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The very nature of this principle earnest of constant and universal implies a constant reference to God protection to the righteous, while of all our thoughts and of our on earth, and of a memorial which whole conduct. Whoever is in- never can perish. He may sink fuenced by the fear of the Lord, like others into the grave, and be will find pleasure in thinking upon forgotten of men; but his name his Name: other subjects may oc- is written in heaven, and it will casionally ocoupy the mind; but not be blotted out. to this the mind will immediately For the text points also, thirdly, recur, whenever it can escape from to a future reward:-"They shall be the commerce of the world, and mine, saith the Lord of Hosts, in the will then be most sweetly occupied day when I make up my jewels." when engaged in communion with " They shall be mine in that

“My meditation of him day.”—And to whom, then, do they shall be sweet," saith David : “I belong, whilst they remain in this will be glad in the Lord.”

state of mortality Are they not From this brief account of the even here the children of God? character of the righteous, we pro- Hath not Christ even now redeemed ceed, in the second place, to notice them to himself, as a chosen genethe honour which is conferred upon ration, a royal priesthood, an holy them even in the present life. nation, a peculiar people? They * A book of remembrance was are not their own, for they are written before Him for them that bought with a price; their body feared the Lord and that thought and their spirit are God's. If they upon his Name."

have crucified the affections and The mode of expression in this lusts, even in this life, they are passage seems to be derived from Christ's; and if they belong to the custom of princes, who insert Christ, they belong also to God. in a book, with a view to future But at the last day, when the promotion, the names of such per- judgment is set, and the books are sons as they think worthy of par- opened; when the Son of God ticular regard. The general in shall come to be glorified in his struction to be drawn from it is, saints, and to be admired in all an assurance of the watchful care them that believe, they will become and providence of God. And how bis in the most absolute and unfull of consolation is this idea to all limited sense. He will confess them that fear the Lord and that think before his Father and his holy upon his Name! The world may angels. They will be his exclutreat them with reproach ; but He sively, perfectly, and eternally. that is greater than the world They will behold his face, and watches over them for good. The stand around his throne ; not a ungodly may cast out their names cloud shall intervene to veil the as evil; but they are to be read in presence of their God, and all the the tablet of the skies. Like the happiness and glory of heaven will church of old, they may sometimes, be their's. They will be raised to in a moinent of despondency, be the possession of a kingdom, and ready to exclaim, “The Lord hath they shall rejoice for ever and ever. forsaken me, and my Lord hath Reflections of this sort appear to forgotten me :" but what would be be suited to an occasion, when we the answer ? “ Can a woman forget bend over the tombs of those who her sucking child, that she should have appeared as lights in the not have compassion on the son of world, and have departed, as we her womb? Yea, they may forget; have reason to trust, in the true yet will I not forget thee. I have faith and fear of Christ. It is usegraven thee upon the palms of my ful for the living, in such cases, to bands." The declaration is an take a lesson from the dead ; and --v. No. 158.



it is with this view especially, as mory and casual information have
many persons must have already supplied.
anticipated, that I have selected the The basis of his intellectual cha-
subject of our present meditation. racter was calm and profound re-
It certainly seemed to me not in- flection. He loved to take no
expedient that we should devote a principle for granted which might
short time on this day to the me- be traced out into simpler elements:
mory of one whose character has and his independence in pursuing
long been familiar to us, and whose such researches for himself, was
remains not a few of us have re- not more remarkable than the pa.
cently followed to the grave. I tient and steady labour of thought
should be sorry to convert the pul- with which he conducted them.
pit into a mere theatre for record. With these qualities, which might
ing the praises of human excellence, otherwise have only led into error,
and especially if the object of com- were happily united eminent sound
mendation possessed no clear title ness of judgment, a supreme love
to such a distinction. But an oc- of truth, and great elevation of
casional notice of instances, where mind. He was long in deciding,
uncommon talents appear to have but not indecisive; cautious, but
been devoted to the most sacred sure; and when he had once form-
ends, may be useful in promoting ed an opinion, acted upon it with
the glory of God, and the good of unwavering steadiness and energy.
our brethren : nor are we without It is not possible to conceive a
authority for this employment in human mind more free from preju-
Scripture, which frequently holds dice or littleness in its manner of
forth to our reverence and imita- viewing a subject: he always
tion those who through faith and thouglat on a great scale; always
patience inherit the promises. With took his observations as from a hill,
regard to the particular individual and through a serene and uncloud-
now in view, I cannot doubt that ed atmosphere.
the name of HENRY THORNTON This largeness of view led him
will sufficiently justify the com- to appreciate every subject on
memoration on which I am about which human thought can be ex-
to venture. I am indeed aware, ercised. He could not be indif-
that, in undertaking this task, I ferent to any laudable or innocent
tread on tender ground. There pursuit, which attracted the atten-
is danger, at all times, lest, in tion of others. Considering his
speaking of those whom we have numerous avocations throngh the
known and loved, we should trans- whole of life, it is surprising to
gress the dictates of a sober judg- what a variety of topics he had di-
went. There is also danger, in the rected his reflection. He was, in-
present instance, lest to some that deed, too close a thinker to be
liear me I should seem to exceed lightly diverted from any particular
the truth, whilst I state only what line of contemplation or inquiry,
many of you know and feel to be which happened for the time io be
true. Relying, however, on your among the favourite pursuits of
indulgence, I will endeavour to his leisure hours. of these he
trace, although with a feeble and generally had two or three; and
treinbling hand, some of the more as the course of public or private
prominent features in the mind and occurrences, or that of his own
Irabits and principles of our la- reading, perpetually renewed them,
mented friend; only premising, that bis range of ihought, instead of gra-
it is not iny object to give a la- dually narrowing down, as is often
boured or systematic delineation of the case, to a few fixed topics, con-
his character, but inerely to throw tinued to expand during the whole
together such particulars as me- of his life.

