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inclosure bills (which are no bad mea- availing. The soldiery, and even the sure of the agricultural spirit) bas superior officers, with a very few ex. amounted to 592.—But we quit a sub- ceptions, were all eager for the resto, ject on which, if any error has been ration of a chief, whose crimes they committed, we confidently expect, appear to have merged in the hope of through the mercy of God, a correction his avenging their past defeats, and from the wisdom of Parliament, in order reviving the military glory of France. to advert to one, which, alas ! not Par. They no sooner approached Bonaparte liament, but the sword, as we fear, must than their defection instantly followed. decide.
And the very army which had been On the 26th of February, Bonaparte prepared at Paris to overwhelm him, quitted Elba, in four vessels, with about together with the whole of the national 900 men; and, escaping all the cruizers, guard, the only military body on which both French and English, landed on the the slightest reliance could be placed, Ist inst, in the Gulph of Juan, near laid down their arms as soon as he Antibes. The garrison of Antibes ap- appeared, and hailed him with the louds pears to have refused to receive him; est bursts of exultation: but, with this single exception, he Louis XVIII, continued at his post pursued an unresisted and indeed almost while there remained the faintest hope triumphant course to Paris. He pro- of saving France. But the treachery ceeded from the Gulph of Juan throngh of one army and commander after anoCannes,Bareme, Digne, and Gap, to Gre- ther, even of those, as Ney, who had noble. Here was the first semblance
most strongly professed their attache of opposition: a body of men had ad
ment to him; and the manifest state vanced apparently to arrest his progress. of public feeling in Paris, and in all He alighted and approached them, was the provinces through which Bonainstantly recognized, and received with parte had passed, left no room at length an enthusiastic shont of Vive l'Empe- for hesitation. He quitted Paris our reur! He advanced to Grenoble, where the 19th, and proceeded to Flanders, the garrison and the population joined followed by a small body of troops; his in the same shout; and at 10 o'clock of intention being evidently to unite himthe night of the 7th, he was master of self to the allied armies which still Grenoble, and of its magazines, and hover on the borders of France. What had added upwards of 6000 regular course they will pursue, it is impossitroops to his little army.
ble, as yet, to say; but the probability From Grenoble he proceeded, by is, tbat Bonaparte will leave them no forced marches, to Lyons, which he alternative, and that he will, without reached by nine o'clock of the 10th. delay, make an effort to re-annex BelThe Count d'Artois had made every giam to France. If so, the war is at exertion to secure the troops of this once re-kindled, and the united armies garrison, but in vain. He was obliged of Europe will have once more to conto withdraw, and Bonaparte made his tend with this military adventurer for entry into the second city of France the peace and freedom of the world.. with scarcely an attendant, and was The Duke of Wellington is said to have received with the mingled acclamations been appointed generalissimo of all the of the soldiery and people. After re- allied armies. maining two days at Lyons, he pursued From the moment Bonaparte entered his march to the capital; at every step France, he distributed proclamations receiving fresh proofs that his return which were most insidiously adapted was acceptable to the armies, and even to promote his own views both with the to the people of France. He reached soldiery and the lower classes of the Fontainbleau early in the morning of the people, and we have little doubt that 20th. Learning, soon after, that Louis these proclamations have had a mighty XVIII. had quitted Paris the day influence. We must look, however, to before, he set off for that city, and a higher Source for the real cause of entered the palace of the Thuilleries
at this fearful change. The Almighty has nine the same evening. The French government first heard dispensation, and we await with awe
his own purposes to answer by the of the landing of Bonaparte on the 5th and trembling, but not without bope, instant. They appear to have adopted their developement. every means in their power of arresting
Bonaparte, since his return to France, his progress; but all means were un- has not been slow or sparing in the
