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ternis of its constitution, disperses the tions. In the first place, we beg Bible alone, excluding the Prayer-book. leave to congratulate our fellowNow, as the one has been heretofore churchmen that one of lier dignitaaccompanied with the other, the syste- ries, who appears to have conscimatic rejection of the latter may induce entious scruples against the Bible the suspicion, that our Forms of Prayer Society, recognizes, fully and hoare not held to be essential, and, by consequence, that our religious esta nourably, the honesty and purity of blishments are not necessary. It is idle those churchmen who have deemto argue, though it has been alleged, ed it right to connect themselves that the members of the Bible Society with that Institution ; that'he admay, and do, individually, disperse the mits "them to be as a body actuated Prayer-book also. The fact we are by no other incitement than a wish, willing to allow, and in its utmost lati.

to promote the present and eternal tude; but stil, this is not the question: happiness of their fellow-creatures.” the main, the only point to be ascertain

This is as it should be. Every ed is, what constitutes the professed object, and the design of the Society, it

man objecting, in this spirit, has a self? Its claim upon public support must claim to be heard, and is almost rest upon that alone. An absolute mon.

sure to have due weight allowed arch may promptly dispense justice and to his objections, Let us then mercy, but what argument is that in proceed to discuss them. favor of tyranny? An Atheist may prac- The design of his lordship is to tise many public and private virtues, shew, that the Society for promotbut who, on that account, would abjure ing Christian Knowledge is entitled his God? In like manner, the merits to a “ decided preference" over, and the result of an institution must be the Bible Society; and indeed to judged of, not merely by the professions the exclusive" supportof Churçlią or conduct of even a large portion of its members, but by its own abstract nature

men. And the arguments by which and qualities. And in forming this esti- he endeavours to establish these mate, we are also called upon to consi- two points are these three. der, what the probable consequences of First, that, what be deems, the any plan would be, in case it were very systematic rejection" of the generally adopted. Judging then by Prayer-book by the Bible Society these rules, we cannot but think, that the tendency of the Bible Societies may tend to lower the estimation

of the Formularies of the Cliurch. is unfavorable to our Church EstablishToent. And we have less difficulty in

Secondly, that certain unnamed forming and declaring this opinion, inas. but disastrous consequences might much as we are not called upon in this, be anticipated from the general as in many other cases, to balance a adoption of the principle of the good against an evil; but may procure, Bible Society through our own established Society, And, thirdly, that every benefit every advantage which can be looked of the Bible Society is secured by for, from the other, and all this, without its sister institution. incurring any concomitant risque or barm. For these reasons, my Reverend

Now, as to the first, of these pro, Brethren, I hope without prejudice, 1 positions, we are compelled to be am sure without hostility, it is my decid- gin by strictly denying the whole of ed conviction, that by joining the Bible the premises on which it is founded. Society, you may, though unintention- “Rejection,” as here employed by ally, endanger the interests of the his lordship, means nothing lass Church and State; but that you will than “laying aside a thing as bad most unquestionably render service to or wrong.. Now, in this sense, both, by giving your undivided support, no church member of the Bible to the Society for promoting Christian Society'" rejects” the Prayer-book. Knowledge.” pp. 11–14.

No man, in connecting himself with

that institution says, or is supposed passage we shall take the to say, “I dislike the Liturgy; I liberty of offering a few observa- think it of little value ; I am not

