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opinionated, self-loving, yours is the carnal | hates? Do they not, all classes of them, mind.

reject the gospel of his Son, and virtually say, Brethren, we know what an humbling “We will not have this one to reign over doctrine this is, and how offensive it is to us”? Do they not, in fact, tread beneath their many, as it formerly was to the proud Phari- feet the blood of the covenant, and wantonly sees. But it is the truth of the gospel of refuse the mercies and eternal salvation Christ, and must not be hid. Jesus came which God offers? O true indeed it is, that not to call the righteous, but sinners; and we “the carnal mind is enmity against God.” must preach to you that, till you are humbled God is holy; and men are unholy: they prefer into the dust, the gospel is not for you; be their own lusts and passions, that they may cause, till you really feel yourselves to be enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season; sinners, you will reject it. We are bound to and, though God loudly calls them from the tell you what the carnal mind is: we are path of destruction, they will not hear; for he bound 10 tell you that, unless your heart is is not their king: they serve the “prince of converted by the Spirit of God, yours is this world.” Are they not therefore enethe carnal mind, and that, while you are in mies !--enemies indeed who can mock and this state, you are at enmity with God. O despise the Maker and Giver of all things ; how many a soul has been lost because it has who can turn their backs upon such a Saproudly resisted this truth! How many a viour as Jesus, and so “crucify the Son of one has denied himself the saving efficacy, God afresh.”. God is not the enemy of man; and the glorious blessings, and the“ unsearch- but man is the enemy of God. True, God able richies of Christ,” because he would not hates sin; but he loves the sinner-so loved bear to be told that his was the carnal mind! | him that he sent his only Son to die for him, and therefore did he live and die the enemy that his carnal mind might be changed, and of God.

peace made. If, then, man refuses to acBear with me, then, my brethren, while I cept these terms of peace, which are so freely go ou to notice, in the second place, the offered, must he not be the enemy, the unawful fact that the carnal mind, the mind of grateful enemy, of God? so many in the world, is enmity against God. My brethren, most earnestly do I press And would you ask why this is the case ? these things upon your consideration. What Consider that God is holy, and man by nature are you? Are you at enmity with God, or unholy. Our first parents disobeyed God; at peace with him ? You are at enmity, if your and the consequence of this has been that mind is yet carnal—if you yet serve Satan, " all have sinned, and come short of the glory and are not disciples of the Lord Jesus Christ. of God:” all are born in sin. Sin and holi- Then tremble for your souls. O suppose ness cannot agree : the one must be at enmity that God this night were to say, “ Thy soul with the other. If then God is holy, and is required of thee" (and who can say he will man unboly, man must be at enmity with not?), what would become of you? Bitter God until his nature is changed. Our own indeed would be your repentance; but it experience proves this to be true; for we see would be too late. How would you curse with our own eyes, and we can decide it your folly, to have lived the enemy of that with our own hearts, that men who are in the King, who, because you refused his offer of carnal unchanged condition manifest their mercy and pardon, would then show you his enmity against God by disobeying his com- power and his justice by condemning you to mandments; some by living in open sin, and eternal punishment! Then live no longer at carelessness of the future ; others, by seeking enmity against God: the grace of God, their salvation in themselves; others, by easy which bringeth salvation, hath appeared to indifference; others, by that inconsistency of all men.” He still offers to you pardon: the conduct which shows that they know nothing, blood of Jesus is still powerful to wipe away and care less, about the gospel of Jesus all your sins: the Spirit of Jesus is still Christ, which alone points the way to hea- mighty to change that hard carnal heart, ven. Who is the greatest enemy of God? which now is leading you to perdition; and, Is it not Satan, who was banished from the if you are lost, you will be the destroyer of holy realms of bliss because he dared to dis- your own soul. pute God's authority? Well, then, do not the And why should you not bear and obey ? careless and wicked of this world, the men of What inducement have you to remain the carnal minds, serve Satan, and yield to the servants of Satan, and therefore the enemies temptations of Satan ; and, therefore, do they of God? Are you so fettered by the businot join that wicked one in his enmity against ness of this world ? why, the business of this God? Do they not rebel against the King world will very soon be over. Are you held of kings? Do they not love sin, which God in the chains of pleasure? why, they will be

