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have proved totally abortive; and the power as that of France, a system of spoestablishment of the rule of Bonaparte liation and oppression would be adopted within France, is therefore no longer by the allies, fatal to the independence doubtful. At Bourdeaux the duchess and security of nations. The re-esta- . of Angoulême made some heroic efforts blishment of the Austrian and Sardinian to arrest the progress of revolt; but in power in Italy; the conduct pursued vain. The troops of the line, and even respecting Genoa; the bad faith alleged the national guards, proved here, as to have been observed towards the King elsewhere, unfaithful; and although a of Naples; the intended dissolution of few devoted adherents ventured to op- the Saxon monarchy, and the actual anpose force to the torrent, they were nexation of a part of its dominions to overborne after a brief resistance, and Prussia, furnish topics which he well the duchess with difficulty effected her knows how to turn to his own purposes. escape on board a British frigate, which That the Italians, indeed, are almost has bronght her in safety to England. universally favourable to his cause, The doke, her husband, had collected cannot be doubted. The deep and a body of 6000 men, in the south of irreconcileable hatred which they feel France, with which it seemed to be his towards Austria in particular, and the purpose to endeavour to establish him- indignation they entertain against the self at Lyons. But he was met by a allies generally, for having disappointed superior force, and obliged to capitu- their hopes of independence, and havlate. His personal safety was secured ing consigned them over, without any by the capitulation, and he was per. regard to their own wishes, to govern. mitted to embark at Cette. - Louis ments which they detest, will probably XVIII. has fixed his residence at produce a very extensive rising through. Ghent. His councils are directed by out the whole of the Transalpine Prothe Duke of Feltre, Counts Blacas, vinces; and on this result Bonaparte has Jancourt, Lally Tollendal, and Viscount been able to calculate with tolerable Chateaubriand. Marshals Marmont and certainty. Saxony, however, is not likely Victor are also said to be with him. He to be accessible in the same degree has thence issued various ordonnances, with Italy, to the operation of his arts forbidding the payment of taxes, or and insinuations. The Saxons are a obedience to the conscription ; and reflecting and, a moral people; and requiring all his faithful subjects to whatever just grounds of complaint quit the service of Bonaparte.
they may conceive to have been af. In the mean time, Bonaparte appears forded to them by the conduct of the to be employing the atmost energies of allies, we scarcely think they will his mind in preparing to meet the hesitate between an adherence to their dangers which threaten him. He has cause and the risk of again fraternizing issued a variety of papers, the object of with Bonaparte. With respect to Belwhich is to justify the conduct he has. gium, our expectations are far less porsaed, in resuming the reins of em- sanguine. The general feeling of its pire; to form, if possible, a party favour- population, we fear, is adverse to the able to him out of France; and above. Dutch supremacy, and favourable 10 all, to make his cause that of the French an union with France; and no means Nation.
will of course be left uncraployed to He attempts to justify his conduct in prepare them for seizing the first opporreturning to France, by enumerating tunity of manifesting their real sentivarious breaches, on the part of the ments.-But it is upon the public opiallies, of the Treaty of Fontainblean. nion of this country that Bonaparte He labours to excite an interest in appears most anxious to produce an his favour in foreign countries, by as-, impression favourable to his views. He saiming a tone of great moderation, by is fully aware of the influence ofour free disclaiming all future attempts at con. press, and free parliamentary discusquest; or revolution, or personal aggran- sions, as well as of our party spirit, not dizement (a disclaimer which is suf- only on the measures of Government, ficiently falsified by the transactions in but on the feelings and sentiments both Italy); by professing an anxious desire of this nation and of the civilized world. of peace; by availing himself of the Hence, doubtless, in part, the new tone varions causes of discontent which exist which he has assumed on the subject of in different parts of Europe ; and at the conquest; and the professed imitation same time, by insinuating, that without of the British Constitution, in the new
France. Hence also the disappearance Could we believe these various der of all those tirades against the ambition monstrations of a friendly feeling to and selfishness of Eogland which used wards this country to be sincere; could to fill the pages of his official papers, we believe that Bonaparte is actuated by and those appeals to our love of national a real desire to cultivate the arts of peace, liberty and independence, to our high and that he had been so far impressed sense of justice, and our disinterested by the lessons of adversity as to deterhumanity, which have been substituted mine to employ his recovered power, no in their stead. Hence, above all, that Jonger in the pursuit of those projects Decree in which we cannot but exult, of ungoverned ambition, which have from whatever motives it may have pro, covered the civilized world with ceeded, which has marked his re. misery and desolation; but in promoting entrance into the capital of France, by the general tranquillity and happiness the total abolition of the French Slave of mankind; we should have far less Trade.
doubt than we now entertain as to the • The following is the Decree
course which this country is bound in " From the daie of the publication of the pre- duty to pursue. But it would be dif, sent Decree the tride in Negroes is abolished. No
ficult under any circumstances, and in expedition shall be allowed for this commerce,
the face of tle recent occurrences in neither in the ports of France, nor in those of our Colonies.
