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which yet remains, converted into tenements, hav
ing been upwards of a century in the family of SPALDING is a market-town in Lincolnshire, the present possessor. The prior's oven, at a little situated in the division of that county called Hol- distance, once used as a prison, alsó partially land, about 44 miles S.E. of Lincoln, and 100 N. exists. It is of brick and stone, very strong; the from London. It is mentioned at an early period arch concentring, and ribbed with 'Bernak rag; in the Saxon annals, and is said to derive its name transformed of late years into a cooper's and then from Spa, a chalybeate spring in the market- a blacksmith's shop. place.
To the priory the parish church, as already Thorold of Bukenhale, sheriff of Lincolnshire, stated, owes its existence. But, though the greater founded here a cell dedicated to St. Mary, for a part of this fine structure might be built by prior prior and five monks, A.D. 1032, which he made William de Lyttleport, it is clear that portions of subject to the neighbouring abbey of Croyland, it are of later date. and endowed with the manor of Spalding. Tho
The following is the description given of it rold's niece, Lucia, married Yoo Tailboys, earl of in a late publication (“Lincolnshire Churches." Anjou, nephew of William the Conqueror, who, Boston : Morton. 1843):thus becoming lord of Spalding, gave this cell to “ This church consists of a nave with its aisles, the abbey of St. Nicholas at Angiers, A.D. 1074. north and south porches, transepts, a chancel, and This priory was thus what was termed an “alien a spire steeple at the west end of the south aisle. priory," and was more than once seized as such; The edifice possesses specimens of the three styles of but, after the continental possessions of the English gothic-early English, decorated, and perpendicukings had been wrested from them, it was at length lar. The west and south walls of the tower are acknowledged as denizen ; and one or two of divided into three stages each, the lower of which the priors were summoned to parliament. It is to are blank; above are two lancet-beaded windows; this monastery that Chaucer's lines are supposed and the bell-chamber is pierced by windows of two to allude:
lights trefoiled, enclosing a quatrefoil. The tower
is crowned by an embattled parapet, having a "In Lincolnshire, fast by a spacious fen,
cornice ornamented with gurgoyles : at the angles Stands a religious house : who doth it ken?”
are square-panelled pinnacles, crocketed and and he and John of Gaunt appear to have been finialed : from these spring flying buttresses, likeoccasional visitors here.
wise crocketed. Above the tower rises an elegant In 1274 William de Lyttleport was chosen and lofty crocketed spire, pierced with three tiers prior, who died 1293. He completed the con- of canopied windows, enriched with crockets and ventual church, and rebuilt the parish church, finials. which was dedicated to St. Mary and St. Nicho- 66 The west end of the south aisle has in it a las, the saints who (as already mentioned) pre- window of three lights trefoiled, with quatrefoiled sided over the priory. It may be added, that tracery. The south wall is pierced by an entrance Richard Elsyn, or Palmer, was the last prior. He under a small porch, and two windows of two surrer.dered to Henry VIII., Dec. 1539; a lights, each without tracery. The north porch grant of the property being made to Charles has once been a beautiful example of perpendicuBrandon, duke of Suffolk. In the third year of lar gothic, and appears to have been the latest Edward VI. the site was granted to sir John portion of the church that contributed to its final Cheke, the king's tutor. It has since by pur- completion. The outer entrance consists of a chase passed into various hands; the priory house, pointed arch, to support the superincumbent VOL. XXV.