Have you,

very soon over too, leaving no satisfaction SANCTIFICATION OF THE SABBATH*. behind. Then seek the Lord in earnest, that

“ Hail sabbath! thee I hail, the poor man's day. he will grant you true repentance, the new

The pale mechanic now has time to breathe heart which he has promised, the great recon- The morning air, pure from the city's smoke, ciliation which he invites you to seck through While wandering slowly up the river's side,

He meditates on him, whose power he marks the blood of his Son. For remember that,

In each green tree that proudly spreads the bough, if God is mighty to save, he is also mighty As in the tiny dew-bent flowers that bloom 10 destroy; and he must destroy all those

Around its roots; and, while he thus surveys,

With elevated joy, his rural charm, who die in their carnal state.

He hopes, yet fears presumption in the hope, then, any wish to be saved? If you have, That heaven may be one sabbath without end." examine your hearts well and closely. Are

GRAHAMR. they yet carnal, natural, unconverted? You, A RELIGIOUS observance of the sabbath must who live without prayer, begin to pray: you, be considered a primary duty ; for, while it will who live in the habits of open sin, give them preserve you from many temptations, it will also up at once: you, who are not in the habit of impart a thousand blessings to your souls. Let reading the word of God, make it a habit at me admonish you, therefore, my young friends, to once : you, who have gone on quietly, travel devote the whole of this day to those beneficial ling on the easy road of indifference, and feel tuted. Let nothing keep you from the house of

and delightful purposes for which it was instiing quite contented with yourselves, learn the God: embrace every opportunity of attending dievil of your own hearts, and that sin is still vine worship: engage in the holy service with dwelling within you: you have never repented: reverence and devotion : hear the gospel preached pour heart is still the same: your prayers are with seriousness and attention; and let it be your dead forms, your duties the common habits earnest desire that you may be instructed by it, of every properly-educated mind: I warn

and that you practise what you hear. Let the you noi to continue in such a course, yes, filled up either with prayer, meditation, selfa

hours that are not devoted to public worship be even as St. Paul did the Corinthians, in those examination, the perusal of the bible, or some carnest words : “Now, then, we are ambas- pious book, or in conversation with those whose sadors for Christ, as though God did beseech discourse, savouring of grace, may profit your you by us; we pray you in Christ's stead, souls; or in visiting the sick and afflicted, with a be ve reconciled to God.

view to their spiritual good. What more can I

“In the observance of the sabbath,” says a say

brethren?

you, my what more need I say, speaking to reason

worthy pious divinet, “Christians are encouraged

to hope for the divine blessing. This expectation able men? May the Lord give the blessing is warranted by the express words of the fourth on what I have spoken, and so impress the commandment: “wherefore the Lord blessed the truths of the gospel upon your hearts, that you sabbath-day, and hallowed it."" The Almighty may learn not only the folly, but the terror of has then blessed this day; and it shall be blessed. living in enmity against God. It is foolish; This blessing is not merely a nominal thing: it is for it must end in destruction : it is terrible; many millions of the human race has the sabbath

powerful and efficacious, it maketh rich. To for “our God will be a consuming fire,

already afforded cause of praise ; and for it gene" when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed rations yet unborn will arise to magnify the Lord, from heaven with his mighty angels, in The sabbath does good to men in a temporal faming fire taking vengeance on them that point of view. To those who minister to the Lord know not God, and that obey not the gospel in spiritual things on the first day of the week, of our Lord Jesus Christ; who shall be will be through the week minister in temporal punished with everlasting destruction from things. Around the dwellings of the devout ob

servers of the sabbath will the hedge of a special presence of the Lord.” On the other hand, it is wise and profitable to seek friend- mark of Abimelech, and Phicol, the captain of his

providence be planted ; and of them will the reship with your God: wise, for he is love to host, to Abrabam, be made by their neighbours, the penitent, and willeth not that any should “that God is with them in all they do." Pious perish, but that all should come to repent- judge Hale owned that he found it fared well or ance; profitable, for no less than the glories ill with him through the week, according as he of heaven are promised to all those who hear kept the Lord's day. And this is what the Lord the call of mercy, and repent of their sins. sabbath, he would cause them to ride on the high

promises his people—that, if they honoured his As the apostle says, in the verse just before places of the earth, and feed them with the heriour text: “To be carnally-minded is death; tage of Jacob their father.” And surely, if a God but to be spiritually-minded is life and peace. of infinite goodness brings temporal judgments

