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ST. JOHN'S CHURCH, DEVIZES. most probably built about the same time with the

castle, and at the expense and under the direction Devizes is a borough town in Wiltshire, twenty- of its celebrated founder. Their masonry is exetwo miles N.W. by N. from Salisbury, nineteen cuted with a firmness and substantiality that reE. by S. from Bath, and eighty-nine w. by S. flects the highest credit on the artizans employed. from London. It stands nearly in the centre of Even at the present day it appears as square and the county, on an elevation rising from a rich solid as when first erected, and fully justifies the plain, watered by the river Avon and its tributary eulogium passed upon the works of bishop Roger streams. It was anciently called Devisæ, or by his contemporary, William of Malmesbury. Divisio; because it is said to have been divided The chancel is arched over with bold ribs, springing between the king and the bishop.

from clustered capitals at the sides; and in the A strong castle was built here by Roger, bishop northern wall is still displayed one of the original of Salisbury, in the time of Henry I., which sus- windows with a semicircular arch, and ornamented tained a notable siege in the ensuing reign. King with the zigzag moulding. The other windows in Stephen had arrested Roger, and his nephew, the this part of the church are modern insertions. bishop of Lincoln, in 1139, and seized their The tower is peculiarly curious, both with respect castles of Newark, Salisbury, Sherburne, and to form and ornament; the east and west arches Malmesbury. But Nigel, bishop of Ely, another by which it is supported being semicircular, and nephew of Roger, fled to Devizes castle, and held the north and south ones pointed, though evidently it out against the king. Stephen, determined to built at the same time and in the same style of gain possession of the fortress, swore that the architecture. The whole of these arches and their bishop of Salisbury should taste no food till Nigel supporting columns are adorned with representayielded, which was not till the third day of his tions of foliage, and zigzag mouldings; and on the uncle's compelled fast. The castle was dismantled great arch connecting the tower with the nave is in the time of Edward III., and its remains by another ornament, which we believe to be unique, degrees disappeared.

that is a series of about forty-eight basso-relievo There are here two ancient churches—St. figures, representing a peculiar sort of bottle runJohn's, and St. Mary's.

ning round the arch; and in the centre is a keySt. John's church is a spacious structure, stone, with an angel's head and thistles sculptured partly in the Norman and partly in the later on it. The abacus, &c., of the capitals is figured style of English architecture. The following is with triangular indentations, like the impression Britton's description of this edifice :

of the point of a trowel on clay or mortar. The “St. John's church is one of the most interest- entrance to the belfry is now from the outside, up ing parochial churches to the architectural anti- a circular turret connected with the north-west quary in Great Britain It exhibits in its present angle of the tower ; but formerly a staircase led form no fewer than four or five distinct styles, cha- to it through the north-west pier. This turret is racteristic of the taste and science prevalent at the embattled at the top, and is terminated by a small different periods of its construction. Its several spire. The elevation of the tower on the eastern parts are a nave, two side aisles, a transept, a front is divided into two compartments, separated ehancel, two private chantries or chapels, and a by a cable and plain string moulding. In the lower tower. Of these divisions of the church, the oldest division are two semicircular-headed windows, are the chancel, tower, and transept, which were with a central mullion and cinque and quatrefois

VOL. XXV.

B

dressings; and in the higher, a series of five semi- house is neither picturesque nor pretty : a square, circular arches, only two of which appear to have red-brick house, with small windows and rather been intended as windows. The other portions staring green shutters, cannot well be either. But, of this church are of comparatively modern date; those windows are always so clean and bright, and almost every part of it has undergone a cer- the steps before the door are so purely white, the tain degree of alteration at different periods. The prim little garden is ever so free from weeds, and, chapel on the south side of the chancel, which in the season, so gay with flowers, and the large probably belonged to the Hungerford family, was farm-yard is so well stocked and so well tended, most likely built in the reign of Henry VIII.; that one quickly forgets that the house is not pretty, for the buttresses, pinnacles, and a niche over the and only thinks how cheerful and thriving_all eastern window are all highly decorated. The within and around it appears. Yes, Elm End other chantry was built by William Coventry; farm, to my eye, always looks like a home; an and at the time of dissolving the smaller monastic English, aye, and a happy home; and sure enough, establishments, its incumbent, Thomas Hancock, when I first became curate of Elford St. Mary, was charged with an early revenue of six such a home it most surely was! Farmer Kyle pounds."