In the east wali " The population, it may be added, at the last
masonry ; under which the artist has added a de- | is the grammar school, which bas a considerable pressed arch of light open stone-work, filling up endowment. Dr. Bentley was for a time master of the spaces with a centre quatrefoil, and leaves this school. Had that eminent man displayed or branches trefoiled on either side. The design here those stirring qualities which afterwards is rich, and the effect light and elegant. Above distinguished liim, he would well-nigh have the arch are three recesses, with pedestals on the frightened the good town from its propriety. base, and canopies ornamented with delicate taber- But it was in his early days that he filled the nacle-work. They contain a glazed window, to office, and he was soon removed to a larger and give light to a room over the porch, which was more public sphere. doubtless intended for a galilee, but now contains Spalding is a neatly built and clean-looking the ecclesiastical library, and are flanked by small place. "À fairer town” (says Camden), “I octofoils, also glazed. The ceiling of the porch assure you, than a man would look to find in this is groined and ribbed with stone; and the inner tract, amorg such slabs and water-plashes.” entrance bas a trefoil arch within an ogee, pro- But the water-plashes have, since Camden's time, fusely charged with mouldings; and the upper been drained off'; and the fen country around is portion exhibits three tabernacles, with canopies now admirable, productive land, distributed into to correspond with those on the outside, which thriving farms. bear some remains of figures on the pedestals. On The river Welland, on which the town is built, each side of the porch was originally a perpen- flows into the Washi, about 7 miles below Spalding. dicular window ; but they are now blocked up. It is a sluggish stream, but admits vessels of 50 At the west end of the north aisle is a handsome or 60 tons burden. Formerly a canal, called the window of three lights, with good tracery: in the Westlode, ran through the streets ; over which was north wall are two similar windows. The south an old bridge, said to have been of Roman date; transept bas in the south wall a fine window of but this casal has been filled up. The place three lights: the opposite transept has a window possesses a town-hall and sessions-house: it is in the north gable of four lights cinquefoiled, and lighted with gas, and of late a railroad has united having a four-centred arch filled with intersecting i it to the exterior world. tracery, forming quatrefoils. are two windows; one with perpendicular tracery census, was 7.778. Though, therefore, the parish similar to those in the north aisle, and the other church is a large one, it can hardly be sufficient with decorated tracery. At the west end of the for the nunber of the inhabitants. nave is the usual entrance: above has once been a very splendid window, but now without mullions or tracery. The clerestory is pierced by windows of three lights each, with perpendicular traccry : in THE VALUE OF THE SABBATH TO THE the east end is a handsome window of five lights.
LA BOURING CLASSES*. The chancel has, in the south wall, two good windows of two lights each, trefoiled, with trefoiled The rest of the sabbath is invaluable to the latracery : in the north wall, against the rood turret, bourer who is desiroos of cultivating his own is a small window of three lights, with decorated mind by study, of strengthening and gaining the tracery, and a large square-headed window of five control of bis intellectual powers, or of inlights: in the east gable of the chancel is a win- creasing his stock of knowledge by reading. dow of four lights, with perpendicular tracery.
When he returns from his daily labour, to enjoy “The interior is so encumbered with pews and his brief hour of leisure in the evening, his system galleries and other nuisances, that the fine effect is too much exhausted by his previous exertion, of an otherwise beautiful and very spacious inte- and consequently bis animal spirits too much derior is greatly narred. The nave is supported pressed, for close application of mind or energy of on five pointed arches, springing from clustured thought. It he aitempt to peruse any really columns; and the transept on a pair of arches, serious and useful author, he not unfrequently with columns of the same description. The roof talls asleep with the book in his hand. The lighter is of oak, the beams and timbers tastefully carved, pages of the novelist, with their intellectual inand ornamented on each side with projecting toxication, and too often pernicious views of human human figures in drapery, biaring shields, two of life and human nature, may be able by their exwhich are wanting. The chancel screen is a beau-citement to overcome, for a time, his fatigue; and tiful specimen of perpendicular tracery, and con. therefore, if he reads at all, for the:e, the works sists of eight arches, with the open-work well of the natural and moral philosopher, of the his, defined. The chancel itself is spacious, and lighted torian, the moralist, and the theologian, are laid by six noble windows, and contains ample con
aside, and thus his moral and intellectual nature, veniences for the accommodation of a large body * From “The Pearl of Day3." By a Lalourer's Daughter. of communicants. Here Richard Fleming, bishop London: Partridge and Oakey. 1848. This is a very reof Lincoln, who presided over the diocese from markable volume, replete with piety and good sense, and, as 1420 to 1430, held his episcopal ordinations. The produced by one who had not enjoyed the advantages of edu
It was written in altar-screen and rails are constructed of oak, with cation, is a singular proof of native talent. a pair of Corinthian pilasters on each side of" the competition for the prize offered for an essay on the observ
ance of the sabbath, by working men; but, for some reason altar, and were the gift of Mary, the relict of we cannot exactly comprehend, unless it be the extraThomas Deacon, esq., in the year 1722, as appears ordinary one that it was by a working woman, it was deemed from an inscription to that effect on the basement
inadmissible. It has, however, had a still better fate of the screen.