May God grant unto us these inestimable upon those who profane, he must be much more blessings, for Jesus' sake. Amen.

disposed to confer temporal mercies on those who sanctify his day.

* From “Advices to the Young.” † Essay on the Christian Sabbath ; by the rey. James Mitchell, of Wooler, Northumberland.

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We are not, however, to suppose the sabbath, within his house from such practices. “I," says was only designed to promote our temporal inte- the author of the Rambler, « fell into an inattenrests ; it has a still higher aim; and brings along tion to religion, or indifference about it, in my with it nobler blessings than this world can af- ninth year. I used then to go and read in the ford. It does good to the souls as well as to the fields on Sunday. This habit continued till my bodies of men. Sinners as well as saints share in sixteenth year. When at Oxford, I took up its important advantages. From the sabbath the Law's 'Serious Call to the Unconverted,' exformer have oftentimes had occasion to date their pecting to find it a dull book, and perhaps to new birth-that grand change which is the begin- | laugh at it. But I found Law quite an overning of all our real happiness inftime and eternity: match for me ; and this was the first occasion of When reading or hearing the word of God my thinking in earnest of religion, after I became preached, they have, by the power of the Holy capable of rational inquiry.” From this time Ghost, been convinced and converted, brought to forward, religion was the predominant object of Christ, to God, to holiness and happiness. his thoughts. Are there some, who repair to the

On this day the poor impotent sinner, waiting fields on the sabbath for amusement, let them reflect at the pool of ordinance, has received a cure from that this appeared to the great Johnson, after his the almighty Physician: the wretched prodigal conversion, to be sinful and dangerous. Of these has felt his misery, and formed the noble purpose illustrious characters, who were blessings and of returning to the honours, duties,land abundance ornaments to their country, several lived but a of his Father's house; and the man who, from few years ago, and are a few among many inviolent passions, resembled the demoniac, who stances that might have been adduced, to show was exceedingly fierce, and had his dwelling with what love and esteem of the sabbath good among the tombs, has been made to sit submissive men among ourselves were inspired. at the feet of the Saviour, and in his right mind. By many persons, indeed, the sabbath of the

And what advantages have resulted from this Lord is little regarded. If they have gone to day to the saints of God ? Truly they may say, church once or twice on that day, they seem to with the author of the book of Revelation, that consider themselves privileged to devote the rethey have been often “in the Spirit on the Lord's mainder of it to business, to perambulations day”. By the religious exercises of the sabbath, through the fields, to company, and to idle conthe good work begun in conversion is preserved versation. By these means young persons are and carried on, corruptions and temptations be- often led into more vices on the sabbath-day than come weaker, knowledge increases, and faith, on any other. hope, love, and gratitude acquire greater stability On account of the breach of the Lord's day, and vigour. Great is the happiness enjoyed by observes the worthy and pious writer already the saints on this day. In prayer and thanksgiving, alluded to, temporal evils have pursued indiin reading or hearing the word of God preached, viduals as well as nations. The sabbath-breaker in communicating, and in Christian conference, may move on gaily for a time, and flattering have they not had the foretaste of future bliss ? prospects may open before him; but, ere long, diffiLet the natural man then taste and see that God culties will probably occur, and his path will be is good. For blessed is the man who keepeth the strewed with briars and thorns. Who ever yet sabbath, not corrupting it!

