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success, still

God of wisdom: let temperance guide his zeal : He adds that, if the Pharisees had held the dilet a desire for God's glory prompt his efforts; let vinity of the Messiah, they might easily have charity rule bis tongue; and let justice be the solved the proposed enigma, by replying that measure of his actions. And such a man shall Christ was truly David's Son as regarded the neither mislead others, nor himself miscarry: he flesh, bnt his Lord as regarded his divine nature. shall find a satisfaction in thus labouring to do David, accordingly, in spirit, calleth him Lord : good for others as well as himself, which the "one, indeed, that should come after him, as his triumph of faction can never reach, to which mere offspring according to the flesh; but one, in digparty success is a stranger, and which a selfish nity of person and greatness of power, far superior policy can never find ; living, heaven-instructed, to him, and to every earthly potentate ; King of not for himself, but for his country, his religion, kings, and Lord of lords; God and man united in and his God, the work of his righteousness shall one person” (bp. Horne). be peace, and the effect of his righteousness quiet- To us of the present day the same important ness and assurance for ever.

question may be addressed ; and, if we admit that Christ is very God as well as very man, the seeming contradiction is at once removed. If, on the

other hand, we represent him as no more than a THOUGHTS ON MATT XXII. 45*. creature like unto ourselves, and as having no BY THE Rev. Beaver H. BLACKER, M.A.

higher original than earthly parents, the question

must still recur, and cannot be answered, “How “If David then call him Lord, how is he his son ?"

doth David in spirit call him Lord ?" But, if we

abide by the plain and express declarations of the ALREADY had our Saviour baffled the insidious bible, and trust not to man's ingenuity more than devices of his enemies, and exposed their igno- to the word of God, we shall readily allow that rance and hypocrisy, so much so that he had Jesus is Immanuel, “God manifested in the put the Sadducees to silence.” Yet, since the self- Hesh ;” and, since no other doctrine can reconcile righteous Pharisess, as if sure of


the various passages which relate to him, this imthered around him, in order the more completely portant position being once established, we may to con found them, in their endeavours to “entan rejoice and triumph, inasmuch as it lays a secure gle him in his talk,” he proposed a question, in and immoveable foundation for our hope towards which he called upon them to declare their opi

God. nion concerning the descent of their expected

I have said that, if we represent the Saviour as Messiah. In doing so he started a difficulty from

no more than a creature like unto ourselves, the their own scriptures, which they were unable to difficulty which would in that case embarrass us, resolve. They were agreed that the Christ, the as it embarrassed the Pharisees, remains unpromised Saviour, must be “the Son of David ;” answered; because, if he were to be a mere human and they could not deny that David, under the creature, who would have no existence for many influence of the Holy Spirit, speaks of him in the ages after the time of David, with what propriety character of his Lord or governor. When urged, could his ancestor call him Lord ? An indetherefore, to explain in what sense he could be the pendent monarch, such as David was, acknowSon, and yet the Lord of David, they were unable ledged no lord or master save God; much less to reply; "No man,” says the evangelist (ver. 46), would he bestow that title upon a son or descend“was able to answer him a word: neither durst ant, to whom he could not in any way owe subany man, from that day forth, ask him any more jection. If, indeed, his father Jesse had lived till questions.”. They felt themselves overpowered, he was established upon the throne, he might, in and relinquished their vain disputations. Their some good sense, have been called the lord of malevolence, however, was in nowise changed. Jesse, and yet bis son; but could he be called the

The question, as being one that would involve lord of Abraham, or of any other of his ancestors ? them in an inextricable difficulty, was proposed by and yet it would be in every respect as reasonable to our Lord, to show the Pharisees how little they un

call him the lord of Abraham, or of Adam, as to derstood the true nature and dignity of the Messiah, call the Messiah the lord of David, if he had no and how, blinded by carnal prejudices, they had existence till a thousand years after David's overlooked all that had been said of Immanuel, death (Scott). We know that the word adon or and of “the mighty God” becoming “a child kurios, signifying lord or master, was a term imborn,” and had expected a mere man, and a tem- plying an acknowledgment of superiority in the poral deliverer, instead of a divine and spiritual Re- person to whom it was addressed. Since, theredecmer. This was exactly

the case ; for, as bishop fore, it has been addressed by David to his deBull has remarked (Jud. Eccl. Cath. i.'12), “al- scendant, when he said, “ The Lord said unto my though the prophets had not obscurely intimated Lord” (Jehovah said unto Adon), the Messiah, that Christ would be God as well as man, who was so called by him, and acknowledged as and though the wiser few of the Jews saw that, his superior, must be divine, must be truly and yet the generality embraced the abject notion properly the Son of God, and equally with the that he would be a mighty conqueror and a glo- Father must have been David's Lord, when his rious monarch (like Cyrus, Alexander, or Cæsar), ancestor thus spake of him. who would subdue all the nations of the earth,