queen has kindly allowed the volume to be dedicated to her; In a building abutting upon the southern aisle and already it has obtained a wide circulation. The extract
we have made will give a specimen of the value of this book, of the church, and perhaps once forming a chapel, which we heartily recommend to our readers.--Ed.
not receiving wholesome food or healthful exer- / wofully testify to the degrarling effects of misusing cise, becomes weak and diseased, and unfitted to its hallowed hours, and clearly demonstrate that fulfil the offices of enlightening him : his passions it is “the sabbath of the Lord,” the Lord's-day and appetites, unrestrained by an enlightened con- alone, as appointed by himself, which is really calscience and cultivated understanding, lead him culated to benefit mankind, and not a day of captive at their will; and his whole character and man's devising. And why? Because the sabcondition strikingly prove that, as a general rule, bath-day is appointed by our all-wise Creator, the degradation of one part of man's nature is the by him who knoweth what is in man, and what degradation of the whole.
is needful for man. And it is exactly suited to Is his tenporal condition abject, his body sub.. man: it meets the wants at once of his physical jected to unremitting toil?_his intellectual condi- and intellectual constitution, and of his social and tion, too, is debased, and his mind enslaved. Is spiritual nature. He who wears purple and fine his intellect uncultivated, and his moral nature linen, and fares sumptuously every day, whose vitiated ?-his outward appearance and condition hand has never been hardened, nor his brow are degraded, rude, and comfortless. The sab- moistened by toil, whose every day makes him bath, by the repose it affords, not only renews the companion and instructor of his family, and man's physical energy, renovates his animal sys- who, fresh and unwearied, can seat himself in his tem : it also qualifies his mind to apply itself to quiet study, and enjoy his daily returning hours self-culture, and to the acquisition of solid and of leisure, may slight the obligations of the sabuseful knowledge. Nor does it stop here: it bath, and break loose frım its restraints, without, leaves him not unaided and unguided to grope in in the eye of his fellow-man, appearing to suffer darkness for the knowledge which is essential to in mind, character, or condition. But on him his well-being : it pours upon his patu a flood of whose daily returning wants call for strengvos light, opens wide the gate of knowedge, and bids and incessant exertion, that they may obtain a him enter. It leaves him not to mope alone over the needful supply, the abuse of sabbáth hours is soon dreamy speculations of sceptical philosophers, who visible in a beggared and degraded mind, a dehave attained to no beliel, who have no certainty praved moral character, and a consequently deor knowledge, but have chosen their perpetual graded condition in society ; in squalid, untrained abode in those gloomy regions of darkness where children, and a comfortless home; and not unfrethe dense fogs of doubt are for ever settled, till quently in absolute want of the very necessaries his mental energy is exhausted and his mind un- of life. binged. No: it calls him forth in exulting joy to It might easily be shown that, among the nuseek the society of his fellow-men, that mind may merous advantages which the weekly rest affords awaken and strengthen mind, and heart warm the working man, is this, namely, that it gives heart; that they may ponder together the meaning him its rest, without diminishing in any degree of facts; facts attested by incontrovertible evidence; bis means of subsistence and comfort. By prefacts the most sublime and interesting that have venting the seventh day from being brought into ever engaged the attention of man.
