God always? Why, the Apostle's doing this here in the behalf of the Corinthians, shews that we are to do it for others as well as our selves. Yea, the fame Apostle exhorts, that Prayers and giving of Thanks be made for all Men, 1 Tim. 3.1,2. We are not to confine this Office to our selves, and only to bless God for the Mercies we receive in our own Person; but we are to enlarge it to others, and thank him for the Blessings bestow'd on them likewise. So the Apostle did for these Corinthians, and we find him doing the fame in the behalf of the Philippians: and likewise requiring us, as we have opportunity, to do the like for all Men •, Gal. 4.10. .
But, Fourthly, for what did the Apostle here thank God in the behalf of the Corinthians? Why that the next words declare ; 'twas/w the Grace of God, which was given to them by Jesus Christ. Where by the Grace of God we are to understand the Gospel of Grace, or the Revelation of those., sublime and faving Truths contain'd in it; in which sense it frequently occurs in Holy Scripture. So in the Epistle to Titus, The Grace of God which bringeth Salvation, is faid to appear unto all Men, Tit. 2. 11. that is, the Gospel of Grace which bringeth the glad Tidings of Salvation, hath been made manifest both to Jew and Gentile, and Men of all Rations may now fee and partake of the Salvation of God. And so Grace here signifies the great Mercy of the Gospel
Cc 3 preach'd