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J. S.-I had always thought that the ministers practice, even if it be as ancient as the apostolic were all of equal power and authority, and that age. they ordained each other.

J. D.-Surely Jacob, if episcopacy was the J. D.-You are as much mistaken on that mode of charch-government practised by the point, Jacob, as you are in your notion of a flock church of Christ in the time of the apostles, it is choosing their pastor. When St. Paul addresses reasonable to conclude that it is the wisest and the elders of Ephesus, that is, those whom we best mode which can be followed by Christians at now call presbyters, or clergymen, he does not present. What? Shall we deen ourselves wiser ascribe to them the same power and authority than the apostles ? Sball we suppose that we can which were vested in those whom we call bishops. devise a scheme better adapted to promote true He tells them, as one of our bishops might tell religion than the one left us by men who were the clergy in his diocese, to take heed to them- | inspired by the Spirit of wisdom and knowledge! selves and to all the flock over which the Holy Although it be not expressly commanded ibat Ghost had made them overseers, and to feed or there shall be always bishops, priests, and deacons nourish with good instructions the church of God. in the church, yet, as this is a scriptural mode, it He warns them that men would arise from is surely more satisfactory than any other of mere amongst themselves “speaking perverse things to buman contrivance; and so it was considered for draw away disciples after them;" and he therefore at least fiften hundred years. Hence it is well urges them to watch and to remember his warn- observed in the preface to the form of ordaining ings (Acts xx. 17, 28, 30, 31). Now observe how bishops, priests, and deacons in the church of ditterently he writes to Timothy and Titus, who England, that “it is evident unto all men dilihad higher power committed to them than those gently reading the holy scripture and ancient which elders in general received, and who held authors, that from the apostles' time there have been the office of bishops as we understand the word at these orders of ministers in Christ's church, the present time. He exhorts Timothy to “charge bishops, priests, and deacons ; which offices some,” just as our bishops charge their clergy, were evermore bad in such reverend estimation, “ tbat they teach no other doctrine” than the that no man might presume to execute any of true one (i Tim. i. 3). He urges him to be care- them, except he were first called, tried, examined, ful not to admit improper persons to the office of and known to have such qualities as were requiministers: “Lay hands suddenly on no man, site for the same, and also, by public prayer neither be partaker of other men's sins (1 Tim. with inposition of hands, were approved and v. 22). “The things which thou hast heard admitted thereunto by lawful authority." By of me among many witnesses, the same deviating from this scriptural and ancient practice commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to the various sects of dissenters have created endless teach others also” (2 Tim. ii. 2). And as Timothy, divisions, and opened a door to the most dangerous like one of our bishops, had the power of calling errors and delusions. to account any of the elders or clergy under his J. S.—There will be different opinions on such superintendence, the apostle admonishes him to use matters. If the dissenters only hold fast sound this authority prudently and justly : “Against an doctrine, it can be of no consequence what mode elder receive not an accusation but before two or of worship they follow, or in what way their three witnesses ;” and, when an accusation had been ministers are appointed. proved, he was to rebuke the offender “ before all J. D.-And yet, Jacob, when there is such a that others also may fear.” And he solemnly charges variety of opinions among Christians, it must be Timothy to " observe these things without preter- very satisfactory to know what opinion the ring one before another ; doing nothing by parti- holy apostles held on this point. Their opinion ality.” (1 Tim. v. 19-21). Here you may plainly evidently is in favour of having bishops, priests, see that there was a power committed to "Timothy and deacons in the church. Undoubtedly the which none of those who were merely elders, or most important concern is to “hold the faith once presbyters, possessed. The priests and deacons of delivered to the saints ; ” but, whether it is more Ephesus were subject to Timothy's authority, much likely to be kept pure and undefiled when we are in the same way as the priests and deacons of the following our own devices and modes of worship, church of England are under their respective &c., or when we are adopting the example and bishops. If we examine St. Paul's epistle to Titus, practice of the apostles and early Christians, let bishop of Crete, we thall find that he had the same reason and common sense determine. power over his clergy which Timothy bad in Ephe- that the scriptures nowhere command us to follow sus. He was to ordain elders," or priests, “ in every the mode of church government that was sanccity ;' and he was to reject any “heretic after tioned and practised by the apostles ; but are we the first and second admonition " (Titus i. 5 ; iii. not plainly commanded to avoid divisions, to be 10). We do not find any passage in scripture united together by one baptism, one faith, one which ascribes these powers to mere presbyters; hope, to be of the same mind, and to walk by and therefore, had we no other evidence to prove the same rule ? How can we do this if every it, we should be warranted in concluding that the man is to choose a rule for himself to walk by, form of governing the church, which is used by without paying any regard to the way in which the church of England, is agreeable to the prac- the early Christians walked? The church of tice of the apostles, and, consequently, to the England follows this rule, and directs her children will of God.

