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any merit on their part, but, “ Even so, Father; / deprive their possessor. The dreadful accident for so it seemed good in thy sight. When which occurred from the fall of the tower of they were elated by the display of his wonder. Siloam, and the cruel death of those Galileans, working, power, and probably thought only, of whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrithe shining forth of his glory, then did their fices, were made the occasion of that solemn dewatchful Master bid them let these sayings sink nunciation, “Except ye repent, ye shall all likedown into their ears ; that the Son of man should wise perish.' be delivered into the hands of men. Yet, in the The very necessities and infirmities of namidst of the trials and persecutions he pre- ture became, in our Saviour's hands, an oppor-. pared them to expect, his tenderness supported tunity for conveying instruction; as his thirst, their weak faith, sometimes by opening to them when he sat wearied on the well of Samaria, betheir future glorious prospects, sometimes by assu- came the foundation of his sublime discourse on rances of his love; as when bestowing on them his that occasion; the miracle of the loaves and fishes inexpressibly winning look, and stretching forth led to the discourse related in the sixth chapter of his hand towards them, he uttered the words, St. John; and his restoration of light to the blind “Behold my mother and my brethren! For who- man, to his declaration that he was the Light soever shall do the will of my Father which is in of the world, recorded in the ninth chapter of the heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and same gospel. But examples of this sort are too mother."

numerous to be overlooked by the most casual Thus was their gracious Lord ever sowing the reader of scripture, as are also those many inprecious seed of his heavenly doctrine in the hearts stances of our Lord's instructions, derived from of his followers, and fostering it with his un- inanimate objects, and from the brute creation. speakable love. He scattered the seed, not pro- We are accustomed to read these discourses in demiscuously, but here a little, and there a little, as tached portions, or to consider them separately, they were able to bear it. We are even permitted endeavouring thus to deduce the vital truths they in some degree to trace how he adapted it to the are intended to convey; and it is of the last imrespective wants of each; as, for instance, with portance that we should do this. But it would be St. Peter, how, while he encouraged that apos- of unspeakable advantage for us also to study tle's ardent affection, he would yet make him them as one continuous whole ; to consider our sensible of bis weakness when unsupported by di- Lord's position while uttering them; to view vine power; and we see this mode of our Lord's them as portions of his history, as illustrations of teaching remarkably exemplified, among other his heavenly character. Thus, through God's instances, in the permission given to the forward blessing, we might obtain some glimpses of that disciple, to come to his Master on the sea. noble calmness, that entire freedom from selfAgain, we find this same discriminating thought- contemplation, that complete absorption of his fulness in the Redeemer's question to the warm- human will into the will of his Father, which hearted but undiscerning Philip, on the occasion marked our Redeemer's whole course on earth. of multiplying the loaves; and on which I bave Let us observe also that it was not only before remarked in my paper on that miracle. throughout the sore trials of a suffering and per

But it was not only to the respective wants of secuted life our Saviour was unceasingly mindful his more immediate followers that our considerate of the spiritualo good of those for whom he came Saviour adapted his divine teaching: a similar to die : the same watchfulness is apparent amidst discrimination appears in his instructions to the the horrors of his mock trial, and the tortures of different classes of his hearers. Thus those who his agonizing death. The heathen governor “trusted in themselves that they were righteous, might have heard the truth from the lips of his and despised others,” were reproved by the para- | divine prisoner, if he would have yielded to the ble of the proud, self-righteous Pharisee, and the strong impulse of his feelings, and the powerful humble, self-condemned publican; while, when pleadings of his half-awakened conscience. With all the publicans and sinners drew near to the what gracious condescension did the meek and perfectly pure yet condescending Instructor, he lowly Redeemer set forth his doctrine to that unshowed them, in a series of beautiful parables, righteous man, whose base fears were about to God's readiness to receive those who had wan- give up One in whom he could find no fault, dered farthest from his fold, if they would return whom he himself called this just person, into the to him with the feeling of surrender so powerfully power of his relentless persecutors! While the manifested in the repentant prodigal." To these torturing nails were being driven into his blessed publicans, despised and shunned by their fellow- hands and feet, Jesus prayed for his murderers : creatures, the benevolent Saviour held out the while the horrors of darkness were over his soul beautiful picture of their heavenly Father yearn from the biding of his Father's face, he received ing to embrace them in the arms of his mercy ; the penitent thief into paradise. Thus to his last running to receive them when yet a great way breath was be occupied in his great work for the off ; rejoicing over them with a parent's unspeak- salvation of souls. able joy, when once more returned to the home of Such was the love of the Son of God, who his love.

