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The visitor replied, that he certaiuly had a catholic | thee such good things as pass men's understandbook; but it was not of that sort for which, he ing, pour into our hearts such love towards thee, supposed, the inquiry was made. The visitor that we, loving thee above all things, may obtain then held up in his hand a book of family prayers, thy promises, which exceed all that we can desire ; and said, “This, in a certain sense, is a catholic through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen." Two book : and I hope to prove it to your entire satis- or three expressed their admiration of that prayer. faction.” He further remarked that he saw before The visitor : “ Hear a third prayer read.” him a large company of persons from various “0 God, who declarest thy almighty power parts, some from England, some from Ireland, most chiefly in showing mercy and pity, mercifully and some from Scotland ; that, in all probability, grant that we, running the way of thy commandsome of them were called by men presbyterians, ments, may obtain thy gracious promises, and be some methodists, some catholics, some church- made partakers of thy heavenly treasures, through men; but he could not speak to them as catholics, Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen." or as presbyterians, &c. There was one name by Through God's blesssing, the effect was dewhich all those who were present, including him- lightful. Two or three Roman-catholics said : self, yea, and all mankind, might be called, and “The prayers are beautiful.” Then one said : that was, poor helpless sinners. People of all May I have a copy of the book?" He was nations, and people of every colour, must come immediately followed by a second and a third, under that name sinners. The holy bible de- saying, Will you give me a copy of the book, clares the sacred truth, that “ we have all sinned, sir ?" The visitor next explained the purport of and come short of the glory of God.”

his visit, and gave a short exhortation on the There was another name by which he hoped all comfort of unity, and the necessity of parties the persons then before him might be called, if they studying that Christian grace, who are to sail had been baptized in the name of the Father, and together in a ship to a foreign adopted country. of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost ;” and that He further remarked, that to unite together in was, by profession, “ Christians.” Nevertheless, prayer, and in the reading of the bible, on board when every one looked into his own heart, he must ship, was one of the best means of promoting confess, in the words of David (Ps. xxxvi.), “The union of heart amongst themselves ; and further, transgression of the wicked saith within my heart, that he would give to all those persons, who would that there is no fear of God before his eyes." use it in their families and messes, a copy of the * Permit me to ask a question : Is there any one family prayer-book, also a book of select homilies, in this company that can hold up a hand and for their instruction. say, I am not a sinner?” Here followed a pause,

The Roman-catholics were the first to make an and perfect silence. The visitor proceeded: "Our application for the family prayer-book, and prosilence declares all of us to be under the convic- mised to use it on board ship. The visitor was tion of sin. And how awful is the consideration engaged nearly two hours in presenting the people that that is the state of all mankind !” In argu- with books, and in writing their names within, as ment, therefore, he would say that, if words of they came up to him in small companies. One prayer can be found to suit all men as sinners, and man, who came up nearly the last, said: “I really to express the desires of all men who are con- thought, sir, that you were distributing catholic vinced of sin, then the book which contains such that is, Roman-catholic books; but I have been words as will help people of all nations to express reading those which you gave to a companion of the desires of their heart in prayer to God, and to mine, and I find them to be excellent books. plead the merits of the atoning blood of our Lord Please, sir, I shall be thankful if you will supply Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and, me with copies of the same books." through faith in that holy blood, to find accept

They all expressed their thanks for the books, ance with God, peace of mind, and the grace of and appeared to be really grateful for the kindness the Holy Spirit to guide them into the path which shown them. leads to heaven, then he need not be ashamed to

It was once remarked to the society's visitor, call that a catholic book. Such a book he held in by an official person on board ship, that the books his hand. He wished them to hear a prayer read ought not to be forced on any Roman-catholic. from the book. Immediately upon that announce- They are not forced upon any man ; and, in the ment there went a cry throughout the room, instance above mentioned, all persons came up to “Hats off! hats off !” 'The following prayer was

the visitor voluntarily, and received the books. then read : “ Almighty God, give us grace to cast away the works of darkness, and put upon us the armour of life, now, in the time of this mortal life,

THE MINISTRY OF ANGELS*. in which thy Son Jesus Christ came to us in great - While surrounded with the luxuries of nahumility; that in the last day, when he shall come again in his glorious majesty, to judge both the ture," said the reverend gentleman, “a thought quick and dead, we may rise to the life immortal, ing over us : are they not all ministering spirits

occurs to my mind that angels may now be hoverthrough him who liveth and reigneth with thee and sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs the Holy Ghost, now and ever. Amen." At the end of the prayer a man exclaimed : “Ah, they templating the external world.” By Catharine Lake, London :

* From "The Use of the Senses when engaged in conare beautiful words of prayer.”

