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them, when regard to your real interests obliged, demands all this at your hands”*. And in the them to sacrifice fond indulgence to the demands performance of such duties does not the mind of rigorous correction! How have they restrained enjoy a high satisfaction ? Yes, far superior to your impetuous passions, borne with your childish that which the world can give; and it is often prejudices, gratified your innocent wishes, pleaded stamped by heaven's blessing even in this life. with you on your best interests, and poured out For have we not known persons whose tender their cries and tears to heaven on your behalf! regard to their parents has been tried by very And with what painful anxiety, mingled with peculiar circumstances, and who have acquitted eager hope, have they looked forward to the event themselves in a manner as extraordinary? These of all those measures they have taken with you, to persons we have seen emerge from low and obprepare you for the station of life you are perhaps scure stations in life, and rise to situations of just entering upon !


affluence and eminence, in which they have “And now, are there no returns due to all fourished to a good old age. So that it may be those expressions of parental kindness ? Shall said of them, in the strictest sense of the expresinattention and neglect on your part draw tears of sion, in the promise, that it hath been well with sadness from those eyes which have so often them, and that they have lived long on the earth. looked on you with tender pity ? Shall harsh Indeed it would be easy to show that all those and disrespectful language grate on those ears tremendous evils that shake the foundations of which have been ever open to your cries? Shall civil society, such as sabbath-breaking, drunkenunnatural disobedience pierce the bosom that has ness, adultery, theft, and such like, originate in so passionately loved you? Shall sullen ingrati- the want of religion, and the neglect of this comtude crush the heart that has doated upon you? mandment. This it is which makes young men Shall folly and sin, in a word, bring down those * disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, grey hairs with sorrow to the grave, which not old without natural affection”+, &c. All such I would age only, but affection for you, hath rendered refer to the example of our blessed Lord, who, truly venerable* ? God forbid ! On the con- even when about to suffer, was not unmindful of trary, does not every ingenuous sentiment, and making provision for her who was honoured to every pious feeling of the heart, call loudly on you give him birth. Many other examples of filial to exert your utinost efforts towards discharging obedience might be adduced from scripture, as in

debt, which, after all, it will never be in your Isaac, Joseph, &c. But, while such examples power to repay? Ought you not to approach stimulate you, let the conduct of the wicked prove them with respect, and to kindle into a flame at a warning. Who shudders not at the sentence every insult offered them? Ought not their com- pronounced on Cain? Who can view with inmands to be a law with you, and every deviation difference the conduct of Joseph's cruel brethren, from them a force put upon your nature ? Ought or Absalom’s rebellion against his pious father? you not religiously to regard their admonitions, Yet how many a parental cheek, like Jacob's and and patiently submit to their censures ? Ought David's, has been bedewed with tears ! how many you not to consult their happiness in every step a fond affectionate heart has been wrung with you take, and accommodate yourselves even to anguish till it has bled in streams, by the cruel their humour? Ought you not, when they are in conduct of an undutiful child! And those, who the decline of life, to afford them all the assistance were received at their birth as blessings, have in your power ? to watch their looks with assiduity proved, by their unkind and ungodly lives, a heavy and attention ? to bear their pains with them? to soothe their ruffled passions, support their feeble A striking example of this kind occurred some steps, make their bed in their sickness ? and, if years ago in the south of England. A respectable you cannot hold back the hand of death from family had two sons, whom they endeavoured to them, yet by your sympathy and prayers disarm bring up in the fear of God.' For a time they him at least of some of his terrors ? Gratitude made a promising appearance, and bade fair for for a thousand kind offices you have received becoming a blessing to their parents; hut, alas !

the love of company and of pleasure led them to * One of the lessons most frequently and most strongly disregard their parents' admonitions, and the reliinculcated the Lacedemonian youth was to show great reverence and respect for old men, and to give them proofs gious example with which they were favoured, and of it upon all occasions, by saluting them, by making way

by degrees not only to forsake the sanctuary of for them, and giving them place in the streets, by rising up

