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and not only grown-up persons, but rery searching for any thing that might by many fatherless and motherless orphans are chance have escaped the eagle-eye of without food, and the general misery which their enemy, and wringing their hands presses upon all alike, prevents their being through disappointment and despair. provided for here, so that they are reduced “ From the above-stated detail, you to the necessity of begging their bread in may be enabled to form some idea of the the country.”
joy which this kind and liberal dona
tion has diffused throughout this place, Extract of a Letter from Custrin, dated and the intelligence of which has reach29th April, 1814.
ed me on a day when we were threat« Considerable, however, as your do- ened with the calamity of inundation. nation (5001.) has been, it has proved God has not forsaken us, was the unis utterly impracticable to make such versal cry of all, with tears in their eyes." arrangements in the distribution there. of, as to relieve every one of the im- Extract of the Report from the Assomense number; on the contrary, to ciation for Relief for the Environs of those only of the unhappy sufferers has Leipsic, dated May 9, 1814. it been found manageable to portion “ The annexed table presents to our out any share, who, during the block- generous benefactors on the Thames, ade, have been rendered so completely the particulars of a loss, which indeed destitute, as neither to be able to pro- is ivfinitely small in comparison with cure the necessary subsistence, nor to the magnitude of the gain which the replace out of their own means the whole world derives from it; but severe loss they have sustained in the de- and irreparable to those who have theremolition of their houses, in cattle, in with purchased advantages of which household furniture, and in working they are themselves deprived; and who, tools ;-hence the moderate proportions weeping over the grave of their de in which it has been dealt out, barely parted prosperity, are prevented from to enable the husbandman to purchase partaking in the general joy of emana cow, or the distiller to procare a few cipated humanity. Even now, after an bushels of grain, or to the people on the interval of seven months, the philan. river wherewith to re-establish their thropist wanders with horror over these boats, and to the mechanic just enough fields of desolation, amidst the lamento fit himself out again in a manner
tations of families reduced to beggary. commensurate with the extent of his Our zeal therefore to procure for this business; for while every one had more unhappy country every possible relief, or less of a garden behind his house, he is redoubled, and with it also our grawas also enabled to keep a cow, and titude to all those distant friends whe from the joint produce, which he car- assist us to accomplish this object. ried daily to market, could procure a “ In this table are included only those livelihood for himself and his family. villages and places comprehended in the This he is now totally deprived of, inas- vast field of battle*, and only such damuch as the houses have been burnt mages and losses as our country neighto the ground, and the cattle driven bours sustained during those tremenwithin the fortress for the mainte- dous days of October; and great pains nance of the garrison; nor were they have been taken, by the superintendants even suffered to enjoy the benefit of districts, to obtain correct statements of some previous communication of the as well by making inquiries on the spot, calanity about to befal them: but, one as by the appointment of various assistmorning, about four o'clock, a party ants, and a diligent comparison of all was ordered to sally out by torch-light, accounts, and to record with the pen of and while some set fire to their houses, truth what needs no exaggeration-a others stole and carried away what- labour not less interesting in an histoever these miserable people had been rical point of view than necessary, for striving to save by throwing out of the the equitable distribution of the donawindows, so that the major part of the tions received, the peculiar difficulties inhabitants in the suburbs is now, from of which have delayed the transmissiop a comparative affluence, reduced to a of this survey longer than we wished. state of the most abject poverty. It is a heart-rending scene to see a mass of • The number of villages is 63. The people once so decent in their appeartotal loss incurred by these villages is, ance, and so comfortable, sitting upon upwards of two millions and a half of the ruins of their dwellings, eagerly dollars, at 4s, each.
