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ought to do. If Christ had not thy sins, and the Gospel offereth assumed our nature, and therein the same unto thee. Therefore made satisfaction for the injury thou oughtest to accept and apply offered to the Divine Majesty, God the same to the comfort of thine would not have come into a treaty own soul. of peace with us more than with “ Now this Gospel of salvation the fallen angels, whose nature the many do not hear at all, being desSon did not assume: but this way titute of the ministry of the word: being made, God holds out unto and many hearing do not believe, us the golden sceptre of his word, or lightly regard it; and many that and thereby not only signifieth his do believe the truth thereof, are o pleasure of admitting us unto his so wedded to their sins, that they presence, and accepting of our have no desire to be divorced from submission, which is a wonderful them: and therefore they refuse to grace, but also sends an embassage accept the gracious offer that is unto us, and entreats us that we made unto them. And yet, notwould be reconciled unto them.— withstanding this refusal on their 2 Cor. v. 20.

part, we may truly say, that good “Hence we infer against the first ihings were provided for them on extremity, that by the virtue of Christ's part, and a rich prize was this blessed oblation, God is made put into the hands of a fool, howplacable unto our nature (which he soever he had no heart to use it. never will be unto the angelical Prov. xvii. 16. nature offending); but not actually “Our blessed Saviour, by that appeased with any, until he hath which he hath performed on his received his Son, and put on the part, hath procured a jubilee for Lord Jesus. As also, against the the sons of Adam; and his Gospel latter extremity, that all men may is his trumpet, whereby he doth be truly said to have interest in the proclaim liberty to the captives, merits of Christ, as in a common; and preacheth the acceptable year though all do not enjoy the benefit of the Lord. Luke iv. 18, 19. If thereof, because they have no will for all this some are so well pleased to take it.

with their captivity, that they de“ The well-spring of life is set sire no deliverance, that derogates open unto all; Rev. xxii. 17. nothing from the generality of the • Whosoever will, let him take of freedom annexed to that year. If the water of life freely;' but many one say to sin, his old master • have nothing to draw with, and (Levit. xxv. 39; Exod. xxi. 5; the well is deep. Faith is the Deut. xv. 66), I love thee, and vessel whereby we draw all virtue will not go out free, he shall be from Christ; and the Apostle tells bored for a slave and serve for us, that faith is not of all; 2 Thess. ever. But that slavish disposition iii. 2. Now the means of getting of his maketh the extent of the this faith is the bearing of the privilege of that year not a whit word of truth, the Gospel of our the straighter, because he was insalvation, Epb. i. 13, which mi- cluded within the general grant, nistereth this general ground for as well as others, howsoever he was every one to build his faith upou. not disposed to take the benefit of

“Syllogism. What Christ hath it. The kingdom of heaven is like prepared for thee, and the Gospel to a certain king that made a maroffereth unto thee, that ouglitest thou riage for his son, and sent his serwith all thankfulness to accept and vants to those that were bidden to apply to the comfort of thy own the wedding with this message: soul. But Christ by his death and Behold I have prepared my dinner, obedience bath provided a sufficient my oxen and my fatlings are killed, remedy for the taking away of all and all things are ready; come to

the marriage.' (Matt. xxiv.) If we low this calling, whose spirit God look to the event, they that were had raised to go up. (Ezra. i. 5.) bidden made light of their euter- But could they that remained still tainment, and went their ways, one in Babylon justly plead, that the . to his farm, and another to his king's grant was not large enough, merchandise,' (verse 5); but that or that they were excluded from neglect of theirs doth not falsify the going up by any clause contained word of the king (verse 4), viz. that therein ? The matter of our rethe dinner was prepared, and these demption, purchased by our Saunworthy guests were invited there- viour Christ lieth open to all : all "unto: for what if some did not are invited to it: none that bath a believe, shall their unbelief dis- mind to accept it is excluded from annul the faith and truth of God?' it. The beautiful feet of those (Rom. iii. 3, 4.) • God forbid; yea, that preach the Gospel of peace do let God be true and every man a bring glad tidings of good things liar, as it is written, that thou to every house where they tread, mayest be justified in thy saying, the first part of their message being and overcome when thou judgest.' this : “Peace to this house.” (Rom. Let not the house of Israel say, The x. 15; Luke x. 5.) But unless God way of the Lord is unequal. For be pleased, out of his abundant when he cometh to judge them, mercy, to guide our feet into the the inequality will be found on their way of peace, the rebellion of our side, and not on his. "O house of nature is such, that we run headIsrael, are not my ways equal; long to the ways of destruction and are