Nisbet.

We have extracted the above piece from a The visitor said: “ If you approve of that work written with the best intentions and on pious prinprayer, then hear another read.” And he pro- ciples. But the authoress has not the art of constructing ceeded :

natural conversation. Friends do not usually, in their social

| intercourse, recite every moment long pieces of poetry. We "O God, who hast prepared for them that love think, however, that the volume may be useful.— Ed.

1848.

of salvation ? It is a joyful reflection that wbile reux, “ do the obedience of these celestial in habit. we journey homewards angels are our convoy, ants of heaven exhibit to the obedience of sinful and when we leave our mortal tenement angels man. Alas! man often makes resolves, and in the will be our companions. Much mention is made, hour of trial breaks those resolutions : even the in the holy records, of those celestial beings, who, obedience of the regenerate is but partial. Somewhen this world 'was created, shouted for joy, times their love is ardent, at others it is lukeand who, when the people of the Lord needed warm : sometimes they are watchful and diligent, succour, flew down with their commissions of at others they are drowsy at their post. Yet, o mercy, and afforded them aid."

joyful consideration! when they join the heavenly “When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea,” | hierarchy, they will be privileged to sing a more continued Mary, “mortal ears were privileged to melodious song than even angels; who cannot sing listen to harmonious lays; the shepherds abiding the song that they who are chosen from among in the field, keeping watch over their flock by the sons of men will be privileged triumphantly to night, heard the seraphic strains. O how wela sing, and that rapturously, around the throne of come must those heavenly sounds have been unto the eternal. Unto him that loved us, and washed the shepherds' ears! No words of terror did they us from our sins in his own blood, and hath made proclaim : nothing to strike fear in the human us kings and priests unto God and his Father, to heart was heard from seraphic tongues. "Glory him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will towards men,' was the purport of the angelic hymn:

Miscellaneous.
"Sweet it was when angels sang
Their hallelujahs loud,

The CHURCH OF NOTRE DAME, AT PARIS.-
When the gospel day began,

Through such avenues we threaded our way, half And dawned beneath the cloud;

blinded and quite stunned, to the front of the veneThat glorious ray which is to light

rable cathedral; an open space, indeed, but more reOur footsteps on the road,

sembling a filthy inn yard than the approach to one Disperse the gloom of sable night,

of the most famous churches in Christendom, where And lead our souls to God.'"

every kind of filth was allowed to accumulate, and

rubbish might be cast, not in secret, but under the “ It is also declared in the records of eternal great eye of heaven. Not a trace of reverential care truth,” said Mr. Devereux, “that the angels re- gave token of Christian piety or antiquarian sentiment; joice over the conversion of a sinner. Those an- but the poor old majestic pile, neighboured by dirty gelic beings, witnessing the conquest of their great cafés and bankrupt-looking shops, seemed left meekly Messiah, join their voices in a louder strain, and i to vindicate its claim of respect before heaven, like tune their harps to a more harmonious effect over Christianity in its earliest days, rising above the scorns the conversion of the poorest of created beings, and the abuses of the world. I was disappointed in world of bliss. On these occasions increasing joy great romance, of which it is the scene; but abundantly hailing them as their future companions in the the size of the edifice, having received a shadowy

notion of an enormous building, from Victor Hugo's pervades the whole host of heaven, celebrating recompensed by the sense of dim antiquity which it every victory of the great Redeemer." - We also read,” exclaimed Mary, “that, when I recollect, not in ruins. Its square grey turrets are

couveys with more hoary power than any pile which a believer sleeps in Jesus, angels conduct his spi- the haunts of innumerable birds, former generations of rit to the mansions of glory; and we are like- whom have shivered away the crumbling stones, for wise told that when the trumpet shall sound, and their posterity to “make their bed and procreant the dead arise, angels will be commissioned to se- cradle in ;' and the low archways, over the humble parate the good from the bad, to divide the wheat portals beneath them, seemed carved out of wood from the chaff. They also desire to look into the which has been charred by the action of fire. The mysteries of the gospel ; yes, those high intelli- interior is naked ard gloomy, and struck us with a gences endeavour to probe into the wonders of vault-like chillness. How different from the pride of redeeming love, and to penetrate the grand elevated on broad platforms of steps, a huge Grecian