But our Lord's argument being drawn from and make Jerusalem the metropolis of the world. Ps. cx., and the modern Jews, like those of old, • The substance of this paper, which lays claim to little well-known application of the prophecy to the

being unable to reconcile with their views the originality of sentiment, appeared some years since, as an aonymous communication, in an Irish periodical. It is now Messiab, and seeing the advantage gained from it reprinted, with alterations.

to the Christian cause, it can by no means be


matter of surprise that attempts have been made , mory, but yet considers him no more than man. to pervert its meaning, and thus to destroy at | All such like persons we may unbesitatingly, and least this proof of Christ's divinity. Some, ac- with every feeling of charity, address in the cordingly, have made the person to whom God words of Jesus : « Ye do err, not knowing the speaks in the first verse of the psalm, to be scriptures, nor the power of God.” They refuse Hezekiah, some Abraham, some David, and some to hear the word of God: they oppose to it their the people of Israel ; but so divided are they in own fallible decisions: they seek to exalt themtheir opinions, and so rash in their attempts to selves above their Maker ; and (such must be the wrest the psalm from its proper meaning (“speak- doom of the proud deceiver) they shall perish in ing, inconsistent things," says St. Chrysostom, the vanity of their own imaginations (See abp. “like drunken men, or rather,” as he adds, “liké Magee's "Strictures on Belsham's Account of the men in the dark, running against one another") | Unitarian Scheme”). that from thence alone we may, with bishop Patrick, be satisfied that they are in the wrong, and have their eyes blinded. Those, moreover,

“Salvation ! O, the joyful sound ! to whom Jesus spake, even the Pharisees, the most

What pleasure to our ears! accurate and skilful of all the Jews, attempted no

A sov'reign balm for ev'ry wound, such evasion, but by their silence gave consent

A cordial for our fears, to what was the prevailing opinion at the time,

“Glory, honour, praise, and power, and what the ancient Jewish church and the an

Be unto the Lamb for ever! cient commentators, with very few exceptions,

Jesus Christ is our Redeemer ! have declared that the adon of David and the

Hallelujah ! praise ye the Lord !"
Messiah, “the root and offspring of David, and
the bright and morning star,” are one and the
That this psalm therefore, from which St.

THE CHRISTIAN'S INTEREST IN HIS Paul in his epistle to the Hebrews has drawn his decisive proof that the Messiah is far exalted

BRETHREN: above all the angelic host, alludes to no other than Christ, we can have no doubt; or that its

A Sermon, author was the son of Jesse. For, had a different application prevailed, or even been entertained

By the Rev. RICHARD HARVEY, M.A., respecting its author; had the Pharisees con

Rector of St. Mary, Hornsey, Middlesex. ceived the prophecy to refer not to Christ, but to Abraham or to David, or to any other individual,

JOHN i. 42. how eagerly would they have availed themselves of its shelter, to evade the convincing force of our

“He brought him to Jesus." Saviour's reasoning, and have at once replied that this belonged not to the son of David! Or, could The religion of the bible is very significantly they have used the refuge of some modern com- opposed to the natural disposition of man. It mentators, that of making David its primary ob- was intended to convert the heart, and to ject, how easily might they have denied its change the habits of its professors in this secondary meaning (Bloomfield)!