hardened his heart against God, and prospered? The sentiments which the celebrated colonel The promise of temporal prosperity made in the Gardiner entertained, concerning the Lord's day, prophecies of Isaiah, to those who should keep the may appear from an extract of a letter, written to sabbath holy, in thought, word and deed, implies his mother shortly after his conversion : “I must in it a denunciation of temporal judgments against take the liberty to entreat you that you would re- all who should not conform to this scriptural ceive no company on the Lord's day. I know you standard. They especially have strong reasons for have a great many good acquaintance, with whose auguring not good, but evil to themselves, whose discourses one might be very well edified; but, as breach of the sabbath is attended with daring inyou cannot keep out and let in whom you please, stances of insulting behaviour and contemptuous the best way, in my humble opinion, will be to expressions, designed to hurt the feelings and to see none”. The pious and excellent Mr. Boston, weaken the piety and virtue of those around them, author of the “Fourfold State," mentions one and when it is persisted in, in opposition to the thing which, in a special manner, lay heavy on most affectionate and solemn admonitions of minishis heart, and occasioned him many bitter reflec- ters, parents, or others. tions—that he had been enticed by another boy to On such 'offenders as these the vengeance of go to Dunselaw on a Lord's day, and, when on the heaven has sometimes descended, not by a slow top of the hill, to play at “pins” with him. This sin and gradual progress, but in so "remarkable and he always afterwards set before his eyes, in all his summary a manner, and has been so adjusted in secret fasts for his humiliation, entreating the regard to time and place, as to leave no doubt in Lord that it might not

be remembered against the breasts of serious and considerate persons, of him. Mr. Brown, of Haddington, was also a its being the effect of the immediate and awful conscientious observer of the Lord's day. To visitation of the Almighty. By such procedure converse on the common affairs of life, or even on Providence has repressed, in certain places, the mere external and trivial matters of the daring spirit of impiety aud

irreligion, has filled church, he considered as unsuitable

to the spiritual the minds of men with awe of his holy and righte exercises of the day, and offensive to God. As ous nature, and excited respect for his sabbath and he would not allow himself to say or do what he other divine institutions. "To those who would conceived to be inconsistent with the sanctification wish to see accounts of some rernarkable judg. of that holy day, so he endeavoured to restrain all ments of God on sabbath-breakers, recourse may

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be had to Clarke, Willison, Glen, and other proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobewriters on the sabbath.

dient to parents, without understanding, covenantIf the more visible judgments of God do not breakers, without natural affection, implacable, more frequently overtake sabbath-breakers, it is unmerciful” (Rom. i. 29-31). not owing to indifference in God to their conduct; Yet God from the beginning declared his disbut to his wonderful forbearance, by which he pleasure against this class of sins, commanded at is led to spare them, with a view that they may Sinai that man should “ love his brother as himhave more time and space for repentance. At the self,” and by the gospel has furnished additional same time, perhaps, they occur oftener than many aids and inducements to obedience. He adopted are ready to imagine; though, from unbelief and us anew into his family, and made us children of inattention to the proceedings of Providence, they the same household, and joint-heirs of the same are commonly overlooked; or, from a fear of of- eternal inheritance by Christ Jesus. He sent the fending the friends of those who have been the same Spirit to dwell in every soul, and exhorted subjects of them, they are not unfrequently con- us by the strongest motives that, as Christ loved cealed. But, whatever may be supposed with re- us, even unto death, so ought we also to love ono gard to the temporal judgments of God, is it not another. obvious to every pious and considerate person that Why, then, are not men reconciled and unispiritual judgments are soon observed to overtake versally united ? Why must the offer of fraternity the profaner of the Lord's day? When a man be- be made? Why do®“ wars and fightings” still gins to lay aside a respect for the sabbath, his de- prevail ? Plainly, because we have endeavoured clension from the paths of religion and virtue be- to keep the second commandment without giving comes in a short time very perceptible. Pro- primary attention to the first. We have endeavoked by his impiety, the Spirit of God more voured, without a foundation, to cement the beauand more deserts the sabbath-breaker; and then tiful fabric of society together with “untempered be walks in counsels of his own. Now is prayer mortar.” “And, even as they did not like to (if ever it was made a duty) before God in secret retain God in their knowledge, God gave them restrained, the word of God becomes neglected, over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which the company of the virtuous and good is for- are not convenient” (Rom. i. 28). saken, and that of the wicked and unbelieving If we desire the restoration of peace on earth, preferred. By degrees the profaner of the sab- we must begin by seeking reconciliation with God bath breaks through the restraints of shame and through his dear Son, and desire to be filled with fear, indulges in swearing, uncleanness, drun- the mind and spirit that was in Jesus. kenness, and every other species of wickedness. who” really "loveth God” will “love his How often have condemned malefactors acknow-brother also.” “In this the children of God are ledged that their career in vice commenced with manifest, and the children of the devil ; whosoa breach of the duties, and a disrespect to the or- ever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neidinances of the sabbath ? How fatal then to for- ther he that loveth not his brother” (1 John iii. get God and his day!