not your ways unequal, misery. Rom. jii. 16. And the saith the Lord.' Ezek. xviii. 29. ways of peace do we not know. • The Lord is right in all his ways, They have not all obeyed the and holy in all his works.' All the Gospel. Rom. x. 16. All are not ways of our God are mercy and apt to entertain this message of truth: when we were in our sins, peace; and, therefore, though it was of his infinite mercy that God's ambassadors make a true any way or remedy should be pre- tender of it to all unto whom they pared for our recovery: and when are sent, yet their peace only restibe remedy is prepared, we are eth on the sons of peace: but if it pever the nearer, except be be meet with such as will not listen to pleased, of his free mercy, to apply the motion of it, their peace doth the same to us, that so the whole again return unto themselves. Luke praise of our redemption, from the X. 6. The proclamation of the beginning to the end thereof, may Gospel runneth thus (Rev. xxii. 17): entirely be attributed to the riches 'Let him that is athirst come ;' for of his grace, and nothing left to him this grace is specially pro sinful filesh wherein it may rejoice. vided, because none but lie will

“The freeing of the Jews from the take the pains to come: but lest captivity of Babylon, was a type we should think this should abridge of that great deliverance which the the largeness of the offer, a quiSon of God hath wrought for us. cunque vult is immediately added :

Cyrus, king of Persia, who was and whosoever will, let him take of Christus Domini (and herein but the water of life freely :' yet witbal shadow of Christus Dominus, the this niust be yielded for a certain author of our redemption), pub- truth, that it is God who must lished bis proclamation in this work in us to will and to do of his mapuer: Who is amongst you of good pleasure ; and though the all his people, the Lord bis God call he never so loud and large, be with him, and let him go up.” yet none can come except the (Ezra i. 2, and 2 Chron. xxxvi. 23.) Father draw him. John vi. 44. Now it is true they alone did fol. For the universality of the satis

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faction derogates nothing from the counted a kind of universal cause of necessity of the special grace in the restoring of our nature, as Adam the application : neither doth the was of the depraving of it; for as speciality of the one any ways far as I can discern, he rightly hits abridge ihe generality of the other. the nail on the head, that deterIndeed, Christ our Saviour saith mineth the point in this manner: (John xvii. 9), “I pray not for the world, but for them that thou hast "Thomas,contraGentiles, lib.iv.55. given me :" but the consequence

“c-Mors Christi est quasi quædam bereby inferred may well be ex- universalis causa salutis ; sicut peccepted against, viz.; He prayeth catum primi hominis fuit quasi uninot for the world; therefore he versalis causa damnationis. Oporpayed not for the world; because tet autem universalem causam the latter is an act of his satisfac- applicari ad unumquemque spetion, the former of his intercession, cialiter, ut effectum universalis which, being divers parts of his causæ participet. Effectus igitur priesthood, are distinguishable one peccati primi parentis pervenit ad from another by sundry differences. unuinquemque per carnis originem; This bis satisfaction doth properly effectus autem mortis Christi pergive contentment to God's justice, tinet ad unumquemque per spiriin such sort as formerly hath been tualem regenerationem, per quam declared: his intercession doth Christo homo quodammodo consolicit God's mercy. The first jungitur et incorporatur.' contains the preparation of the

« JAMES USHER, remedy necessary for man's salva- “ March 1617." tion; the second brings with it an application of the same.

