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who would resolve all religion into when there was proper occasion, a mere system of dry and cold rea- discuss the more speculative points son. His too was a religion of of theology with great judgment, reason, but it was also a religion and he always did it with exemof the heart. It was a religion of plary caution and humility. He warm attachment, and reverence, well knew also, that Christianity and gratitude, and trust. It was a has its mysteries- the deep things religion that commanded him to of God which man in his present love God with all his strength, and state must be content to see darkly: his neighbour as himself; a religion but he was extremely jealous of any that enjoined him to rejoice in the thing that tended to convert reliLord alway; a religion that told gion into a mere matter of speculahim of consolations in Christ, of the tive research, or a system of Mystifellowship of the Spirit; a religion cism. In his eyes, it was something that persuaded by fear, that con- far higher : he saw that it is intendstrained by love, that saved by ed to regulate the heart, the temper, hope, that provoked by example, and the practice; that it is the arthat wrought by charity.
mour to fortify us against principaI mention this as a very observa- lities and powers, against the rulers ble peculiarity, in a person so emi- of the darkness of this world, against nently distinguished for thought, spiritualwickednesses in high places; sedateness, and cool judgment, and that it is the renewal not of our inwho had adopted his religious tellectual, but of our moral and spiprineiples, not from impulse or pas- ritual nature; that it is the conforsion or the mere force of educa- mation of man to the image of God, tion, but on the soundest reflection not in knowledge, but in holiness.and fullest inquiry. And wbat Prayer, submission, deep humility, shall we say, then, to those, who strict self-examination, a diligent without any such reflection or in- use of religious ordinances, a carequiry, who, with intellects of not ful reference of every action and half his depth or compreh«nsion or feeling to the light of Scripture, a solidity, and perhaps with minds constant reliance on the influences of evidently led away by passion after the Spirit, an union with Christ;passion, and vanity after vanity, these were in his view the essentials the victims of impulse or the slaves of religion. He therefore so ran, of fancy, yet venture to condemn not as uncertainly; he so fought, all warm and earnest piety as irra- not as one that beateth the air; tional and enthusiastic ? If any but he strove in all things, by the such should be present, let me im- grace of God, to apply the great plore them to re-consider their truths of the Gospel to his own conopinions, or rather their impres- science and life.“ He feared the sions, at the grave of him, whom Lord, and thought upon bis Name," we are mourning: to contrast his not as an "object of curiosity or character with their own, and at scientific research, but as on the least not to censure the principles name of bis Maker, his Preserver, which he professed, as wild, or his Redeener, bis Intercessor, his rash, or visionary, nntil they have Sanctifier, and his Judge. That given the subject the same cautious, name he held above every other: sober, and heedful attention. it was the object of bis trust: it
The second peculiarity, which I was to him a strong tower, in would mention in his religious which he might take refuge, and be ebaracter, is this : that although safe. he was of a very speculative, or (if But it is time that I finish the I may use the word) philosophical sketch which I have so feebly atturn of mind, his religion was tempted. I cannot, however, diswholly practical.-Hecouldindeed, miss it witliout observing, that in
endeavouring to hold up this cha- perpetually proving delusive;---none racter to your affectionate esteem, of these things moved him. There I am far from forgetting the im- was not a gesture, or a look of imperfections that must attach to our patience; but his voice, his words, depraved vature even in its best his countenance, his manner, all mortal state. There is none good bespoke unaffected humility and but one, that is God; and no man resignation, and even seemed to could be more sensible of this truth improve in suavity and amenity, as than he who is no longer with us, the malady gained ground. If, therefore, he attained to uncom- In the earlier stages of his illness, mon excellence, it was not because he had little or no reason to apprehe was exempt from the corruption hend danger; but the long though that cleaves to man, but because, painful leisure to which he was with bumble dependence on Di- reduced, and the formed habit of vine help, he earnestly struggled his miod, threw him much on a conagainst it. Many, no doubt, were templation of the important topics the secret conflicts that he waged connected with an eternal state. It with evil inclinations, with the love was indeed a ground wbich he had of self, and the seductions of the often explored with care ; nor was world; and if in all these he was, it surprising to his friends to hear through grace, more than conquers