God, but, soon after, their father's house, and forto do them honour in all companies and public assemblies; getting their situation in life, to go and enter but, above all, by receiving their advice, and even their re- themselves on board a ship of war. A friend in proofs, with docility and submission. By these characteristics

London wrote to a respectable clergyman in a Lacedemonian was known wherever he came : if he behaved

Ph, where it was suspected they had gone otherwise, it would have been looked upon as a reproach to himself, and a dishonour to his country. An old man of

to endeavour to find them out, and, if posAtheas going into a public assembly, none of his own country- sible, to persuade them to return. With some meu offered him a seat; but, when he came near the place difficulty he did find them, carried them to his where the Spartan ambassador and those of his retinue were house, showed them all kindness, remonstrated sitting, they all rose up out of reverence to his age, and seated him in the midst of them. Lycander, therefore, had

with them, and pointed out the great evil and imreason to say that “old age had nowhere so honourable au propriety of their sinful and undutiful conduct to abode as at Sparta,” and that "it was an agreeable thing to iheir parents. Observing one of them considergrow old in that city.” How much more ought the conduct ably affected, he addressed him, and said, “James, of young Christiaus to be marked with reverence and love to

are you still determined to go to sea ? or will you The whole body of the Athenian laws in the early state of

* Stennett's Duties. that people were comprised in one line, “Honour your + Plutarch says, " There is not a greater evidence of an parents : worship the gods : hurt not animals."

atheist, than in a man's despising and injuring his parents."



their parents!

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go home, and prove a comfort to your friends ?" | THE PRIVILEGES OF A CHRISTIAN LAND “ Yes, I will," said he. He then turned round to the other, and said, “ William, will you also go The declaration to which I have already referred, home?” “No! I will not, sir: I won't be kept that all nations of men have their times and baunder by my father, and made to go to church, bitations appointed, “that they should seek the and say my prayers by my mother, as I have been : Lord,” was made, in the first instance, in referI wish to enjoy myself, and see the world a little.”ence to the heathen world; and to heathens it The clergyman again remonstrated with him, and was addressed (see Acts xvii. 16-34), who had pointed out the judgments of God that frequently never seen the bible, nor heard the word of God attended such undutiful conduct; but the young before. But this is not your case. In this Chrisman remained obstinate and resolute. Finding tian land-this land of bibles—God has graciously no impression could be made on him, he said, “It put within your reach (if the book be not already appears, my young friend, you are determined to in your house, and in your hands) “ the holy pursue your own evil course; but I request you scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto will remember what I now say to you, and, depend salvation through faith, which is in Christ Jesus" upon it, your sins will find you out.” He retired (2 Tim. iii. 17). with a scornful look; and nothing was heard of And the Lord himself says: “Search the scriphim for several years ; till one night, after the same tures, for in them ye think ye have eternal life; clergyman had gone to rest, a sailor came to his and they are they which testify of me” (John v. gate with a very urgent message from a young 39); We have, moreover, a high commendation man under sentence of death, on board a ship at of the Jews of Berea : « These were more noble SM-d, who wished most anxiously to see him. than those in Thessalonica, in that they received He took his staff in his hand, and went down the word with all readiness of mind, and searched through the fleet, and soon perceived, by the me- the scriptures daily, whether these things were so. lancholy signal, the ship in which the unfortunate Therefore many of them believed” (Acts xvii. youth was to suffer. He went on board, and was 11, 12). received with much politeness by the captain, who

Now do you read and search the scriptures told him he would desire the youth to be brought daily? Have you ever read the whole bible up to his own cabin, where he might have a better through? Do you make conscience of reading it opportunity of speaking with him than in the through and through, again and again, from bedungeon where he lay. In a short time the ginning to end ? rattling of chains and heavy groans indicated his

