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Williams, of Kidderminster, by Mr. them, belonging to the several ports of Hanbury ;--History of Warwickshire,by Great Britain, on the 30th of Sept. 1813, Sir Wm. Dugdale; - Travels in Enrope may not be uninteresting to our readers. and Africa, by Col. Keatinge ;-Obser
Ships. Men. vations during a recent Visit to Paris,
16,602 127,740 by Samuel Smith, Esq.
2,713 16,933 Ireland,
5,516 Mesars. Chapman, of Newcastle, have
2,689 11,676 invented a loco-motive engine, which is
Guernsey and Jersey, 184 1,677 now constantly at work. It draws after
Isle of Man,
342 2,115 it eighteen loaded coal waggons, weighing 54 tons, up an ascent which rises
23,676 165,657 nine yards in a mile, with a speed of four miles in an hour.
An experiment has been made on the Signor Zamboni has presented to the Serpentine River, to improve upon the Royal Society an instrument of his own methods for recovering bodies lost under construction, designed to exhibit per. the ice. A thin copper case, covered petual motion. It consists of two of M. by basket work to protect it from injury, de Luc's electrical columns, or galvanic in which the air was closely confined, piles, placed perpeodicularly at the dis- gave a buoyancy sufficient to support tance of about six inches, each glass a folding ladder, with two men placed tube being surmounted with a brass on it, to direet the means of rescue ball. Between these pillars a needle is who had with them a portable drag placed, so as to move on an axis ; and capable of being lengthened at pleaby the repelling force of the piles is sure. drawn from ball to ball. We remember From the Report of the City of London to have seen an instrument upon a some- Truss Society, it appears, that there what similar construction, at a museum
have been relieved in the last year in this country, some years since, 2,064 patients afflicted with ruptures, at
Mr. John Henderson, of Brechin, has an expense of 10491. 38. 6d. given to the public a method of preserv- Senor Orpila has found, that great ing roots of all kinds for summer use quantities of dry sugar, taken after swaltill the return of the crop-by putting lowing verdegris, or eating food prethem in baskets, &c. in the empty space pared in untinned copper vessels, have left by the subsiding of the ice, in the proved sufficient antidotes for the cuice-house, which takes place by the preous poison. month of April. Of course the preser- Early in April, the celebrated library vation of the root is secured by the sus. and vases of Mr. Edwards, of Harrow, pension of vegetation.
are, we understand, to be offered to the The expenses of the war, however public. Amongst a multitude of other complained of, do not appear to have literary curiosities in this collection, is materially lessened the expenditure the first edition of Luther's translation upon public dissipation. The two Lon of the Bible, after his final revision. don theatres are said to receive 8001, a The copy belonged to Luther himself, night, or upon an average 20,0001, a was bequeathed by him to Bugenhagen, month. In December there were re- and from his hands passed into those of ceived at the nine Paris theatres, about Melancthon, and George Major. It 18,000). We think these funds might be contains some MS. 'notes by each of better employed.
these Reformers, in their own hand. In the quarter ending Dec. 25, no less writing. than 338,766 quarters of foreign wheat There has just been established at were imported into the port of London, Athens, a new Literary Society, combeing one balf more than the consumption posed both of Greeks and Europeans. of London. The imports of the year were They have begun by forming two Lyo 768,021 quarters. In the last 21 years, ceums : one of them is called the the Cord Committee state, nearly 59 mil. Attic, the other the Thessalian, The lions have been paid for foreign corn, contributions of the members are to be It appears from an accurate calculation employed in searching for antiquities, of Mr. Jacob's, in his late work, thatonly &c. &c. The Presidents of the two we fortieth of all our grain is imported. Lyceums, are tò maintain a correspon
The following account of the numbers dence on the state of their respective of vessels, and of men employed in departments. They propose also to
patronize botanical exertions on the a mode of communication between the mountains of Greece.-We hail with blind and the deaf and dumb. The sincere satisfaction any attempt to re- first trial of his discovery was made in suscitate this almost extinct people. Paris, in August last. A sentence was At present they form a striking illustra- dictated to one of the deaf and dumb, tion of the impotence of mere letters to named Massaca, a pupil of the Abbe sustain national greatness. We trust Sicard, and by him communicated to that the English members of the society one of the blind, who immediately repliwill remember, that their attachment to ed in a loud voice. He, in return, comGreece will best be shewn by endea. municated to Massaca the sentence dice vouring, not merely to revive a spirit of tated by the meeting, who instantly ļiterature in that country, but to give wrote it on a tablet. Dr. Guillie may, them that faith which is the only secure we understand, be expected in London, basis, as well of individual happiness, as The Russian Government has fixed on national welfare.
three great depots for the importation of Dr. Guillie has been enabled, by a foreign books; which are all examined method of his own invention, to establish with much strictuess by the police.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
10. Par M. de Rocca. A translation is The Claims of the Established Chưrch, in the press. considered as an Apostolic Institution, The Campaign of Paris in 1814; trans. &c.
lated from the French of P. F. F. J. The Silent Preacher ; by the Rev. H. Giraud, Budd.