On this

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anxious to distribute it.” He says tary contempt, but a "rejection "
simply, “ Although I love both Bi- pertinaciously and regularly pur.
ble and Prayer-book, and am anxious sued. But can this be fairly affirm-
to distribute both; yet, since thou- ed of those members of the Bible
sands of my own countrymen, and Society who, his lord ship himself
millions of other Christians, will admits, distribute the Formularies
consent only to distribute one, largely in their individual capacity ?
I will gladly borrow their assist- Can he be said " systematically” to
ance, as far as they are willing to "reject” the donation of the Li-
lend it, and determine to do the turgy who, though he gives a Bible
rest alone.” Put the case as to to-day, gives a Prayer-book to-mor-
other points. Does every man who row—who, though he gives a Bible
subscribes to St. Luke's hospital, in one character, gives a Prayer-
proclaim thereby any indifference book in another -- who gives a Bible
to the diseases cured at St.George's ? in one street and a Prayer-book in
Do those who subscribe to the pa- the next ?"
tional school intimate thereby any But, secondly, it is intimated by
contempt for preaching? Does his lordship, that certain unde-
the Archbishop of Canterbury, by fined, though disastrous conse.
kindly sanctioning the Naval and quences, would arise from the gene-
Military Bible Society—a Society ral adoption of the principles of the
distributing Bibles alone-thereby Bible Society.- Now, till he is
shew his contempt for the Church good enough to state the nature of
Formularies? Do those who con- these consequences, it is impossible
tribute to coal societies thereby to speculate upon their probabi-
évince their low estimation of cloth- lity. If his lordship refers to the
ing? Do the contributors of soup universal adoption of this principle
societies merge in the vats of the by all the nations of the world,
institution all their veneration for there is so little prospect of its ac-
bread and cheese? If, indeed, it complishment, that we will leave
were required of every member of the question to be discussed in
the Bible Society to sign a declara- the Millennium. If he refers to its
tion, that " he did not value the general adoption in our own coun-
Liturgy;" that " he would not dis- try, we are disposed to think, that,
perse the Prayer-book," that “ he even admitting the hostility of the
did not think this the first of unin- Society to the Church of England,
spired volumes," then, it might be its hostility would be far less for-
fair to say that he “ rejected” the midable in that case, than under
Prayer-book. But, as the matter existing circumstances. For doubt-
now stands, he simply consents to less, if any thing can be conceived
circulate the one Book with those to have a tendeney to enlist the So-
whom he cannot persuade to circu- ciety under the banner of Dissent,
late both. To call the act of and turn its artillery against the
union with the Society a " rejec- Establishment, it must be the uni-
tion" of the Prayer-book, is there- versal preponderance of Dissenters
fore to charge the contributors with over Churchmen in the unfixed part
an offence to which they will by of the committees. But is such a
no means plead guilty.

result more likely to arise when, by But the expression of the Bishop the “ general adoption” of its is still stronger : it is not simply a principle, the church sball be to “rejection” of the Prayer-book, of the dissenting members in proporwhich the members of the Bible tion of a thousand to one, instead Society is guilty--it is a " systema- of in the proportion of which it tic” rejection; that is, a rejection perhaps now is, about ten to one? upon “ system,”—a rejection plan- But, as his lordship has not ned, organized --not a mere momen- thought it necessary to state the

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nature of the consequences which answer in the illustrious annals of
may be anticipated from the gene- our happy country.
ral prevalence of the principle of Let us, next, endeavour to trace
the Society, we will take the li- the operation of the great principle
berty of endeavouring to supply on which the Bible Society is
this deficit.