It calls men
the labour-market, it enables bim to procure a retogether to study, in each other's society, a sys- muneration for six days' labour equal to that tem of morality pure and perfect, founded upon which, were there no such day, he would be able these facts. Ii furnishes him with sulijects suir- to obtain for seven. Although those wlio degrade passingly glorious, in the contemplation of which the subbath from its place as a religious instit:ition, he may exert and cultivate his intellectual powers. to a day of mere bodily rest and recreation, enjny It inspires him with hopes which give him for- this advantage in common with him who regards titude to endure the unavoidable evils of his con- the day in its proper character, as a day set apart dition, and energy to surmount its difficulties. for the public worship of God, and the study of Yes; the Lord's-day, with its communion with his word, yet they are generally by far his infeGod, its memorials, its exercises, its instructions, riors in comfort and independence. It is no unand its social intercourse, ever as it returns gives common thing io find ihem, while actually ena fresha impulse to human advancement. It is gaged in some kind of employment wlich brings truly a fountain whence spring innumerable bene- bigher wages than the occupation followed by fits.
their neighbour obtains, before the closing of the Not only does each returning sabbath give a week beoging or borrowing from him the necesnew and powerful impetus to man's advancement in saries of life. Few will have mingled much among his heaven ward course; but, in so doing, it urges labouring men and their fanilies, without meeting him onward and upward in civilization, refiuea with many instances of this kind, all demonstrament, and comfort.
ting the truth of what has already been advanced, A day of rest, of cessation from active and toil- that it is the Christian sabbath, observed as apsome exertion, is doubtless, as ministering to the pointed by our Lord himzelt, tliat can ever really health and vigour of the animal system, of im- improve even the temporal character of the mense value to working men. I have no hesita- labourer, and that no human institution ever can tion, however, in affirming thai, amongst those supply its place, or have the same beneficial inwho view it in no other light than as a day of fuence upon society. rest and recreation, as a season set apart to no To the husband and father, whose family rehigher purpose ihan that of refreshing and invi- quire his daily labour for their support, and who gorating the body, it generally fails of accomplishe is anxious tó impart to them that instruction ing even this: they almost invariably devote the which is so necessary to the perfect and healthful day to the service of their divers lusts and pleasures, development of their mental powers, the sabbath while the neglected appearance of their families, is of inestimable value. Dearly as be loves to and the jaded and abused state of their bodies, meet the joyous welcome of his little ones upon his
return from bis day's labour, pleasant as it is for abundance and comfort? Has he heard their him to enjoy their childish prattle, while they are voices, each low but earnest; and then listened to seated together around the evening fire, yet, the reading of the word of God ? heard the rehaving just returned, exhausted by a day of toil
, citing by turn some beautiful hymns, or reading while they climb his knee, and chat over the some interesting chapter, or engaged in conversalittle adventures of the day, they are more to him tion familiar and pleasant, though serious and inas playthings, than as beings the training of whose structive; children asking questions of parents, minds and habits for after-life is entrusted to him. and parents of children, concerning, what they This, during the six days of labour, devolves have been hearing and reading during the day? almost exclusively upon the mother; or, as is too And is not he who has been the spectator of all often the case, it is utterly neglected, because it this convinced that such a day is to the labourer requires the most incessant and laborious exertions and his children an inheritance of surpassing of both father and mother to enable them to ob- value; that it is weekly adding a fresh impulse to tain a subsistence for themselves and their off- their progress in improvement, and preparing spring; and, were it not for the weekly return of them to take advantage of whatever opportunities sabbath-rest, and its opportunities for improve the week may afford? Will not the sabbaths of ment, they would grow up untrained, as the wild their childhood leave an impression upon their ass's colt. But the sabbath places the Christian future years which will never be effaced ; an imfather refreshed and vigorous in the midst of his press of superiority in intelligence and moralfamily, his mind enlightened and enriched by its ity, and a consequent superiority in circuminstruction, and his feelings soothed by its stances ? devotional exercises ; thus fitting him to impart One important advantage which is instruction in a manner at once calculated to nected with the observance of the Lord's-day, reach the understandings and win the hearts of among the labouring population, is the inbis little ones.
