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HUMAN HAIR.

France, is a remarkable instance), it has become

white. This effect can only be attributed to some The hair appears to originate within the cellular change in the distribution of that fluid with which substance that lies below the skin, where its roots the central portion of the hair is filled. Someform a sort of bulb; and, from its origin to its times the quantity of this fluid is greatly increased, emersion beyond the cuticle, each particular hair and its quality so much changed as to have the is enveloped in a small membranous, transparent appearance of blood. In some cases it is found canal, of a cylindrical form, quite distinct from even to assume a fleshy appearance. These phethe hair itself, but of which the origin is unknown. nomena constitute the character of that formidable Each hair is composed of two distinct parts, an disease called plica polonica, in which the hair external or peripheral canal, and an internal or bleeds on being cut, and then becomes matted central meduslary part. The former resembles the together. cuticle in its nature, and is, like it, of a white The hair is susceptible of renovation when lost. colour, whatever may be the shade of the hair Thus a growth of new hair will occur after a itself. The central or medullary portion of the recovery from fevers, during which the patient hair it is which gives this substance its particular had become bald ; and it is analogous to the procolour. And this is conjectured by Bichat to be cess of moulting, that yearly takes place in many composed of extremely delicate vessels, containing quadrupeds as well as birds. a peculiar fluid that stagnates within their cavities. Hair is strong, but is possessed of little extenThis portion is essentially distinguished from the sibility. When drawn between the fingers from peripheral tube by its possessing vital quali. root to point, its peripheral surface appears quite ties,

smooth, though when rubbed in the contrary diThe passions of the mind have a remarkable rection it gives a sensation of roughness. This is influence on the hair. In a short time, from grief found to be owing to small scales, of which the or terror (Marie Antoinette, the late queen of external tube is composed, which lie over each

VOL. XXV.

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other in such a manner that their attachments are Saviour's parable of the sower, to which I need not towards the root of the hair.

further refer. “Whatsoever a man soweth,” The hair differs in character according to the says St. Paul, “that shall be also reap,” &c. climate. Europeans have in general long flowing (Gal. vi. 7, 8). Hear Isaiah on this point : hair, of a fine texture, though seldom harsh or * Doth the plowman plow all day to sow? doth wiry. The hair of the negro is short, woolly, and he open and break the clods of his ground? when of a black colour; that of the native Americans he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not and most of the Asiatics, thick, straight, black, cast in the principal wheat, and the appointed and shining

barley and the rye, in their place ? For his God A microscopic view of the human hair exhibits, doth instruct him to discretion, and doth teach curiously and satisfactorily, its natural structure. him." And a little after, speaking of the thresh

ing, he says: “This also cometh forth from the Lord of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and

excellent in working' (Isa. xxviii.; see also i HARVEST-TIME*.