and his wife had been married nearly ten years There are among the monuments in this church without being blessed by the birth of a child; and several to different members of the Sutton and they began to fear that a childless old age was to Heathcote families.

be their trial; for they had no other. Their lot The market cross at Devizes was erected about was cast in pleasant places, and they were a fondlythirty years ago at the expense of the late lord Sid. attached couple. But they knew not the counsels mouth. It is of Bath stone, and was executed of the Most High: he saw fit to send them other by Benjamin Wyatt. On one of its sides is the temptations and other sorrows, and with them unfollowing remarkable inscription :

expected joys. The long looked-for “gift from “The mayor and corporation of Devizes avail the Lord” did at length come, in the person of a themselves of the stability of this building to fine healthy little girl; and then the mother's heart transmit to future times the record of an awful overflowed with grateful pleasure; and the father event which occurred in this market-place in the declared he had now no earthly wish ungratified. year 1753 ; hoping that such record may serve as As a blessing the child was hailed ; and a blessing a salutary warning against the danger of impiously she proved for many a long year to her fond invoking divine vengeance, or of calling on the parents ; but not sufficiently as a holy trust, a holy name of God to conceal the devices of false- talent to be improved, a "loan to be rendered back hood and fraud. On Thursday, the 25th of January, with interest) was the immortal spirit shrined in 1753. Ruth Pierce, of Potterne, in this county, that little “ earthly tabernacle” received ; and, inagreed with three other women to buy a sack of stead of the precious young one's leading their wheat in the market, each paving her due propor- thoughts still more to him by whom she was sent, tion towards the same: one of these women, in col- she became a temptation to them to fix their affeclecting the several quotas of money, discovered a tions on a thing of this earth. Into the temptation deficiency, and demanded of Ruth Pierce the sum those too fond parents fell; when, therefore, the which was wanting to make good the amount. Ruth time came for rendering an account of their Pierce protested that she had paid her share, and stewardship, could they render it with joy? But said she wished she might drop down dead if she I must not anticipate. As an infant the little Kitty had not. She rashly repeated this awful wish; was the object of her father's and mother's most when, to the consternation and terror of the sur- tender solicitude and care; and, as reason was rounding multitude, she instantly fell down and developed, and she passed into the interesting expired, having the money concealed in her hand.” stage of childhood, she became their pet, their

No comment need be made on this solemn fact: companion, and their plaything. Day by day she it is not for us to sit in judgment on our fellow- entwined herself more closely around the hearts of creatures. But surely we niay say with the psalm- the good farmer and his wife ; and by her innocent ist: “Verily, there is a reward for the righteous; prattle, lively spirits, and endearing ways, did verily, he is a God that judgeth in the earth” this child of their old age smooth the many rough(Ps. lviii. 11).

nesses of daily life. With Kitty on his knee, The population of Devizes, it may be added, at Kyle could forget that crops were light or serthe last census was 4,631.

vants unfaithful, that his turnips wanted rain or his hay-harvest fine weather; and by her reading

to him, or talking or laughing with him, the THE OLD MAN'S CHILD.

evenings were whiled away, which before had often

been passed by him with his account-book at his No, I.

side, his knees in the fire, and his thoughts broodA babe in a house is a well-spring of pleasure, a mes- ing moodily over the troubles and vexations which senger of peace and love;

from time to time must necessarily mar the se* A resting-place for innocence on earth ; a link between renity of a farmer's life. By her mother Kitty angels and men ; Yet it is a talent of trust, a loan to be rendered back with less valuable; and with her child skipping by her

was no less beloved : to her mother she was no interest." TUPPER'S “PROVERBIAL PHILOSOPHY."