One principal head indeed could not in the way of pleasure. Neither have be iotroduced into the table, as there foreign countries disappointed our exwas no certain standard for making a pectations. But above all, the donacalculation ; we allude to the loss tions of Britain, which has inscribed her arising from the devastation of the fields illustrious name with indelible characand conntry, and the indirect injury ters on the records of benevolence, have sustained by the delay or the total enabled us to make the wished-for be. prevention of the operations of tilling ginning of our distributions.-We have and sowing many lands, and which is given away 26,272 bushels of seed corn the more considerable as this battle and about 10,000 rix-dollars in money, was not, like most of those upon re- in proportion to the most urgent neces. cord, fought upon barren uncultivated sities. We are about to commence à heights, but extended over fertile plains, second distribution, for which fresh and a country in high cultivation. To contributions continue to be received. various circumstances combined with But with the increase of our means, the this, it was owing that the last engage- claims upon us increase in a still greater ment inflicted so fatal a wound on the degree, and our own wishes and plans prosperity of our neighbours; and that, are extended. The fate of the helpless after so many marches and counter- children, who lost their parents amid marches and encampments of famished the storm and horrors of the battle, still troops, after so many requisitions and demands our particular attention. We scenes of plunder so frequently repeat- are also desirous of contributing to the ed by a licentious soldiery, the sword of rebnilding of the churches and schools desolation cut off at once the yet re- in those villages whose inhabitants have maining resources of the whole country. been completely impoverished, and are
“The first breathing time occurred at unable, from their own resources, to a period when the country had to fulfil undertake their re-edification. We wish too important duties and possessed too to assist them to recover, as speedily as limited means, to direct its attention to possible, the most valuable of possesthe misfortunes of particular districts : sions, and to assemble them again in it was obliged to muster its last remains those sanctuaries where, in the feeble of strength for the general conflict. recommencement of their te:nporal pros. There were also duties of a secondary perity, they may enjoy the celestial order to be performed: the wounded consolation of religion, and the blessings required attendance, and the dead the resulting from social worship. And yet rites of sepulture-both in countless the sight of the most pressing want Bumbers. Individual exertions could claims all our aid and all our funds. here avail but little. The next neigh. Our hopes of the accomplishment of the bours had to struggle with their own plans to which we have alluded, flow necessities; all the stores were ex- from various dear and distant sources, hausted; the boundless mass of misery but our principal trust, we hesitate not deterred many a feeble attempt, and to say, reposes upon England, upon a disease moreover began to make dread- nation which alone stands unimpaired ful ravages. Such were the difficulties in strength and prosperity, and whose with which our association has, from its wealth is exceeded only by its maguafirst institution, had to contend, not in nimity.” deed in vain, but yet so that we have still but a distant prospect of our re. Letter from his Majesty the King of covery. We pay the tribute due to
Prussia, to the London Committee. benevolence, and acknowledgments to “ With particular satisfaction I have merit. Joy at the final deliverance of observed that my dominions have obour country, and benevolence, the virtue tained a donation of 19,2001. which has of the age, have opened to us their been granted by the Committee for the stores both far and near. The inhabi- Relief of the Distressed in Germany, tants of our city have not only raised and other parts of the Continent. The spontaneous contributions, but their more important this aid has been at a humanity is also become industrious and time when the war left no means whereingenious, and talents have vied with with to relieve the evils which it prowealth. Artists of both sexes have duced, the more I feel myself bound to sacrificed the productions of their skill, present my thanks to the Committee ; and, by various exhibitions, have open- but am convinced that the Committee ed the hands of their friends to humanity will find, in the peace which has been
conquered, their highest reward for around it are eight or ninet amilies in a what they have done for the welfare of wretched situation. In short, from Topthe common cause.”
litz to Dresden, a distance of 70 English
miles, once fertile and populous, not a Letter from the Deputies from Ham- single village remains. An infectious
burg, dated July 18, 1814. disorder is universally prevalent. The “ The undersigned Deputies from the Postmaster generally warns travellers Free Hanseatic City of Hamburg, to not to stop;; I saw many dying, and his Royal Highness the Prince Regent one man actually died as I passed. and the Government of Great Britain, “ From the frontiers of Saxony to the avail themselves of the earliest oppor- capital, the eye is presented with one tunity, conformable to the special in- wide waste of plain littered with straw structions they have received from the and dotted with the numerous bodies of Senate and Citizens of Hamburg, to ex
horses. The small towns and villages press the unfeigned sentiments of grati. on every side of Dresden are level with inde and veneration entertained by the ground. The fields are totally un. them for the great exertions and most cultivated. extensive support afforded by the Com- “ The town of Dresden has suffered mittee and Subscribers for relieving the little or no damage; but it is crowded distresses in Germany, and the liberal beyond its resources by the multitudes share granted to their unfortunate town, that have taken refuge in it from the whose inhabitants were once no less destruction of the villages. This is the conspicuous for the extent of their cause of much misery. Towards Meischaritable dispositions than they now sen, two posts, there are again tremend. are for the just feelings of esteem which ons evidences of war. This is also the they entertain towards all those good case with the portion of country towards men in this country, that have saved Freyberg, which was the scene of the from ytter destruction so great a num- battle fought previonsly to the great ber of victims, by their timely assistance. events of Leipsic. Only two flocks of As no place has suffered to the extent sheep did I see, until approaching Leipthat Hamburg has done, so none has sic, and, not two herds of cattle. The experienced more sympathy and interest plains round Leipsic had the appear. in its favor, and which, it is trusted, they ance of straw yards, strewed with the will deserve and experience the con- carcases of man and beast. The sy. unuance of.”
burbs of Leipsic liave greatly suffered."