to keep in the good old paths; and she conJ. S.-Well, James, though all this may be siders that she is by this means best maintaining very true, yet, as God has not commanded that all and preserving in its purity " the faith once Christians should follow the same rule, the dis- | delivered to the saints.” Her form of governsenters are under no obligation to adopt the like ment, scriptural and apostolical as it is, would

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not, however, be a sufficient reason for belonging heareth it, and sitteth up for a while, but anon to her, if she did not also teach, without additions layeth himself down again on the bier of his peror omissions, the fundamental doctrines of Chris- verseness and self-destruction ; but his lips speak tianity; but these doctrines are faithfully taught no answer to the voice of saving love, his soul is by her, as every one must confess, who fairly untouched by the compassion of bis Lord: he neiexamines her liturgy, articles, and homilies. ther confesseth nor repenteth him of his sin : he

hungereth not for grace, neither thirsteth for righteousness: he sleeps on unto death eternal, and quenching the Spirit that brooded over him.

Alas! he will not awake up and come unto SIXTEENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

Christ, that his breath may come into him—the

breath of the Almighty, who is “ the resurrection OCTOBER 8.

and the life.”

“I say unto thee, Arise!"' 'Tis the voice of the [GOSPEL]—" And he that was dead sat up, and began to Lord speaking to us in his sanctuary ; speaking speak.”—LUKE vi. 15.

to us by his word; speaking to us when his saints feed

upon the bread he giveth them, that both we The Saviour had shown his power by many mi- and they may eat and be satisfied. Is he not racles : he had healed the sick, and cured those now the same Lord of grace and compassion, who whom man could not restore: he had made the went into the city of Nain? Where two or three blind to see and the lame to walk : he had cleansed are gathered together in his name, is he not still the leper, and made the dumb to speak and the in the midst of them, eager to make our hearts deaf to hear ; nay, he had cast out devils; but burn within us, and saying unto our souls, “ Arise, here it is proclaimed that Jesus could make ye that sleep, and I will give you life”? 0, we the dead to live. It had not been enough will not come unto him, that we may have life: for us to have cast ourselves upon a saviour we hear his word, but because we believe it not who could not conquer death; for death is, we do not keep it: we have no meekness, that it of all man's adversaries, the mightiest and the may be engrafted and save our souls. Yes, we most appalling; a terror to every child of man; a are stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and devourer, whose prey is confined neither to great ears: we resist the Holy Ghost: we will not benor small, rich nor poor, prince nor beggar; for lieve his report: we will not be converted, and death, like a fisherman, incloses all kinds in his live : we love death better than life, and darknet. Our need called for a Redeemer who could ness better than light, because our deeds are evil. encounter death, break his sceptre, crumble his

0, let us pray that Jesus may come and touch work in the dust to which he abases us, and con- the sinner's bier, that they which bear it, his sins, Fert death into life. In such a Saviour and such his evil concupiscences and fleshly lusts, may a Redeemer only could every son of Adam trust stand still ; for they are carrying him to his bufor his soul's deliverance. And this was the folo rial. Alas! how many corpses, living corpses, ness with which Jesus was anointed : his sufferings are moving around us and about us, whose whole and cross were the grave of the powers of death, lives are a funereal obsequy, which is bearing their and the harbingers of life and immortality. He souls to the gravema grave of utter darkness and rame; and the dead woke from their sleep: his despair, where reigns the awfulness of a silence "breath came upon them; and they lived." For unbroken by any voice but that which shall say we are told," He that was dead sat up, and began to them in a tone of thunder,“ Behold, the Judge to speak.” O what power is there in the call of standeth before the door!” Jesus! Behold, at his word the dead arise, and

S. their tongue is unloosed !. Did ever man speak as Messiah spake? At his word corruption puts on life again-the grave yields up its dead. There is nor motion nor voice in the tomb.