Cor. ix. 9, 10). “Grow in grace, and in the

knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ” What interesting, what awful thoughts ought (2 Pet. iii. 18). With his fan in hand, we read, the return of harvest-time to suggest to the reflect the heavenly husbandman will “ throughly purge ing Christian! To how good account may the bis floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; farmer turn his avocation, and the reaper his em- but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable ployment at this season! as may the women and fire” (Matt. iii. 12): “ The ungodly are like the children too, who, according to the scriptural in- chaff which the wind driveth away” (Ps. i. 4). junction, are allowed to glean after the reapers. The straw and stubble, likewise, which represent What spiritual as well as temporal concern ought the proud and wicked, will be destroyed (Mal. iv. to be mutually cherished between master and 1; i Cor. iii. 12). servant in their respective departments, is beau- In a worldly sense may not be necessary to tifully illustrated in the book of Ruth. There we exhort the husbandman to be on the watch and read of the pious and cordial greetings between ready while the ear is ripening in the summer san, Boaz and his workmen upon his entering the field: and not to say, “There is yet” so much time," and “And, behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and then cometh the harvest ;" but in a spiritual said unto the reapers, The Lord be with you; sense it is necessary to do so, and to add our Saand they answered him, The Lord bless thee." viour's awakening remonstrance: “Behold, I Observe, too, how delicately kind and discrimi- say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the nate was Boaz in his encouragement of his humbler fields; for they are white already to harvest” (John kinswoman, the modest and grateful gleaner Ruth, iv.). Nor, in a worldly sense, may it be necesbecause of the excellent character he had heard of sary to repeat the maxini of the wise man: “He her. Hence, let our poorer brethren and sisters that sleepeth in harvest causeth shane ;” but it is be reminded that, as Solomon says, “a good right to remind you that, except the Lord be with name is better than precious ointment, and rather you in your operations, “it is but lost labour that to be chosen than riches.” Nor is it only to the ve haste to rise up early, and so late take rest, and persons thus immediately engaged in them that eat the bread of carefulness ;" whereas his prethese simple rural scenes address themselves; but sence abiding with you will secure to you, after they likewise, who, as spectators only, behold your toil and anxiety, tranquil and refreshing re“the valleys standing thick with corn,” may pose, “ for so giveth he his beloved sleep” (Ps. beguile the sultry hours with heavenly contem- cxxvii.). A comfortable promise on this head is plations. All, as they view the full ear and the given us by the psalmist: " Put thou thy trust in noxious weed intermingled, falling together be the Lord, and be doing good : dweli in the land, neath the sickle, should be reminded that they | and verily thou shalt be fed” (Ps. xxxvii.); that themselves are now ripening either for heaven or is, abide with patience and faith in your allotted hell, and shall themselves one day be reaped, and station, performing all its appointed duties to God gathered, and sorted out, and consigned to their and man ; and then most assuredly will he, who own proper and suitable places. But, besides “giveth fodder to the cattle, and feedeth the young this, the harvest-field is adapted to recall to our ravens that call upon him,” and “clothes the remembrance other scriptural lessons. The mind lilies of the field,” provide sufficiently for you, may naturally revert to the soil in which the grain who are in his sight of much more value than was sown, to the seed-time, to the growth of the these. Again, in Ps. Ixv.: “Thou visitest the corn, and look forwards after the reaping to earth, and blessest it: thou makest it very plenthe threshing and to the winnowing of it: to each teous. Thou preparest their corn; for so thou proof these stages of its progress scripture attaches a videst for the earth. Thou crownest the year with corresponding word of improvement. And these thy goodness." memorials we have the comfort to know will, with It was when Jesus was walking with his distheir attendant benefits temporal and spiritual, ciples through a corn-field on the sabbath-day, recur to man until the end of the world; for God that he taught them the spiritual value of this holy has promised that, “while the earth remaineth, day of rest, and rebuked the Pharisees, who made seed-time and harvest shall not cease” (Gen. viii.): it one of mere rigid formality. How keen a “ Break up your fallow ground” (Jer. iv. 3; Hos. reproof does this incident convey to many among x. 12). You must be well acquainted with our ourselves, brethren! for it is at this very season

• From “Harvest-time;" & Sermon, by the rev. T. A. that even the outward form of keeping the Lord's Holland, M.A., rector of Poyninys, Sussex. Rivingtons : day holy is most neglected by the agricultural London. 1848.

population, for reasons that will not bear to be

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brought to the light of God's word. Nebe- toils or anxieties of the six days of the week, at miah tells us (chap. xiii.) that he saw some this very season especially, as the manner of treading wine-presses on the sabbath, and bringing some is,” for absenting yourselves from the house in sheaves, and selling victuals, and otherwise of prayer on the seventh, from motives of listless profaning the holy day; and he testified against idleness, or even on account of actual fatigue; them for drawing down thereby God's wrath upon nor will you be impatient for the morrow, saying, Israel, as they had done in former times. Now, “When will the sabbath be gone, that we may consider the practical ingratitude, and, if we may set forth wheat ?(Amos viii. 5), for the Lord's so speak, the bad policy of desecrating the Lord's is an unwearying service to the truly religious: day, at this season in particular. The farmer is much less will you dare further to profane his receiving an abundant return for the expenses of holy day by performing at home those domestic cultivation; and the labourer obtains, what in his operations which you could not, or did not, find station is the gain he has to look for, viz., work, time for doing during the week. If this, unforand its due wages, profitable, and if bis heart is tunately, be the habit of any of us, they have no right, cheerful labour. “Mach food,” says the right to expect God's blessing upon their land or wise man, “is in the tillage of the poor.” Labour upon their labours. is the poor man's capital or principal ; and to get the means of employing this to advantage, is to him what the placing of money in the funds, or porchasing land, is to the richer classes. To all,

