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that Testimony or Demonstration of our true Affection to him: one eminent Act or Expression of Love to another, is the doing of things grateful and well-pleasing to him, either by promoting his Good, or gratifying his Desires. Now because God is above the receiving any Good from us, our only way of doing things grateful and acceptable to him, is the observing his Commands, and doing what he requires of us: This our Saviour looks upon as the chief, if not the only Expression of our Love to him, as may be seen throout this Chapter. Let us not then fail of giving him this Proof and Demonstration of our Affection ^ and as we are bid to shew our Faith, so let us mow our Love by our Works, ever obeying and submitting to his Will, by doing and suffering what he would have us.
idly, Since the Holy Ghost is sent to us as a Comforter, Teacher and Remembrancer, let us thankfully receive and comply with him in all those Offices j that is, first, let us not refuse, but chearfully receive his Holy Comforts, that we may be encourag'd by his Joys, and supported by his Consolations. Next, let us beware of stifling and suppressing his good Motions, or turning the deaf Ear.to his Calls, whether publickly or secretly suggested to us. Again, let us take heed of smothering the Gifts or Graces of the Spirit vouchfafed to us, but rather daily exercise and improve them •, and then to him that hath shall be given., and he shall have more abundantly. In short, let us not quench the Holy Spirit, that came in the Form of Fire to chear and enliven us, lest he come again in flaming Fire to consume and destroy us, nor let us refuse to hear him speaking to us, who came in the Shape of Tongues to teach and instruct us, lest those Tongues open again to accuse and condemn us. The Spirit of God will not always strive with us; and therefore let us beware of resisting, grieving, or doing despight to the Spirit of Grace, which alone can bring us to Glory: To which God of his infinite Mercy bring us all, &c.
The Gospel for Monday inWhitsun-Wcek.
St. John iii. 16 22.
God so loved the World, that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not ferifb, but have everlasting Life: for God sent not bis Son into the World to condemn the World, but that the World through him might be saved) &rc.
THE Epistle for this Day being the fame with that for Easter-Monday, where it hath been already handled, I shall not here repeat it, but refer the Reader to it. Only in the Close is added an Account of the Holy Ghost's Descent on the Gentiles; for which reason it is appointed to be read again on this Day: for while St. Peter was speaking to them, the Holy Ghost fell on all them that heard the Word, either by some visible Appearance, as it did on the Apostles; ,or by some Effects of it, which they heard or faw: at which the Jews, who had receiv'd the Gospel, marvel'd and magnify'd God, because on the Gentiles also was poured out the Gift of the Holy Ghost; for they heard them speak with Tongues, and magnify God in the several Languages of other Nations. Whereupon St. Peter declar'd their Right to Baptism, and none could forbid Water, that they should not be baptised, who had equally receiv'd the Holy Ghost with themselves; and therefore St. Peter commanded them to be baptised in the JSTame of the Lord, and to be receiv'd into the Congregation of Christ's Flock; and so was departing from them, had they not pray'd him to tarry certain Days.'
The Gospel for this Day, of which I am now to speak, contains,
E 3 First,
First, The greatest Instance of the Divine Love, that was ever shew'd to the 9ons of Men• , and that was, God's giving 'them his,o iy-begotten Son.
Secondly, The End or Design of God's giving him; and that was, that Mankind should not perish, but have everlasting Life.
Thirdly, The Persons for whom he was given, and the Conditions upon which they are to receive Benefit by him • , and that is Faith, or believing in him: Whosoever believeth, &c.
Fourthly, The Danger of rejecting and disbelieving of him, which will inevitably bring upon them Shame and Condemnation; And this is the Condemnation, &c. Of these things something particularly. And,
First, Of the great and unparallel'd Instance of the Divine Love unto Mankind, in giving them his Son, in these words, God so loved the World, that he gave his only-begotten Son: This was the highest Instance of Love that could be shewn., or the noblest Testimony of Affection that could possibly be given. And that will appear, by considering,
lst, The Greatness of the Person loving us.
zdly, The Vileness of the Persons beloved. The Manner of loving them. And,
4tbly, The Gift by which it is express'd,
ist, For the Person here faid to love us •, 'tis God blefied for ever, who was infinitely happy in himself, in the Contemplation of his own Excellencies and Perfections, and needed nothing of the Complacence or Concurrence of his Creatures to add to or compleat his Happiness.