A Letter to Wm. Wilberforce, Esq. The General Prayer-Book; contain- containing Remarks on the Reports ing Forms of Prayer on Principles com- of the Sierra Leone Company, &c.; by mon to all Christians, for religious So- Rob. Thorpe, Esq. cieties, for Families and for Individuals; Miscellaneous I'racts; by the Bishop by John Prior Estlin, LL.D.
of Landaff, Sermons by the Rev. E. Cooper. Original Lines and Translations; hy Vol. III.
the Author of the Bioscope. MISCELLANEOUS.
Theory on the Classification of BeauThe Eighteenth Number of Contem- ty and Deformity; By Mary Anne porary British Portraits ; by Messrs. Schimmelpenninck, Author of a Tour to Cadell and Davies.
Alet, &c. The English Works of Roger Ascham, The Cadet, a Poem; containing Re. Preceptor to Queen Elizabeth.
marks on British India; by a late ReA practical Abridgment of the Cus. sident in the East. tom and Excise Laws; by Charles Pope. The Pilgrims of the Sun, a Poem
The French Interpreter; by Francis by James Hogg, Author of the Queen's Wm. Blagdon, F.sq.
Wake. Infantine Stories; by Mrs. Fenwick. Jephthah, a Poem ; by Edward The School Orator; by James Wright. Smedley, jun. The Principles of Elocution; by The Life of Napoleon, a Hudibrastic Thomas Ewing.
Poem; by Dr. Syntax. A Grammar of the English Language; The Policy of Restricting the Impor. by the Rev. J. Sutcliffe.
tation of Foreign Corn; by the Rev. T. British Gallery of Pictures, No. XI. R. Malthus. Picturesque Representations of the An Inquiry into the Nature and ProDress and Manners of Russia, Austria, gress of Rent; by the Rev. T. R. MalChina, &c.
thus. A Picturesque Delineation of Scenery The Objections against the Corn Bill on the Banks of the Thames.
refuted; by Wm. Spence, Esq. F.L.S. The East-India Gazetteer; by Walter The Wealth of Nations; by Adam Hamilton.
Smith. A New Edition, with additions ; An Introduction to Geology; by Ro- by David Buchanan. bert Bakewell.
Travels in Sonth America, undertaken The Edinburgh Annual Register for at the Request of the Missionary Socie. 1812 and 1813.
ty; by the Rev. J. Campbell. Memoir respecting a new Theory of Á Voyage to Cadiz and Gibraltar, Numbers; by Charles Broughton, Ésq. &c.; by Lieut.-General G, Cockburn.
Mémoires sur la Guerre des Français Memoirs of the late Governor Mel. en Espague, pendant les Années, 1808,9, ville, second edition,
A Tour through Parts of France, perors from Augustus to Constantine; Switzerland, &c.; by the Hon. Richard translated from the French by John Boyle Barnard, M. P.
Mill, Esq. Statistical Account or Parochial Sur. The World without Souls: a new edi. vey of Ireland; by W. Shaw Mason, tion with great alterations, and two New Esq. M. R. I. A
Chapters; printed answerably to the Crevier's History of the Roman Em. Velvet Cusliion.