THE DOMINION OF CHRIST ON EARTH*. what they gain for this is the interest upon which they are to live; and all should be thankful who This earth has been rightly called a revolted possess this capital, of whichever sort it may be, province of God's empire. The eternal Son of that they have opportunity thus to lay it out, and God has, by a wonderful work of redemption, that this interest accrues to them; remembering gained back this revolted province, and claims it always that God gives both the principal and the as his peculiar kingdom. But its inhabitants are interest, or increase, and that, from whatsoever still in a state of rebellion against the divine laws: secondary source their gains may be derived, it is “We see not yet all things put under" Christ. "the Lord who maketh poor, and maketh rich; Wickedness still prevails: the earth is still under who bringeth low, and lifteth up” (1 Sam. xxvii.). the curse: war, and famine, and pestilence, the What, in fact, are riches, which some may, at first prevalence of sickness, sorrow, and death, still thought, deem to consist of the accumulation of attest that “the throne of God and of the Lamb,” 30 much metal called “money'? The coin is not yet set up therein. The sure word of pro(which itself is the produce of God's earth) is of mise tells us, however, that God “hath appointed a no intrinsic value in that shape; but it représents day, in the which he will judge the world in rightesome commodity which is useful for our suste- ousness by that man whom he hath ordained” nance or comfort. Take, for instance, out of a (Acts xvii. 31). But, while “a king shall reign host of other things, these two: food and clothing. in righteousness,” it is also decreed that “princes Whence are they? Where was the loaf manu- shall rule in judgment” (Isa. xxxii. 1). And who factured which the contented, ay, and the discon- are these princes, that shall share with the true tented (Matt. v. 45) labourer is enabled to pur- Melchizedek, the “King of righteousness,” and chase, with the fruits of his toil, for the subsistence “Priest upon his throne,” the government and of his family? Did it originate in the bakehouse dominion of a regenerated world? Are they angels or the mill? Surely not. Trace it then back- and archangels, the highest of those unfallen inwards to the thresbing-floor, to the stack, to the telligences “ who excel in strength,” who have harvest-field, even till you come to the clod of the ever done “his commandments, hearkening unto valley, wherein you find the grain lying dead for the voice of his word”? No: the glorious riches a season, and which “is not quickened except it of the mystery of this present dispensation consists die.” Who draws it up alive out of the earth ? in this—that, out of those very rebels and ene“God giveth it a body, and to every seed his own mies, God is, by his almighty power and love, body” (1 Cor. xv.). In like manner search for training “a royal priesthood" to share in the the original source of our clothing: the homely honours of his Son's kingdom; out of these garb of the peasant, the gay attire of the wealthy, weak and fallen sinners, these “babes and suckthe embroidered robe of nobles, and the gor-| lings,” has he “ordained strength because of his geous purple of emperors and kings, come from enemies, that he night still the enemy and the some plant that grows out of the earth, or from avenger” (Ps. viii. 2). The enemy who sought some animal, both alike crentures of the same al- to mar the work of creation, who apparently sucmighty One, whose are the beasts of the forest," ceeded in marring it (I may add, who has marred whose “ the cattle upon a thousand hills,” and it, if it is never again to be very good”), shall who “knows all the fowls upon the mountains” be foiled by his own weapons, shall be bruised (Ps. l.): their colours, too, that please and dazzle under the feet of those whom he thought to enthe eye, are from the vegetable or mineral pro- slave, through the glorious redemption wrought duce of the earth, or from the repositories of the by him who" was made a little lower than the great deep. Thus might every article of neces- angels for the suffering of death,” “that through sary use or luxurious enjoyment be ultimately death he might destroy him that had the power of traced to God the Creator, the Giver, and the Distributer, as he sees fit, of all things in heaven and the Work of the Messiah.” By R. H. Herschell. London :

* From "The Mystery of the Gentile Dispensation, and earth. 'If then, my brethren, you understand the Aylott and Jones. 1848. We cannot agree with the author Cbristianity you profess, or feel rightly towards of this work in all points ; but there is much that is interestGod, you will not presume to plead the beneficial ing in his book. -Ed.

death, that is, the devil” (Heb. ii. 9, 14). If it | every attempt to improve or alter them must inwere a mighty work of omnipotence out of stones evitably deteriorate them. In the church of God, to raise up children to Abraham, surely it is a yet that which was first ought also to be that which more glorious work of love to raise up children of is last. Of the doctrines and institutions of our God from among rebellious sinners, to adopt them blessed Lord, there should be no attempt at change into the royal family of heaven, to make them or alteration. Whatsoever is added or taken away, “ heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ!” whatsoever is altered or mutilated, must tend to “Behold what manner of love the Father bath deteriorate, not to improve (Rev. xxii, 18, 19). bestowed upon us, that we should be called the The truth will admit of no change. Now, let sons of God!" "Now are we the sons of God; even those who are fondest of walking in new and it doth not yet appear what we shall be paths say what has been the general result of such (1 John iii. 1, 2). "The manifestation of the predilection; and the distracted state of the Chris. sons of God” is an event yet future, for which tian world, the innumerable systems of doctrine the creation waiteth with “ earnest expectation." and modes of worship, the bold speculations and As Jesus was openly declared to be the Son of general indifference, the endless variety of sects God by his resurrection from the dead (Rom. i. and parties, and the “envying, strife, and divi4), so our manifestation as sons of God shall be sions” which immediately rise up to view, will when we are raised from the dead, and thus shown dictate such an account as the sincere Christian to be “the children of the resurrection” (Luke must be ashamed to repeat, and grieved to conxx. 36). Christ assumes not the government of template. It is in the old paths," marked out his kingdom, until those he has ordained to share by our Lord, trodden by his apostles, and freit with him are all trained and prepared for that quented by the faithful in the purest ages, in glorious work, by which, throughout “ the ages which I am told to seek for rest to my soul, and to come,”, they will show forth the exceeding in which I am assured that I shall find it (Jer. riches of the grace of God. For this period “the vi. 16). whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain Q.—But may not newer ways, equally good together until now. And not only they, but our- and equally safe, be found ? In other words, may selves also, which have the first fruits of the Spirit

