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In my two places of parochial resi. tions, of which we feel a disposition
struction by monitors (for in this There is evidently much to com- the essense of the new system mend in this extract ; and heartily resides), or of bringing it to its preglad shall we be to know that the sent state of perfection. Now, in one clergy of the diocese of Chester point of view, each may justly deny caich a portion of his lordship's to the other the praise of originating zeal for the instruction of the the system, inasmuch as the invenyoung.
The crisis is exceedingly tion, strictly speaking, belongs to important. It is the first instance neither ; but, thus far each party in which the experiment of univer- seems to us unjust to the other, sal education has been tried on a inasmuch as we firmly believe that, very large scale : and the results without both Dr. Bell and Mr. of the experiment must, we con- Lancaster, it would never have ceive, under the Divine blessing, been introduced, or at least largely depend, to a considerable extent, established, in this country. Dr. on the manner in which, and the Bell appears to us to have the persons by whom, it is conducted. merit (the highest to which even Education is power; and power the most acknowledged inventors an instrument which may be well can usually aspire) of having caught or ill directed. And when fallen at a rude hint supplied to him by the man is the creature with whom this natives of India, and working it up instrument is to be deposited, into a system. Mr. Lancaster, on every one must regard the conse, the other hand, deserves the praise quences of the deposit with mingled of adopting this system, at its very feelings of fear and joy; and first developement, of discerning must, at all events, devoutly wish its capabilities, and its adaptation every security to be taken against to the wants of our own country; its possible misdirection. And we of perceiving many defects left in know not that, on the whole, any it by Dr. Bell; of supplying these security so good can be found, as defects; of contriving a basis so that of allying the schools as inti- wide for the erection of an instituunately as possible with the nationaltion upon its principle, as establishment, and employing the interest men of all ranks and dispational clergy as their guardians positions in its welfare. But, as to and presidents.
Dr. Bell, it would be unjust to But admitting all this, we shall, stop thus soon in the cnumeration perhaps, be permitted to observe, his claims to public gratitude, , that we do not entirely concur with He deserves the additional praise the statement given in the Charge of having rapidly availed himself before us of the comparative claims of Mr. Lancaster's improvements; of the two systems of national edu- of having corrected many very imeation-Dr. Bell's and Mr. Lan- portant defects which had sprung caster's. And as it has not hap- up with them; of having added so pened to us to see the subject many improvements himself
, as to stated precisely to our satisfaction, leave the system, we think, capawe possibly shall be pardoned for ble of few more; and, finally, of dwelling for a few moments upon having, with the aid of many good it. There is more than one poiut and wise men, and under the in the conduct of the parties especial blessing of God, so conespousing these different institu- nected the society with the church
of the country as to provide us the charges on either side. Both sybest guarantee of which the case stems are equally cheap and equally admits, for the permanent safety dear-equally dear when applied and usefulness of the institution. to very small numbers ; equally Under these circumstances, both cheap when applied to large numparties, we conceive, have sufficient bers. honours of their own not to feel Fourthly, both parties appear very jealous of the pretensions of to us to have erred by magnifying the other.
the advantages of the general syIn the next place, both parties stem, and by neglecting to state the appear to us to be wrong, when checks essential to its safe applicathey vehemently condemn the mode tion, and the zeal and industry of education (setting aside religion) necessary to its effective applicaadopted by the other.- The Bishop tion. If we listen to the warm of Chester says, truly and candidly, apostles of the new system of edu" both of them are good.” in 'cation, we must believe that it has fact, now, as to discipline, and the at once put its broad foot upon mere machinery by which the the hydras of ignorance and vice, schools are conducted, they do not and that they are likely to be exmaterially differ: and he who has terminated at once and for ever. visited large punibers of both But, in our humble judgment, schools will generally find bimself though mere education can de perplexed to say, on which system something, it cannot do very much. the scholars most rapidly improve; Education, after all, is not "grace," will admit that both are sufficiently but a power of employing an addipowerful for their purpose ;, aud tional means of grace: and unless will say, that the difference of re- those who read, also pray-unless sults, as to the comparative ad- they seek from God heavenly wisvancement of the scholars, has dom to direct and sanctify all their arisen more from the character of other acquirements- unless the the respective masters than from heart share the triumphs of the the difference of the systems. head-we believe that the next