DISTRESSES IN GERMANY. THERE are now before us three Reports
Extract of a letter from the Rev. Chr. of the Committee for relieving the Dis
F. Ammon, D.D. First Chaplain to tresses in Germany (see Vol. for 1814,
the Court of Saxony, dated Dresden, pp. 122 and 205), which we have
March 12, 1814. omitted to notice. It is due to our
The kingdom of Saxony contains bereaders, and to the cause of British tween 3 and 1000 clergymen, who, genebenevolence, that the omission should rally speaking, distinguish themselves be supplied. The extracts we shall by their literary attainments, their give are calculated to shew both the evangelical spirit, and loyalty. The extent of the wretchedness into which campaign of last year has almost ena large portion of Germany had been tirely ruined two-thirds of this class. plunged, and the benefits derived from They were at the first greatly exhausted the timely aid afforded by this country. by almost constant and most oppressive
quarterings of troops : and when, in Extract of a letter from the Magistrates September and October last, the theatre at Weissenfels, dated March 8, 1814. of the war was almost entirely confined
We have just been apprised by to Saxony, the clergymen (parish miMessrs. Frege and Co. that our town nisters), lost nearly every thing which too has been named among the number had been left; their harvest was conof those that are to revive under the sumed, their stores destroyed, their ha. ray of British beneficence, and we bitations plundered, their books burnt, hasten to express to you the sentiments their fruit-trees cut down, and their of gratitude which this noble act of the furniture spoiled. Some worthy old British nation calls forth, Our town men, who dared to resist the ill-treatindeed has had its full share of the ment of their wives and daughters, miseries entailed upon Saxony by the were killed, and others obliged to make cruel mode of warfare adopted of late. their escape to the forests, completely The greatest part of its inhabitants have stripped. After the battle near Leip. been plunged into beggary by the deso- sic, a nervous fever rapidly spread lations of the last campaign. The noble through the villages, which proved so gift from a country that, like a protect- destructive, that in many church-yards ing angel, spreads its fostering wings no room was left for the great number over all Europe, and especially over on- of corpses ; deep holes were dug for fortunate Germany, revives our droop- them in bars and gardens. In some ing spirits, and gives us the hope of villages scarcely an inhabitant was left; repairing our ruined prosperity, through and in the district of Dresden alone, the blessings of peace and the revival 500 orphans are counted, in whose of industry. We receive the boon with behalf the parish-ministers must make emotions of gratitude not to be ex- an appeal to public charity. The pea. pressed, and in its distribution shall sant and the citizen may, perhaps, soon religiously observe the laudable views procure, in some degree, the means of and instructions of the donors. May their subsistence; but the unfortunate the benefactors of our town, whose clergymen are entirely impoverished, memory will remain deeply engraven oppressed by debts, weighed down by in our hearts and in those of our de. grief and sorrow, and without prospect scendants, receive the most glorious of income for several years to come. rewards for their benevolent action. No class of the sufferers seems moi
deserving of a share in British gene. wildly mixed; broken carriages; clothsosity than the Saxon clergy.
ing of all kinds ; feathers of ripped-up
beds; broken utensils ; fallen horses, Extract of a Letter from the Prince of and dead soldiers, deformed by the Anhalt, dated Dessan, March 31, 1814.
torments of death. Many lie there Honoured Sirs,-If ever I remem- without a wound, having died a cruel bered with particular emotion and death by fatigue and hunger; others thanks to Providence the happy days have been rode or driven over. Most which I spent in England in the society of the houses in the villages and of the most amiable men, it was when suburbs on this road, have not only I received lately, from a mercantile been entirely plundered, but deprived house in Leipsic, the confirmation that of all their timber, and reduced to the Committee for the relief of the Ger. shells. Many have been burnt down to man Sufferers in London has also re.
the ground; and the beautiful village membered my unfortunate subjects. Buttlar, on the Ulster, is entirely in You may easily imagine, gentlemen, ashes. As late as the 6th of this month, how welcome this aid is, when I frankly the ruins of this village were yet smoking, confess to you, that of late I have been and several Frenchmen lay half burnt deprived of all means to relieve the under the timbers. Its inhabitants, unfortunate. This is the more painful brought to beggary in a few hours, to me, as during my 50 years' endeavour stand there with grief imprinted on to see my people happy, I never bad their faces, and raise in despair their greater occasion to relieve them than hands to heaven. Already a whole at present, when I am rendered inca- month has elapsed since those days of pable of doing it. I therefore hasten terror, and yet no human being, no to fulfil the duty of expressing my most domestic animal, nò poultry, nay, not cordial thanks, for this new proof of
even a sparrow, was to be met with; the noble sentiments that characterize only ravens in abundance, feeding on the English nation. Be assured, Gen. corpses, were seen. Since then some tlemen, that the distribution of your human beings, with the remainder of benevolent donation shall be made ac
the cattle, have returued to their ruined 'cording to your intention, in the most dwellings, but both carrying within conscientions manner. I have directed them the seeds of the most dreadful the Committee formed here to render maladies. Many places in Fulda have you an account of their proceedings.
since lost the tenth, nay the seventh May God bless you all for your bene- part of their whole population, and volence! this is the most ardent wish likewise their remaining cattle, through of my thankful heart,
those maladies; and yet no end is to be Extract of an Appeal to the benevolent villages are threatened with entire de
seen of this inexpressible misery. Many in behalf of suffering humanity in the
population. Nothing remains but an Principality of Fulda, dated Frank
appeal for assistance to the benevolent. fort, 14th Dec. 1813.
