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told afterwards it was very wrong for us to wish spirit, united for life, and, it was to be hoped, to be for, what then?"

re-united after death. And then he asked her how “Why, I suppose we must give it up, sir, and those could be one in heart and mind who could try and forget that we had ever wanted it; but it not agree on the only really vital point, the means would be a hard matter to one so young; and of salvation, the way to heaven? He proceeded to

... God knows what's best to be done, sir: I'm prove to her that, were she married to a Roman sure I don't. But, don't you think that, if you or catholic, her hopes, her fears, her works of charity, Mr, Morton would have the kindness to write to her spiritual pastors, her Sunday services, and her her, she would mind more? O sir, I do feel as if daily prayers, all must be different to his. And how, that would bring all right,” she exclaimed, and he asked, could the holy bond of fellowship, the smiled through the tears which still trickled down blessed feeling of having a one Lord, one faith, one her furrowed cheeks.

baptism”, and one hope of a joyful resurrection, For myself, I did not feel very sanguine as to with those we love, exist where that was the case the success attending on the adoption of the mea- Then he reminded her of her baptismal vows, those sure proposed; but, not wishing to damp the poor vows made before God, and in the presence of men wowan's new-found hope, I merely promised to and of angels, by which she was bound, to fight do all I could in the cause, and then took my under Christ's banner against sin, the world, and leave. Thinking that words of counsel would the devil; and he told her that, inasmuch as schism come more home to Kitty's heart from Mr. Mor- was sin, and that the Roman heresy was schism, ton, who had ever treated her as a father might his if she were tempted to the church of which child, and that, backed by his age and position, she had solemnly been admitted a member, that they would have more weight with her than any she would be breaking those vows and exposing thing I could say, I rode at once towards the vil- herself to the vengeance of an injured and strictly Jage, and entered the rectory, determined to lay just God. And Mr. Morton begged her to conthe case before him, and to ask him to write to the sider which, if religion became the subject erring one. I found the rector in his study, his of discussion between them, would be the more bible open before him, and his fine open counte- likely of the two to convert the other—McHale, nance wearing that tranquil and holy expression who would be supported by his spiritual advisers; which always marked it when he was engaged in by the fact of his faith being the faith of the counthe study of that holy book. Tears came into his try in which they lived, and the friends by whom eyes when he heard of the false step taken by "his they were surrounded, and supported by the aulittle Kitty;" and it was some minutes before he thority of a husband, which, if not always directly replied to my request that he would himself write exercised, is yet always felt by the weaker and less to her. At length he said, “ Yes, I will writer self-relying wife; or she, who would stand alone to-day-at once-there is no time to be lost; but in her belief, far from home and counsellors; she, I fear there is little hope of any thing that I can who had never given the momentous subject the say availing ought to change the determination of attention due to it, nor the thought nor the prayer the poor, wilful child; but let us pray, Relton, that sufficient to enable her to make a good confession I may be mistaken : let' us pray that the Holy of faith, or to give a satisfactory account of the Spirit may dictate my letter, and incline her heart grounds of the hope that was in her? “You canto receive it with meekness, as the word of one set not,” Mr. Morton continued, "answer this ques. over her in the Lord.” With my assistance, and tion with truthful candour, without acknowledging not without difficulty (for he was then very infirm) that your faith is not strong enough to resist the the venerable “ father of the flock” bent his knee, continued assaults of the tempter; that by marryand heartily and with tears did he wrestle, “wrestle ing a Romanist you are placing yourself on the