10).

“Faith worketh by love;" love to God, and love to man. But political systems which are not of faith cannot produce the fruits of faith,

and are as little able to reconcile as they are to FRATERNITY*.

regenerate mankind. The religioa of our Lord Jesus Christ was intended to repair the evil consequences of the fall. Man foolishly neglects the provision thus made

Iubenile Reading. for his defects, and vainly endeavours to form plans for his own improvement. In no case is

CURIOUS SITUATIONS OF BIRDS' NESTS*. this more apparent than in the arrangements made respectively by God and man for renewing the Birds in general choose situations for their nests broken bonds of fraternity on earth. From the according to the safety and concealment they time that man violated the first, he has habitually appear likely to afford; but instances frequently transgressed also the second, great commandment. occur, in which this rule is departed from, and the The crime which Cain committed against his bro- pair seem to commence operations without their ther Abel has been perpetuated, with more or less usual prudence and sagacity. Is it that among frequency, publicity, intensity, in word, deed, or birds, as among men, individuals are found to prodesire, between families, nations, and individuals, crastinate their affairs to the latest moment, and to the present day. They who are bone of the then are driven to adopt hasty and injudicious same bone, Alesh of the same flesh, who have the measures? or is it that certain members of the same blood circulating in their veins, and are feathered tribes are possessed of greater boldness, scions of one common parental stock, have not and confidence in man, than their fellows ? ceased to lift heart, haud, and voice against their

Many amusing instances of the curious situafellows. Men, to far too great an extent are still tions of birds nests might easily be furnished. " filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, The following are chiefly extracted from the comwickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of munications of the rev. 'Mr. Bree, and others, to envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity, whis

Loudon's

Magazine of Natural History:” perers, backbiters, haters of God, despiteful,

For three years in succession a curious situation * This is one of a series of handhills, written by a clergy was chosen by a blue titmouse for building its nest. man, and published at a cheap rate by Wertheim, London. A betwell, or batwell (which is a close basket of We think them very well calculated for distribution, and recommend them to our readers.-ED.

* From “ Chronicles of the Seasons."

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wicker-work used in brewing), was hanging upon curious intruder.” A great quantity of moss was a peg against a cottage wall, in Leamington, at a used in the construction of this ; and, to prevent height of not more than six feet from the ground. any of it falling into the tube or bucket, the sagaIn this betwell the bird built its nest; but unfor- cious bird placed small sticks as props, a material tunately the fact was not discovered until after a which she never employs under ordinary, circumbrewing, when the old woman who owned the stances. When the young are hatched, one or implement, on cleaning out her betwell, was as- more of them will sometimes crawl to the edge of tonished to find in it a birds' nest full of eggs. the nest, and fall over into the water, and so get About the same time in the following year, having ejected through the spout. Under these circumoccasion to brew again, she recollected the circum- stances “it greatly pleases me,” says Mr. Dostance, and examined the betwell previous to using vastor, " to see my servants replace them gently in it. There again she found a tomtit's nest, which the nest, with kind soothings or facetious chidings, she unceremoniously removed, and the brewing showing that natural humanity is innate in very proceeded as usual. The third year the bird many of the labouring classes, till effete for lack renewed the attempt; and, moved perhaps by of nurture, or corrupted by evil communications.” its perseverance, the old woman allowed the nest