founded, in religion. We are disThe fundamental principle, then, posed to think that most great of the Bible Society, be it remem- reformations in national morals or bered, is this--that “we are to religion will be found to be more merge for a time our subordinate or less marked with this feature. differences in order to co-operate The greatest example, then, of for a great paramount end.” Now religious reform upon record, is let us look to history, and observe evidently the introduction of the the universally beneficial influence Gospel. Now, let us not be misof this very principle. And, first, taken. We have no intention of let us apply the rule to politics. - assigning the establishment of the This nation, then, at one period of Gospel to the simple operation of its history was bleeding under the this or any other principle or despotism of King Jolin. The ba- movement of man. It was the rons & the people, who had hitherto great and glorious work of God. been violently opposed to each other, But, still, we contend that the at length rouzed, and, instructed by change was marked by the distinct the magnitude of their sufferings, operation of the principle in quesconsented to merge for a time their tion. The grand obstacle to the points of difference, and to pursue propagation of the Gospel was the jointly the great common object of mutual prejudice and hostility of national independence and liberty. the Jews and Gentiles. Whilst Thus allied, they approached the this survived in full force and throne of the despot, and at once action, neither of these bodies wrested from his hand that Magna sought to promote the interests of Charta, which has, through the sub- truth, but those of party; and, actsequent periods of our constitution, ing in this spirit, they neither secured both the majesty of the found the truth, nor obtained the crown and the happiness of the peo- blessing of God. But, when each ple. Again: This nation, at an after gave way, when each merged for period, was threatened with the re- a time their peculiar distinctions, establishment of Popery, and the and sought truth upon the comdissensions of Churchmen and Dis- mon ground of Divine Revelation; senters had long been paving a way when the wall of partition was for its approach. At length, both thrown down; then, hand in hand, , parties discovered their danger; they sought the truth, and they they merged their differences for a found it; and the citadels of Juda. season; they combined for the ism and Heathenism fell before safety both of their liberties and their united strength. The sheet their conscience. In this charac- which descended upon Peter, may ter they sought and won that se- be considered as a sort of emblem cond charter of our greatness and of the principle in question: and bappiness, that death-warrant of that voice may be said to have intyranny and superstition, the “ Biltstructed men in this principle, of Rights."-So much for the result which said, “ What God hath of this principle in politics. If, cleansed, that call not thou comtherefore, it be asked, what would mon."- In like manner, it appears be the influence of a “ general to us that the second great epoch adoption" of this principle upon of religion-the Reformation - is the political welfare of a nation, we marked by somewhat similar feabid the inquirer search for his tures. It was the exclusive and

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intolerant spirit of Popery, and for instance, hold heterodox opi. especially of the monastic institu- nions, they might, by means of the tions, which presented one of the tracts of the society, become prograndest obstacles to the Refor- pagators of these opinions to a most mation: and we may venture to alarming extent? Such an event is say, that little advancement was not probable, but it is possible. made till these bands of intolerance In like manner he might suggest, were broken. It was when a monk that, on no plau but that of the broke forth from the cloister, de- Bible Society, could the institution scended to the ranks, and mingled be extended to foreign countries ; with the herd of his fellow-men, that the Emperor of Russia and and made common cause with hu- the King of Prussia could not conman nature, that the reform began sent to circulate a liturgy subver10 work, the cause to flourish, and sive of their own; and that, there. the thunders of Germany to shake fore, without the existence of the the bills of Rome. It would not society, all that bright and living be difficult to multiply such ex- stream must have been dammed up, amples; but these, perbaps, may in the stagnant pools or dykes of suffice to shew that this rinciple our country, which is beginning to has more or less assisted the great- gladden and refresh the face of est revolutions and advancements the whole earth. And all we will in religion, and paved the way for say, is, that had such arguments the march and the triumph of been opposed to the declaration of truth. We trust, then, that his the Bishop of Chester, we really lordship will not indulge any ap- know not what he could have replied prehensions as to its results, either to them. We therefore would in politics or religion; but will very humbly beseech bis lordship anticipate the like results from the to review his whole argument. operation of the same principle. Įt appears to us, that what we

We now come to the third argu: presume to call its deficiencies, all ment of his lordship, viz.—that spring from one source, which we

crery advantage which can be shall venture to point out. His Jooked for from the Bible So- lordship, in sitting down to esticiety, may be obtained in the mate the merits of the Bible So. Society for promoting Christian ciety, seems to forget that there is Knowledge.” Now surely we shall more than one nation, and more not be deemed presumptuous in than one church of Christ, in the saying, that this proposition can world. Let him cast his eye upon have escaped from the writer only the map of the universe. Every by a slip of his pen. Could the land but our own has long been Bishop mean seriously to assure a suffering what amounts to a famine body of intelligent men, that all the of the word of God. The Bible ends of the one society might be has been a sealed book to them. accomplished by the other? Would Efforts have been made to assist not, in this case, some friend to them, by the wise and good, in truth and common