What a

The Cabinet. Saviour is this, who can call its tenant anew to

LOOKING UNTO JESUS.-If thou wouldst have move and speak among the living, and cause them, whose « bones were dried” and whose “hope and have thy life certified, go to Christ for all,

thy conscience and heart purified, and pacified, was lost," to coine up out of their graves! As

make use of him; as of his blood to wash with the earthly so is it with the spiritual. When off thy guiltiness, so of his Spirit to purify and his word of life falls upon the sinner's heart, and sanctify othee. If thou wouldest have thy heart makes it beat, the slumberer in sin is raised up reserved for God, pure as this temple; if thou wouldest from his sleep of death: he has heard the voice, have thy lusts cast out which pollute thee, and and lives; and utterance is given him : “O sin- findest no power to do it, go to him, desire him to ful man that I am, and lost for ever! What shall scourge out that filthy rabble that abuse his house, I do to be saved ?" Lo, Jesus delivers him to his and make it a den of thieves. Seek this as the only mother, the church of his saints: he believes he way to have thy soul and thy ways righted, to be

Let thy conhas found grace and life and peace and joy, and in Christ, and then walk in him. walks with Christ: he hungers and thirsts, and

versation be in Christ: study him, and follow him : the bread from heaven and living waters become humility and meekness, till by looking on them they

look on his way, on bis graces, his obedience and his meat and drink. They are the “ green pas- make the very idea of thee new, as the painter doth tures of his soul: it grows up unto a measure of of a face he would draw to the life. So behold his the stature of the fulness of Christ. Mark now glory, that thou mayest be transformed from glory the soul that turns a deaf ear to the word of life.

to glory. But, as it is adderi, this must be by the He doth not arise, but sleepeth on still; or he Spirit of the Lord (2 Cor. iii. 18); do not, there

fore, look on him simply as an example without thee, . across his brow, is generally sufficient to enable him but as life within thee. Having received him, walk to receive the intruder with mildness and attention. not only like him, but in bim, as the apostle Paul Although the general interest of literature, as well as speaks (Col. ii. 6). And, as the word is here, have the character of the art of printing, depends on the your conversation not only according to Christ, but grammatical accuracy and typographical correctness in Christ. Draw from his fulness grace for grace of “the reader,” yet from the cold-hearted publie (John i. 16).- Abp. Leighton.

he receives punishment, but no reward. The slightest oversight is declared to be an error; while, on the other hand, if by his unremitting application no fault

can be detected, he has nothing to expect from manMiscellaneous,

kind but to escape and live uncensured. Poor Gold

smith lurked a reader in Samuel Richardson's office ANECDOTE OF THE REDBREAST.-Last winter a for many a hungry day in the early part of his life.pair of robins were daily fed rear the kitchen door of Quarterly Review. Mr. James Neild, of Oulton, the male bird occa

EARLY ATTENDANCE AT CHURCH.-- Let me adsionally flying through the open window to pick up | vise you to make all suitable arrangements for kneelthe crumbs from the floor ; and so remarkably tame ing, for the pla ing of your books, &c., in good time. has he become, that he will fly to and feed out of the Regard these matters as preliminaries to be settled, hands of one of the family. During the present once for all, before the commencement of the service. season they have reared three broods of young-the Let every thing be in its place, and that too a connests being built in an old wall within a few feet of venient and proper place. If possible, do not render each other-and again are occupied in the construc- | yourselves liable to be disturbed, during the course of tion of another nest. Whenever gardening operations the service, by want of room for this thing, or want of are in progress, one of the old birds is generally near a place for that. Anticipate and remove every thing to pick up the vermin; and it is a remarkable fact which may tend to distract your attention, or to make that these valuable birds will sometimes carry to their you restless and uneasy. Convenience for kneeling, young, in a few minutes, between forty and fifty small and for kneeling with comfort (for kneeling is not an worms and grubs. During a heavy shower a few

act of penance), is a matter of real importance. I weeks ago, the gardener took refuge in a harbour at regret that many pews, not excepting the pews in our some distance from his work, when he was quickly own little church, aré so narrow as to be inconve followed by his innocent companion, who, perched on nient for this purpose. If I were speaking to churchthe branch of a tree, warbled his song of joy, as if in architects, I would say, “Let there be always ample gratitude for the bounties of Providence.

room and accommodation for this posture of supA NATURAL PHENOMENON.-Great excitement plication; and, whenever you build a church, take has of late prevailed at Liegnitz, caused by another care to make as many kneeling-places as seats.” But, mysterious locomotion of the Wanderstein, or mi- addressing myself, as I do now, to persons whose grating stone of the Risengebirge. This stone has duty it may be to worship God in churches not well repeatedly been known to have changed its place, constructed in this respect, I can but suggest the prowithout the action of any outward agency whatever. priety of using an effort, and exercising some little It stands in the Agnetendell, near the village of that forethought, in order to obviate or overcome the dis. name, and consists of fine-grained granite of a yellow- advantage. Hassocks are very inconvenient, espeish grey, composed of white quartz, red feldspar, with cially in narrow pews. A covered stool, with room a slight admixture of black glimmer. This block of for the feet underneath, is far better; but I would granite has suddenly moved above twenty-five yards especially recommend a kneeling-board, with the from its former place. The last locomotion dates from same accommodation affixed to the whole length of the year 1822; and its migrations are the more enig- the pew, in front of the seat. At all events, let there matical; as they take place, not on a slope, but on be some provision of this kind, by means of which perfectly level ground. It is impossible to conceive each individual worshipper may be able really to the cause which thus repeatedly forces this rock from kneel, without being subject to inconvenience or pain its place of rest, and constrains it to such violent from continuance in this posture. Kneeling ought to leaps as that in 1822 and of this year, which took be a posture at once of lowliness and of rest; of rest, place between the 18th and 20th ult.-Breslauer not indeed for its own sake, but in order to the full Zeitung.