fluence which it has in elevating the mind, What a delightful scene of tranquil enjoyment character, and condition of the female portion is to be met with in the family of the labourer, of the community. Where Christianity and where the sabbath is properly appreciated and ac- its weekly rest are unknown, the condition tively improved! Has the reader ever spent a of woman is abject in the extreme; but the Lord’s-day in such a family? bas he seen the religion of Jesus raises her from her degraded situchildren, swaking from the light slumbers of the ation, by calling her forward to engage in the exmorning, glance round on the more than usual ercises, share the instructions, and receive the order, cleanliness, and quiet of the humble apart- influences of its sabbath. The Lord's-day calls her ment, and then ask, Mother, what day is this? thinking powers into action, gives her a mind and and heard the reply, This is the sabbath, the best conscience of her own, cultivates her intellectual of all days, the day which God has blessed ? Has and moral nature, and gives her to man a helphe seen their father dandling the baby, till their mate indeed, fitted to become, not merely his mother should finish dressing the elder children; slave or bis toy, but the companion of his labours and then, when all were ready, heard the little and his studies, his devoted friend, and his faithcircle join in the sweet morning bymn, and seen ful and judicious adviser ; not merely the mother them kneel together, while their father offered up and nurse of his children, but their intelligent ina simple, but heartfelt thanksgiving for life, structor and guide, his most efficient assistant in health, and reason preserved, through the toils of their intellectual and moral training. And, if we another week; and for the privilege of being consider the influence which the training that man again all permitted to enjoy, in each other's receives in his early years has upon his character society, the blessed light of the first day, of in after life-- that, for the most part, in the famithe week-that morning light which brings lies of working men, infancy and childhood are to mind an empty grave and a risen Saviour; spent in the society of the mother, and therefore those peaceful hours which, undisturbed by the the impressions by which the character is, in a labour, hurry, and anxieties of the week, they can great measure, formed are made by her-wesball devote to the advancement of that spiritual life in feel convinced that the cultivation of the female their souls, which shall outlive the destruction of mind and character must have an incalculable indeath itself? Has be heard the words of prayer, Auence upon the condition of the labouring poputhe questions of the father, and the replies of the lation. children ? and has he not felt assured that the It were worth ascertaining how many of those mind-awakening influences of such subjects of who have risen up from among the labouring thought and such exercises would be seen in the population to adorn and bless humanity by their after-years of these children?
talents and their philanthropy, to enlighten and Or has he, on their return from the meeting- benefit society by useful and important displace of Christians, witnessed their afternoon and coveries in art and science, or by patient perseevening employments? Has he seen the eager vering labour to advance mankind in virtue and and intelligent expression of those young faces, as intelligence-how many of these had their minds the beautiful story of Joseph and his brethren was awakened to activity, and their principles formed, read aloud to them; or that of Daniel cast into by the instructions which hard-working parents the lions' den; or how the servants of the living were enabled to give them upon the Lord's-day, God walked unhurt in the midst of the fire, the only time they could devote to such a purpose. whilst its flame slew those men who cast them in; And would it not shed a fearful light upon this or the narrative of the wandering prodigal, subject, could we possess ourselves of the history wretched and despised in a foreign land, whilst of the early sabbaths of those who have made the meanest of his father's servants were living in themselves notorious by their crimes, or of those who, having sunk themselves deep in mora! po!- working mar. could not more effectually accomlution, bave destroyed themselves, degraded hu- plish his object than by persuuding him to regard manity, and cursed society by their vices? Would and occupy the sabbath
as a day which he might not such records give startling evidence of the spend in amusement. Were the Lord's-duy blotruinous effects resulting from the abuse of weckly ted out, or spent in mere recreation; were the rest, and clearly demonstrate the truth of what sons of toil no more to enjoy or avail themselves has been already advanced, that, were the sabbath of its rich provisions for their instruction and eleabolished, or given to working men as a day of vation, not only should we soon see religion dismere bodily refreshment and recreation, and not regarded, that blessed light of heaven, that sunas a religious institution, they would soon be re- shine of the sky which is chasing the shadows of duced to a condition worse than that of the un- ignorance, and dissipating the mists of error and taught savage?