came down from heaven, not to do his own will, Every incident was embraced by our Lord as but the will of him that sent him.

“ He pleased an opening, or vehicle, for spiritual teaching. not himself.” Glorious and most sublime examThus, when asked by one to speak to his brother, ple of complete unselfishness! Such a life, the that he would divide an inheritance with him, in- life of God on earth, fills us with thoughts far stead of complying with the request, Jesus, in an beyond the power of language to express, and awful parable, showed the worthlessness of those perhaps we may think it almost beyond the riches, of which death might in one short hour reach of our imitation ; but we must remem

ber that “Christ has left us an example that want for the soul, pray; for pardon, for a new we should follow his steps ;” and poor and im- heart, for faith, for holiness, for comfort, pray. perfect as will necessarily be our copy, still, if You cannot pray in vain. You may be sure of we would be bis disciples indeed, our most such prayers being answered. There are some strenuous endeavours must be put forth to effect things which even God cannot do. He cannot it. Few among us are called to be teachers; but sin, and he cannot refuse to listen to a poor all have opportunities of benefiting the souls of sinner's prayer; for he has promised. “Ask, others; and, the less our minds are encumbered with and it shall be given you,” said Jesus ; and his selfishness, the less they are occupied with our own word declares “ he cannot deny himself.”. Be bodily and mental feelings, the more free shall we be then encouraged to pray. However vile and belpto discover and take advantage of those opportuni- less you think you are, you are not too bad to ties. Let us rouse ourselves from the perpetual con- pray. Pray, if you can only utter such a petition templation of self, and we shall find ways of use- as this: “Save, Lord, or I perish." Make a fulness springing np around us, of which we have habit of prayer. Find some place where you can had hitherto no conception. We shall begin to be alone. 6. When thou prayest, enter into thy perceive the vast influence, for good or for evil, closet and shut the door.” Rise before the work that every human being has over his fellow- of the day begins, that you may have time to creatures: we shall discover the irreparable injury pray. Lay open your heart before God. Tell him a word lightly spoken, or an inconsiderate act, how vile and helpless and wretched you are. may cause to the soul of another. We shall be- Confess your sins, and cry for pardon. Read the come increasingly alive to our immense responsi- bible, and ask for that holiness which is combilities, and in consequence more prayerful and mended there. Say, “ Lord, I am ignorant: teach watchful in our use of them. Less occupied with me. My heart is hard : sofien it. Convert me by self, we shall also have leisure to cultivate that thy Holy Spirit. Help me to come to Jesus ; to spiritual mind which draws instruction from all believe, love, and obey him. Save me from sin, surrounding objects: we shall possess that healthful and fit me for heaven.” And let your heart spirit which renders earthly things reminders of throughout the day often ascend to God, even heavenly treasures. Then may we in some mea- while engaged in your necessary labour. “Pray sure realize the sublime idea of the apostle, that without ceasing.” If the answer does not seem " our conversation”, or citizenship, “ is in hea- to come at once, pray on; and success is certain. ven”. I will conclude with the injunction of the A praying soul can never be lost. You cannot same inspired apostle: “Look not every man on perish while you are calling upon Jesus, saying, his own things, but ev'ry man also on the things "Have mercy upon me, a sinner.” of others. Let this mind be in you, which was It is wonderful that creatures so sinful as we also in Christ Jesus ;” and then he proceeds to are should be allowed to pray at all. When we show what that mind was by the example of the consider what we are, and what God is, we may Son of God, who, being equal with God, emptied well tremble when we come to him, and fear lest himself of his glory, condescending to become he should reject us. But he has encouraged us man, and yet, humbling himself still further, be- to come, even with “boldness, to the throne of eame obedient unto death, even the ignominous grace.