employment of the thoughts in prayer: just as, when " THE READER" IN A PRINTING OFFICE.-In

we sit in church, we sit not simply for the sake of a printing establishment “ the reader” is almost the repose, but for repose in order that we may give atonly individual whose occupation is sedentary; in- tention to the word read or preached. I apprehend deed, the galley-slave can scarcely be more closely that, in our religious services, the leading idea of a bound to his our than is a reader to his stool. On standing posture is alacrity, effort, or respect; of sitentering his cell, his very attitude is a striking and ting, attention ; of kneeling, lowliness. Attend caremost graphic picture of earnest attention. It is evi- fully to the directions of the rubric with respect to dent, from its outline, that the whole power of his posture, response, or any other matter which affects mind is concentrated in a focus upon the page before your conduct as a member of the congregation. It him; and, as in midnight the lamps of the mail which ought not to be necessary for you to study the rubric illuminate a small portion of the road seem to in- | during divine service. Your previous acquaintance crease the pitchy darkness which in every other with the prayer-book, and with the meaning and spirit direction prevails, so does the undivided attention of of the instructions contained in the rubric, ought to a reader to his subject evidently abstract his thoughts be such as to lead you to comply with those instrucfrom all other considerations. An urchin stands by, tions at the proper time, as it were instinctively, withreading to the reader from the copy-furnishing him, out thought or further inquiry.— Riddle's Churchin fact, with an additional pair of eyes; and the man's Guide. shortest way to attract his immediate notice is to stop his boy; for, no sooner does the stream of the London : Published for the Proprietors, by EDWARDS child's voice cease to flow, than the machinery of the and HUGHES, 12, Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be man's mind ceases to work : something has evidently procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country, gone wrong; he accordingly at once raises his weary head; and a slight sigh, with one passage of the hand



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SKETCHES FROM NATURAL HISTORY. size of a large dog or wolf, and evinces the savage

disposition of the last-named animal. Its cry is No. LXXXIII.

peculiar : as it begins, it resembles the moaning of the human voice, while it ends with a hideous bellowing. Its eyes shine in the dark; and, like the

cat, it seems to see in the night as in daylight. Of the hyæna there are three kinds, namely, The hyæna inhabits Asiatic Turkey, Syria, Barhyæna vulgaris (the common hyæna), hyæna bary, and other parts of Africa. It is a solitary crocuta (the laughing hyæna), hyæna fusca (the beast, dwelling in caves or in dens which it has brown hyæna).

formed for itself. Through the day it usually lies The skin of the common hyæna is striped; its concealed, and roams for its prey at night. It is hair long, erect, and coarse ; its head broad and bold, and commits great devastations among flocks, flat; and there is in its eyes a peculiarly sullen and while it will not hesitate to attack other animals wild expression. From the head to the tail a bristly naturally stronger than itself. mane runs along the top of the back; and this A remarkable instance of the ferocity of the greatly adds to the uncouthness of its appearance. hyæna occurred some years ago, in one that was The tail is short and bushy. The liyæna carries kept in the menagerie of the Jardin des Plantes, at its head with its nose near the ground, which gives Paris. Seized, as it would seem, with frenzy, the the shoulders an elevated appearance. It is of the miserable beast actually bit and tore off a portion of VOL. XXV.


its own leg, which it devoured. The wound, how- | verses, sir, if you please, that say Christ died for ever, healed ; and the writer of this brief notice sinners such as me." some time afterwards saw it still alive.

I consented ; and, as the blessed gospel promises occurred to me, I repeated the beautiful words in

which they are delivered to us for our consolation. THE OLD MAN'S CHILD.