In the third place, it is highly age may be not only a very clever, unjust of either party to crimi- but an unusually sceptical and propate the other on the score of Aligate age; and that, therefore, the Expense.- We know not that the only fruit of education, to some, friends of the National School have will be the penalty of violating erred upon this point; but we have principles they did understand, seen wbat we do not hesitate to instead of principles they did not, . call a most unfair statement, issued That there are certain checks neby Mr. Lancaster or his friends, cessary to the safe application of in which it was attempted to shew the new system, may be collected that a school on the plan of Dr. from the papers of a valuable cor, Bell must cost at least four times respondeut of our own on the sub, as much as one on that of Mr. ject of emulation.” Although, Lancaster. Now, if it were allow- as we presume to think, he has, able to argue from solitary in- possibly by reasoning upon too stances, we ourselves are acquainted small a number of cases, stated the with a school of Dr. Bell's, sup- actually resulting evils in these instiported at the small expense of tutions a very little too strongly; yet about 40l. per annum; and, on the no man, who has read these papers, contrary, we know a single school will feel a doubt that he who neg. master, in Mr. Lancaster's con- lects to apply a check at this point nection, who receives a salary of will possibly inflict an injury upon 2001. per annum. Nothing, then, his pupils, for which mere educa, aan be more unfair than such tion can offer no reparation. Th"
also as to the efficient application Mr. Lancaster is to qualify children of the system-its advocates for- only for this state of being. It is, get to tell us, that much, very much we conceive, and so its advocates depends upon its administration; state it, to lay the broad basis of that the plan is, in some bands, and truth, and to leave the pupil, at a some parishes, a mere caput mor- subsequent period, under the Divine tuum; that when left to the master, blessing, to erect upon this basis without the superintendance of what superstructure he may deem visitors, it rarely effects much; most answerable to the model of that a multitude of instances are Scripture. Such a scheme may be already to be found where disorder wrong or right; but it certainly and sleep have usurped the place appears to be the scheine of the of discipline and vigour; where Lancasterian schools. A. B. daily fades upon the cye or Sixthly, we think it ungenerous dies upon the lips of the somnolent to complain of the fundamental master and scholars; and where principle of Mr. Lancaster's sythe little scholastic empire presents stem, adopied by Dissenters from somewhat such a spectacle as that the Church of England. The seen, we believe, by Sinbad, the principle is evidently that which imaginary navigator, in bis cele- we bave stated, to fix in the mind brated voyages, of a whole city, of the child the broad general the monarch and every one of his principles of religion ; leaving it subjects, turned to stone. Let not either to the parents at home, or to this assertion be considered as a the child itself, to choose the partimere sentence toru from the massy cular church of which it shall be tomes of defamation : for in one o come a member. Now, we will our own descents from the exalted honestly say, that, far from thinking chambers to which our employment the Dissenters illiberal in the pro chiefly confines us, it did really motion of such a scheme, we think happen to us to look through a it highly creditable to their liberalischool-room window and see its ty. It is scarcely to be expected, mistress in the very inglorious state that any body of men should so to which we have referred. construct a system of public educa
In the fifth place, we think it not tion, as to secure their children strictly just to affirm of Mr. Lancas- being educated in hostility to their ter's system, as is affirmed in the own opinions. The utmost, perCharge before us, that it "leaves haps, that can be required of them the scholars to pick up their reli- (if they are sincere converts to their gion as they can-
|--any wheremur own principles), is, that they should no where." Now, surely, this can the public inculcation of scarcely be said of schools where these principles, and leave their the great mass of the lessons are children to the general influence of extracted from the Bible ;-—where scriptural lessons and the blessing calechisms are constantly used, of God. And with this requisition not indeed conveying the tenets of the Dissenters appear to us to comany particular church, but where ply in this new scheme of educathe questions and answers tion. There are, however, one or couched as nearly as possible in two points of their conduct, rethe language of Scripture--cate- specting the National School, on chisms inculcating, perhaps, all which we differ from them. For those principles wbich are held by example; wany, who have dissentall Christians in common. It will ed from the Church of England, be seen presently, that such a sy- have quitted it, not on account stem by no means satisfies us; but, either of its doctriue or its discipin the mean time, it does not appear line, but from the laxity with to be the fact, that the mere aim of which both appeared to them to be
maintained by many of its members. and mode of worship. In short, That laxity is now much removed. the system appears to us to assume, A spirit of devotion has, we bless that, with a certain measure of light, God, in very many instances re- the child is likely to choose well : vived among us. Why not, then, whereas we deem it the part of now educate their children in the wisdom and orthodoxy, to assume principles of the Establishment?- that he is likely to choose ill. We Again, sufficient sacrifices have not, know him to be a fallen creature, in all cases, we think, been made and therefore prove to errors both to peace and union. Where the of the heart and head; and having, difference is so small as in many what we deem, the truth, in our instances it is—where the National own hands, both as to doctrine and School admits, as it now does, of the discipline, we think it wise and children attending at the place of good to take security against the worship pre erred by the parent- child's probable errors; to give where great benefit was to be anti- him the benefit of our experience; cipated to the great cause of reli- and to enlist him, as far as lies in gion, by co-operation, and, on the us, in the ranks of the millions of contrary, great evils from division; his countrymen who liave lived we cannot but imagine,, that the well and died triumphantly in the line of duty was to combine for the faith of the Establishment. In this great and common cause.