We have seen that, in the general opinion of the world, as it has been provided to raise their ancient Jews, whose testimony in such matters hopes and elevate their prospects in the next. is particularly valuable, “because that unto them Instead of self-indulgence, it recommends selfwere committed the oracles of God,” David's denial: instead of indifference to the wellprophecy referred exclusively to the Messiah ; being of others, it infuses an interest in all and this interpretation is still further established our fellow-creatures. by multiplied quotations from the psalm through- Man is naturally a selfish being, and indisout the New Testament, with the most express ap, posed to look beyond his own immediate adyet the modern Socinian in his anxiety to reduce vantage. He may be led to pity thuse who the Messiah to the level of the human race, refuses are in trouble: he may be induced to relieve to hear these simple declarations of God's word, those who are in distress: he may be inclined and opposes to them his own arrogant decisions; to weep with them that wecp." But he is and, so far is he from considering our blessed Lord not apt to take pleasure in the prosperity of as a proper object of religious address, that he others, as if it were his own : he is not necescan look upon him only as the most excellent of human characters, the most eminent of all the sarily pleased at the good fortune of his brethprophets of God.” Thus, according to Mr. ren: he is not of himself disposed to “rejoice Belsham, the redoubtable champion of what is with them that do rejoice.” called unitarianism, our Saviour was “a man in Christianity, however, essentially changes all respects like to his brethren ;' and, though he the character: it imparts a principle of genecould not deny that he is indeed now alive, and ral good-will: it excites in the breasts of its employed in offices the most honourable and professors an interest in the common salvabenevolent,” he nevertheless maintains that "there can be no proper foundation for religious tion. The gospel is intrinsically expansive. addresses to him, nor of gratitude for favours Like its divine Author, it is “no respecter now received, nor yet for confidence in his future of persons.” It considers all nations and all interposition in our behalf;" he reveres his me- ranks alike. In a matter of life or death it

knows no partiality: it is without any ex-, of the apostles deserved to be specially reclusive spirit

. The very persons who under marked.” Our Lord, therefore, questioned stand and regard it are only made more them distinctly as to the object of their pureager to impart it. It is precious, like "trea- suit: “ Jesus turned, and saw them followsure hid in a field;" invaluable, so that a man ing, and saith unto them, What seek ye?” would part with all else to secure it. But, the It would seem that their desire was to learn more highly the possessor prizes it, the more of him, to receive his instructions, and to he studies to extend and proclaim it. The become his disciples; for they addressed him field is not bought that the treasure may as “ Master,” and intimated a wish to accontinue hidden, but that it may be used and company him: “They said unto him, Rabbi, shared; and he who has found true peace, where dwellest thou? He saith unto them, instead of seeking to keep others from par- Come and see. They came and saw where taking of it, is only made the more desirous he dwelt, and abode with him that day.” to dispense it.

The evangelist has not recorded the particuSuch would seem to have been the spirit lars of the conversation which ensued; but which actuated him who was the first called so satisfied was Andrew of the truth of John's by our Lord to be an apostle, and to whom, declaration, that he lost no time in assuring as the early and ready follower of Christ, our Peter of the divine character of the Reattention may be very usefully directed. deemer: “ He first findeth his own brother The evangelist is recording, with considerable Simon, and saith unto him, We have found care, the circumstances which preceded the the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the acceptance of the truth by Andrew. He Christ. And he brought him to Jesus." informs us that the Baptist, who had been This is the short and simple account which sent to prepare the way for the due reception St. John has given of the way in which the of the gospel, was pointing out the Saviour of heart of Andrew was gradually opened by the world. He, who came to usher in the the grace of God, and prepared for the recepRedeemer of mankind, was honoured as the tion of the gospel. He heard the testimony instrument of bringing the first apostle to of the Baptist, whom he followed, to the confess him.

purity of Christ's character and the purpose Andrew was already one of John's dis- of his coming: “Behold the Lamb of God!" ciples; he knew, therefore, the way of the The saying was carefully observed by him, Lord, although imperfectly; and he and and sank deep into the mind of himself and another were in company with the Baptist another: “ the two disciples heard him speak, when Jesus chanced to pass by. There had and they followed Jesus.” Thus, by the never been any jealousy of Christ on the most simple means, was the humble fisherpart of his illustrious forerunner: instead of man of Galilee converted into a “ fisher of that

, he had always declared his own infinite men,” and brought to acknowledge him who inferiority. He had ever spoken of the great was the Saviour of the world. On a later Personage who was expected as one, " the occasion the woman of Samaria was led to latchet of whose shoes he was not worthy to receive him, from the knowledge which he stoop down and unloose;" and very shortly displayed of the heart; but here his earliest before the close of his ministry his language follower confessed him from the intimation

“ He must increase ; but I must de- of his great precursor: “ We have found the crease."