This does not mean that we are to come death of the cross. May we be enabled to lay without deep reverence and humility, but that we down our selfishness at the foct of his cross, who are to pray with a full persuasion that God will not only lived but died for us !

answer us. There are many examples of answers S. H. to prayer. Hezekiah prayed; and the army of

Sennacherib was smitte. with death. Elijah prayed; and fire came down to consume his sa

critice. The apostles prayed ; and the Holy Ghost COMING TO CHRIST BY PRAYER*.

descended on them with miraculous gifts. The

church prayed ; and Peter was delivered from Though you cannot see Jesus, you can speak prison by an angel. We are not to expect that to him : you can pray. God has permitted, and all we ask for respecting this life will be given even commanded us to do this. How great a us; for we often desire what would do us harm. privilege to be allowed to speak to God ! “ Call We may be sure, however, that God will give us upon me in the day of trouble:”.“ Watch, and what is best. But, when we pray for blessings pray :” “ Pray without ceasing.” Prayer re- for our souls, for pardon, and holiness, and salvaquires no fine, well-arranged sentences. The tion, we may be quite certain of being answered ; simplest utterance of your heart's desire is prayer. for we are told that, if we ask anything according Those desires themselves, unbreathed, are prayer. to God's will, he heareth us; and we are also told Yon need not wait until you can enter a church that God is' “ willing that all men should be to pray: you may pray everywhere. And Jesus saved.” Jesus said, “ Ask, and it shall be given;" is always waiting for the prayers of poor sinners, and, " whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that so that not one ever escapes his notice. His ear will I do." He prays for us. Our best prayers is always open. It is difficult to speak to kings are far too unworthy for God to notice; but he and princes: they can only be seen sometimes, listens because Jesus pleads. If you wrote a petiand then only a few persons are permitted to tion to a king, but none at the palace knew you, come near them. But all may come with their and you were dressed in rags, and, after doing petitions to Jesus, however poor and despised your best, the writing was covered with blots, and at all times too. Whatever good things you would you not fear that you would never be ad

* From “Come to Jesus.” By Newman Hall, B.A. Lon-mitted, or, if you were, that the petition would don: Snow.

not be read ? But, suppose the king's son were to

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come, and say, “ I will present your petition my- / friend; and hath as full scope to his thoughts as selt, and ask my father to grant it.” Jesus does to his eyes. He walks ever even, in the midway this. He presents our feeble prayers, and says: betwixt hopes and fears, resolved to fear nothing "For my sake bless this poor sinner, and grant his but God -- to hope for nothing but that which he request.' And we are told that “him the Father must have. He hath a wise and virtuous mind heareth always.” “He ever liveth to make in a serviceable body, which that better part intercession.” Trembling, mourning sinner, re- affects, as a present servant and future companion; joice: you have a friend at court. However un-- so cherishing his flesh as one that would scorn to worthy your petitions are, Jesus prays for you ; | be all flesh. He hath no enemies ; not for that and his prayers always prevail. What more can all love him, but because he kuows to make a you need to encourage you ? Come, then, with gain of malice. He is not so engaged to any "boldness to the throne of grace, that you may earthly thing that they, two cannot part on even obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of terms: there is neither laughter in their meeting, need."

nor in their shaking of hands tears. He keeps (See 1 Kings xviii. 21-39; 2 Kings xix; Ps. ever the best company-the God of spirits and the lv. 17, Ixv. 2, cii. 17 ; Matt. vi. 5, 6, vii. 7-11; spirits of that God, wbom he entertains conLuke xviii. 1-14; John xiv. 13, 14, xvii. ; Acts i. tinually in an awful familiarity; not being hin13, 14, ii. 1-4, x. 9, xii. 5-17; Phil. iv. 6; 1 dered with too much light or with none at all. Thess. v. 17; Heb. iv. 14-16, vii. 25; 1 John v. His conscience and his hand are friends, and, 14).

what devil soever tempt him, will not fall out: that divine part goes ever uprightly and freely ;

not stooping under the burthen of a willing sin, THE HAPPY MAN.

nor fettered with the gyves of unjust scruples.