work of overthrowing all that had been afflicted, and -90 providentially rese done in his absence. He has abrogated cued? If still some of the sovereigns the constitutional charter; dissolved of Europe ean endure the slavery of the two legislative chambers ; banished millions of buman beings-can some of from France, before the 28th inst. all them even partake in a traffic in blood, emigrants returned during his abdica- and in the devastation of a whole quarter tion, who, if found lingering beyond of the globe* ;mifin one place we see the that time, will be punished with death; extinguished fires of the Inquisition stript of their military rank those who again kindled; in another, the most have entered the service during the demoralizing institutions revived and kame period; suppressed the household cherished; in a third, the exploded troops and Swiss guards; annulled the mummery of the papal superstition reorders of St. Louis, St. Michael, and stored ;-if, in addition to this, there the Holy Ghost; sequestrated the pri- has been on the part of the allied movate property of the Bourbons, with the narchs any violation of plighted faith, unsold domains that were restored to or any deliberate deviation from the the former possessors; prohibited the high principles avowed in the face of titles of the ancient noblesse ; and Europe, then, we must say, that, much reared again the tri-coloured flag and as the soil has been ploughed by the cockade, in place of the royal flag and share of adversity, the proper harvest cockade. Among the ministers he has has not sprung up on it. Nor do we named, are Davoust, Savary, Fouche, expect to see peace resume its permaCarnot, Cambaceres, and Caulincourt. nent empire in the world, till the powers
In these awful circumstances, but one of the world display, to a greater extent, feeling, we should conceive, can fill the a disposition to employ that peace for breast of any honest, wise, or benevo- the best purposes. If we have been lent man—and but one prayer can arise stricken in vain, we probably shall be from every corner of the civilized world. stricken more deeply.--It certainly is With Bonaparte on the throne of France no small consolation to ourselves, that Europe cannot have the smallest security the troubled waves do not appear to for peace, and we fear must continue to have rolled over this country without be a great military commonwealth. The leaving at least some precious deposit prospect is truly tremendous, whether behind them. Perhaps during no period we look to the renewed visitations of of our history have more important ad. war with all its attendant calamities; to the increase of our own financial diffi- * Lord Castlereagh stated in the culties ; or to the moral evils which may House of Commons, that the following be anticipated. May the Almighty avert was the agreement effected at Congress, them -We will, however, freely confess, on the subject of the Slave Trade :--that we are less astonished than grieved France adhered to it for the five years at the present state of things. Many specified in the treaty of Paris, but reports had indeed reached us of the had agreed to exempt a portion of most ominous nature to the Bourbon in Northern Africa, not yet very precisely. terest; and it was evident that the state defined, from its ravages. Portugal of public feeling in France was very agreed to abolish the Slave Trade on unfavourable to the continuance of their the coast north of the Equator; and tranquil reign. But what chiefly press- both Portugal and Spain engaged to ed upon our minds, was the doubt whe- abolish it entirely at the end of eight ther the dreadful inflictions which years. Spain, moreover, consented to France and Europe had sustained, had limit her Slave Trade to an extent of produced their intended effect in the ten degrees of latitude; but had un. progress of truth and holiness,--What fortunately selected ten degrees north are the grand moral lessons which the of the Equator, the very space where world has derived from the unexpected England had begun the work of civi. close of the late contest, and from the lization, where Portugal had abolished, calamitous struggles which preceded and France was inclined to abolish, the it? What higher and better principle trade. Lord Castlereagh, however, has discovered itself in the late Con- was of opinion that she would exchange gress at Vienna? What acceleration this space for ten degrees south of the is given to the march of piety and line. Spain also engaged that her flag jastice? What new and important truth should not be employed to protect any is recognized by the nations, so long Slave Trade pot bona fide Spanish.