view, we cannot consent to leave it, Finally, we think those highly either to chance or merely to the unjust who condemn the members individual judgment of the child, of the Establishment for most de to fix what creed he shall adopt. cidedly preferring the system of Dr. We wish to throw open our schools Bell to that of Mr. Lancaster.- to Dissenters; we would invite them The distinguishing feature of Dr. to enter in as brethren, with many Bell's system we conceive to be this, of whom we have the fastest bonds that, “ deeming it insufficient to of alliance, and with all the orinstruct a child in the broad general thodox of whom, we have infiprinciples of religion, it proceeds to nitely more points of agreement teach him the fundamental princi- than of disagreement; and, finally, ples of the Gospel according to the we would say to them, " we will manner in which those principles neither compel your children to are conceived and interpreted in learn our catechism, nor to attend the formularies of our ancestors, our church-we will neither ridiand by nine-tenths of the existing cule the creed of their parents nor population of the country.” Now, lessen their authority-but, at the assuming this as the basis of Dr. same time, we will strongly and Bell's plan, we ourselves feel no he- zealously teach our own children sitation in preferring it to the other. the doctrines and the discipline of Mr. Lancaster's plan appears to us our ancestors, and, should yours to proceed upon this inaccurate perchance adopt them, we do ven. assumption, that if we give a child ture to conclude that they will not certain broad general principles, he thereby become either worse Chriswill, of himself, erect the proper tians or less happy men.” superstructure upon them; that if But we are compelled to cut short we give him, for instance, natural this important discussion, having religion (and in some of the schools no space either to pursue it, or to little more is given), he will him touch upon some other less interestBelf follow on to revealed religion ; ing points noticed in the Charge that if we give him (which is the before us. His Lordship, at the utmost we can suppose to be given) conclusion of his address, is very right doctrines, he will, of himself, complimentary to his clergy; and adopt the best rules of discipline we should be very sorry to think,
that he had made any sacrifices of charge of the most solemn and arduous accuracy to politeness. At the office which can be entrusted to man. same time, remembering the nature To you is committed the care of souls. of man, and the awful responsibility dread tribunal of Almighty God. It is not
For them you must one day answer at the of those who are called to stand
therefore enough to be moral, you must between the living and the dead, .be exemplary. It is not enough to be and stay the plague of corrup- blameless, you must let your light shine tion and worldliness; we are a lit- before men. You must endeavor by your tle jealous of that unmixed strain lives and doctrines, to adorn the Gospel of approbation, which is rarely de- of God our Saviour in all things. You served by fallen man, and is still
must strive and labor to save your
selves-and others. more rarely useful. At the same time, let it not be thought that the it. We have been generally and loudly
“ The times most imperiously demand Charge is without any paragraph accused of lukewarmness—of supine calculated to impress the hearers ness-of neglect. Our enemies are on with the extent of their duties and the watch, ready to point out, to exag. responsibility. With quoting one gerate, and supply, every omission such paragraph we conclude. extreme to mark what is done amiss.
Be zealous then, be vigilant. The cause “And now, my Reverend Brethren, is worthy of your utmost efforts ; on the though I have been happy to give fair character of its Ministers depends in praise, where praise is due, yet let not a great degree the security of the Church any thing which has been said, diminish of England, and with it, the peace and or relax your efforts, in the due dis- welfare of the State.” pp. 32–34.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
Rundall ;-General Sarrazin's History In the press, or preparing for speedy of the War in Spain and Portugal; publication : A Bibliographical De. A Memorial offered to Princess Sophia, scription of Topographical Works on Electress of Hanover, by Bishop Burnet; England and Wales, by Mr. W. Upcott; -Debrett's Baronetage of England ;-Memoirs of the Empress Josephine; Account of the Inquisition at Goa, by -Supplement to Memoirs of Sir Joshua Mr. Dillon ;-A Memorial on Behalf of Reynolds, by James Northcote, Esq.;- the native Irish, by Christopher Ander. Memoirs of the late Jolin Tweddel, by son ;-Marie, ou les 'Hollandaises, a the Rev. R. Tweddel ;-Hortus Can- Novel, by Louis Buonaparte: also an tabrigiensis : a new edition, by the late English Translation of the same ;-Life John Donn, F. L. S. &c.;AR abridge. smooth and rough as it runs ;-The Fair ment of Sir Humphrey Davy's Agricul- Isabel, a Cornish Romance, by Mr. Poletural Philosophy ;-A treatise on Gas whele;—A Novel, by Mrs. Pinchard of Light, by Mr. Accum ;-Chemical Es- Taunton ;-Songs and Poems, by Capt. aays, by Mr. Parkes ;–The Dramatic Hall ;-De Rancè, a Poem, by the Rev. Works of James Shirley ;-A treatise on J. W. Cunningham;--An Essay on the Female Education, by Eliz. Appleton; External Trade in Corn, by R. Torrens, -A series of Engravings for the Lord Esq.;-The French Preacher, by the of the Isles, by Westall;-A new Map Rev. Mr. Cobbin ;-An abridgement of of the World, by Mr. James Wyld; the True Christianity of John Arndt, by A Geological Essay, by Dr. Kidd ; Mr. Wm. Jaques ;-The Bible, and No. The Culloden Papers, with an Introduce thing but the Bible, the Religion of the tion, including Memoirs of Right Hon, Church of England, by the Bishop of Duncan Forbes ;-An Analysis of Uni. St David's;-An abridgment of Owen on versal History, by Mr. J. Aspin the Hebrews, by Dr. Williams ;-EX Symbolical History of England, by Miss tracts from the Diaty, &c. of Mt. Jou.