He would not, if he could, run away from him. BY BISHOP HALL.

self or from God, not caring from whom he lies

hid, so he may look these two in the face. CenHe is the happy man that hath learned to read sures and applauses are passengers to him, not himself more than all books, and hath so taken guests : his ear is their thoroughfare, not their out this lesson that he can never forget it; that harbour : he hath learned to fetch both his counknows the world, and cares not for it; that, after sel and his sentence from his own breast. He many traverses of thoughts, is grown to know doth not lay weight upon his shoulders, as one what he may trust to, and stands now equally that loves to torment himself with the honour of armed for all events; that hath got the mastery much employment; but, as he makes work bis at home, so that he can cross his will without a game, so doth he not list to make himself work, mutiny, and so please it that he makes it not a His strife is ever to redeem, and not to spend time. wanton; that in carthly things wishes no more It is his trade to do good, and to think of it his than nature, in spiritual is ever graciously am- recreation. He hath hands enow for himself and bitious; that for his condition stands on his own others, which are ever stretched forth for benefifeet, not needing to lean upon the great, and can cence, not for need. He walks cheerfully in the way so frame his thoughts to his estate, that when he that God hath chalked, and never wishes it more hath least be cannot want, because he is as free wide or more smooth. Those very temptations from desire as superfluity; that hath seasonably whereby he is foiled strengthen him: he comes broken the headstrong restiness of prosperity, and forth crowned and triumphing out of the spiritual can now manage it at pleasure; upon whom all battles; and those scars that he hath make him smaller crosses light as hailstones upon a roof, beautiful. His soul is every day dilated to reand for the greater calamities he can take them as ceive that God in whom he is; and hath attained tributes of life and tokens of love, and, if his to love himself for God, and God for his own sake. ship be tossed, yet he is sure his anchor is fast. If His eyes stick so fast in heaven that no earthly all the world were his, he could be no other than object can remove them; yea, his whole self is he is; no whit gladder of himself, no wbit higher there before his time, and sees with Stephen, and in his carriage; because he knows contentment | bears with Paul, and enjoys with Lazarus the lies not in the things he hath, but in the mind that glory that he shall have, and takes possession bevalues them. The powers of his resolution can forehand of his room amongst the saints. And either multiply or subtract at pleasure : he can these heavenly contentments have so taken him make his cottage a manor or a palace when he up, that now he looks down displeasedly upon the lists, and his home-close a large dominion, his earth, as the region of his sorrow and banishstained cloth arras, his earth plate, and can see ment; yet, joying more in hope than troubled with state in the attendance of one servant, as one that a sense of evils, he holds it no great matter to live, hath learned a man's greatness or baseness is in and his greatest business is to die, and is so well himself; and in this he may ever contest with acquainted with his last guest, that he fears no the proud, that he thinks his own the best. Or, unkindness from him ; neither makes he any other if he must be outwardly great, he can but turn of dying than of walking home when he is abroad, the other end of the glass, and make his stately or of going to bed when he is weary of the day. manor a low and strait cottage. And in all his He is well provided for both worlds, and is sure costly furniture he can see not richness, but use: of peace here, of glory hereafter, and therefore he can see dross in the best metal, and earth hath a light heart and a cheerful face. All his through the best clothes. And, in all his troop, fellow-creatures rejoice to serve him : the angels be can see himself his own servant. He lives love to observe him: God himself takes pleasure quietly at home, out of the noise of the world, and to converse with him, and bath sainted him afore loves to enjoy himself always, and sometines his his death, and in his death crowned him.