Fulda builds its hopes thereon. In This appeal, after stating the extreme each place of some consequence there misery endured by the Province of will easily somebody be found, whe Fulda, from the continnal marching and will undertake the trouble of gathering quartering of troops for the last ten the benevolent contributions in his dis years, gives the following extract of the trict, and forwarding the same to the Prussian Camp paper No. 10, dated Priry Counsellor Baron of Bibra, in Frankfort on the Mayo, November 9, Fulda, one of the undersigned. They 1813 :
will in due time lay before the public “ No imagination is sufficiently lively their documents." to conceive the misery spread every where by the flying French army on First Report of the Lubeck Central their retreat. The nearer they ap- Committee for the Exiles from Hamproached the borders of Germany, the burgh, 28th February, 1614. more furious their excesses, the more By a publication at the head quarters relaxed their discipline. The conse- of the Royal Swedish Army at Kiel, of quences may be easily imagined. There the 24th December, 1818, Lubeck and is no need of a guide to find the road Bremen were advised as places of refuge from Leipsic to Frankfort. On both for the aged, the wornen and children, sides of this fepg road of blood, all lies who, in consequence of the investment
of Hambro' by the French, were exiled. anxieties, their bodies debilitated, they On that same day a committee was were the more susceptible of nervous here appointed of two senators and six complaints, against which all medical citizens, who were empowered to elect efforts proved fruitless. In the beother assistants amongst benevolent Ln- ginning of February we had more beckers and Hamburghers residing sick than healthy in the general rehere. The city being then, as it is ceptacles, and the mortality became still, much burthened with quartering every day greater. To prevent infecof soldiers in private houses, five build- tion, other measures were required, ings were taken; for each of which especially that of separating all the committees of inspectors were ap- sick from the healthy. Besides the pointed, mostly consisting of two Lu- three hospitals with 200 beds, another beckers and one Hamburgher, under the was provided with 250 beds. For tlie Enperintendance of the general direc- convalesceuts a separate house was tion. Three victualling or cooking- established. Victualling and clothing bouses were established, which fur- were distributed according to medical nished, since the 31st of December, directions. In the course of this month 119,146 meals, and 20,283 loaves of 8 158 persons have recovered. In Fe. pounds each. A more pressing want, bruary many more Hamburghers arrived but still more difficult to accomplish, from Altona, especially Jews. Since is the clothing for preserving cleanli- the beginning of this year, the following Dess and warmth. Many came in tat- number of exiles have been provided ters, cr had only one shirt on their for :- In the general houses, 2881 per. baeks; and during the intense cold, sons; in private houses, 1197 ; and of the many had no covering. A clothing Hebrew persuasion, 312:–4390 persons, board therefore was instituted, with “ In this account are not included a whom charitable females united. Hi- great number of such who, after a short therto, the commission procured, at stay, were provided with the necessary their expense, 2318 shirts, 573 pairs of clothes and travelling expenses to proshoes and boots, 824 pairs of stockings, ceed further. The mortality has been, 500 frocks, 291 petticoats, 232 coats, to the end of March, 673. Our only 252 doublets, 275 cravats, 94 aprons, wish remains that we may be enabled 99 nightcaps, 500 bed bolsters, 192 bed to continue our help for the most presssheets. For the many sick, a separate ing wants till that much-wished-for pehouse, with 60 beds, was furnished, and riod, when our guests may return to opened on the 9th of January, and their liberated city." afterwards another with 40 beds. The number of sick still increasing, we are Translation of a letter, dated Markran. planning to have a third hospital for stadt, near Leipsic, 12th March, 1814. 100 persons, as every thing must be “Among the places which have sufferdone to prevent infection from spread. ed most by the events of the war, our ing. In a lying-in hospital, 15 women town indisputably may be numbered find always support for themselves and foremost. In the course of last year its their little ones. Another hospital inhabitants have lost all their horned serves for 60 persons afflicted with cattle, horses, pigs, geese, and fowls, cutaneous complaints. In the five ge- the entire produce of last harvest; their neral houses of relief, 3914 persons stock of fuel intended for the winter; have been received. For the cxiles of and by the pillage on the 19th and 20th the Hebrew nation, separate institutions of October, all their clothes, linen, and were to be made, which their own fra- ready money. ternity undertook, being, however, re- “The houses, the implements, the furimborsed in money by the general in- niture, gates, and doors, were either spection; in which manner 34 Jewish burnt, destroyed, or dilapidated. The families, consisting of 88 persons, have houses were more or less reduced to been provided for."
ashes, and thus, alas! -all went to ruin;
consequently we remain without bread, Extract from the Second Report, dated without wood, without cattle, without 31st of March.
seed-corn, without implements of hus. “The severe weather of February and bandry, without money to supply these March particularly affected our exiles, wants. mostly consisting of old people and “ The infectious fever, moreover, has young children. Having already, by deprived a considerable number of want and cares, .by sufferings and families of their fathers and supporters;