him observe, that his views on or, he would still have been content these awful subjects remained unto throw himself on the mercies of changed. his Saviour, as an unprofitable ser- The malady, however, advanced vant. This, however, seems to me though slowly, and still the irritaonly a stronger reason for con- tion and the weakness, and the templating his character, in order weariness increased; and still there that we may see to what heights this appeared no mortal symptom; and frail nature, in which we all partake, still his friends hoped. But there may be refined by pureness, by is little doubt, that the patient himkuowledge, by the Holy Ghost, self now felt that his complaint by love unfeigned, by the word of had inflicted an incurable wound. truth, by the power of God. Although his understanding was
These were the helps, these the totally unclouded, weakness now principles, these the influences disqualified him for continued which supported our brother, when, thought; and this incapacity for after a life expended in the service his favourite employment of mental of his Lord, he approached the dark exertion pressed on him sorely, valley, where the rich and the poor But he knew whom he had believmeet together. His end was pro- ed: not a murmur passed his lips; duced by a long and consuming benevolence and submission reignillness; but an illness so deceitful ed on his countenance, and his lanin its operation, that till his last guid eye still sparkled at any inmortal day, his friends could telligence favourable to the cause scarcely persuade themselves to re- of religion. nounce hope. Yet it was a disorder, I purposely abstain from entering painful, and peculiarly harrassing, into particular anecdote; yet I can. especially to one of such diligent not but think this a fitting occasion babits and so active a cast of to mention one circumstance, which mind. But it is impossible to re- passed in the last conscious interpresent adequately, the manner in, view between this good man and which it was endured. Iucessant the minister of the church which restlessness and suffering; days of he usually attended. pain and irritation, and nights of After joining with the clergyman watching and weariness; the per- in devotion, as far as his enfeebled petual glimpse of amendment as conclition would permit, he took
leave of him with fervently implor- neral resurrection, in the last day,
MR. RICHARD BARLOW. those that “fear the Lord, and that On the 11th March, 1814, died, in the think upon bis name ?” Have we 86th year of his age, Mr. RICHARD stood together at the tombs of the BARLOW, of Princess Street, Manchesdead in Christ, and shall we never
ter; long known and highly honoured in share their triumphs, never sing mished reputation and exemplary piety.
the world, as a man of the most unblewith them the new song of victory In his religious sentiments he was strictly in the kingrlom of God? When we orthodox, and in all his conduct probade them farewell, was it for eter- dently benevolent. He was a friend nity? Was all over when we watch- and a warm supporter of every charited the painful bed, and inixed in able and useful institution, for several the melancholy train; and must we of which, in the populous town of be driven from their side, when. Manchester, he was, from a knowledge the Lord of Hosts makes up his of his great worth and ability, chosen jewels ? To whom should we fix the
duties of which, his uncommon
a trustee, and for the discharge of under the pressure of these awful wisdom, judgment, and natural, acquestions, except to Him who alone tivity, 'so admirably qualified him. has the issues of life and death? Though firmly attached, from principle, And therefore, “ O merciful God, to the Established Church, on whose the Father of our Lord Jesus services he regularly attended, as long Christ, who is the resurrection and as bis health would permit, he ever exthe life, in whom whosoever believ- ercised the greatest liberality towards eth shall live though he die, we
those who differed from himn in modes
of worship, being a lover of good men of meekly beseech thee, O Father, to
every denomination. raise us from the death of sin, unto
He departed this life in the faith and the life of righteousness, that when peace of a Christian, renouncing tia we shall depart this life, we may own righteousness, and relying solely on rest in Thee as our hope, as this our the merit of his Saviour, as the only brother doth ; and that at the ge- hope of fallen man.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
which we had fully intended to insert, we must now necessarily omit in conse-
whom it concerns.
will be inserted. JOHN; I. S. H.; 1. 0. Z.; ADOLESCENS; PER MARE ET TERRAM; Oudeis; KfEITTO;
W., EUSEBIA; $1107atiewv; Xngos ; G. C. G.; VOX; A CONSTANT READER :
B. H.; Filius CHRISTIANUS; ANNA; A. B.; C. W.; have been received. John's Sermon las also been received. We have not had time to peruse it; but
if it should prove suitable, it will appear. Many of the papers stated in the
preceding paragrapli to have been received, stand in the same predicament. We have often stated the impossibility of our making any use of Literary Intelli
gence pot sent to us before the 20th of the month.