THE CARNAL MIND:

done away with, and peace made between us

and God by the atoning blood of the Lamb, 2 Sermont,

Christ Jesus? In one or the other of these BY THE Rev. R. H. DAVIES,

conditions we must each of us be. Should

we not, therefore, with anxious hearts exCurate of East and West Lexham, Norfolk.

amine whether we are the friends or the ene

mies of the Lord ? Rom. viii. 7.

First, then, let us consider what is meant “ The carnal mind is enmity against God."

by“the carnal mind.” The word carnal means

fleshly, belonging to the flesh; i. e., belongWHILE some of the great truths of the blessed ing to that which is natural and outward, as gospel of Jesus our Saviour are full of gracious our Lord says: « That which is born of the encouragements and the most loving invita- flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the tions, others are most startling, because of the Spirit is spirit.” If you turn over the pages meaning which belongs to them. We are of the New Testament, you will meet with very apt to pass them by without observing such expressions as these : “ filthiness of the their tremendous force, without being driven flesh;" « lusts of the flesh;” “ works of the to pause, as we ought and should, if we were flesh,” which St. Paul says are," adultery, more anxious about our souls. They are like fornication, uncleanness, envyings, murder, the thunders of a tempest compared with the drunkenness, revellings, and such like." calm gales of the south. They are like the These expressions, then, plainly mean the evil piercing lightnings of a storm compared with inclinations of the natural, unconverted heart the gentle beams of the dawning day. And of man. Those whom we see living careas it becomes us to reflect seriously when we less and wicked lives are living after the hear the voice of the Almighty “shaking flesh; according, i. e., to their own natural interribly the earth" with the rollings of clinations, which must be evil, since by nature his thunder, and see the swift agent of his every man is corrupt. Nor does it require destruction in the flash which even seems men to live in open violation of the laws, or to tear the clouds apart, so indeed when we to be in the habit of much open wickedness, read or hear his word, and meet with such or to manifest great departures from what is awful truths as it sometmes presents to us, right, in order to be still under the influence we ought to look upon them with more than of the “ carnal mind.” For we often see the usual attention. May the Lord enable us effects of good education and naturally kind thus to act now, while we meditate on the disposition shining forth very brilliantly, deeply important truth we have brought to even from those whose hearts have never our notice in the words of our text. "Look been changed, who know little or nothing at it, my brethren: dwell upon it. Do not about the gospel of our Saviour, and who let it escape your minds. Fix it in your are therefore trusting to their own goodness hearts. Behold what an awful fact it states- for their salvation. The carnal mind is the a fact not to be doubted, not to be disputed; unchanged mind, which belongs to every for it is written with the finger of the Lord: body that is born into the world, until the “The carnal mind is enmity against God." Holy Spirit of God works the mighty change,

There are, then, in every place, men and and converts their heart, and leads the guilty women and children, who are living in en- soul to the cross of Jesus Christ, there to be mity against God; not the friends, not the cleansed of its natural depravity, there to be servants, but the enemies of God; fighting washed of its iniquities. Therefore did our daily against the King of kings, defying his blessed Lord so emphatically say, “ Except a authority, disobeying his commands, and man be born again, he cannot enter into the therefore working for their own souls the kingdom of God” (or, as said above, that eternal ruin of hell. Is not this true? Yes, which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that it is; for our blessed Saviour tells us that at which is born of the Spirit is spirit.”) And the judgment-day “the King shall say unto therefore did St. Paul say, when speaking them on the left hand, Depart froin me, ye of a man thus changed, “If any man be in cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the Christ, he is a new creature: old things are devil and his angels ...... and these (he says) passed away; behold, all things are become shall go into everlasting punishment." Let us new :" or, again, when speaking of the useapply the text closely to ourselves, and, as lessness of mere outward Christianity for salwe go on, very carefully judge what is our | vation,“For in Christ Jesus neither circumown state. Are we in that condition which cision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, is the enmity spoken of, or have we been re- but a new creature.” Bear this distinctly conciled to the King? Has the enmity been in mind, that, if you would be saved, you

