Alemanes en las regiones equinocciales: libro homenaje al bicentenario de la llegada de Alexander von Humboldt a Venezuela, 1799-1999

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Fondo Editorial Humanidades, 1999 - 410 páginas
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VEINTITRÉS VOCES Y UNA MIRADA
5
LOs PRIMEROS ALEMANES QUE LLEGARON
35
METÓDICA Y MELÓDICA DE LA ANIMACIÓN CULTURAL
44
LAS LUCES DEL GOMECISMO
57
VISIONES DE HUMBOLDT
58
PRIMER ENCUENTRO Y ACTITUD
88
ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT Y
101
ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT Y BENJAMIN
128
SÍMBOLOS DEL PROGRESO
226
QUE SE HAGA LA LUZ
244
DRAMAS Y CONTROVERSIAS DEL SIGLO XX
264
GUSTAVO ZlNGG Co 19151930
279
TENSIONES EN LAS RELACIONES COMERCIALES
295
LA REPÚBLICA DE WEIMAR Y GÓMEZ RELACIONES
317
LA PECULIAR HISTORIA DEL PARTIDO NAZI
337
DE RELACIONES CULTURALES Y ARTÍSTICAS
360

ENTRE EL INFIERNO Y EL PARAÍSO
142
KARL FERDINAND APPUN IMÁGENES DE LA VIDA
161
PAISAJES VENEZOLANOS EN LA MIRADA
181
LA INMIGRACIÓN ALEMANA POR PUERTO
195
ARTES PLÁSTICAS EN EL CAMINO
379
COLABORADORES
406
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Baron Alexander von Humboldt was born in Berlin, Germany. During his early school years, he studied such subjects as geology, biology, metallurgy, and mining, and his main interest was in nature and other lands. In 1796 Humboldt traveled to the German Alps, where he measured the atmospheric pressure, humidity, and oxygen content of the air. Shortly after, in 1799, he was granted permission by the Spanish king to explore Spain's mysterious holdings in the Americas. For the next five years, he and his companion, Aime Bonplaud, explored the region that is now Venezuela, Cuba, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, and Mexico. While in the Andes, he fell prey to mountain sickness, which led him to become the first person to explain that the sickness was caused by a lack of oxygen. During these travels, he and Bonplaud collected 60,000 plant specimens; mapped the area; and studied its climates, bodies of water, wildlife, and minerals. The findings of this exhaustive adventure were published in a 23-volume series, Voyage de Humboldt et Bonplaud (1805--34). In 1829, at the invitation of the Russian government, Humboldt made an expedition to Russia and Siberia, categorizing, observing, and recording as he went. One of the results of this expedition was a 5-volume work, Kosmos (1845-62), in which he tried to combine the vague ideals of the eighteenth century with the exact scientific requirements of his own. Considered one of the founders of modern geography, Humboldt showed geographers that there was more to the study of geography than the shape of Earth and its regions. He gave them a system of geographic inquiry, he was the first to draw an isothermal map, studied tropical storms and volcanoes, and pioneered the field of terrestrial magnetism. Equally important, he was responsible for one of the first examples of international scientific cooperation, which led to the formation of a system of meteorological stations throughout Russia and Great Britain. During one of his many expeditions, he measured the temperature of the current with which his ship sailed from Lima, Peru, to Acapulco, Mexico. Later this current was named the Humboldt Current in his honor.

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