It is possible, that some persons in private life, this quality appearmay have inferred from the strict- ed still more eminently remarkable. ness of his principles, or from some His confidence, though not rashly fancied reserve in his manners, that bestowed, was uncommonly kind be was a harsh judge of mankind. and unreserved : and persons adThere cannot be an opinion more mitted to his friendship, were often incorrect. To say that he was to- perfectly penetrated by the franktally free from censoriousness, ness and condescension with which would be saying far too little. His be laid open to them his whole standard of excellence was indeed mind, and even asked their advice, extremely high, and no circum- though greatly his inferiors in age stances could tempt him to lower and wisdom.

Nor did he rigidly it; yet, in the application of it to restrict these marks of regard to individual instances, even where he one or two favoured individuals: he could not but disapprove, he was was indeed select in his friendships; not only singularly on his guard but he had a large heart; and against even a feeling, however wherever he thought that he saw slight, of bitterness or undue se- good dispositions, and an ingenuverity, but active and sagacious in ous nature, he readily stretched discovering the minutest ingredients forth the right hand of kindness. of mitigation, which the case ad- As one presumptive proof of this mitted. A fairer and more equit- unaffected candour and frankness of able judge never existed. If he temper, 1 may mention, his high estiwas proof against the contagion of mation of these properties in other popular partiality, he was equally men. If there was any one class of unswayed by popular prejudice. persons, whose mental qualificaIn him candour and lenity were tions he was apt, notwithstanding not weakuesses or impulses, but the clearness of his judgment, to virtues; and, for that reason, were overrate, it consisted of those who far more constantly to be relied evinced genuine feelings, and an upon than that passionate and pare open and communicative turn of tial indulgence which is, in fact, mind. No man, in fact, ever posonly a more refined selfishness. sessed a more genuine and solid

I bave mentioned the fancied character than himself: none better réserve of his manners. Strangers appreciated those who were dis. were certainly apt, on a slight inter- tinguished by the same excellence. course, to think him somewhat cold One of his most amiable characand distant. I remember the time, teristics was, the interest with when this was my own opinion: but which he promoted the growth it is wonderful how soon the im- and watched the developement of pression was usually corrected; and youthful talent or virtue. Young it is but just to observe, that as persons of unsophisticated minds life advanced, the real suavity of his weré admitted to the freest interdisposition became more and more course with him : he delighted 10 visible in his external deportment. converse with them, to read with His conversation was, indeed, of them, and to draw them into friendtoo reflective and disquisitory a ly discussion either on moral or pocast, to be always pleasing to su- litical subjects of a useful nature, perficial minds; yet no person,

or on works of taste. This paterhowever moderate in acquirements, nal benevolence was rewarded by could enter even once into familiar the free acquisition of a paternal discourse with him, without being influence. His kindness, his counstruck by his total exemption from sels, not uttered with awful graevery kind and degree of stateli- vity, nor introduced with careful ness, affectation, or disguise. To insinuation, but naturally poured those who saw him more familiarly forth by the flow of liis own mind,

could not fail to produce a deep stainless integrity. Purer hands impression on those whom he so were never engaged in the transhonoured ; and many are the hearts, action of human affairs. He was beyond the circle of his weeping not only 'clear from many little and orphan family, which are now obliquities of conduct that are ob. saddened by the reflection, that servable in persons who yet main. they have lost at once a guide, a tain a tolerable reputation in the counsellor, and a fainiliar friend. world, but he scrupulously avoided

Of his philanthropy, his huma- those low self-preferences, those nity, his unwearied charities, it is petty evasions, those deviations scarcely necessary to speak. Dur- from the strictest and straightest ing these many years, what labour rule of justice, which are often exof love has been performed, either cused as fair stratagems or pardon. in the senate, or in the way of able infirmities. His professional charitable contribution, in which and his public character, however, this our friend was not an eminent are so well known, both to the leader? And, notwithstanding the world in general and to many who secrecy with which he dispensed now hear me, that I am content his private alms, to whom are they with merely suggesting the subject not known? It was in vain for a to your recollection and renewed liberality so active and overflowing respect. to shun the light. The gratitude In this sacred place, I will not of relieved and rejoicing families; stop to mention, that be excelled of the poor, the afflicted, and the in some slighter accomplishments, fatherless, has a voice which is not which, beyond the circle of his imto be silenced : the blessing of him mediate associates, he was not even that was ready to perish is loud: suspected of possessing,