On the present occasion he directed Messias, which is, being interpreted, the the attention of his two disciples to the De- Christ.” liverer who was then expected, and for the With the particulars of Andrew's call, reception of whom he had come to prepare which are more fully related by St. Matthew, them: “ Looking upon Jesus as he walked, we are not at present mainly concerned. His he saith, Behold the Lamb of God!" Be readiness to follow Christ when he was bidden, hold him, “ of whom Moses in the law and and his willing renunciation of his worldly the prophets did write;" him “who should calling, that he might choose the “good part, come,” and whom “God hath sent to bless cannot be too much commended. Our attenyou; “ a Saviour, which is Christ the tion at this time is rather directed to one fea

A testimony so disinterested and ture in the conduct of the apostle-his interest decisive could hardly fail to be successful; in the welfare of his brother: “He brought and accordingly we are informed that “ the him to Jesus.” This must ever be a topic two disciples heard him speak, and they fol- deserving our most serious consideration ; lowed Jesus.”

but especially must it commend itself to our In ordinary circumstances, no particular notice when our thoughts are more particunotice might have been taken; but the ac- larly directed to the first coming of our Lord*, knowledgment of him who was the first called

* The season of Advent.



and we are invited to inquire seriously into | of trouble, or rescued him from the miseries the nature of our preparation for the second. of want. But there are higher and better

Various ways might be adverted to in things which the Christian will desire to which men are able and accustomed to show effect for him whom he would serve. the interest which they take in the good of will not be satisfied with exhibiting an inothers. They may be willing to assist them terest in bis well-being on earth: he will when they are in need, to rescue them when study to show that he is anxious that he may they are in danger, to comfort them when be prepared for heaven. He will not be they are in trouble; and so they may prove content with helping him in regard to those their regard by being prompt in supplying things which perish with the using: he will help, as every one may seem to require it. seek to stir him up to lay up his treasure in They bear one another's burdens, and thus those heavenly possessions which shall endure fulfil a very essential part of the law of for ever: Christ. The prisoner is gone to, the sick is

“ Our craving spirits feel visited, the hungry is fed, the naked is clothed;

We shall live on, though fancy die, and in such ways to a certain extent the And seek a surer pledge, a seal royal law is fulfilled, “Thou shalt love thy

Of love, to last eternally." neighbour as thyself."

“He brought him to Jesus." Here, after But the advantages which are so commu- all, is the great test of the advantage which nicated are of a transitory and temporary men find in religion, and the real worth at character. The dungeon cannot retain its which they prize it. It is not with Cbrisoccupant long : the sickness unto death can- tianity as it is with worldly treasures, that not be very distant: the meat that perisheth, one man has much at the expense of his and the garments that wax old, will soon neighbour who has little, or that the love of cease to be required. “Riches make to what he possesses makes him often anxious themselves wings, and fly away ;” and to retain it. There are no bounds to the nothing which relates only to this life will treasures of heaven: like the mercy which stand men in stead at the last. There is a bestows them, they are infinite; and he who great enemy to be conquered, a great prison values and has received them is eager to to be escaped, a great end to be attained; see every one supplied. He, who does not and there is but one great and effectual door gain them, has nothing, whatever may be his through which we can enter for the achieve- earthly acquirements: he has nothing to give ment. A real sense of religion, a knowledge peace to a troubled soul, or comfort in a of God as a reconciled Father in Jesus dying hour. To Christ, therefore, we must Christ, a full acquaintance with him who each of us be brought; to him we must all has overcome the last enemy, and set the come; and through him we must acquaint prisoners free—this can alone keep men from ourselves with God. “ There is none other falling, and enable them, amid all the trials name under heaven given among men whereby of earth, to look with confidence, and without we must be saved." He speaks to every one wavering, to heaven. What Audrew did for now, as he did to the apostles of old, “ FolPeter, men who are in earnest will do for low me!" He bids us cast away the works each other, and it must be done for all whom of darkness, and come after bim : he beckons we desire effectually to serve: “ He brought us away from the world in which we live, to him to Jesus.”

prepare for the world of spirits. At this There are many things on which, in later moment he reminds us of his first coming, in years, those who have taken counsel together lowliness, to save: he calls on us to prepare in youth may be able to reflect with pleasure. for his second coming, in glory, to judge. The remembrance of prosperous hours which He holds up Andrew to us as an example of they have passed with one another, or even readinesss to obey bis word, and of promptiof pleasing fancies which they may have in- tude to impart it. He bids us consider and dulged together, may not be without its com- amend our ways: he urges us to study the fort. To think that we administered to our interests of our brethren. We are instructed brother's wants, that we were allowed to share to take Christ for our master : we are invited his joys or partake his sorrows, that we once to acquaint others with our Lord : mutually helped and instructed each other,

“ First seek thy Saviour out, and dwell may often be remembered with gratitude

Beneath the shadow of his roof, when we are parted in riper age. At no time

Till thou have scann'd his features well, can we have cause to regret companionship

And known him for the Christ by proof. in any thing but vice. We must ever be

" Then, potent with the spell of heaven, thankful in the reflection, that we have

Go, and thine erring brother gain;

Entice him home to be forgiveni, brought up a fellow-creature from the depths Till he too see his Saviour plain.”