And consequently the one may well apper. To the Editor of the Christian Observer. tain to the common nature which As expositors of prophecy, partithe Son assumed, when the other cularly in the present eventful is a special privilege vouchsafed to times, can never be too careful in such particular persons, only, as accurately surveying their ground; the Father hath given him. And I send you an argument, relative to therefore we may safely conclude the apocalyptic arrangement of out of all these premises, that the the 1260 years, which has recently Lamb of God offering himself a occurred to me, and which I would sacrifice for the sins of the whole recommend to the consideration of world, intended, by giving suffi- Mr. Cuningbame and other expocient satisfactiou to God's justice, sitors who believe that that great to make the nature of man, which period has already expired. he assumed, a fit subject for mercy, My own opinion has always been, and to prepare a medicine for the that the 1260 years commence with sins of the whole world, which the sounding of the fifth trumpet, should be denied to none that in- which ushers in the first woe; and tended to take the benefit of it. that they expire with the effusion Howsoever he intended not, by of the seventh vial, when a great applying this all-sufficient remedy voice declares, It is done, llence unto every person in particular, to I conceive them to comprehend the make it effectual unto the salva- whole of the first woe, the whole tion of all, or to procure thereby of the second woe, and the six actual pardon for the sins of the earliest vials included under the whole world. So, in one respect, third woe. It is plain, therefore, he may be said to have died for that I suppose, as is most natural, all, and, in another respect, not to both their commencement and their have died for all; yet so, as in termination to be marked by disrespect of his mercy, he may be tinctly specified apocalyptic epochs,


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The opinion of Mr. Cuninghame, no one vial is included within them. on the contrary, is, that the 1260 Now, such a proof I engage to years commenced about the year furnish; that is to say, I under 532; which is no determinate apo- take to prove, that one or more of calyptic epoch, but a year which the vials must necessarily be comoccurs somewhere between the prehended within the 1260 years ; sounding of the fourth and the whence it will plainly follow, that sounding of the fifth trumpet; and these years cannot have expired that they expired about the year previous to the effusion of all the , 1792, when he supposes the se. vials, the point to be established, . venth trumpet to have sounded, 1. The sackcloth-prophesying of and the third woe to have com- the witnesses, and the 1260 years, menced. His arrangement, there exactly coincide, from their respecfore, has the disadvantage of mak- tive commencements to their reing them commence at a point spective terminations. which does not coincide with any 2. Whatever, therefore, occurs one of the

of the great apocalyptic during the sackcloth-prophesying épochis; while it dissimilarly makes of the witnesses, occurs also during them terminate at a point which the lapse of the 1260 years. (in his hypothesis) doescoincide 3. But we are told, that the with one of the great apocalyptic witnesses, during tlie days of their epochs.

prophecy, have power over waters Now, as Mr. Cuninghame, like to turn them to blood, and have myself, rightly pronounces all the power over the earth to smite it seven vials to be component parts with all plagues (Rev. xi. 6.) of the third woe, and consequently 4. Hence it follows, that the to be posterior in point of time to turning of the waters into blood, the commencement of the seventh and the smiting of the earth with trumpet, which ushers in the third certain plagues, occur during the woe; it is obvious, that, according sackcloth-prophesying of the witto my arrangement of the 1260 nesses. years, the six first vials are in- 6. But the sackcloth prophesycluded within that period; while, ing of the witnesses exactly coinaccording to his arrangement, they cides with the 1260 years. are excluded from it, and are con- 6. Therefore the turning of the secutive to it. Here, therefore, waters into blood, and the smiting the question is narrowed into this of the earth with certain plagues, consideration-whether six of the occur during the lapse of the 1260 vials ought, or ought not, to be years, and are thence, of course, included within the period of the included within them.