zdly, For the Persons beloved j "tis here faid to be the World, God so loved the World, that is, Mankind, the principal Inhabitants and Governours of the World, who, by their Revolt from their Maker, had brought such a heavy Load of Miseries upon themselves and their Posterity, as they were neither aWe to bear, or to remove. Their Disobedience to God's Command entail'd Death and Damnation upon all Men, and the whole Creation groan'd under the Weight of their Transgression. They who were made but little lower than the Angels, are funk by their Sins, and become worse than the Beast that perlsheth, being Enemies unto God by evil Works, yea, Rebels and Traitors against him, and so liable to his Justice, and under the Sentence of eternal Death. In this their fad and deplorable Condition God Almighty was pleas'd to cast an eye of Pity and Compassion upon them, and to contrive a way to help them out of this Misery, which they could never do of themselves. These worthless and sinful Sons of Adam are the Objects of this Divine Love.
idly, For the Manner of loving them, the Apostle seems here to labour, and to be at a loft how to set it forth, faying, God so loved the World, so wonderfully, so intensely, so undeservedly, so unconceivably, that he knew not how to express it, but by Extasy and Admiration which made another Apostle, in taking the Dimensions of it, to cry out, O'the Height and Depth, the Length and Breadth os the Love os God, that pajfeth Knowledg! where he seems to be swallow'd up with Wonder and Astonishment at the Greatness and Freeness of this Divine Love: Which will farther appear, by considering,
4thly> The Greatness of the Gift, which he hath bestow'd and express'd his Love by; and that was, in giving his own only-begotten and beloved Son: He gave not (as one hath observ'd) a Creature, or a Servant, or a Prophet, or an Angel, which might have been all Tokens of Respect ., but he hath gone higher, and given us his Son, and that not a common or ordinary Son, but his only Son, his only-begotten Son, whom he gave to take our Nature and Guilt upon him; and by that gave him up to Death, a cruel and accursed Death, the just Punishment of it: which is an Instance of the biggest Affection that can reside in any Breast. Abraham's yielding up his only Son Isaac to be facrific'd at God's Call, was an Instance of his great Love, as well as of his Faith and Obedience to his Maker: but that comes infinitely short of the Love of God, in yielding up his only. begotten Son to death for us.
Secondly, But what was the End or Design of God's giving us his only-begotten Son? Why that (as we are here told ) was, that Mankind should not perish, but have everlasting Life: without this Gift all Mankind must have perisiYd everlastingly; for there is no other Name given under Heaved, whereby we can be saved, than the Name of our Lord Jefits, Acts 6. This Son of God was pleas'd to humble himself not only to the Nature of Man, but to the Form of a Servant, merely to serve us; and became obedient to Death, even the Death of the Cross, to make an Atonement for our
E 4 Sins, Sins, to rescue us from the Power os' the Devil, and to re^ concile us unto God: which things we could not do for our selves-, for where there is no Sacrifice or Satisfaction sot Sin^ there is no Salvation. Nothing then remains but a fearful looking for of Judgment and fiery Indignation to be poured out upon us; and without that Sacrifice we must have for ever fuffer'd, because we could never fatisfy. But now Christ hath redeem'd us. from all Iniquity, and given his Life a Ransom for all, whereby he hath not only secur'd us from perishing, but procur'd for us everlasting Life. In ihort, the End of Christ's Coming was not to destroy, but to fave: for so the
Next words tell us, that God sent not his Son into the World to condemn the Worlds but that the World thro him might be saved. This was the primary Design of his Mission, not to condemn the World, but to rescue it from Condemnation , tho, by reason of Mens rejecting of him, that which was intended for their rising, becomes accidentally an occasion of falling. So Simeon % Prophecy foretold of him, that the Child Jests was set for the Fall as well as the Rising again of many in Israel, and for a Sign that shall be spoken against ', Luke 2. 34. And this will lead me, in the next place, to enquire,
Thirdly, Whether this Son of God was given up to death for all Men, or only for some particular Persons under particular Conditions and Qualifications; and if so, who and what they are.
In answer to which, I fay, (1.) That Christ's Death and Satisfaction is sufficient for all Men. The Greatness and Dignity of his Person put an infinite Value and Merit into his Sufferings, and that render'd it a sufficient Price and Compenfation for the Sins of all Mankind. Hence he was usher'd in by St. John., as the Lamb of God that taheth away the Sins of the World: where the Love of God, in sending his Son for our Redemption, is extended to all; which is more exprefiy deliver'd in 1 John 2. 1,2. If any Man fin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous and he is the Propitiation for our Sins, and not for ours only, but for the Sins of the whole World. And St. Paul teaches us, that Christ gave himself a Ransom for all, 1 Tim. 2. 6. meaning, that he had laid down a sufficient Price to redeem and ransom them all, whereby they were deliver'd from a Necessity of perishing, and put in the way of eternal Happiness and Salvation. He tasted Death for every Man, &ith