side, as she went about her daily avocations, the

old lady would declare she felt quite young again. Elm End farm is a pleasant place ; a place on When I first knew Kitty she was rather more which, whenever the sun does shine, it seems to than nine years old; and a pretty little rosy-cheeked shine more brightly than elsewhere. And yet the maiden, with large black eyes and laughing

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mouth, she was. As an especial favourite of Mr. by his side ; and his looks plainly told that he was Morton, she was frequently asked to the rectory to both. If any one had a favour to ask, that was tea; and many and many a chase did the lively the time to ask it ; for, if Kitty put in her word to child lead me through the winding shrubbery: support a claim (and that word was always ready walks, and over the velvet-lawn ; whilst the kind for the weaker side) it was sure to be allowed. rector looked on with a smile, encouraging her And many is the Sunday dinner that was promised innocent mirth, and telling his daughter that she or the shilling given during the Saturday drive had been once as gay as that. Those were happy between and Elm End farm; for the days! Old as I am, I still look back to them with little girl had a quick eye to perceive, and a soft pleasure ; a melancholy pleasure certainly it is, for heart to feel for, the wants or the woes of others; changes great and sad have taken place since and, if she noticed the languid gait or pale face of Kitty and I were playfellows : still it is a pleasure a poor neighbour toiling along the road, as she to recall times of peacefulness, and to divell on the and her father jogged cheerily by, she was quite bright memory even of that which one feels can sure to remark it ; and his answer was generally never return.' 0 how faithful is he that hath much the same: “Well, old Betty does look promised, “ Even to hoar hairs will I carry thee!" weary: a good dinner would set her up;" or, for, besides the peace which cometh from above to “ Well, child, that pale face is different from tranquillize the old man's heart, there is a pleasure yours, is'nt it? but, maybe, if she had good beef provided for him in the exercise of fond and vivid and mutton as you have, it might be rosy too : recollection, of which the young man knows but suppose we tell her to come to the farm for a little. Mine has been no unchequered lot: trouble, dinner to-morrow?” And then the kind old man disappointed hopes, and many bereavements have would draw in old Tidy's rein, and wish the poor taught me that below we have "no abiding city," walker a hearty good day; and, turning to his that this world “is no place of rest;" still many child, would laughingly ask her what she had to are the bright spots on my " path of sorrow,'' to say, as she had asked him to stop. And then which I look back with grateful pleasure, and on Kitty would laugh too-such a ringing, merry the memory of which I dwell with almost unmixed laugh her's was ! --and, with a bright colour in her joy. Yes, sometimes the long intervals of sadness cheek, would say : “ Father thinks a good dinner are forgotten, and the old man is once again in would do you good, you look so tired; so he says fancy the happy boy, or the no less happy young you may come up to Elm End about one toman, the almost member of the rector's family; morrow. And, when thanks were showered for and then the inmost language of his heart (no less the promised gift, he always exclaimed: "No, of time past than of the present) is, “ Bless the no! no thanks to me, my friend: it was all her own Lord, my soul; and all that is within me bless thought.” And with a joyful tear glistening in his holy name. Bless the Lord, O my soul ; and his eye, and a throb of gratified pride at his forget not all his benefits.” Most true it is that heart, he listened to the blessings called down the old man's home” need be no dreary place: upon her“ pretty face ;” and, looking at her soft even though uncheered by the presence of wife or dimpled cheek, and sparkling eye, he thought she child, “ unblest by the fond charities” of kindred deserved them all, for “she was the prettiest lass ties, it may yet be peaceful, yet be happy; for he, in all the county; and a better never lived ;" and whose heart is the temple of the Most High, often, too often, he told her so. Ah ! farmer Kyle, cannot feel alone; and he, whose trust is in the that child is your idol : she “stands between you sure mercies of his God, cannot but be “always and heaven" such love as you bear her must rejoicing.” Let not the young then look forward bring its own punishment in this world or the with repugnance to the time, which, if they are nex. spared, must be the lot of all : let them not think Meanwhile years rolled on. Kitty grew to be a that the happiness of youth is the only happiness woman: the drives to and from school ceased; which this world affords, nor regard with dismay and she became the constant inmate of her home. the fast fleeting years, as though they were swift- If the child had been beloved, how much more so vinged messengers bearing that happiness away was the young and handsome woman! if the one