If the former, then 7. But the waters are turned into Mr. Cuninghame's arrangement is blood under the second and third clearly wrong; if the latter, then vials: and the first, the fifth, and it may or may not be right.' Sup- the sixth vials are all poured out posing, therefore, it can be proved upon the earth; as are likewise, that even a single vial ought to be judeed, the second and third, if thé included within the 1260 years, symbolical earth be viewed in ‘a Mr. Cuninghame's arrangement large sense as opposed to the symwould by such proof be imme, bolical heavens. Moreover, all the diately subverted: for he makes vials are expressly called piagues. that period terminate at the begin- (Rev. xv. 1.) ping of the third woe, and riglily 8. Hence it appears, Ibat the supposes all ihe vials to be pos. waters are turned into blood, and terior to the beginning of that the carih is. smitten with certain woc; cunsequently, with him every plagues, under the first, seconi, vial is posterior to the termination third, tifth, and sixth vials. of the 1.200 years, and therefore 9. But such calamities were to

1260 years.

1260 years.

befal the waters and the earth the vials. The two cannot stand. during the sackcloth-prophesying together. of the witnesses, and consequent. I take this opportunity of menly during the lapse of the 1960 tioning, that I believe the French years.

Revolutionary Government, from 10. Therefore the first, second, the year 1808, down to the present third, fifth, and sixth vials, and time, has been under the baneful thence also palpably the fourth influence of the fifth vial. It is vial, which occurs in the very midst not impossible that that vial may of them, must all be included with- not be yet exhausted : should that in the sackcloth-prophesying of the be the case, we may expect the witnesses.

French arms to experience further 11. But, if the six first vials reverses. I fear, however, that must all be included within the nothing will prevent the ultimale sackcloth-prophesying, they must re-establishment of the Francolikewise be all included within the Roman western empire ; though

such re-establislıment will only be 12. Consequently, since all the the prelude to its final subversion, six first vials must be included, and though I much incline to be. by the express terms of the pre: lieve that England, though scourged, phecy, within the 1260 years; will be safe in the midst of the those 1260 years cannot expire pre- whirlwind. - My principles of exvious to the effusion of the six first position led me to anticipate the vials.

downfal of the Bourbons and the 13. But Mr. Cuninghame makes restoration of the Revolutionary Gothem expire previous to the effusion vernment, even from the very tirst. of any one of the vials: therefore My reasoning was of course hypoMr. Cuninghame's arrangement thetical: If my principles were must, even on his own acknown right, THEN such and such events ledged principles, be erroneous. must inevitably follow. Yet I felt

Mede avoids this difficulty, by them to be so strongly established, placing most incongruously and that I had little fear in reasoning arbitrarily the six first vials under upon them accordingly. In a note the second woe, and by making to the 5th edition of my work on the third woe and the seventh vial the 1200 years, which is dated commence synchronically. Such July 28, 1814, I stated at large tbe an arrangenent enables him to sup- grounds of my persuasion, that the pose, that the 1260 years expire Bourbons would not long reign in at the commencement both of the France, and that the Revolutionary third woe and of the seventh vial. Government would soon be reBut no expositor, who places all stored. The reader will find that the seven vials under the third woe, note in vol. ii. p. 400. where homogeneity manifestly re

G. S. FABER. quires that they should be placed : no expositor, who thus arranges them, can, consistently with the Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer. Verms of the prophecy (Rev. xi. 6, Having ventured, some time ago, compared with Rev. xv. 1, xvi. 2, to offer a few remarks on a system 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12), make the of theology which appeared to me 1200 years expire at the commence- to proceed on a high and disproment of the third woe, and there. portionate view of some parts of fore previous to the effusion of the religious truth *, I have been invials. If Mr. Cuninghame, in short, duced to bring before your readers retains liis arrangement of the 1260 the counterpart, as it were, of those years, he must, so far as I can judge, give up his arrangement of

Vol. for 1814, p. 620.

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