for the wandering, but still much- edge of a precipice, with but a broken fence to loved "sheep of his fold.”. Calmed by the exer- support you, should your feet totter on the brink.” cise, Mr. Morton arose; and having pointed out to “But,” 'the letter went on to say, “ supposing me a passage in a work he had been studying, that you are mercifully saved from the fearful guilt which he wished me to read, he sat down to write of apostacy from the true faith, yet think of the the letter, on which we felt that so much depended. daily trials to which you will be exposed by your : When it was finished, I myself rode with it to the proposed marriage with McHale, the constant mispost, to avoid all risk of accident or delay. It was understandings which will occur between you, and long, and forcibly and affectionately worded. He a husband with whom you must necessarily have began it, as to a member of his own family: "My some concealments, knowing that the very secrets dear child;" and throughout, the spirit which of your heart, if confided to him, might be revealed breathed was that of a father reasoning with a dear, through the confessional to the priest. Consider but wayward daughter. In the first place, calmly, the pain you would experience at hearing scoffing but without disguise, Mr. Morton set forth the dif- remarks, made by those dear to you, on the church ferences, of vital importance, which exist between of your fathers; the misery, if God give you chilthe doctrines of the churches of England and of dren, of feeling that they are being brought up to Rome, showing how soul-destroying are the tenets profess an unsound creed, with dangerously false of the one, when received in all their fulness, and ideas of God and Christ, and of the way by which how pure and apostolical is the faith of the other, God's favour is to be obtained, heaven won, and when accepted with the simplicity of a disciple of hell avoided; and, moreover, to know that at the the meek and lowly Jesus. Then he spoke of the school to which you will be obliged to send them, close and holy nature of the marriage-tie; bade they will be taught to regard the traditions of men Kitty remember that those united by it were “no with equal, if not with greater veneration than the more twain, but one fesh,” one in body, soul, and inspired word of the Almighty, and to break his

in prayer,

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holy commandment by bowing the knee to other THOUGUTS ON THE CHARACTER OF names besides that of Jesus, which is the only CHRIST AS THE ONLY MEDIATOR*. name given among men whereby we can be saved.” In conclusion, Mr. Morton urged on Kitty the BY THE REv, BEAVER H, BLACKER, M.A. sacred and binding nature of the duty wbich she owed to her parents; he represented the grief they “For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and were enduring at the thought of her union with man, the man Christ Jesus."-1 Tim. ü. 5. McHale, and assured her that, did she persist in her determination to become his wife, her marriage

FROM this chapter of St. Paul's first epistle to would be unsanctioned by their approval, and un

Timothy we derive authority for the use of prayer, sanctified by their blessing. Then, with a prayer creature. But, while the word of God permits the

not only for the church, but for every fellowfor her peace and welfare, and many assurances of intercession of living saints in behalf of their living his unabated interest in and regard for her, he ended this affectionate appeal by assuring her that

brethren, it totally excludes that most anti-scriphe was then, as ever,

tural opinion, that departed saints may be sup"her faithful friend and

plicated to mediate between God and men: pastor.

1. There is one God, and one Mediator between “Surely," I thought, as I laid the letter down,

God and men, the man Christ Jesus. We may “surely it must have some effect on the warm therefore, and we ought to, pray for each other hearted Kitty.” Alas ! she was warm-hearted, but

here; but, since the work of mediating, or of very, very much more was she self-willed ! About a week after this, I was teaching in the

effecting reconciliation, belongs exclusively to him

who died upon the cross for sinners, they who boys’ school, when a servant came from the rec- employ other mediators (as is publicly avowed tory to say that his master would be glad to speak to me before I left the village. Judging rightly

and practised in the church of Rome) forsake

God," the fountain of living waters, and, hewas to the nature of the communication about to ing out for themselves “cisterns, broken cisterns, be made to me, I lost no time in obeying the that can hold no water” (Jer. ii. 13), dishonour summons.

the Lord Jesus, and worship the creature as well “God has seen fit to deny us that for which as, or even more than, the Creator. we prayed, my dear Relton," said the rector, as I have thus exemplified one of the many species I shook his thin hand, and took the open letter, of idolatry; namely, the worship of God through which he held out to me: “May he, who often- false mediators. It is true that he appointed a times brings good out of seeming evil, do so now! kind of mediator between himself and the Jews, Kitty is determined, you will see, to plunge into and conferred the office first on Moses, then on troubled waters. Heaven grant that they may only Aaron, and subsequently on the high priests in make shipwreck of her earthly happiness, and that succession ; but all these, as we well know, were by its ruin she may be led to turn where more merely typical, were mere shadows of that one abiding happiness is to be found."