Let them be assured that the bright had been petted, how much more so was the summer sun is not more cheering than are the other! if the one had been an idol, how much rays of the autumnal sun, when they shed their more was the other adored! Alas! for the desoft radiance on the “ dwellings of the just.” pravity of our hearts, that they are so “deceitful

But to return from too long a digression. It above all things, and desperately wicked;" that was thought time, when Kitty Kyle had completed even their best affections, if uncurbed, become her tenth year, to send her to school; and her sin ; and the feelings implanted for our blessing mother accordingly placed her under the care of there by our Creator, if unrestrained, turn to a kind and judicious person, living at the neigh- “ enmity against God.” Baneful as was the influbouring market-town, who, from altered circum- ence of the undue affection cherished by Kyle and stances, was obliged to receive boarders into her his wife for their only child upon their own chahouse, and to turn her abilities to account by racters, hardly less was the effect upon her's. teaching. Thither Kitty was duly conveyed every True, her naturally sweet temper and generous Monday morning; and, regularly as Saturday disposition saved her from suffering to the extent came, her father made his appearance in his tidy that most girls of her age would have suffered taxed-cart to claim his darling to spend at home from the excessive fondness manifested towards the happy day of rest. Never did farmer Kyle her, and the unhesitating indulgence to which it feel so happy or so proud as when driving gave rise. Still, as the wise man of old has dethrough the crowded market with his pretty Kitty clared, “A man cannot take fire into his bosom,

for ever.

and not be burned,” and though Kitty continued | had not courage to re-enter their now cheerless to be open-hearted and generous, yet it became home. At length, in moody silence, Kyle turned painfully evident to those who took an interest in quick on his heel, went to his “farm and his mer. her welfare that the seeds of self-will and obsti- chandize," and strove to drown care in action; whilst nacy were being scwn in her heart by the hand of the mother went sadly to her child's little room. those whose chief care should have been to have Why or wherefore she herself hardly knew; she eradicated thence all noxious weeds, and that, on said it was to see that nothing had been left behind. the first occasion of her wishes being thwarted, O how selfish does continual indulgence render they would doubtless spring up, and bring forth even the sweetest character! Gradually, almost their bitter fruits. Such an occasion was un- unconsciously, the web is woven which impedes thought of by her parents : they had ever consi- the working of the heart's noblest function, dered her unmindful of herself, and most moderate self-renunciation; and that “ seeking not her in her wishes and demands; and that she should own,” but “looking to the things of others," ever ask for anything which duty would forbid which characterizes the spirit attuned to the service them to grant, appeared to them a thing impossi- of God by the inward working of heavenly love or ble. “We know not what a day may bring forth,” charity. "Imperceptible at first, or sometimes even has been received as an undoubted truth from graceful and pretty, does the web woven by indultime immemorial ; yet how few realize the force of gence, and föstered by too fund affection, appear; it in their own case! how very few act as though but it is no less dangerous than the “ snare of the on the morrow their own experience might be fowler,” and no less destructive to the life (the another testimony in proof of its authenticity! spiritual life) of all who become entangled in its