Italy impossible, to give credit to BonaThere shall not be introduced, to be sold in parte for any such motives. The mea. our Colonies, apy Negro lhe produce of this trade, sures of Murat cannot be independent whether French or Foreign.
of Bonaparte: they have manifestly "Any infraction of this Decree shall be punish.
been concerted with him; and it we ed witli the conhseation of the ship and cargo, which shall be pronounced by onr courts, and.
look at the dates of the various steps in tribunals.
his progress towards the open rupture * llowever, the ship owners who may have which he has at length consummated, we fitted out expeditions for this tride, hefore the pablication of the present Decree may sell their
have at once a complete falsiticațion of cargoes on the Colonies."
the pacitie professions of Bonaparte, The reficctions which appeared in the French U hether Muat can or cannot plead, newspapers on the publication of the ahove, will that the conduct which has been pur. atford a remarkable exemplification of the eager desire which we have attributed to the French Government of conciliating the favourable regards was suppressed by the censorship, and whiclrwe of the people of this country to the change which shall publish in a few days. has taken place.
* It was reserved for the Emperor to pronounce " The enlightened friends of humanity hare the definitive abolition of this disgraceful traffie, long demanded the abolition of the Slave Trade: to thus give a striking testimony of respect for the this salutary measure was expected from a govern. sacred principles of morality, and to acquire a ment which made the highest pretensions to new, claim, to the gratitude of the friends of justice and morality. This ineasure appeared 50 liberty. The partisans of liberal ideas, who are conformable to religion, that it was hoped it 60 numcrous in Great Britain, will doubtless apwould meet no opposition in the councils of a plaud this great act of humanity. The only prince subjected to the influence of certain Abbės, rivalry which can hereafter subsist between France who spoke much of their morality and religious and England, is that of deciding which of the two zeal. Experience, however, soon convinced us nations shall make the greatest progress in the that these protestatious proceeded from the mouth, science of government, and in the art of render. and not the heart. Government stipulated for iog nations free and haprs. the continuance of the trade during five years, in " The Decree abolishing the Slave Trade will. the hope that after that period circumstances put an end to all the uneasiness which exists in would enable them to perpetuate this traffic in regard to St. Doruingo. There was reason, to slaves, against which public opinion in Europe was. fear that the late government was at one time every day more strongly pronouncing itself. desirous of subjugating by force of arms, a popu.
" It was in vain that enlightened and judicious lation determined on resistance. Now the idea men endeavoured to produce the conviction that is altogether relinquished of exhausting the publics this trade was condemned not only by bumanity treasury in an attempt to re-establish slavery in and religion, but also that it was contrary to the 3t. Domingo. The Government which wishes to maxims of sound policy. They proved that the reniain at peace with all powers is occupied with slave trade would be an eternal obstacle to the objects of the highest importance to the happiness? restoration of commercial and friendly connections of the French people. It is preparing a true eons with St. Domingo, and that it was impossible to stitution, which will guarantee the rights of all.. seplace men under the yoke who had fought for and will place under the safeguard of positive their liberty, and enjoyed it for so many years.
Jaws the security of persons and property The ministerial hired writers replied to these Franoe, thus re-constituted as a free nation, will reasonings by declamation and abuse.
The think only of the conquests of peace, of industry, encouragement which they received announced and the arts : she will arm herself only to defend, clearly enough the ultesior intentions of Govern. her independence and rights; but then all the, ment. An order of the police prohibited the cilizens will become soldiers, and will be invinci. editors of newspapers from enlightening the public ble, guided by the tutelary genius who is come as to the Slave Trade question; and there, remains to oppose the return of barburism, and to recals in onr drawers an article on this subiect which us to liberty and honour."
sued towardshim by the allies, fully justi. dous instrument of evil is devoted to Iris fies bis aggression, is a point which we purposes. The soldiery have fully immean not now to discuss. All we mean bibed his spirit; and to this may be to infer from what is now broaght to attributed, not only his almost miralight of his plans and purposes, is, that culous restoration to the throne which Bovaparte must have been actually lie had abdicated, but the necessity in committed to war before he was appriz- which he is placed, if he would retain ed that any hostile declaration had as that throne, of avenging past defeat yet issned against him from Vienna; and disgrace, and surrounding himself and that, therefore, all his amicable over with fresh trophies of military glory. tures, all his loud professions of an in. On this point, an eloquent journalist has tention to maintain inviolable the stipu. expressed, with so much force, all we lations of the Treaty of Paris, must have feel, that we cannot better convey to our been made with the view either of gain- readers the sentiments we would wish to ing time, or of detaching from thie ranks communicate, than by employing his opposed to him a part of the general words. confederacy of Europe.