superstition ; which is awakening man to spiritYes ; man is equally liable to degenerate as he ual life, arousing to healthful activity in him all is capable of improvement-more so; for he must the springs of moral feeling and intellectual be aroused, urged forward, forced on, almost energy; not only would this morning-beam be against his will: to take the downward path of shut out from the sons of toil, those glad tidings degeneracy, he needs only to be left unmolested to which Jesus so frequently preached to the poor, in choose his own way:
the weekly assembly upon the sabbath-day, be Are there those who deny this? who look upon put without the reach of working men, but we man as not a fallen and depraved being, shorn of should soon see them deprived of those civil instithe glory of his primeval excellency, ever liable tutions which secure to them personal liberty, and to sink lower and degenerate farther, unless in- degraded to a condition of mere vassalage. Auences from without reach him; but as a being who has raised himself by the unaided exercise of the powers of his own mind, from a condition little above that of the brute creation to his pre
MISSIONARY RECORDS. sent state? I ask them but to survey the page of human history, to become convinced of the absurdity of such an idea. Can they point to the
No. XLI. records of any tribe of the human family which, froin a condition of rude barbarism, and shut out
Thou, whose almighty word
Chaos and darkness heard, from all intercourse with civilized nations, has ever
And took their flight, raised itself above such a state? They cannot:
Hear us, we humbly pray; it bas uniformly been the entrance of the mis
Apd, where the gospel's day sionary, the trader, the emigrant, from more
Sheds not its glorious ray, enlightened and civilized nations, which has
“ Let there be light.” changed the condition of such a people.
Had it been as they say, had man been formed BRITAIN'S MEED OF MISSIONARY PRAISE.the being they represent him, and had the voice of “How good it was in the Lord to select our sinGod never reached his ear, had no celestial visit- ful nation, and make it in this latter day his ant ever arrived upon our planet, man had never chief instrument in spreading his gospel through risen one step above his first condition. If then, the world! How ought we to praise him that as the history of mankind abundantly proves, re- he used poor and weak instruments, that none ligion founded upon revelation be the only really might glory in his presence !
What thanks are efficient means by which man can be raised to that due to him, that so many doors of entrance have state of perfection he is capable of attaining; if, been opened into every part of the heathen as we trace the progress of Christianity among the world !' What praise shall we render to him, that nations, we find an advancement in civilization he has disposed his people to contribute above following in her footsteps, and an amelioration of two millions of pounds sterling to this cause in the social condition of the people marking her the last fifty years! What praise especially can progress, may we not reasonably attribute to her we render enough to him, that he has sent forth seventh-day rest all the temporal blessings which, so many devoted labourers into his harvest; that as she advances, she is conferring upon the labour- many have sealed their testimony by sacrificing ing population ? And would not the abolition of their health and their lives in unwholesome clithis institution, or the appropriation of sabbath mates, that they might win souls to Christ! And hours to other than their proper use, be effectively still more how ought our songs to abound, in reto exclude those, who obtain their daily bread by membering the many thousands that have corthe labour of their hands, from a participation in dially embraced the gospel ; of whom many have the benefits which the knowledge of revelation already been gathered to their heavenly rest, and confers upon man? No more effectual step could thousands are now in different parts of the world be taken towards the demoralization, I had almost proving and manifesting the grace of the gospel ! said the brutalization, of the labouring population, What thanks we owe to him, that we have good than that of inducing them to look upon it as á hope that the word of God 'in their own tongue mere human holiday, which may be occupied in is so introduced, and the gospel is so firmly any way fancy may dictate. Barbarous and de- based now, in West Africa, India, Ceylon, New grading sports, bull-baiting, cock-fighting, and Zealand, and other countries, that it will grow such like; drunkenness, revelry, and riot, would, and increase, and never more be cast out from with fearful rapidity, take the place of the solemn those distant rgions ! Let us be careful assembly.
to give all gry to our God; for be has said, He who would seek to enslave and degrade the * Them that honour me I will honour; and they