Kitty Kyle had passed two happy years in the toils. Poor Kitty Kyle! she would not have been enjoyment of home comforts, and of those pleasures intentionally selfish or unkind for the world; but which to the young appear so delightful, when she so accustomed had she been from her very cradle received an invitation from her father's only sur- to have every wish instantly gratified, that on no viving brother to visit his family. The Kyles were occasion did it occur to her to consider whether by birth and descent Irish; and, Kitty's uncle her wishes were reasonable, or whether the gratifibeing the eldest son of the family, had received the cation of them must be obtained at the cost of the few paternal acres," on which he resided; whilst comfort, convenience, or happiness of others. his brothers had left their native land to seek their Her's was a butterfly existence : she fluttered in the fortunes either in England, like her father, or in gay sunshine of prosperity; and pretty, happy, the sultry tropics, where her other uncles had thoughtless, and gay, she was in love with the already made their graves. It was therefore to the world, fond of everybody, ready to oblige when it shores of “the Emerald Isle" that Kitty was in- cost her no self-sacrifice to do so; sorry, yet survited ; and the idea of crossing the sea, and be- prised, when she saw others in sorrow: she was asholding new scenes, new faces, and new relations, sured that she was good and loving, a perfect quite "led captive” the imagination of the high- daughter, and quite religious enough, and she spirited girl, and she at once declared her wish hoped that it was all true. Such, then, was Kitty and intention of going. Meanwbile her father Kyle, the “old man's child," who, without giving shook his head, and her mother heaved many a one thought to the grief she was causing, left her sigh, as they gave their consent to a separation happy home to seek excitement and pleasure from their darling. Fain would they on any plea among new and unknown scenes. have withheld that consent; but Kitty's heart was set upon seeking adventure, and for every objec

" Who knows, when he to go from home

Departeth from the door, tion urged she bad volleys of replies. Did her

Or when or how he back shall come, father aver the distance to which she would be

Or whether never more ?" removed from them and her home, she wanted change of air, and that would ensure her having Weeks and weeks passed by, and Kitty still it.” Did her mother advert to the dangers likely spoke of the happiness she was enjoying, without to be encountered on so long a journey; "her even alluding to the time of her return. Mr. uncle had himself promised to be her escort, so Morton often joked good-naturedly with her surely no fears need be entertained for her safety.” parents, on her long absence; and told them he In short, Kitty had made up her mind to go; só of was sure she was gone for good and all; and at course the invitation was accepted.

first Kyle had entered into the joke, and had

laughed too; but as time wore away, bringing no “ Thou hast left us all alone

prospect of his soon seeing his darling again, he In the radiant summer-time:

began to think the matter too serious for jesting, We miss thy waking gleesome tone,

and would only shake his head, and gravely Thy laughter's pleasant chime.”

answer "that for his part he did not know what

had come to the child; but he hoped no harm would Tearful eyes and aching hearts did pretty Kitty happen, that was all.” Kyle leave behind her as she drove away from her One morning, early in the autumn, about three childhood's home. The farmer and his wife months after Kitty's departure, I was walking my watched the coach which bore her and her uncle horse leisurely along the lane leading from Elford swiftly away, until the winding of the road hid it Woodside to Elm End, when a cart came upon us from their sight. Aye, and long after that, they so suddenly, and passed so rapidly as to make the strained their eyes to catch one more glimpse of the animal start on one side; which prevented my waving hardkerchief, which they very well knew it seeing who was driving it. A moment afterwards, was quite impossible they could see again; for they however, I heard it stop; and, turning round, I saw

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farmer Kyle, in his taxed-cart, looking as though his protection, it is not regarding him as our comdesirous of speaking to me. I accordingly turned mon Father tó fear too much the troubles which my horse's head, with the intention of going up to may assail her. But what is the name of Kitty's him; but as soon as I had approached near enough intended ?" to hear him speak, he said quickly: “You'll ex- Ryan McHale, sir.” cuse my troubling you, sir ; but my wife would be “A real Irish name. Well, and he—" glad if you would have the kindness just to step "Is a papist, sir-a papist !” she repeated with in.”. And then, touching his hat, he drove away, emphasis, and then the poor woman's pent-up leaving me not a little astonished at the unusual feelings found vent in a flood of tears. Presently, abruptness of his address. True, it was possible however, she so far overcame her emotion as to he might be in a hurry, which would partly account say, “No good will come of it; no good can come for it; still I could not but feel that something of it; do you think there can, sir?" was amiss; and, hardly knowing what to expect “Well, Mrs. Kyle," I replied, “ I cannot comfort or what to fear, and wishing to put an end to un- you by saying that I think the marriage of two certainty, which is always painful, I trotted on people thinking so very differently on the most imquickly towards the farm.