Again, God has given you his sabbaths ;

it approach ; and, no sooner did he behold the coun- is written: "Remember the sabbath-day, to keep tenance of his former monitor, than he exclaimed, it holy.” “ Moreover, also, I gave them my “Ah! you are the person I want : had I attended sabbaths, to be a sigu between me and them, that to your admonitions, I would not have been in they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify this awful situation to-day.” He was so worn them” (Exod. xx. 8; Ezek. xx. 12). And of down and emaciated that the clergyman did not this day, in a prophecy which refers more esperecognize him, but asked what was his induce- cially to the period of the gospel dispensation, it ment to send for him, as he had no recollection of is written : “ If thou turn away thy foot from the him ? " Ah !” replied the young man,“ do you and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the

sabbathi, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day, not remember the two unfortunate youths that left their parents' house, and entered on board the Lord, honourable, and shalt honour him, not navy, and to whom you showed so much kind doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own

Ah! do you not recollect, sir, the one you pleasure, nor speaking thine own words; then shalt used so many entreaties with to return, but who thou delight thyself in the Lord ; and I will cause would not, and to whom you said that the judg- thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and ments of God would follow him, and sooner or

feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father ; later his sins would find him out? They have done for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it” (Isa. so, sir ; for I am that unfortunate youth. I have

Tviii. 13, 14). been led from sin to sin, till I have committed that

Accordingly, in this Christian land, one day in for which I must give up my life. 0, sir, if no

seven is peculiarly set apart for the worship of respite can be procured for nie, pray, do pray, I God. The sabbath bell sounds in your ears, to beseech you, to God, for my immortal soul, that summon you to his house, that you may worship it perish‘not.”

him, and hear his gospel preached. Thus you see, my young friends, the judgments

you observe his sabbaths ? Do you

endeaof God frequently attend such undutiful conduct vour to keep the Lord's day holy? Do you turn to parents, even in this life.

away your heart and mind from worldly things, But there may be some young persons who are

to consecrate that day unto the Lord ? Do you so unhappy as to have parents who disregard reli- improve it for special prayer and searching of the gion, and discover unkindness to them for their bible at home? Do you go with your family to attachment to it. But does this absolve them the house of God, to unite with his people in from their duty? By no means: it rather adds prayer and praise, and that you and they may to it; and young persons thus situated should bear. “the glorious gospel of the blessed God”? show that their religion has made them more duti- | (1 Tim. i. 11). ful, more affectionate, more ready to sacrifice their

Once more: the Lord has said, “ Ask, and it own happiness to that of their parents; and that

shall be given you: seek, it is only when obedience to parents comes in knock, and it shall be opened unto you. For contact with obedience to God that they are war- every ore that asketh receiveth ; and be that ranted to disobey them.

* From “To my Neiglbour.” By a converted infidel.

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ye shall find:


seeketh findeth ; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened" (Luke xi. 9, 10).

You have, therefore, plain direction, and abundant encouragement to "pray without ceasing" (1 Thess. v. 17).

Do you make use of this privilege which is so graciously vouchsafed you? Are you waiting upon

God with humble and earnest prayerprayer for those blessings which God alone can give ?

Are you waiting upon him with prayer for the pardon of your sins? “ Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities” (Ps. li. 9), --for the cleansing and renewal of your heart? "Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me” (Ps. li. 10)—for the gift of the Holy Ghost? “ If ye, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him ?(Luke xi. 13).

If you are not diligent in searching the scrip tures, careful in hallowing the sabbath, and earnest and persevering in prayer, is it not evident that you are neglecting and despising both God and your own soul ?

Is it wise, is it right, can it be safe to go on in such a course? Do the scriptures sanction it? Can reason or common sense defend it or excuse it? Does conscience approve it? Are you prepared to answer for it, and to defend it, before the judgment-seat of Christ?

For lo! we know thy terrors

Throughout the world are rife, Seditions, frenzies, errors,

Perplexities and strife: Thy woes are on the nations,

And thou dost scatter them;
Yet, heed the supplications

Of thy Jerusalem.
Truth, Lord, we are unworthy,

Unwise, untrue, unjust :
Our souls and minds are earthy,

And clinging to the dust. But pour thy graces o'er us,

And quicken us at heart: Make straight thy way before us,

And let us not depart. Turn us, that we may fear thee,

And worship day by day : Draw us, that we draw near thee,

To honour and obey : Be with us in all trouble,

And, as our Saviour still, Lord, recompense us double

With good for all our ill. Though we deserve not pity,

Yet, Lord, all bounty yieldAll blessings in the city

And blessings in the field,
On folded flocks and cattle,

On basket and on store,
In peace and in the battle,

All blessings evermore-
All good for earth and heaven;

For we are bold to plead
As through thy Son forgiven,

And in him sons indeed.
Yea, Father, as possessing

In thee our Father-God,
Give, give us every blessing,
And take away thy rod.