“ If the peace of the world is again to But there is another object, which he be sacrified to the gratification of india seems to have still more at heart, than vidual ambition ; if, as we have learned even that of conciliating the goodwill to fear, the little gleam of tranquillity of a portion of the population of Europe; with which we have been mocked is we mean that 'of inducing France to about to be swallowed up in the return. espouse his cause as her own. And in ing cloud of war; if blood is again to this object, we apprehend, he will be flow, and devastation to spread over more successful. The means by which the fairest portion of the civilized world, he labours to accomplish it, are, inflamt it is to the unhappy diffusion and pre-ing the passions and alarming the fears valence of the military character that of the people. It is with this view, we shall be indebted for this dreadful doubtless, that he lias taken into his catastrophe. It is because France had alliance, and even into his councils, the become a great barrack of discontented most distinguished leaders of the Jaco- soldiers, "languishing in inaction, and bin party; that he has accredited maxims eager for pillage and promotion; beof government and legislation, which cause her intrigues and her conquests, are of the most liberal description; that her conscriptions and her legions of he has affected a kind of republican honour, had accustomed the predomi. simplicity; and that he has laboured nant part of the population to the deepto impress upon the minds of the er and more animating game of war, people the sure prospect, in case the with its hazards and its triumphs, its allies should succeed, of the humilia- disasters and its glories, and estranged tion, disgrace, and perhaps dismem- their hearts from the natural feelings berment of France, and to connect and duties of reasonable beings that with the restoration of the Bourbons, they have flocked anew to the bloody the certain revival of feudal privi. and dazzling standard of a leader, who leges, the inevitable extinction of the has no pretext for raising it but his own rights of property acquired by the personal aggrandizement, nor any alnational sales, and the re-establishment, lurements to kiold out but to the sanin their former plenitude of power guinary and unprincipled ambition of and oppressive exaction, of the Romish military adventurers. It is sickening hierarchy. He labours to make the to be obliged to look again upon snch people feel, that it is his supremacy scenes ; and to think that this new har. alone which can protect them from these vest of calamity and desolation has been evils. Should he be crushed, there will prepared by the busy and eager hands be no measure to the retribution which of those who are to reap it. France is the expatriated and exasperated princes, not misled now by any splendid illusion and priests, and nobles, will then think of liberty or virtue: she invites disore themselves justified in requiring. They der and despotism with her eyes open; will then glut their vengeance. These and openly proclaims war against the are topics addressed to the great mass of independence of her neighbours, withthe population of all classes, and which out any other pretext than the gratificacannot fail, with such a people as the tion of her own inordinate vanity and French, to produce a powerful effect. ambition."— Edinburgh Review. Bat Bonaparte's grand reliance is It was our intention to have discussed doubtless on the army. This tremenat some length the important que
of peace or war, which appeared to hang, distinctly understood, that in lavishing in some degree, ou the decision of this British blood and treasure for the free. Government. But that question appears dom and independence of Europe, Great to be already decided.-Much might Britain must stipulate, that she shall not donbtless have been urged on both sides be made to contribute, in any degree, to of that momentous discussion; and we the renewal of a French Slave Trade ; to were prepared to state fairly, what ap- the re-establishment of the papal power; peared to us the conflicting arguments, to the revival of the order of Jesuits; or which had produced no snall degree of to the rekindling of the fires of the Indoubt and hesitation in our own minds, as quisition. If a satisfactory arrangeto the course which it was just and ex- ment on these points were previously pedient for this country to pursue ; and made, we should feel much less of des. which certainly had on the whole in- pondency in contemplatiog the issue of clined us to prefer the hazards of peace, the approaching conflict, than we con.. confessedly tremendous as they are, fess we do at present. A cause which to those of war.