vances been made in the pursuits of reli- and conduct them innoxious to the gion and benevolence, than during the last ground. In the mean time, let the 20 years. The abolition of the Slave priest at his altar, and every private Trade, the vast extension of education, man in his hours of retirement with the creation of the Bible Society, the his God, call for mercy upon a sin. generarincrease of Christian light, the ful world-and endeavour to avert gift of the Gospel to India, are all the wrath of Heaven, by presenting to events contemporaneous with the war, it, in his own country and family at and are so many evidences, we trust, least, a scene of national and domestic that we
have not been scourged in piety and love. vain. These are better arches of triumph and safety than those built We are happy, amid these melancholy with the bones, and cemented with the events, and still more melancholy foreblood, of our fellow-creatures. These, bodings, to announce that the Treaty of we hope and pray, should the storm Peace with the United States of America again arise, and launch the flashes of has been ratified. We sincerely rejoice Almighty vengeance on a guilty world, that we are again at one with these our will arrest the ligbtnings in their course, brethren.
THE REV. CLAUDIUS BUCHANAN, D.D. AMONG the friends of religion and enter at large upon the bistory of benevolence who were assembled Dr. Buchanan's life and death; as around the grave of the late re- we trust that such a history will vered Henry Thornton, was CLAU- be given by others better qualified DIUS BUCHANAN. And those who to discharge so important a task. know any thing of the history of We should feel, however, very deDr. Buchanan-of his peculiar ob- ficient in our duty to the numerous ligations to that distinguished man- sorrowing readers of this work, if of his just appreciation of virtue we left such an event as his death and talent, may believe that no unnoticed. man shed more sivcere tears over Dr. Buchanan died suddenly, on that lamented grave than himself. the 9th of February, 1815, at the It may well be believed that he village of Broxbourne, whither he then felt, as he seemed to feel, in had retired, in order to superintend common with a multitude of other the printing of an edition of the persons, another of those ties de- Syriac Scriptures. Although his stroyed by which he had been age was not such as to have filled fastened io the world. It has his friends with any apprehension pleased God that he should not of his dissolution, as he was only long survive to lament over his 48 years old ; yet those who had friend; but that he should be re- observed the rapid march of dismoved almost contemporaneously ease in his constitution, could not with him to “ arise" at once as his have expected that his life would witness at the bar of Heaven, and be long continued. He brought “call him blessed.” Those whose from India a constitution debilitated hearts are as deeply affected with by a life of strenuous exertion in these events as our own, will, per- an unfavourable climate. And, haps, find the same melancholy since his return, bis frame had satisfaction which we have felt in sustained more than one attack contemplating the re-union of these, which might have been thought in all essential points, kindred spi- likely to destroy even that of a rits in regions where change and stronger man. Still, in this reseparation are unknown.
duced state, such was the prevaIt is by no means our intention to lence of mind over body, of prin-. ciple over the languor of disease little was to be heard but the halfand decrepitude, ihat, till almost suppressed wishes and prayers of the hour of his death, he was a few pious and obscure men, be employed rarely less than nine contrasted with that in which the hours daily in preparing for the tables of Parliament were groaning press a Syriac copy of the Scrip- with petitions, and with petitions tures—a copy designed for the no sooner heard than granted—we especial use of a large body of cannot but thank God who “ put native Christians in India whom he it into his heart” to engage in this himself had visited, and in whose great work, and protracted his life fate be was deeply interested. till, at least, greater facilities were Whien we consider the motives by obtained for its completion. In which he was influenced, the prin- our gratitude to living champions ciple on which he acted, the in- of this cause, let us not forget who tegrity and vigour with which he was ever foremost in the ranks of carried that principle into effect our successful warfare :-it was the contest, even to his dying mo- Claudius Buchanan. He may be ment, with all that is usually sup- said to have marched in the front posed to warrant repose and self- of this Eastern crusade.—He in. indulgence-may we not confident- structed us also in what we cannot ly say, “ Blessed is that servant but deem the best means of sewhom his Lord, when he cometh, curing the conquests which may shall find so doing?"