grcat High Priest and Mediator who was to be A heartfelt “Amen!" was the only reply I revealed, and “who, when he had by himself made, for my heart was full.

once purged our sins, sat down on the right hand Kitty Kyle's letter was well written and well of the Majesty on ligh” (Heb. i. 3), where he, expressed, and in it her character might be read. and he alone, *ever liveth to make intercession" It was both grateful and affectionate; and she de- for us (Heb. vii. 25). This one Mediator we scribed herself as deeply pained at the anxiety have; and hence it follows that the worship which which she was causing friends who must ever be

so many persons pay to angels and saints is really most dear to her; but-her resolution was taken, a false worship not distinguishable from idolatryt. and was unalterable ; her happiness depended on It has, indeed, been urged as an excuse, that her union with McHale; and McHale's wife she they worship them only as mediators. Now, was quite determined, at all hazards and in spite even if this excuse were good (which we, from the of all opposition, to become. Her parents' con- public and allowed offices of their church, may sent she said she was sure of obtaining ; and she well deny), yet to apply to a false mediator is as was right: she assured them that, separated from much a departure from Christ Jesus, our only Adher lover, her heart would break: they could not vocate, as to worship a false deity is withdrawing bear the thought of seeing their pretty child pining our allegiance from the true God. St. Paul says, away, and it might be dying; and, as in every expressly, “Let no man beguile you of your other case, their wills yielded to hers, and they reward in a voluntary huniility and worshipping wrote the blessing which they could not in person of angels, intruding into those things which he hath give.

not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind, and Not many weeks after, in a Roman catholic not holding the head which is Christ" (Col. ii. chapel, Kitty Kyle vowed to love, honour, and | 18). In such terms the apostle forewarned Chrisobey Ryan McHale, the papist !

tians. The worship of angels and saints, as meA. E. L. diators, nevertheless, made its way into the church

about four hundred years after, and has continued ever since, in defiance of his admonitions, and against the whole tenor of the sacred scriptures. Though many subtle distinctions have been

* The substance of this paper appeared some years since, as an anonymous communication, in an Irish periodical. It is now reprinted, with alterations.

† Jeremy Taylor's “ Dissuasive from Popery," p. 47. Oxford : 1836,

drawn to palliate the idolatry of the church of Strange as it may appear, the purport of his Rome, one cannot "peruse her popular works of words* can be nothing else than this--that, if a devotion without being convinced that, if there be man be just, if he have no sin, Jesus Christ is his such a crime as formal idolatry, she is guilty of Advocate ; but that if he be a sinner, he needs anit.” Whose image, I would ask, is most honoured other advocate, even the mother of Christ ! “Once in every Romish sanctuary? Is it not that of the introduced to her,” says Albertus Magnus, as virgin Mary? The Romanists, however, will quoted by this same Alphonsus, once introtell us that supplication is only made to the blessed duced to her, let us be silent; for it does not bevirgin that she may act as the intercessor of her come us to open our mouth before the Lord, whom worshippers. To this we may at once reply, that we have so much offended, but leave Mary to to look to her for intercession (and what I now speak and intercede for ust”. Thus, the sinsay has reference to the whole doctrine of the ner is taught, not only that it is to the mercy of intercession of departed saints) is to interfere with Mary that he is to flee from the vengeance of her one of the fundamental verities of our holy faith, Son, but that, having fled to her, he is not even with one of the deepest sources of Christian con- to dare to pray to God, but to leave the whole solation-the intercession of the one and only matter of his salvation to her intercession. Mediator. For, guard their language as they However much this may be approved by the may with qualifying cautions, the practical effect church of Rome, what would it have appeared to which the Romish writers labour to produce is the penitent thief upon the cross? Did he, in this; to interpose between Christ and the sinner dread of his Saviour's presence, appeal to the another mediator,” and to represent the Son of virgin for her intercession ? Did he not rather God, whose nature and property is ever to have address himself immediately to Christ; and was not mercy and to forgive, “either as an angry and his prayer at once accepted? Yes, he did not for vindictive Being, from whom the virgin is to save a moment think that there could possibly be any the sinner, or else as an infant under the govern- one more capable of entering into his wants, of ment and tutelage of his mother."