At Springfield House, Warwickshire, a pair of to remain until the birds were hatched. It was redstarts once built their nest under an inverted upon this occasion,” says Mr. Bree, “that I was garden-pot, accidentally left on a gravel walk, witness of the fact, “just as the eggs were on the entering their habitation from above, at the drainvery point of being hatched. On my going to the hole. The nest attracted much attention, and was house to see this curiosity, the betwell with its watched daily, as it became an object of interest in contents was immediately taken down from its peg, the family to ascertain when, and by what means, and placed in my hand for inspection, the bird all the young birds would emerge from under the pot, the while sitting within it upon its nest, which it and make their début. How long they might have made no attempt to quit, but merely gave signs of continued in confinement, if left to themselves, it anger by frequently bristling up its wings and is impossible to say, as they were eventually infeathers, and by hissing.” This bird, it appears, debted to female curiosity for their emancipation. had suffered itself to be carried in its wicker habita- A lady lifted up the pot to see whether the birds tion about the village (as Leamington then was), were there, when the whole brood, taking advanand exhibited to the visitors.

tage of so favourable an opportunity, made their The natural timidity of birds is greatly lessened, escape, darting forth in all directions, like rays and in some cases almost entirely removed, during from a centre. incubation. The blue titmouse has on many occa- A similar instance was given in the “ Preston sions furnished proof of this. A remarkable in Chronicle” some years ago. In a garden belonging stance occurred a few years ago, at Newland, in to E. Clayton, esq., Bamberbridge, near Preston, Gloucestershire. A pair of blue titmice built their a flower-pot was turned down over a tender plant. nest in the upper part of an old pump, fixing it to in the early part of the spring, and shortly afterthe pin on which the bandle worked. It happened wards was removed, and placed in the same inthat, during the time of building and laying the verted position on a vacant part of the flower-bed, eggs, the pump had been out of use; but at the near the verge of a gravel walk. Two small birds time when the female was sitting it was again set of the tointit species, having found their way into going, and it was naturally expected that the the pot through the opening at the bottom, made it motion of the pump-handle would drive her away. their habitation. A carpet was laid in an inclined But so determined was she in her work, that she direction over the whole area, of fine fibrous moss, remained sitting for the appointed period; and the on which was constructed a little nest in contact young birds were safely hatched, with no other with the internal side of the pot, and lined with a misfortune than the loss of a part of the tail of the mixture of hair and feathers. When first dissitting bird, which was rubbed off by the friction covered there were six eggs in it, which were soon of the pump-handle.

augmented to ten, all of which were in due time The greater titmouse and the tomtit have been hatched, and the birds on the wing. observed to choose a similar situation ; indeed, it Mr. Bree gives an account of the nesting-place would appear that the groove in which the pump- chosen by a pair of robins. In the parish church handle works has some particular charm for these of Hampden-in-Arden, Warwickshire, these birds birds. Mr. Dovaston, of Westfalt near Shrews- for two years in succession affixed their nest to the bury, gave in 1832 an account of one of the greater church bible as it lay upon the reading-desk. titmice, who annually, or nearly so, built in this The worthy vicar would on no account have the pump, “where,” he says, “there is a nest of eggs birds disturbed, and accordingly introduced into at this moment. It is placed just under the top the church another bible from which to read the of the handle, where that lever bends, and is lessons. As if encouraged by this tolerance to joined to the piston by a swivel. The only en- commit further audacious acts, the birds actually trance the bird has is close over the handle, where plundered the rope-ends from the belfry to assist the slit runs a little higher, to allow it to rise above in the construction of their nest. The old women its fulcrum. This pump is used every hour, and of the village, however, did not fully share the is always accompanied with much noise and agita- benevolent feelings of the vicar on the occasion; tion, and frequently, for negligent want of oil, on the contrary, they took it into their heads that will on its hinges grate like thunder ;' yet the the circumstance of the robins building on the bird sits on, quiet and unmolested. If the handle bible was highly ominous, and boded no good to be lifted up, and she be peeped at longer than she their minister. Now, it so happened that the like, she merely puffs, blows, and snorts at the worthy vicar fell ill and died in the month of June

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