be made by Christianity in the It need scarcely be added, that East, viz. the placing of the conthe zeal of Dr. Buchanan had been quests of churchmen under the mainly directed to the conversion wing of the mother church--that of the natives of India. In no very wing under which piety and virtue long time after he had planted have found a refuge for so many his feet upon that burning soil, he generations. We conclude with seems to have felt himself called to expressing a devout wish and prayplead the cause of that benighted er, that the labours of Dr. Buchanan country. For a certain time his may not fail of their consequences; exertions were chiefly confined to by any negligence in those who the sphere in which he moved in survive him. It is for those to India. But at length he deemed it whom God has given health and right to endeavour to draw the at- strength, to stand in the breach tention of his countrymen in Eu- which his death has occasioned. It rope, to the state of the East. is for them to sow the seed, now And, by the wide circulation of that he has prepared the soil. It important and indisputable docu- is for them, as he has done, to traments; by the offer of magnificent vel through good report and evil prizes, for essays, poems, and ser- report; to pray, to toil
, to sacrifice mons, to the Universities of Eng- for the salvation of uncounted milland and Scotland; by the strenu- lions of human creatures. It is for ous exercise of his personal influ- us all to consider his death as a ence with many who loved and fresh stimulus to active exertion. respected him; lie certainly became If our benevolence should slumber, a means, in the hand of Providence, if our zeal should be paralized, let of stimulating the nation to exer- us call to mind his labours, offer tions for the instruction of the new and more anxious supplication East
, more worthy of its character for the assistance of Heaven, and and of the religion of Christ. If solemnly engage that we will, by the present state of opinion in this the mercy of God, live and die country be compared with its state soldiers in the same cause for which when Dr. Buchanan entered upon he lived and died. these labours-if its condition when Small was the preparation by which this servant of God was reach him.-He had been twice summoned to his rest. On the married; and survived both his evening of the 9th of February, he wives. By his first lady he has complained of indisposition; and left two daughters-may the God during the same night he died, even of their father bless and prosper before his medical attendant could them!
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. 8. W.; T. S.; An Old Fellow (in part); The Book of HOMILIES, will be
inserted. Verax has been received, and, notwithstanding the want of courtesy with whick
insertion is desired, will also be inserted. THEOGNIS; B. K.; A Worcestershire CLERGYMAN; E. A.; TALMIDON ; D. E.,
have been received, and are under consideration, M. A. B. is not wanting in ingenuity ; but we doubt the expediency of the plan
he proposes. The recommendation of E. B. has always great weight with us; but the paper
to which he refers is not likely, we think, to excite general interest. The paper of R.S. T. is returned to Mr. Hatehard. We beg to thank him for
his communication, but shrink from the endless discussion to which it would
lead. We trust that the heterodox sentiments of a self-called TrinitARIAN do not war.
rant the sort of deceit practised upon his title-page. Our orthodox opinions
strongly condemn it. We should recommend to An INQUIRER a private communication with the re
spectable author to whom he refers. The subject of his inquiry is important. J. R. is much mistaken in conceiving that “ any thing invidious" prevails in our
feelings towards any kindred periodical work. But, on the same principle that we should not knowingly insert a Review or an Essay which had appeared in other publications, we feel it right, though with gratitude for the author's kind intentions towards us, to decline inserting the communication of J. R. It is
returned to Mr. Hatchard. We shals be happy, if possible to attend to the request of T. S. We beg to remind John, that Milner's Ecclesiastical History is in the hands of
most of our readers. We refer onr Lancashire Correspondent, T. S., to the reply given above to E. B. It may serve as a reply to more than one of our Correspondents, that we are not
answerable for the language employed upon our blue covers. We beg to suggest to Ouders that an honest statement of the change of opinion of
which he speaks, would probably lead the parties to the conclusion most to
be desired, We shall be glad to know that W. S. thinks we have benefited by his observas
tions. We receive, however, many communications of the most opposite
used in the New Testament, refers either to open idolaters or to the professed,
but I have chosen, you out of the world," he spoke of his disciples as separated from the Jewish nation," &c, P. 77, col. 2, line 9, for remembering, read resembling.
line 4 from bottom, for advantages, read advancesa
line 31, for in, read on.