The field of battle comprehended John Hobhouse, Esq, who has lately more than 60 villages, all of which have returned from Germany, has communi. been completely plundered and many çated the following details from his per- burnt. In this whole range, extending sonal observation, “On advancing from to the distance of ten miles round the Laun, a town on the river Eger, in the city, there are scarcely to be found Austrian dominions, towards the Bohe. either animals of any description, or hemian frontier, the effects of the long corn, or hay, or any implements of agriand tremendous struggle between the culture. The houses that still remain French and the Allies at the commence. are uninhabitable. ment of the late contest, begin to be The following is an account of the seen and felt.
grants, that appear from these reports “ Between Toplitz and Dresden to have been made by the London and 500,000 men were encamped for three Westminster Committees, from the commonths; and it is at one post north of mencement of their benevolent labours. Toplitz that the most decisive signs of
Hamburgh, Lubeck, Bremen, war are visible. Preissen, Kulm, Ar
· L.26,150 besan, Nollendorf, and several other Hanover
9,200 villages in the valley in which Van• Saxony and Lusatia
57,950 damme was defeated, are all burnt to the Silesia .....
14,750 ground. From Nollendorf across the Prussia
16,900 Riesen Geberge to Peterswalda not a
10,750 village is standing. Fifteen or twenty Various places in different parts hamlets through which the road passes to Dresden are fired and gutted. A.
of Germany too numerous to ·
... 30,500 mongst the ruins of a village perhaps a single chimuey is seen smoking; and
Among the means resorted to for that the call was not made in vain, for raising the funds necessary for carrying that, through the liberality of all classes, on this charitable work, was that of in- not excepting servants, who gave largestituting Ladies' Committees, both here ly for their means, the sum of 3621. 158. and in Germany.
64d. was collected, and which has been “ The London Committee feel it their paid to the Commiitee. duty, particularly to express how much “The Ladies' Committee was formed of they have been gratified and encouraged trelce ladies, who voluntarily gave their by the exertions made by British Ladies names for the service; they immediatein behalf of sufferers in Germany; some ly caused a number of those printed of whom have transmitted articles of papers addressed 'to the generous clothing, which have been peculiarly Women of Germany,' to be distributed acceptable to many poor fatherless chil- throughout the village, with a few lines dren abroad, while others have lately expressive of the reason for sending formed themselves into associations for them. The Committee divided the the purpose of soliciting and collecting neighbourhood into six districts, and contributions from their country-women, two ladies were allotted to each, who towards affording relief to thousands called at almost every house, not omitwho are ready to perish. In this act of ting the habitation of the labourer, as benevolence they have nobly seconded they found the lower classes feelingly the generous efforts of many ladies in alive to the sufferings of the poor unfor. varions parts of Germany, who, in the tunate orphans, and very ready to cou. hour of their country's deep distress, tribute their mite. have voluntarily submitted to privations “ The Committee feels itself called on of every kind, made the greatest sacri- to relate a few instances among many, fices, and even exposed themselves to which came before it, of the singular personal dangers, in order to alleviate generosity and humane feelings which the sufferings multiplied around them were displayed by some individuals. by war, famine, and disease. Perhaps “On entering one house, the ladies ex. in no species of distress, to which these plained to a servant the object of their generous females have directed their visit; and on going out, he requested attention, have their labours been more them to wait a few minutes, when he eminently beneficial than when they returned, and presented the sum of 1l. charged themselves with the care of 148. which had been collected among forsaken and helpless children, thou- the servants. Another servant asked sands of whom have been bereft of permission of his mistress to be absent their parents and friends, both in the for the day, which request being grantfield of battle and by the effects of a ed, he went among the servants, his pestilential disease, which, while it acquaintances, and raised the sum of 71. spared infants, has generally been fatal 75.-His laudable example was followto adults, and in many places carried offed by others in similar situations. the greatest part of the adult popula- “ The little boys at a preparatory tion."
school collected two guineas among It máy be useful to give a specimen them; one little fellow was in possession of the effect of these female exertions of sixpence which he had destined to in our own country. It may shew what some favourite object, but on reading efficient instruments ladies are, when the printed paper he produced his whole employed in their proper province, that store, and threw it into the fund. The of relieving indigence and consoling the children of a school supported by volun. wretched.