Paris, the Madeleine, which we visited the next day, scheme, though they do not require the blood of building of white stone, like an Athenian temple the Lamb to wash them from sin. Redemption without, like a gaudy music-room within! The in. is a theme which the angels delight to contem-terior is still unfinished ; but all glowing with purple plate, because it enhances the Saviour's glory, and gold, without shadow, without repose, shows that swelling their own souls to exalt his name." in its perfection it will be a miracle of French art

“Moreover, the angels," ejaculated the pastor, raised to French glory. For such a gew-gaw as this “ rejoice to do the will of God: their obedience do the Parisians neglect their own holy cathedral; but is not mixed up with disobedience, or their holi

no wonder: self is ever rebuked before the embodied ness with sin: their zeal never waxes feeble, their presence of ages : Notre Dame is the grave of vanity, love never diminishes : these spirits are good and the Madeleine will be its throne.—Sergeant Taluntainted; their joys, likewise, are unsullied ;

fourd's Vacation Rambles. their peace is undisturbed. Kingdoms may be overthrown, and the world come to an end ; but the angels will still drink the fountain of God's London: Published for the Proprietors, by EDWARDS love, and be bappy in the presence of the Deity. and HUGHES, 12, Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be Ages may roll away; but still, in unbroken feli- procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country. city, they will strike their golden harps, and tune them to Immanuel's praise.

PRINTED BY JOSEPH ROGERSON, O! what a contrast," continued Mr. Deve

24, NORFOLK-STREET, STRAND, LONDON.

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LEBANON.

from the north of Balbec takes its course towards

Tyre; the Jordan, which sends its waters to the LEBANON is an extensive range of limestone moun- south-- all prove the altitude of the region from tains, extending in a kind of crescent from the neigh which they rise. The loftiest point is termed the bourhood of Sidon on the west to the vicinity of Sannin, and from it the horizon seems well-nigh Damascus eastward. It is distinguished into two boundless; the sight being lost over the desert, principal ridges parallel to each other : the most which stretches towards the Persian gulf, and over westerly is known by the name of Libenus ; while the sea which washes the coasts of Palestine and the opposite or eastern range is called Anti- Syria. A different temperature, of course, prevails Libenus. Between them is the long valley of in different parts of this mountain ; whence the Cælesyria, or Hollow Syria, termed in Josh. xi. expression of the Arabian poets that “the San17“ the valley of Lebanon.”

pin bears winter on his head, spring upon his The highest elevation of these mountains is to shoulders, and autumn in his bosom, while sumthe south-east of Tripoli. The Orontes, which mer lies sleeping at his feet.” Its height is stated flows from the mountains of Damascus, and loses to be 9,520 feet. itself in the sea below Antioch; the Kasmia, which We find Lebanon frequently rc.erred to in scrip

2

VOL. XXV.

ture-very generally for the cedars which abounded its nature is, we cannot tell; but we know the there, but which are now reduced to a very small hand that infused it into the great atmosphere, proportion. Of this tree an account has been and has directed its course; and truly to know given in No. 458 of the Magazine.

this is the best, and beginning of other, wisdom. The mountains of Lebanon are by no means It appears, then, that in the month of August, barren, but are both well cultivated and well 1817, a new and terrible malady broke out at peopled : their summits are in many parts level, Jessore, the capital of the Sunderbunds, in India, and form extensive plains, on which grow corn and a large city, distant about fifty or sixty miles from various kinds of pulee. They are watered by Calcutta. Its character is painted in the deepest rivulets and streams, which diffuse a freshness and colours. Hundreds fell victims to its deadly arm fertility in the most elevated regions. Hence Solo- in a brief space of time : men were stricken sudmon says, “A fountain of gardens, a well of denly by the invisible enemy, fell to the ground, living waters, and streams from Lebanon” (Cant. and in a few hours claimed the communion, dust iv. 15). Vineyards and plantations of mulberry, to dust. The brahmin and the pariah fell alike olive, and fig trees are found on terraces formed before its march. An universal panic seized the by human labour; while the soil of the declivities whole city: the shops were closed, the courts of and hollows is most excellent, and produces abun- justice were void of applicants, and all public and dance of corn and oil and wine, as celebrated now private business was wholly paralyzed. The disas in the days of the ancient prophet (see Hosea tricts round about the city were full of terrified xiv. 5-7).

people, endeavouring, with a vain haste, to fly from the power of the pest. In a few weeks the pestilence numbered ten thousand victims. From

this time and place cholera extended itself. It THE GREAT EPIDEMIC.