sympathizing with his infirmities, and of comThroughout the New Testament we have many passionating his sins; convinced as he was that exhortations against this grievous sin, because into Christ, his fellow-sufferer, was his only refuge, it “little children” (1 John v. 21) are so easily and that an appeal to any other intercessor would led; and it is because the sin is the result of a have been infinitely derogatory to the goodness of scriptural principle wrongly applied, that those God. who have been educated in it are so unwilling Space does not permit, nor does occasion, I to renounce it. Nature and revelation alike de- think, require, that more should be said to prove clare that the Almighty is to the sinner an awful that the invocation of departed saints is in direct Being, a terrible God: this is a trati at the very opposition to the word of God. Whenever, or foundation of all revealed religion-a truth im- with whomsoever this invocation began, it was, I plied in our condemnation for original sin, and in must say, “a most unwarrantable and mischievous our consequent need of a Saviour. God, indeed, intrusion into things unseen: a rash and sinful is too terrible to be approached by man, even in á attempt to draw aside the veil which hides what state of redemption, except through a Mediator. God had determined to conceal; and a system, as But, what is the glory, what the consolation, of taught in the church of Rome, than which it is the gospel? Is it not this--that, to provide us impossible to conceive any thing (short of a formal with a Mediator, to give us the mcans of approach- denial of the Trinity) more utterly subversive of ing the otherwise unapproachable God, the Word Christianity.” In conclusion, I would quote the was made flesh, and the manhood was taken into words of St. Paul: “How shall they call on him God; so that in Jesus, perfect God though he be, in whom they have not believed ?” (Rom. x. 14). we have a great High Priest that is passed into Christ said : “Ye believe in God, believe also in the heavens, an High Priest that can be touched me” (John xvi. 1); but he never said, “Ye have with the feeling of our infirmities, and was in all believed in me, believe also in my mother and in points tempted like as we are, yet without sin ? my saints. No: “there is one God, and one Having such a Mediator, we are commanded Mediator between God and men, the man Christ to come boldly unto the throne of grace, that Jesus.” And, therefore, we must come to God, we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in not by saints, nor by any other mediator save the time of need” (Heb. iv. 16). Is it not, therefore, one, the Lord Jesus Christ. an impeachment of the mercy of God incarnate to seek another intercessor ? *

"Thou art the Way: to thee alone We have seen that the distinguishing feature

From sin and death we flee; of the gospel is to bring God nigh unto man, and

And he who would the Father seek man nigh unto God. “If any man sin," says

Must seek him, Lord, by thee. St. John,“ we have an Advocate with the Father, Alphonsus Liguori, and carefully revised by a (Roman) Jesus Christ the righteous.” (1 John ii. 1). But, Catholic priest;" which has been well described as a tissue of what is the opinion of St. Alphonsus Liguori, or mistaken devotion, absurd legends, and blasphemous prayers, rather of the church of Rome, who has set her addressed to the virgin Mary. seal to his impious and pernicious heresies ?t * “God having created the heavens and the earth, made

two great luminaries, the sun to rule the day, and the moon * Dr. Hook's sermon on the “Peril of Idolatry.” Lon- to preside over the night. “The former,' says Hugo, 'is a don. 1842.

figure of Jesus Christ, whose splendid rays illumine the just, † He was canonized, with four others, by the late pope who live in the day of grace; the latter is typical of Mary, Gregory XVI., on Trinity Sunday, 1839. See “The Glories whose mild lustre illumines sinners amid the dreary night of of Mary, Mother of God; containing a beautiful paraphrase sin.”on the "Salve Regina, translated from the Italian of St.

† "The Glories of Mary," p. 92.