must

both have your acts of sin forgiven, and be satisfied with itself; satisfied because able to converted from your natural fleshly mind. live honestly and respectably; satisfied that For this purpose did Christ die in our therefore they shall have a reward in heaven? nature, that he might make a satisfaction for Yes, my brethren ; for, if the carnal mind did all sin, and that, by the operation of his not hold in its fetters such people, they would Holy Spirit, men might be converted from be found at the throne of God's grace, condead works to serve the living God; i. e., fessing their many great sins, seeking from works of sin, which must bring death, fervently for the enlightening influences of because " the wages of sin is death ;" from his Holy Spirit. And then you would see those works which spring not from faith in them over their bibles, not reading now and Jesus as our only Saviour, and which we then a small portion just to content their learn in the bible are not acceptable to God. consciences, but sifting

it, and learning from It is the carnal mind which makes men it the gospel truth, that with all the praise follow the ways of Satan. You see many in they have earned from their fellow-creatures, the world, who never seem to think of their and all their fancied goodness, they are souls, or to remember that there is another sinners, only deserving God's wrath; and life. They break the commandments of that, unless they are made new by his Holy God just as they are inclined, or have op- Spirit

, and washed of their sins by the blood portunity. They lie, they swear, they eat and of his sacrificed Son, they cannot be saved. drink to excess: they profane the sabbath by “Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the their work or their play: they are dishonest: leopard his spots ?" No. Neither can the they are unclean in their thoughts, words, natural man, the unchanged man, please God. and actions, and, in fact, live in open re- “ The natural man," says the apostle St. bellion against God; never giving attention Paul," receiveth not the things of the Spirit to the power, or the justice, or the mercy of of God; for they are foolishness unto him. God; in short," there is no fear of God Neither can he know them ; because they are before their eyes.” Why is this? Because spiritually discerned.” Then, my friends, their minds are carnal. Then, again, you look to yourselves. What is your mind? see many others, who go not to such excesses Is it the carnal mind? or the mind which has as these. Their outward lives are moral: been renewed by Almighty God? Do you they are what men call good: they are honest truly mourn for sin ? Are you really peniand respectable and truth-telling, except on tent? Are you earnest and sincere in your certain occasions: they are kind and chari- belief in Jesus as your only Saviour? `Are table, tender-hearted and benevolent: they you thoroughly convinced of sin? Are you read the bible on Sundays, and make a prac- desirous to be made holy? Are you of fertice of going through forms of prayer, per- vent daily secret prayer? Do you

love haps every day once or twice: they live Christ? Do you love God with all your respected by all who know them; and, when heart and soul and strength, and your neighthey die, they are lamented. And yet in bour as yourself? Do you love God's word ? these we see not the evidences of true faith : Do you study it day by day? Are you we see not the signs of the new creation : willing to renounce this world ? to take up their hearts are cold and dead to the influences your cross, and follow Jesus? to devote yourof real gospel religion: they never mourn self to his service ? to set your affection on the for sin, because they never have felt its in- things above, and not on the things below? dwelling. Because Satan is too wise to tempt Is your whole heart fixed, as its first and chief them to great immoralities, they think, like object

, upon “ the kingdom of God, and his the Pharisees, they are without sin. They see righteousness"? no necessity for a change in them, but only Such questions as these put closely to in such as are very wicked. They never make yourselves ; and, depend upon it, you cannot any progress in their Christianity : they are give right answers to them if your mind be just the same now as they were ten years ago. still carnal. While you can live only to Their outward deeds are moral; but they have gratify yourselves, either in your business or no desire for holiness in their hearts; no pleasure; while you can live in the indulwish that they may have the mind which was gence of known sin; while you can venture in Jesus; that they may be changed into his wilfully to break any of God's commands; image and likeness; no aspirations to press while you can go on from day to day with towards the mark for the prize of the high out prayer, or allow trifling things to take calling of God in Christ Jesus ;” or to go on your attention from the duties of religion ; from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of while you can trust in yourselves, and fancy the Lord.” Why is this? Is it not because you are good, thus robbing Christ of his theirs is still the carnal mind—the mind glory; while you are self-satisfied, self

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