clung to the muddy margins of the Ganges, and

crept up its tributary streams, carrying terror and At a period when it can no longer be doubtful death in its route. As the tide of pestilence thus that the scourge of all nations, Asiatic cholera, rolled over India, it fell in with the grand army has actually touched our shores, and when, na- under the marquis of Hastings. Cholera here turally, the probability of its extension and showed its full powers; and the fighting men who fatality occupies much of the attention both of the bad escaped death in battles, and braved dangers learned and unlearned, I have thought a sketch and difficulties of the most arduous kinds, sank of its history in the years 1831-32 likely to prove like little children in the giant's arms. In five both of value and of interest to many of my days five thousand men fell, not by the sword, readers. I believe that many false and erroneous nor at the cannon's mouth, but smitten with this ideas connected with this terrible visitation of unconquerable disease. divine Providence are abroad. Some of these Such was cholera in its birth and infancy-a are comparatively harmless ; but others demand disease of inexplicable origin, and of an unpaexposure, lest, if the disease develop its awful pro- ralleled swiftne:s and mortality. It was not long portions in the midst of us, we should be found on in enveloping the whole of the immense region of the one liand lulled into a dangerous apathy, or, on Hindostan. From hence it invaded the Maurithe other, terrified into an almost more dangerous tius, Ceylon, China, Persia, Arabia, Russia, Popanic. The disease does undoubtedly lose many land, Prussia, and Austria, and, on the thirtyof its terrors, when its aspect, character, and first day of August, 1831, cholera reached Berlin, symptoms of approach are calmly considered; but descended the Elbe, and on the seventh of Octowhen we remember its fearful fatality, amounting ber, in the same year, it made its appearance at in some instances to one in two attacked by it, Hamburgh. and look back upon its wide and long career, over- Returning from this rapid, and necessarily imstrewn with the bodies of many millions of our perfect survey of its dread itinerary, several sinfellow-men, the mere rumour of its proximity, how gular circumstances marked its career. Of these much more the actuality of its presence, call for the most extraordinary was one that took place the exercise of the most energetic precautions, in India. A female, daubed and painted in a and, as voices from the dead, speak in solemn frightful manner, with a frantic wildness in her accents to every individual in the community, face and gestures, and her black hair streaming “ Set thine house in order; for thou mayest die." over her shoulders, suddenly made her appearance

The chain of natural causes which were set in in the streets of the city, and declared herself the motion by Him whose sore scourge this pestilence Avatar-fiend of the pestilence. Mounting an is, to give birth to a disease so strong and fearful empty car, with a sword in one hand and incense as Asiatic cholera, cannot be discovered ; and, un- vessel in the other, she proceeded through the til more is known of the nature of the poison, streets, accompanied by a crowd of half madmen, cannot even be conjectured. It has been sought with musical instruments, who filled the panicin the prevalence of an unusual degree of moisture struck streets with their horrid and discordant in the district of Hindostan, wbich brought the notes. Crowds of terrified people accompanied monster forth, giving an unusual activity to the the procession, at the end of which was a long process of vegetable decomposition in those burn- train of eniply carts, compelled to join in by the ing regions. The supposition, bowever, is value- ferocious bearing and threats of the woman. The less, save as a plausible cloak to our actual inhabitants of the city came to their doors, and ignorance on the subject. The science of a future vere filled with tear and trembling; and the age may unfold the mystery ; but, until this is so, wildest panic was overspreading the devoted spot, the best wisdom is to confess the completest igno- when the authorities suddenly pounced upon the