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1

“Thou art the Way, the Truth, the Life: guilt, than by neglecting to use every practi

Grant us that Way to know,
That Truth to keep, that Life to win,

cable means of meeting the demands of a Whose joys eternal flow.”

growing and still extending population. In the theory of our own enlightened and well

balanced constitution, based as it is upon the THE DEDICATION OF THE TEMPLE:

foundation of Christian truth as laid down by

apostles and prophets, there is a provision A Sermon,

made for the maintenance of the worship of

God, and the spiritual instruction of the peoBY THE Rev. J. Davies, D.D.,

ple, over the whole range of the community. Rector of Gateshead, and Master of King James's In the practical working of that theory, howHospital, Durham.

ever inadequately and imperfectly it may

have hitherto been brought to bear on the 2 CHRON. vi. 41.

growing wants of the people, there is ample " Now therefore arise, O Lord God, into thy resting- scope given for calling forth into energetic place, thou and the ark of thy strength : let thy action the resources of both principles the priests, O Lord God, be clothed with salvation, and legislative and the voluntary, Nor, to a canlet thy saints rejoice in goodness.”

did and well-regulated mind, is there any We are this day assembled together, my greater inconsistency in the united action of brethren, for the special purpose of dedicating these principles than in the combination of a a new temple to the service of the high and legal provision for the poor with the exercise lofty One, that inhabiteth eternity. It must, of private and individual charity. Without therefore, be regarded as an occasion of pe- the former, the latter has proved itself inadeculiar interest and importance by all those quate: without the latter, innumerable modes who are capable of forming a correct esti- and occasions of destitution must occur, mate of what is at once most conducive to the which the statutory provisions of the former glory of God and the welfare and happiness must be utterly incapable of meeting. The of mankind. While the whole material uni- edifice in which we are this day met must verse may be considered as one vast edifice, be regarded, like the vast multitude of reared for his worship and fitted to be the churches which have sprung up in the course dwelling-place of his majesty, yet, in conde. of the last quarter of a century, as the comscension to the limited faculties and capa- bined result of the national and the individual bilities of man here below, and in adaptation principle of action. The resources, by means to the exigencies and infirmities of his present of which it has been directly reared, have condition, he hath appointed, in all ages of been derived from the spontaneous offerings the world, and under every dispensation of of individuals; but it has sprung up, under religion, that specific localities and buildings the wing of the ecclesiastical establishment, should be provided for the several offices of and the liberality by which it has been called devotion, and the spiritual instruction of the into existence has unquestionably community. Such is manifestly the will of quickened into life and roused into energy him who knoweth what is in man; and it is a through the influence of that broad system of narrow and inadequate view of human nature, ramifications which is rooted in the national as well as an attempt to be wise above what mind, and is, I trust, gradually, though is written, to maintain that the interests of re- slowly, extending its growth to meet the deligion and its influence among the people can mands of the vast national community. And be sustained without such a provision. Uni- this, I rejoice to feel, it is effecting without Tersal experience has proved, what a previous the slightest encroachment upon that Chrisknowledge of the present character and con- tian liberty which secures to every member of dition of man would have suggested, that there the social body the right and the privilege of is no more certain way of generating every worshipping the God and Father of our Lord species of corruption, vice, and wretched Jesus Christ according to the dictates of his ness, eventually resulting in moral anarchy own conscience. and social disorganization, than to abandon A church having been thus built, it became crowded and still accumulating masses of a matter of propriety, of venerable usage, of human beings to utter spiritual destitution; scriptural precedent--as recorded in the chapnor can the legislature of a Christian country, ter before usmand of ecclesiastical requirenor the individual members of the Christian ment, that it should be folemnly set apart by church, easily commit a greater mistake, or a suitable form of praver and dedication, incur a larger share of responsibility and offered by the appointed chief pastor of the

*. Preached at the consecration of the church of St. Cuth church in this diocese, for the sacred services bert's, Gateshead, March 16, 1848.