This was the habit of him who was first called world if this principle were acted on throughto be an apostle of our Lord; and this, we out! if every sincere and right-minded Chrismay rest assured, will be the practice of tian would call to mind his obligations to im. those who have been made sensible of their prove and benefit his fellow, and, conscious sins, and have come to the Saviour for par- that he had freely received, would give as don. No men can really value the great freely to his neighbour! How great would salvation provided, no men can be fully con. be the improvement in our own circle, if our scious of the great interest at stake, if they first object with regard to our fellow-creatures are not anxious for the good of others, if they was to bring them to that Saviour, whom omit any occasion of promoting it. Neither through mercy, we have been led to receive; the importance of the first advent, nor the if each parent looked to this first for his solemnity of the second, can be duly esti-child; if each master regarded this most for mated by those who do not think of them in his servant! We may provide outward means regard to their brethren. The deliverance for the instruction of the young, and the ediwhich has been effected for them, and the ficatii n of the more advanced. But means destruction which has been averted, cannot are nothing if the end is not attained ; and, be viewed aright by any who are indifferent while we supply ordinances for leading men with respect to those who may be affected. to Christ, we ought at least to discountenance

What, then, let every one inquire, has been what will draw them away from him. the effect of religion upon himself? what Let every Christian urge his brother, and has been its influence on his heart; what its each master call on his dependents, and all bearing on his practice? Has it weaned who know the Lord bestir themselves, to him from the world and from sin ? Has it make others acquainted with him. Let each enabled him to overcome temptation, and to disciple of Christ remember that he is a “city direct his attention to heavenly things? Has set on a hill,” the salt to season and purify it brought him, like Andrew, to acknow the mass. We should then employ ourselves ledge and to follow Christ, and so convinced to do real good to those among whom our lot him of the worth of religion, that he studies is cast. We should study to bring them to to impress all men with its value?

our common Saviour; to lead them to halWe must, indeed, fear that this point in low his day, repair to his house, become his Andrew's history is too little regarded among people. We should speak a word in season, ourselves. We would hope, we are indeed and speak it in love; but out of the abundance persuaded, that many are fully awakened to of our hearts we should be constrained to a due sense of their high and holy calling speak. We should have our conversation in We trust that most see the vanity of this heaven, albeit we are dwellers upon earth: life, and the value of the life to come, in their we should bear in mind that we are citizens true and scriptural light. We are assured of that blessed abode where neither rust nor that many ha turned to God in earnest, and moth doth corrupt, and where alone true joy are putting their trust in Christ, and are is to be found. Having been graciously led seeking to be daily renewed by the Holy to him who is “full of grace and truth,” we Spirit. But, still, the cry of a large propor- should be careful to live to him ourselves. tion is, “ Am I my brother's keeper?" "I The prayer which we offer for others, the am thankful for the mercy that I have expe- example which we set them, the advice which rienced, but I am not responsible for its ac- we give them, would be all directed to the ceptance by others.”. Alas! there must be promotion of their best interests, and the something sadly deficient in our religion, if furtherance of God's eternal glory, to bring we can so regard its obligations. We are them to Jesus. all accountable for the good which it might be in our power to effect to any one: we are responsible for the counsel we might have

Juvenile Beading. given, the example we might have set, the

THE GOD OF LOVE AND HOPE*. prayers we might have offered. We are answerable for the influence which we might In the first epistle of St. John (iii. 8), the apostle exert, in public or private, to restrain from tells us that “God is love.” And I dare say that evil or to withdraw from temptation. The the little boy or girl who has been a regular Sunfirst thought of the new convert, the last act day-scholar" has very often heard this both, at of the aged saint, in regard to every brother, school and at church; but did my dear young will be to bring him to Jesus, to give him friends ever consider that, if God is love to us, we an interest in the first advent, to induce him God, who fills heaven with his glory and earth to get ready for the second.

Church of England Sunday Scholar's MagaHow different would be the aspect


From the

of the zine."

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