, there not be many ways through this world, yet even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting all leading directly to heaven? for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our A.-When the people of the Lord marched body” (Rom. viii. 22, 23). Then the earth, that through the wilderness, they were told of the rich was cursed for man's sake, is delivered from the inheritance that lay before them; but they were curse, through “the second man, the Lord from not permitted to take the way thither which might heaven” (1 Cor. xv. 47). And there shall be have appeared to themselves as the best and shortno more curse; but the throne of God and of the est : they were to pursue that one route which Lamb shall be in it” (Rev. xxii. 3). Then shall all God himself pointed out, and not impiously to these glorious predictions, which the prophets con- suppose that others nearer or better might be nected with the advent of the Redeemer, be ful- found. Nearer roads they might have found; filled; man shall glorify God instead of dis- but in these will any one venture to say that the honouring him; the will of God shall be done on presence of the Lord would have directed their earth as it is in the heavens. From the throne of steps, or that by them they would have found God and of the Lamb a healing power shall go ready access to the promised land? In like manforth to all the nations, and in the administration ner we know of our inheritance only by report, of this “health and cure," the glorified saints

, the report of him who has purchased it for us the church, the bride of Christ, shall share with and we must submit to be proved, and to be led her King and Lord.. Then shall the “good mat- thither in the way of God's appointment, and not ter touching the King,” indited by the heart of in that which to ourselves might appear shorter the royal psalmist (Ps. xlv.), receive its accom- or better. We cannot even tell why it should be plishment: the time shall then come “ when the necessary to try us at all, nor can we say what the saints possess the kingdom," and shall reign with particular purpose of many temptations to which Christ over a renovated and a happy world. we are exposed may be; but this we know, that

every one is to be made perfect through sufferings of some kind (Heb. ii. 10; 1 Pet. iv. 13), and his

fidelity put to the test by trials of some description. THE OLD PATHS.

Under such circumstances, strict adherence to the

path in which God leads' us on is the only safe BY THE Rev. J. B. PRATT, M.A.

course. If there are nearer or easier roads to hea

ven, it is doubtful whether the divine Presence QUESTION.—What do you consider to be the great watches over them. But that there are any such advantage, or the urgent necessity, of seeking and paths is merely matter of unauthorized conjecture. asking for the old paths?

Our blessed Lord speaks of only one way; and this Answer:-The numerous and strange innova- he describes as both narrow and straight. Our tions, which have originated in various ages, are whole Christian course is just as mysterious as that sufficient to convince any sober-minded Christian of the Israelites through the wilderness. We of both the necessity and the advantage of con- must follow the path which the Lord points out, tinuing stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and and not venture into bye-ways of our own choosfellowship. The doctrines and institutions of the ing; for, although new ways may appear plain gospel differ from all others in this, that they are and safe, it is only in the old narrow path where perfect, and adapted to the circumstances of every we are assured of finding rest for our souls. Ways time and place. They are catholic verities; and of men's choosing may, peradventure, lead to