tary contribution, requested the ladies "W.F. Reynolds, Esq. reported, that would pay them a visit:-On entering some young ladies at Clapham, im- their apartments they eagerly pressed pressed with the accounts of the un- forward with their little offerings, and paralleled sufferings on the Continent, though but ten in number they collected which have arisen from war and disease, the sum of 2s. 10d, expressing the greatand feeling for the forlorn situation of est pleasure in being permitted to con. numberless children who have been de tribute their mite, several of them besprived of their parents, formed them. towing their whole treasure. Their selves into a committee, and called on generosity produced the same noble the female inhabitants in the parish to sentiments in several schools of the like solicit their assistance in raising a fund description. for the relief of the helpless orphans; " female servant, without any suli: 713
tion, brought eleven-pence; when one in the noble work of charity.-_The of the Committee, understanding it was London Committee respectfully offers her all, gently remonstrated with her on its congratulations to the benevolent giving the whole, to which she replied, donors in the United Kingdom, on this • it cunnot be giren in a better cause.' addition to the pleasure which they
“ One poor woman on being applied to, doubtless received, while bestowing burst into tears, at the same time ex- their bounty; in that it has been renclaiming - Ah, madam! Iwell know whut dered so efficient to the rescue of thouit is to be an orphan; and though I am very sands from despair, restoring them to poor, I hope that you will accept my sixpence. those exertions which revived hope inI would give more were it in my power.'stantly inspired, and to the prospects of Another poor woman, expecting to re- future happiness, in the actual possesceive a shilling as the fruit of her labour, sion of means, which, but a few months proposed sending it to the Committee, since, they had scarcely hoped to realise. who, finding it was designed for the – The Committee respectfully solicits support of her family, could not consent a continuance of the aid of British to receive it from her; she then insisted Ladies. There is need of thc utmost upon their taking three-pence, which amount which can be raised. The was all she had.
misery is vast and the sufferers multitu. “Mr. Reynolds added, that these were dinous: and the largest aggregate of but specimens of the anecdotes which charity will do little more than barely might have been mentioned ; and that relieve and encourage.---The exerthe whole strongly proved that the poor. tions of ladies on the Continent, not er classes of society felt themselves excepting those in the highest ranks, gratified in being permitted to join in are unremitting. They see the misery the benevolence of their country in re. around them, and they are the active Jiet of the miseries in Germany." and willing hands of British contribu
tors, and peculiarly know how to make We will close this long account with the most of every part of their bounty, an extract from the Sixth Report of the adapting the gift with condescending Committee.
kindness to meet the wants and sooth “ The confidence with which the Com- the sorrows of the afflicted. From all mittee, for relieving the Distress in quarters of Germany the warmest exGermany and other parts of the Con- pressions of thankfulness evidence tinent, has been honoured by the Bri. heartfelt gratitude; but the confidence tish Public, is entitled to its warmest in British ability, and a corresponding acknowledgments. In proportion to the hope in its proved willingness to impart magnitude of the trust reposed in it, the aid, has led to such unreserved disclosures Committee feels anxious for its due ful- of wretchedness, as shew the large donafilment, and that the liberal benefactors tions of this country to be still inademay be satisfied that their donations quate to the accumulated distresshave been faithfully and wisely distri- They prove, indeed, that their princi. buted. In the second Report, issued pal trust reposes upon England.'”. by the Committee, they gave a copy of the instructions to the committees of LONDON SOCIETY FOR PROdistribution. These instructions appear
MOTING CHRISTIANITY A. to have been strictly attended to, and
MONG THE JEWS. the distributors have fulfilled their An important change has taken place trust with high honour to themselves, in the constitution of the Society for having spared no pains to acquire the promoting Christianity among the Jews ; most minute information of the situation of which the history will be best given of the numerous applicants, to whom in the address of that Society to the they have apportioned relief, with public. We hope to resume the subject discrimination calculated to produce in a future Number. the greatest advantage to the sufferers. “ On Tuesday, the 28th February, an To the husbandman, they have supplied Extraordinary Meeting of this Society wherewith to till and sow his fields; to was held at Freemasons' Tavern, to the mechanic, tools to resume his in- take into consideration a proposal made dustry. The tables of distribution, by a Meeting of Dissenting Subscribers, given in the Report, may serve as speci- to withdraw from the Management, and mens of the immense pains taken by leave it in the hands of their brethren these worthy continental co-operators of the Church of England.