What the air-poison arose from, or what wretched pseudo-goddess, locked her up in prison, and in a very short time routed the entire proces - | double handkerchief over the lower part of the sion. Nevertheless, a settled gloom filled every face. The proclamation of the General Board in heart, and the dreaded pestilence soon rose to an some degree sanctioned these extreme views of vnusual degree of violence, attacking, among its the danger. They advised the house where a earliest victims, the unhappy woman herself. In cholera patient was taken ill to be branded with Persia it also proved very deadly : twenty pea- the word “sick,” in large letters on the door ; sants, in prime of life, and in the fullest physical and, when even the poor invalid had been removed, vigour, were seized by it, and ere the morrow's the word “caution” was to take its place. This sun not one was left alive. At Shiraz it was met proclamation, written apparently in haste, and with great alarm: salvos of artillery shook the betraying a manifest indecision of character as to sky all day long: assembled multitudes shouted the malady itself, was posted up in every marketinto the clear but fatal air: gongs were incessantly hall in the kingdom, and contributed not a little beaten, and trumpets sounded aloud; but the to swell the full tide of alarm which was rising pestilence was not to be frightened away, and in Britain. London was placarded in every disoon hushed the tumultuous city into the stillness rection with bills relating to the disease ; and a of death. The Turkish army was shut up and complete cholera-panic was created. Much the besieged in a fortified town; but the cholera fell same degree of fear pervaded France ; and, long upon the enemies, and in a little while the be- before cholera had reached this island, in the sieged were set free by its means. Such anecdotes Chamber of Deputies, at Paris, an attendant was might be multiplied beyond measure; but these appointed to water the floors at intervals with sosuffice to show some of its most terrible dealings lutions of chloride of lime; and, as he passed, more with the human race. It is calculated that in than one member would hold out his hand for the Hindostan it slew one-sixth of the whole popula- drops to fall upon, in the belief that they were tion; in Persia a similar number ; and in several adopting a valuable precaution against the risk of of the chief cities of Arabia one-third of the people infection. At various places on the continent, fell before it. Up to the period of which I am rigid sanitary cordons were appointed, consisting about to speak more particularly, the middle of of a line of soldiers drawn round any infected the year 1831, it has been calculated that cholera city, so as to hem the inhabitants and the disease had destroyed fifty millions of our fellow- into one spot. The roads were constantly pacreatures, or a sixteenth part of the entire popu- trolled, and the most vigilant efforts made to cut lation of the globe. Can this be so ? and will off the possibility of communicating the disease by men yet declare that this overflowing scourge is any one leaving an unhealthy spot for another. simply a product of some singular and accidental Letters and newspapers and packets transmitted combination of natural events, and pronounce the from one country to another were perforated and opinion, which refers its origin to the solemn chas- washed in vinegar. One newspaper at St. Peterstening of an outraged and offended God, a pious burgh assured its readers that they need not fear error, unworthy of an enlightened age ?

rance.

infection from their paper, as it was well fumiThe progress of cholera, as may well be ima- gated before it was sent, the manifest absurdity of gined, was watched with intense anxiety by the the proceeding never seeming to have entered into countries which appeared to lie in its probable the editor's mind. route ; and the state of public feeling in England Although it may be reasonably questioned whewas raised to a point of great excitement, when ther this alarm, in spite of the precautions it caused the announcement of its having reached Ham- to be taken, was not productive of more harm burgh was made. All vessels from the latter sea- than good, yet it is also certain that it was the port were placed under strict quarantine. Some parent of a vast number of most valuable sanitary idea of the feelings of many, in the prospect of this measures. Local boards of health were formed Visitation, may be gathered from the following ex- in various towns, and a rigid inspection of the travagant recommendations, put forth in one of the sources of disease in the habitations of the poor most powerful and best informed of the tri- and squalid was set on foot. Active cleansing monthly reviews. The wealthy were advised to measures were likewise adopted; and in some of fly witứ the utmost precipitation from the town the most wretched districts in east London so or city immediately that it became infected, and great an improvement was effected that it was to commit the keys of their dwellings to the ma- publicly declared that the places were so clean as gistrates. Lazarettoes out of town were recom- scarcely to be recognized. One of the most usemended as the resort of families: the dwellings of ful of these organizations was that of the ladies! those who were compelled to remain were to be committee, who by their strenuous efforts raised thoroughly disfurnished, with the exception of a large sums for the relief of the poor, and purfew apartments : a domestic infirmary was to be chased many thousands of blankets for distribumade of the drawing-room, and an apothecary's tion among them. Dispensaries for the supply of store of the pantry: no one was to leave the medicine to the poor, stricken with the disease, were house, nor any to enter: the necessary supplies of likewise opened ; and cholera hospitals were food and drink were to be obtained by hoisting formed. Visiting parties also went from house to them up in an iron basket from the upper windows house among the poor, and urged upon them the of the dwelling; and all were to undergo a tho- duty and safety of personal and domestic cleanroughly disintecting process before being used by liness. Much good was thus effected, and a state members of the family. Clergymen, medical of preparation existed which we can scarcely men, nurses, commissaries, and sextons were to parallel at the present time. live apart from the rest of the community; and Cholera now raged at Hamburgh. It found its the attendants on the sick were to be clad in rai- first victims in a horrid hole, called the Deep ment of oil-skin from head to foot, and to wear a Cellar; a place of resort for poverty and filth of all

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