heaven; but of this we have no assurance: that memorated under the latter and more perfect ecoDarrow path, for which we are commanded to nomy. It is, therefore, false to say that there are ask, and in which we are advised to walk, is that no specific rules in the sacred record concerning alone with which any sure promise is connected. the exact form and constitution of the church of Every doctrine and ordinance of our blessed Lord God. The bible, even the whole bible, is the and his holy apostles must, on this account, com- great depository of theology and ecclesiastical mand the utmost respect of all who are willing to history; and to this, in its true and catholic sense, be led onward by the Spirit of God, through this the episcopalian has recourse when he makes inwilderness of probation to that glorious inheritance quiry concerning the foundation of the system of which is promised to the faithful. Thus, I can- doctrine, the means of grace, and the constitution not listen to the common saying, that “there are of the church, which he ought to venerate and many paths to heaven :" the word of God speaks support. He does not feel himself at liberty to but of one ; and, although this may turn and wind do as many do—appeal to the bible, and then, in directions contrary to what some might suppose when the bible is taken as the rule, object to such to be the best, yet I have full confidence in him parts of it as are hostile to pecular notions and who leads the way; and, therefore, how mys- newly-invented systems, and rashly assert that terious soever it may be, how humiliating soever what God revealed concerning his church under to presuming reason, how contrary soever to popu- the Mosaic economy has little or nothing to do lar opinion, how condemnatory soever of prevalent with its constitution, doctrines, and ordinances, practice, this one way of God, narrow and strait under the Christian dispensation. But “God is though it be, is that which I must prefer as safer not a man, that he should lie;" and the faithful and surer than any of the thousand ways of human member of his church cannot venture to imitate device. To those who prefer these ways I can those who thus foolishly attempt to mould the everhave nothing to object; but I dare not go along lasting word of God to the form of their own crude with them: I dare not trust myself to these new inventions, and boldly endeavour to support their paths, crowded though they be. Glad shall I be, cause by inducing men to believe that the older yea, sincerely glad, if they lead to heaven; and testament may be thrown away. They, who are in charity I am bound to hope that they may do at liberty to appeal to the whole of the sacred so; but, as an episcopalian, I must venerate the record, will not be surprised that the apostles do not old paths, where is the good way”-paths dis. give a definite outline of the foundations of the tinctly known by the unchanging and unchange church: this had been done by Moses. Our Lord able marks of truth. The pillar of the Lord con- carefully instructed his apostles concerning the dueted his people through the desert: “the pillar things which pertained to his church, and by his exof the truth" (1 Tim. iii. 15) will still lead on ample showed them how the sacred edifice was to the hosts of God to their home and their inherit- be reared. This church they established whither

soever they went; and it ought to be remembered Q.-But it is a prevalent opinion that the that their writings were not intended to instruct sacred scriptures contain no specific rules concern- men concerning the form in which the sacred ing the exact form in which the church of Christ | edifice was to be built, but to admonish them to is to be built; is there then not a latitude given abide in the communion of that church whose to individuals, or sects, to rear up the spiritual foundations had been laid, or to reprove thein for building according to any plan most suited to interfering with its already established doctrines their own fancy, or to the circumstances amid and economy. The apostles and their successors, to which they may chance to be placed ?

the end of time, are the builders of the church (Eph. A.-Such an opinion cannot be entertained for iv. 11, 12; 1 Cor. iii. 10, &c.). The outline of a single moment by one who has right notions of the building is already defined in the Old Testathe divine word. If men take the whole word of ment, and directions for its greater extent are conGod as their guide, and not impiously tear asunder tained in the New. Hence the rule to be observed the Old and the New Testaments, they will find by the faithful builder is in these words : “ Let no difficulty in determining the exact form and every man take heed how he buildeth upon the constitution of the church of God. In the Old foundation already laid; for other foundation can no Testament the ground is clearly marked out and man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ” the boundary distinctly defined : the statutes, the (1 Cor. iii. 10, &c.). The apostolic epistles, thereofferings, the sacrifices, the priesthood in its three-fore, speak not of the foundation, but of the danger fold order, are all appointed, appointed by an of separating from that church which was already ordinance for ever. On the foundation thus de- established (St. Jude ii., &c.), or of the duty of fined, our blessed Lord erected his church. In adhering to the “one body," and the “ one faith," many respects the types of the law were fulfilled into which they had already been admitted by in Christ, and therefore its ceremonies were dis- one baptism” (Eph. iv. 4, &c.). The word of continued; but the doctrines and laws of the God, therefore, gives no latitude to individuals or typical economy in every tittle, the sacraments no sects, who have not the Redeemer's commission, longer typical but commemorative, the priesthood to constitute themselves into builders of his church changed from the house of Aaron, but still pre- No man has an inherent power to lay a single served in its true character, were each and all stone in the spiritual building; in other words, no continued in the church. God is the same yester- man can, on his own authority, introduce a single day, to-day, and for ever ; and his church, since child of fallen Adam into the holy family of God. its foundations were laid on the Rock of Ages, has The Son of God alone can do this

, and they to undergone no greater change than from the shadow whom he has delegated his power. Individuals or to the reality. The self-same events that were sects may, like the men of Shinar, rear up buildings prefigured under the former dispensation are com- according to any plan most agreeable to their

ance.

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