portant of all subjects can be productive of hapHaving, as usual, thrown my horse's bridle over piness to either party, for conscience forbids my the bright green palings, I walked through the doing so. And, indeed, to speak the plain truth, tidy garden, and was admitted into the house. it appears to me that, acting as she is from impulse Not, as was generally the case though, by the and inclination only, instead of from principle, mistress herself, but by one of the maids, who Kitty cannot, must not expect God's blessing on showed me into the snug back parlour, in which her future life.” Kyle and his wife usually sat, because it overlooked “O sir, don't say so; don't say so; may-be the cheerful farm-yard.' There, to my surprise, II've thought something like it myself, but it sounds found Mrs. Kyle (who at that early hour was gene

so hard, so awful from you." rally bustling about her house) sitting with pen, “I am very sorry to add to your grief, Mrs. ink, and paper before her, and two or three open Kyle, very sorry; but my duty is to set before letters lying by her side.

you the case in its proper light, that you may your“Well Mrs. Kyle,” I said, as she rose to receive self clearly understand it in all its bearings, and me, “how do you do? . I?m astonished to find you all your influence in the right direction, to induce

be able to state it plainly to your child, and to use sitting down quietly at this time of day: it is something quite unusual.”

her to view it in the same light. Again, therefore, “So it is, sir; and it's something more than in life without honouring her father and mother

I say that, if Kitty takes the most important step common that makes me. Have you seen Kyle :” by asking their consent and approbation, and with

“ Yes: I met him in the lane, and he asked me to call.”

out listening to the voice of God in the whispers “ Did he tell you, sir ?".

of her conscience, she must no longer hope for his "I don't know to what you allude; however, protection and blessing. She wilfully acts indehe told me nothing; but I am afraid you are in pendently of her heavenly Father, and cannot extrouble. No bad news from Ireland, I hope?".

pect, in the course she chooses contrary to his “O sir, but we have-we have indeed had bad will

, still to be watched over for good : she makes news: Kitty," and she stopped.

her own choice, and she will herself have to abide “ Is not ill, I trust !”

the consequences.” I paused; but Mrs. Kyle “ No sir, not ill;

but she-she is going to be did not speak; so I went on, trying as I did so, to married, sir."

assume a more cheerful tone. “But are you sure,”

I asked, “that every thing is finally settled be“Married !" I exclaimed, greatly relieved, and tween Kitty and McHale? May she not have achardly able to repress a smile at the foolish excess cepted him conditionally, the condition being your of sorrow, into which I supposed the inordinate love which she bore her child had thrown her, at

approval ?"

The mother shook her head. “She does not the approach of an event which must cause a sepa

seem even to doubt our giving our consent, sir. ration between them. “Married ! is that all? Why She says she knows our only wish is to make her some mothers are only too anxious to get their happy; and sure enough that's true.". daughters married.”

“Too true, I sear, Mrs. Kyle. Had your wish “So they are, sir; and I should like well enough and prayer and endeavour been to make your to see Kitty settled, and to love her little ones as child obedient, good, and pious, rather than what I've loved her; but"

you call happy, by which I believe you mean, - “But still you dread her running the risk which having no wish, no want, no fancy ungratified, she all must run who link their fate with another : is would have been more truly happy, and this would it so? But you know it is said: 'He that ob- never have occurred. But tell me, have you yet serveth the wind shall not sow; and he that re- tried what your influence, what your parental augardeth the clouds shall not reap. We must not thority may effect?”. look too much to the issues of things, but only to No, sir; we hav'nt, that is true ;” and her face the things themselves; and, if they be lawful and brightened up. “We only got Kitty's letter this right, we must take them in hand, leaving the rest morning; and maybe, if I wrote to her, she might to God. • Do well, and trust,' should be our but, dear me, sir, I'm afraid she has set her motto ; and, as matrimony is a holy state, and was heart upon the marriage.” ordained of God, if it be entered, as we trust Kitty Well, Mrs. Kyle, and suppose if you and I will enter it, in accordance with his will and under had set our hearts upon any thing, which we were

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