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. respect to the death of Mr. Thorn
ton, in the words of the poet, HE author of the following quoted with a slight alteration :
paper was perfectly unknown to the individual whose death has
Multis ille bonis flebilis, occidit: been one principal cause of his
Nullis flebilior quam robis*, composing it. He alludes to the Society has also lately had to late H. Thornton, Esq., whose loss sustain the premature loss of other was announced in your Number for valuable men, who have been cut January. He deems this event a -off in the midst of their occupapublic loss; in which sentiment he tions for promoting the best intefeels assured of the full concurrence rests of their fellow-creatures. of many others, whose opinions are There is nothing which appears far more entitled to consideration
more calculated to try the faith than his own. Mr. Thornton was and resignation of a true Christian, a character wbo appeared to dis- than the consideration of several play the rare union of piety, talents, events of this nature taking place activity, moderation, and the most together within a short interval. expansive benevolence. Thiş ob- When he beholds the most amiable, servation relates of course to his excellent, and nseful characters cut public character, as a Member of off in the vigour of their age, and Parliament and a religious man; in the full flow of their activity, and the writer doubts not that his long before the evil days come, and private life was equally amiable the years wherein, comparatively and useful, though he has not the speaking, they can find no pleasame means and facilities for ap- 'sure ;—particularly, when he obpreciating its excellence.
serves the young- adorned with But this paper is not intended
piety and talents, which seem to for a padegyric, which, if necessary, qualify them for the most imporwould come with far more propriety tant stations in society, and to from other hands. It is only de- hold forth the fairest promise of signed to communicate a few cur- future excellence-snatched away sory observations on the dealings prematurely, and almost suddenly, of Providence, in the sudden and from their country and the world, premature removal of individuals he feels disposed for the moment distinguished for their useful and to cherish desponding views conexcellent qualities as men and as cerning the state of human things Christians. This is a subject not in general. And when, in addition unsuitable, I apprehend, to the to this, he reflects upon the great design of the Christian Observer number of vicious, selfish, and useat any time, and one which appears less beings, who are permitted to more especially congenial with the feelings of the friends and sup- and in the undisturbed enjoyment
pass a long life in perfect health, porters of that work at the present of their base or trivial pursuits ;moment, when the writer believes le may address many of them, with
Hor. lib. i. Ode 21.
when he observes individuals who, be slighted and abused, we have at with respect to the visible profit least no cause to envy the condi. of their lives, appear to be only tion of the culprits, however prosborn to eat and to drink, spending perous and desirable it may seem their days in idle tranquillity, and in a mere worldly point of view. long outliving others, whose con- How infinitely preferable is the lot tinuance in the world seems of the of the youngest Christian, who has greatest importance to the best been snatched away in the very interests of society ;-he is some- blossom of his prospects of usefultimes almost ready to murmur atness, compared with the final state the dispensations of an all-wise of the sinner who, being an hunProvidence. He is in danger from dred years old, shall be accursed! a temptation, similar to that which 2. To calm our discontent, let us prevailed for a time against the reflect upon those tokens of general holy Psalmist, when his feet had obscurity and mysteriousness which almost gone, and his steps had well pervade all our views of God's nigh slipped; because he was envi- moral government of the world.ous at the foolish, when he saw the This mysteriousness is observable prosperity of the wicked. When in a variety of particulars; in the be attempts to know this—to com- permission of so much evil, physical prehend the reason of this dispen- and moral, inseparable from our sation-it appears at first too pain- present existence; in the rise and ful for him.
fall of governments; in the appaBut these presumptuous feelings rently partial nature of some of the of discontent the Psalmist felt it Divine dispensations with respect to be his bounden duty to oppose; to the moral and religious improve and it is ours likewise, whenever ment of mankind ; in those unwe are in danger of being overcome avoidable obstructions and impeby them.-Perhaps the following diments, arising often from the considerations may prove of some unforeseen course of events, which use in assisting us to combat them either defeat or retard the best-laid with success.
plans for the advancement of human And, 1. We should begin with happiness; in the untoward distriburectifying our temper and views tion of wealth, power, and influence, wilh respect to that numerous part whereby those born to the highest of society whose vice, selfishness, or stations in society are too comindolence we cannot but deplore.- monly the worst qualified for perAs Christians, we must ever feel forming the duties of those stations. it our duty to wish well to all These appearances, together with men---to pray for all men. Instead others which might be noticed, are of repining, therefore, at the pro- doubtless very mysterious, and tracted existence of worthless or evidently belong to a system of useless characters, we may safely Divine government of which we and quietly leave them in the hands have a very imperfect knowledge. of their Creator and Judge. We Why should we wonder, therefore, are entitled to hope, generally, thật that, to this catalogue of the arcana they are spared by a gracious Pro- of Providence, another circumstance vidence for the purpose of being must be added; namely, the sudden addressed with farther calls to re- or premature removal of indivipentance and amendment; and we duals eminent for their piety, taought to rejoice in the long-suffering lents, and usefulness?
What is which affords them these continued there in this particular dispensaopportunities of salvation. And if, tion which should greatly surprise on the other hand, we cannot but us? Does it not accord exactly fear that such opportunities will with the rest of the Divine phenocontinue, in numerous instances, to mera, which must ever remain in a