for which it was originally designed. This is

the sole object and import of the impressive sence, without the display of the divine glory, ceremonial in which we are this day engaged. as manifested in the Shechinah resting over It would be the idlest superstition to ima- the ark, all this rich machinery would be of gine--it is what no enlightened member of no avail. Therefore it is that at the dedicaour church does imagine--it would be the tion of his temple, he exclaims with fervid grossest prejudice to represent it as designed and devout energy : “Now, therefore, O to impart, or as professing to communicate, Lord God, arise--leave as it were, the seat any inherent and indestructible sanctity to the of thy glory above, thou and the ark of thy materialism of which the structure is com- strength, that sacred depository of thy law, posed. In its spirit and intention it is simply that standing record of thy truth, that pledge a separation of the building and of the soil of thy protection, that lasting memorial of whereon it stands, and by which it is imme- thy power and strength—arise, and take perdiately surrounded, from all ordinary and manent possession of this thy appointed secular uses, for the purpose of being, in a earthly dwelling-place. Let thy presence be special manner, a "resting-place” of the di- ever here displayed, and be thou ever found vine presence. It is to indicate, in connec- of them that here seek thee." And, if under tion with the most sacred and elevating asso- that comparatively cloudy and ceremonial ciations, sustained by the most distinct and dispensation the presence of God, in the disencouraging promises, that henceforth this play of his various attributes of power and building is to be the residence of the divine holiness, of wisdom and goodness, was so glory; that this house is to be none other than essential in order to give meaning and effect the house of God; that, in its mystic signi- to his worship, how much greater reason fication and in its purposed instrumentality, have we, under a dispensation of pre-eminent it is to be none other than the gate of heaven; simplicity, spirituality, and truth, on such an and that the ground, peculiarly identified occasion to supplicate his presence in this with it, is to be regarded, like that which humble dwelling to be devoted to his service! surrounded the

the burning bush, as pre- It cannot, indeed, be too deeply impressed eminently holy ground.

upon onr minds, especially in these days, that In accordance with the high intent of this it is not the external materialism of the temecclesiastical ordinance, therefore, we feel ple, but the gold of the temple, the tbat the solemn invocation before us is pe- pure truth dispensed in the temple, that culiarly expressive of the views and feelings it is not the mechanism of the worship, but by which we should be actuated on such an the sincerity, the fervency, the enlightened occasion. “ Now therefore arise, O Lord and scriptural spirituality of the worship, that God," &c. In this devout and elevating can alone render it acceptable to him who has appeal there is, first, an unequivocal recogni- revealed himself as a Spirit, and requireth tion of the necessity of the divine presence, those that worship him to worship him in in order tbat a church may be a source of spirit and in truth. real benefit to the people. In fulfilment of This will be rendered more obvious while the will of God, and of his own pious and ar- we remark briefly on the second petition condent desire, Solomon had already reared a tained in this devout invocation : “Let thy structure of uprivalled splendour and mag- priests be clothed with salvation.” A temple nificence. In this, as congenial with the implies the service of priests—a Jewish temspirit of the existing dispensation, and as ple that of Jewish priests, a Christian church carrying into effect the express command of that of Christian ministers. In both cases Jehovah, he did right. He had garnished it is indispensably necessary that they should this superb edifice with a rich array of marble have a divine commission and suitable perand gold : he had prepared the holy place sonal qualifications. In respect of the forwith all its appointed furniture: he had reared mer requisite, in the case of the Levitical a lofty altar of incense: he had deposited the priesthood there could be no mistake. The ark of the covenant within tbe holiest of all; office .was vested in a peculiar tribe, and and the cherubim of glory expanded their passed down in hereditary succession from golden wings over the whole breadth of the generation to generation. This, however, sanctuary. All this was in fulfilment of the did not supersede the necessity of personal and divine command as expressive of the symboli- | individual religion. According to what is cal and shadowy character of that preparatory implied in the prayer of Solomon, it was not economy. It was essential to the due per- enough that the priests of the temple should formance of the temple worship. But, com possess a divine and authentic commission; paratively dark and emblematic of better it was not enough that they should have been things to come as that dispensation was, the solemnly ordained and consecrated to their wise man felt that, without the divine pre- office; it was not enough that they should be

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