have vain. Seas and mountains have arisen, and have humbly suggested not been such barriers against the to bis lordship, that the one march of benevolence, as prejuSociety cannot, from the mixed dice and intolerance. We needed nature of its objects, provide the a principle capable of bursting same absolute

absolute security against these barriers, and laying open those abuse; that, should the agents of hitherto unblessed regions to the the Society for promoting Chris- step of charity and truth. And we tian Knowledge become bad, that venture to say, that in the Bible Society might become mischievous; Society we have found such a princithat should the acting committee ple-a principle of which the power


could not even have been suspected citizens, whilst the other teaches thein till it was tried-a principle which indeed to read and write, but in one has already bound together remote particular, and that of all the most pations ; incorporated, for the important, it is, for the most part, very grandest purposes, and without the lamentably deficient: It leaves them smallest risk, the most opposite

to pick up their religion as they can,

any where-or no where, For this systems of faith ; disarmed con- reason, I most decidedly prefer, and tending sects ; called out the sweet as strongly recommend to your support, songs of harmony and love amidst the Madras system of education. The the din and discord of war; and good which it has already wrought is is by degrees lowering the petty most abundant; that which it promises fags of party and intolerance, and to produce in a course of years, is exalting the universal banner of the incalculable. To the furtherance of Cross. Under this view of the Bible this great end, the Clergy have it in Society, his lordship will, we trust, portant and effectual aid. Their situ

their power, to contribute a most impárdon our refusal to acquiese ination enables them, their duty, I think, his judgment. We cannot consent calls upon them, to promote plans and to lock up again this flood-gate of subscriptions in their respective neighmercy. We cannot possibly be bourhoods, for this most laudable pursatisfied to endeavour to quench pose. The superintendance also of the that sun, which has arisen so unex

schools, when established, devolves pectedly and gloriously to illumi- principally upon them. For these reanate the dark horizon of a fallen sons, sure am I, that the Clergy of this

diocese will gladly avail themselves of world.

so glorious an opportunity to do good, The Bishop, next, as he pro- and will evince their readiness to snpposed, turns to the subject of port a measure, which has for its object, schools; and bere also we shall the moral improvement of mankind. allow him to speak for himself. If, however, which I trust will not

often be the case, the means of the “ II. The next important point to parishioners be altogether inadequate which I would solicit your attention, to the establishment of such a school, is the establishment of schools, for the yet still, the same great end, the reli. religious education of the poor. I say gious instruction of the infant poor, religious, because this is the essence of may be greatly promoted by the indithe Madras system, the main point invidual exertions and labour of the which it most recommends itself, to our officiating minister, He may collect countenance and adoption. Education, together the children of the parish, indeed, under almost any circumstances, before the time of Divine service-he cannot but be a blessing. It opens may familiarly instruct them in our and expands the human faculties. It excellent catechism-he may display to prepares the ground, and sows the them the goodness of the Father in the seed; but still, the ultimate object is creation of man, the mercy of his Son the fruit produced. With this view, in the redemption of the world--and all the children educated on the Madras this in a manner, which children will system, have no books put into their be more likely to understand, and less hands, but those which are on the list likely to forget, than when it is exof our venerable society; they also pounded to them more formally and regularly attend Divine service, at argumentatively from the pulpit. They their parish church, on the Lord's day. should afterwards accompany him to And herein consists the great supé. the House of God; and thus, by the riority over its rival system. Concern. Divine blessing, an impression will be ing their respective mechanical modes made on the infant mind, which may of teaching, I do not stop to make any become indelible. There is no clergy observations whatever. They both of gyman, however confined his income, them are good- both may be equally who is precluded from the adoption of good. But the Madras plan instils such a plan. It requires little time, and sound religious principles into the no expense. The advantages, however, tender minds of the rising generation. believe me, will be most abundant. It makes them grod men, and good I have tried and witnessed them myself,

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