involves the defence of these instituBut more recent occurrences have tions cannot inspire with confidence I scarcely, we fear, left us an alternative. those who regard the favour of Heaven
We appear to be committed, beyond the as of infinitely more consequence than possibility of retracting, in this awful and the strength of armies; and we, therevital contest; and what we have now to fore, most earnestly desire, because we consider is rather the terms on which desire the prosperity of our country, we shall consent to be again at peace, and the peace and happiness of the than whether we shall enter into a state world, that we were delivered at the of war. Deferring, however, for the very ontset from the ruinous incum. present, the consideration of this brance of any alliance, which shall inquestion, we would confide ourselves to volve us in the guilt of upholding sucha one suggestion ; and that is, that our Go- enornities, vernment should take care to have it
GREAT BRITAIN. Accounts have been received of the that she had contrived to disembarrass capture of Mobile, in Louisiana, by the herself of some other obligations which force onder General Lambert and Ad- are in our view still more inconvenient. miral Cochrane. The happy termina. We have already alluded to them. tion of the war with America, an event Would it not be right, for instance, to which spread great joy throughout the make it the price of our aid, that France United States, renders this conquest of should maintain in full force the Abolismall moment.
tion of the Slave Trade, and sanction On the 6th inst. a Message was pre- the freedom of Hayti? Our limits will sented to Parliament from the Prince not allow us to say more on this point. Regent, announcing, that, in consequence. The Property Tax is of course to be of the recent occurrences in France, revived. The price of the fands has he had ordered his sea and land forces fallen greatly, both here and in France. to be augmented, and that he would lose The price of gold is stationary in the no time in concerting measures with his latter country. Here it has risen from allies for the general and permanent 41. 9s. to 5l. 8s. an ounce. security of Europe. In a conversation Mr. Barham has brought a Bill into which followed, we were happy to hear Parliament for rendering it penal 10 Lord Castlereagh distinctly state, that employ British capital, either directly there was no secret engagement in the or indirectly, in the Slave Trade: it is Treaty of Paris to maintain the Bour- likely to pass without oppositiou. bons on the throne of France; and in A great mass of interesting papers on the treaty lately concluded with Austria, the subject of the Slave Trade, containe Russia, and Prussia, there is an expressing the substance of the various negoreserve on the part of Great Britain, as ciations, with a view to its abolition by to this point. She reserves to herself foreign powers, which have been carri. that is to say, a right of judging whether ed on since the month of August last, at it be proper to pursue the contest for Paris, Madrid, and Vienna has been the sake merely of their restoration.- presented to Parliament.
We must We certainly think this a very important defer an abstract of them to another Reservation, and we could have wished opportunity.
For Answers to Correspondents, see 2d page of Blue Coret.
his disease increased. But he did To the Editor of the Christian Observer. not cease to discharge the peculiar I
HAVE thought that the follow- offices prescribed to penitents in
ing narration, translated from the monastery. The fever which the Accounts of the Death of some seized him about the middle of of the Monks of La Trappe, Christmas did not prevent his folmight, notwithstanding its Catholic lowing the same course of life he complexion, be interesting to some had long pursued. Five days after of your readers. I own it has in- Easter, his disease having consiterested myself; and it has sug- derably advanced, the reverend gested a few observations, which Father Abbé ordered him to be I have ventured to annex to it. conducted to the infirmary. There
H. his fever immediately increased,
his limbs inflamed, his cough beACCOUNT OF THE DEATH
came more violent, and the strugBROTHER BENEDICT,
gles in which he passed his nights FIRST; COMMONLY CALLED; quite exhausted him. Notwith“ BENEDICT DES CHAMPS,
standing this, he continued to lie on WHO DIED AT LA TRAPPE, his hard paillasse, till the moment 20TH AUGUST, 1674.
when they removed him to the The brother Benedict, of the ashes, five hours before his death. diocese of Rouen, died five years He rose at four in the morning; he and a half after his profession, the dined at the table of the infirmary, day of the fête of our father St. though his weakness was such that Bernard, aged 32 years. And as he was evidently unable to sustain God visited him peculiarly with his the weight of his own head. During grace in the progress of his disease, this time, nothing was to be disand at the time of his death, it has covered upon his countenance which been thought desirable, in order did not evidence the most complete both to recognise the mercy of tranquillity. He had been reChrist and for the edification of markably ingenious, and had nohis community, to record the prin- thing about him which he had not cipal circumstances of his life and both invented and executed. Three death,
weeks before his death he said to He fell sick nearly four years the Father Abbé, that as he had before his death, of a disease upon been in the babit of constructing his chest. And although, after many things for the convenience of that time, he was almost continually the monastery, and as it might be oppressed with a violent cougb, troublesome to the Abbé to diswith extreme pain, and with an cover and introduce workmen into intermitting fever, he never ma- the house at his death, he would Difested either the smallest impa- on this account, if agreeable to the lience of his suffering, or the small- Abbé, instruct one of the brothers est desire to be cured. About the in his various arts. The Abbé Christmas of the year 1673, which having consented, he instructed a preceded his death a few months, monk in less than a fortnight in the
CHRIST. OBSERV, No, 161. 2 N