M. F. T.
August 6, 1843.



(For the Church of England Magazine.)

No. XL.



ALMIGHTY Father, hearken,

Forgive, and help, and bless,
Nor let thine anger darken

The night of our distress;
As sin and shame and weakness

Is all we call our own,
We turn to thee in meekness,

And trust on thee alone.
O God, remember Zion,

And pardon all her sin!
Thy mercy we rely on

To rein thy veugeance in:
Though dark pollution staineth

The temple thou hast built,
Thy faithfulness remaineth,

And that shall cleanse the guilt.
To thee then, Friend all-seeing,

Great source of grace and love,
In whom we have our being,

In whom we live and move,
Jerusalem, obeying

Thy tender word, “ Draw near,"
Would come securely, praying

In penitence and fear.
Thou knowest, Lord, the peril

Our ill deserts have wrought,
If earth for us is sterile

And all onr labour nought.
A las! our righteous wages

Are famine, plague, and sword,
Unless thy wrath assuages

la mercy, gracious Lord.

Thou lingering relic of the Roman name,

of thy departed compeers strongest, last : Thy firm compacted arch yet stands the same,

While the long years have o'er thee glided past.
What dost thou here? in times and manners strange,

Hoary and grey, by far-off ages left-
All, all are gone; and time has brought sad change

To thee, of all thine ancient pride bereft.
And 0, could speech be thine, how wouldst thou tell

Of legends old, and other days renew,
And from the past bid solemn numbers swell,

And bring each shadowy pageant back to view;
Bid Lindum rise again, and tell once more
How once the Roman won a place on Britain's

shore !

* This, the most perfect relic of Roman art now remaining in the kingdom, is supposed to have been erected during the reign of the emperor Claudius, A.D. 45.

When the proud legions pass'd beneath thy shade, THE RESIDENCE OP A BISHOP.—The foundation

While native tribes were subject to their yoke ; of a diocese is said to have followed a certain law, What time the forest filld the tangled glade,

upon the attempt to convert a nation to Christianity. And Druid rites amid the darkness broke;

A bishop, attended by his presbyters and deacons, Long e're the Saxon ruled the desert plaids,

established himself in some town or place of general Or Norman William seiz'd the vacant throne; resort, where the preaching of the gospel by their Ere yon fair minster and its subject fanes,

mouths might have been received gratefully and Thou wast-now left in crumbling age alone. zealously. There the mother church was built, and

the “cathedra," or throne of the bishop, set up: From buried years what changes couldst thou trace, Thou silent relic of the ghostly past !

there this apostolical body of holy men served God

in the beauty of his sanctuary day by day, and But age hath marr'd thee, and upon thy face

pushed forward the work of conversion in the neighOblivion hath a cloudy mantle cast; Tell us of glories gone, when kings uprear'd

bouring villages and towns. Thus station after sta

tion was occupied, and parishes were formed, each Their banners on the walls, by ancient deeds endear'd

with its priest and deacon, in a circle widening and

widening through successive years by radii drawn How once around thee flew the arrowy shower, from the cathedral-city, as from a centre. Thus the

When the fierce war-cry thro' the tumult rose, country presbyters, sent forth by the bishop, and And the rude Saxons in their day of power,

settled under his authority, depended upon his spi. And Danish chiefs, were thy beleaguring foes ; ritual jurisdiction, and were held together in one bond And still thou wast, when to the bickering flame of union with their head. Their daily prayer in the In the lone goatherd's hut the royal Alfred came- church was a universal custom; and neither bishop When widowed Maude from fierce contention fled, nor priest would dare to be absent, for conscience' And Stephen's daring hand the sceptre sway'd,

sake. Thus an identity was observed between the Perchance his warrior train beneath thee led,

bishop and his cathedral church, just as now between While the sear'd citizens his rule obey'd.