Neither the song

of the widows' heart can. will I so far obtrude on the sanctity not rise unheard. I will not, of the house of mourning, during therefore, dwell on this point fur- its first flow of sorrow, as minutely ther than to say, that as he was to describe the domestic virtues used on no occasion to deny his as- which have "ceased from the gate." sistance to the claims of distress and Yet it would be unpardonable not indigence, or even to the fair exi- to observe, that the character so gencies of persons in less humble excellent and so much honoured stations of life, so, in all his libe- abroad, was beautifully consistent ralities of both kinds, he acted, with itself in private life. What not from a romantic sensibility, constant and unaffected kindness! but from genuine feeling, directed What perpetual evenness of temper! by sound principle. He consider- What careful attention to the weled himself as a 'steward, entrusted fare, both spiritual and temporal, by Providence with treasures not of all around him! What ready his own, and which it was as much communicativeness of discourse on his duty to distribute with econo- all subjects! What an unwearied my, as with generosity. Hence his solicitude, directed by the most exextensive donations were habitually cellent judgment, to educate the well directed; and the large por minds, call ont the faculties, imtion of his annual income which he prove the tastes, and form the set apart for purposes of benevo- principles of those over whom a lence, became still larger in its disconsolate parent is now weepeffect, by being measured out with ing as fatherless! an exact and prudent hand.

I now come to a topic which I As I have said little of his phi. have purposely reserved for the lanthropy, so I need not detain you last in this imperfect delineation on another bright feature of his of our lamented brotber: I mean, character; I mean, bis high and his religious character. I venture

to make his qualification in this trines which he adopted were those respect thus prominent, not because acknowledged by the Church of I think it an admirable addition to England; and to her communion he his other excellencies, but because sincerely and resolvedly attached I fecl convinced that it lay at the himself, but without any uncharoot and foundation of them all. ritable, censure of those who might He did thus well, because he prefer a different creed. feared the Lord, and thought upon It is to this event, as I have alhis Name." Doubtless, many sons ready observed, that the superiority and daughters of men have done of his character in after-life may virtuously; many splendid actions be traced. Had he forsaken the have been performed, and many principles in which he was educatgreat qualities exhibited, even by ed, and contentedly sunk into a worldly men: but where, except in state of irreligion, his vigorous the school of Christ, shall we find powers might have been known to that entireness of moral character; the world, only in exertions of a that impartial regard to all the pernicious nature. Or, had be rules of right; that assemblage of trifled with his conscience, and whatsoever things are true, or ho- continued to move on in wretched nest, or praiseworthy, or virtuous; uncertainty between belief and unwhich we are at this moment con- , belief, between God and mammon, templating with sad admiration ? his mind would have been crippled 0, my brethren! such excellence, by this indecision, and nothing like - in a partaker of our frail and clear, strong, and consistent ex

ruined nature, is the fruit of many cellence, in any line, could have prayers and meditations. It is been produced. But religion gave only on our bended knees that we scope to bis elevation. His powercan receive the baptism of the Spirit ful faculties, casting root as it were which shall thoroughly furnish us into this good soil, expanded themto good works. It is only froni the selves with freedom, and, by the altar of the covenant that man can grace of God, produced abundant imbibe that heavenly fire which fruits of righteousness. shall enable him to shine before the. In entering for one moment more world with the light of charity, particularly into the nature of his purity, uprightness, and holiness. religion, I would beg leave to point

Although our deceased friend out two peculiarities in it, which, had the benefit of a religious edu- when taken in connexion with the cation, yet he early betook himself character of the individual himself, to an earnest, deliberate and dis.' seem to me extremely striking. passionate inquiry upon the subject First, His religion was of a devoof religion ; an inquiry prosecuted, tional nature.--It was a religion 'I have no doubt, with all that ac- which strongly interested his affeccuracy of examination and labour tions. I do not mean, that it was of thought, that distrust of first made up of warm sallies or visionimpressions, and that judicious ary raptures; or even that it habitbalancing of opposite probabilities, ually indulged in strong and lively which formed a distinguishing fea. emotions of mind. Little do they ture of his mind. Through the know of a deep, and cherished, and blessing of God on this conscien- lasting affection, who imagine that tious search after truth, the result it consists in starts and passions, was, that he not only acquiesced or lives in a perpetual ardency and in the general authority of Revela- violence. But as the subject of tion, but determined to embrace it these remarks was far from every with his whole heart, to form his kind and degree of this false or life on its precepts, and found his forced warmth, so did he equally kopes on its promises. The doc. keep aloof from the error of men,

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