Which the exact verses were I repeated to Kyle

I at this distance of time (for I did not write No. V.

them down, as was my custom with regard

to the conversations) cannot say ; but they were I HAD one evening prevailed on Mrs. Kyle some such as the following: “Herein is love; to take a little air and exercise, while I filled not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and her post beside her husband's bed, and he sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins” and I were quite alone, when, after a silence of (1 John iii. 17): “This is a faithful saying, and some moments

, he exclaimed : "Sir, there's one worthy of all acceptation, that Jesus Christ came sin lies heavy on me I hav'nt spoke about.” into the world to save sinners” (1 Tim. i. 15):

I encouraged him to proceed, and asked what “God so loved the world that he gave his only the sin was.

Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not He replied, “The way I brought up Kitty, perish, but have everlasting life : God sent not sir : you often told me I was bringing her up for his Son into the world to condemn the world, but the world, and not for heaven ; and I see it now: that the world through him might be saved" I see it all plain enough now. She comes and tells (John iii. 16, 17): * Christ bath redeemed us me so every night: she tells me that I've been her from the curse of the law, being made a curse for ruin; and then I wake up with such a start, and us” (Gal. iii. 13): “Who gave himself for us, I'm cold and hot all over.'

that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and “This is only the effect of illness, Kyle,” I re- purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of plied: “people who are as weak as you are, good works” (Titus ii. 14): “All we like sheep and especially after a fever, ofien are troubled by have gone astray: we have turned every one to dreadful dreams. You must not allow your mind his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the to dwell upon the uneasy visions of the night. iniquity of us all” (Isa. liii. 6): “He hath made Don't suppose, however, that I think you have him to be sin for us, who knew no sin ; that we nothing to reproach yourself with, in regard to the might be made the righteousness of God in him? manner in which you performed the duties you (2 Cor. v. 21): “For as in Adam all die, even owed to your child: you have much to be sorry so in Christ shall all be made alive” (1 Cor. xv. for, much to repent of; but what I would have 22): “Who was delivered for our offences, and you feel is that, while there is forgiveness with was raised again for our justification” (Rom. iv. God, you have no cause to despair.''

25): “Christ is entered into beaven itself, now “But suppose my child should die unforgiven ? to appear in the presence of God for us” (Heb. Perhaps she is dead now, Mr. Relton : perhaps she ix. 24): “He is able to save them to the utteris dead now,” he repeated with an energy which most, that come unto God by him, seeing he ever shook his whole frame, and made the perspiration liveth to make intercession for them” (Heb. vii. stand thick upon his brow : "perhaps she is dead; 25): “ There is, therefore, now no condemnation and suppose I should see her sent away with the to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not wicked from the judgment-seat-sent to bell, sir ; | after the flesh, but after the Spirit.” Many more then do you think God could ever forgive me, texts such as these I read; and they fell like oil Mr. Relton ? No, no, no : I feel he couldn't.” upon the wounded spirit of the “ contrite one."

“Kyle," I answered," you must try and calm “Gracious words, gracious words!” he muryourself before I can speak to you : such agitation mured, when I ceased speaking, “ And now, sir, will do you serious harm : lie still for a few mo- will you please pray that, before I die, I may ments, and think whether the Saviour, who did feel that they were meant for me? I can't feel not condemn the woman that was a sinner, nor yet as if I had anything to do with promises of parreject the penitent thief's petition, will refuse your don ; but, before I die, I hope they may seem to prayer for pardon, if it be offered in sincerity ?” belong to me, as I may say: do you think they

Kyle was silent for a moment, and then said : will, sir ?" “ To be sure, sir, it would be a sin to doubt the

“ Indeed, Kyle," I replied, “I do; and if you Almighty's goodness, after all the mercy which have but faith sufficient (your repentance being, he has showed me; but it is hard to believe that as I believe, sincere and heartfelt) there is no reahe can ever forgive such a sinner as me."

son why you should not now take comfort from “ Have you forgotten that the blood of Jesus the gospel promises ; but I will pray God to give Christ his Son cleanseth from all sin’?” I asked. you firmer faith ; and you shall join me with your Then, smoothing, the ruffled pillow, I bade, the heart, but not with your voice, for you are tired, sufferer rest quietly, while I read to him the pa- and your wife will not let me be nurse again, if rable of the prodigal son; and, as I proceeder with she comes home and finds you wearied and exthe touching and beautiful narrative, I endea- hausted." voured to apply the encouraging inferences which may be drawn from it to his own case.

The next time that I took Mrs. Kyle's place in " Thank ye, sir; thank ye,” he exclaimed the sick room, I found her patient feebler in body, feebly, as I closed the book. “That does me but more fervent and trustful in spirit. After more good than all the physic put together; and, making the usual inquiries, I asked him what I if you ar'n't tired out, sir, perhaps you wouldn't should read to him. mind reading me a few more verses—peaceful “O read to me about my Saviour," was his

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