the country parson and the village church : the two Time roll'd his onward course ; and thou hast known could not be separated in idea, they were married Yon palace ruins in their pristine grace,

together by popular opinion; as the mother church Now where the ivy clings, and flowers have grown, was the type of the harmony subsisting between herDecking with varied beauty time's deep trace:

self and her children, so the bishop, standing within The long procession and the priestly throng

her sacred precincts, represented the concord of the Have issued from those gates, or spread the lofty several degrees in the ministry. Much of public con. halls among

venience also followed this arrangement. The city of And thou couldst tell when through that mental nevertheless always a place of chief importance, easy

the diocese, if uot always the geographical centre, is night

of access, and much frequented. The cleryy, when Religion's day-star shot athwart the gloom;

summoned or resorting to their diocesan, enjoyed the Wlien far and wide, in her effulgence bright,

privilege of a choral service, and might revel in that Her path shed cheering light beyond the tomb;

sweet harmony of sound denied to them in their reWhen doubt and error from that piercing ray

mote and undowered districts, which uplifts the soul Fled far, while onward sped the morn of truth's clear

10 heaven's gates, and reflects the employments of day.

blessed angels before the throne of God himself. But centuries fled; and then did sad remorse, Either the regulations for the observance of daily

With pitying thrill, awake the nation's tear, service, as enjoined by the church, are useful for When in rebellion's dark and ruthless course

edification, or they are not: if they are, then the The royal Charles slept on a bloody bier.

bishop of the diocese ought to be the last person to Pale, martyr'd king, without reproach or fear! violate them; if they are not, why are they retained What long regrets o'er his discrowned head

so conspicuously and emphatically in the prayerIn anarchy's dark hour the contrite nation shed ! book ? “ All priests and deacons are to say daily Still, rugged monument of elder days,

the morning and evening prayer, either privately or Dost thou arch o'er, while generations new

openly, not being let (hindered] by sickness or sume Pass and re-pass along the busy ways;

other urgent cause." Then follows a more stringent New arts, new science rare, 'tis thine to view, clause : “ And the curate that ministereth in every And be thyself unchang'd, thou relic grey

parish-church or chapel, being at liome, and not Of ages dim, where time hath set his seal for aye! being otherwiss reasonably hindered, shall say the

same in the parish-church or chapel wiere he mi. nistereth."

Surely, in such an important Miscellaneous.

matter as the public worship of Almighty God,

which no true church has ever yet refused to soENCROACHMENT OF THE SEA.-The slow and lempize daily, which is a standing witness against unnoticed, but gradual variation which is continually worldly-mindedness, and no inconsiderable part of a taking place on our coast, is truly surprising. Ac- soul's discipline for heaven, the chief pastor of a cording to Mr. Lyall, when the inn at Sheringham, diocese, who has promised, “the Lord being his in Norfolk, was built in 1805, the spot chosen was at helper," " to show himself in all things an example a distance of fifty yards from the sea, which was, of good works unto others, that the adversary may from previous observation of its rate of encroach- be ashamed, having nothing to say against him, ment, calculated to take seventy years to reach it. should beware of giving a handle to the adversary by No allowance was made for the slope of ground being his own indifference or neglect, for impugning not from the sea, in consequence of which the waste only the discipline and ordinances, but even the legi. was naturally accelerated every year as the cliff timate character of the church itselt.-The Mirror of grew lower, there being at every successive period

a Bishop. less matter to remove, as portions of equal area fell down. Between the years 1824 and 1829 no less London: Published for the Proprietors, by EDWARDS than seventeen yarns were swept away; and there and HUGHES, 12, Ave Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be is now

a depth of twenty feet, sufficient to float a procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Couutry. frigate, at one point of the harbour, where, forty

PRINTED BY JOSEPH ROGERSON, cight years ago, tere stood a eliff fifty feet high.


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than his bretbren : he proposed that Joseph

should be let down into some pit, rather than that No. II.

his blood should be violently shed; and to this REUBEN appears to have been less hard-hearted the rest consented. Reuben's object was the



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