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some of the principal doctrines which friends of Mr. Venn appear to have I have ever insisted upon amongst you, correctly as well as ably fulfilled aad which now, at the hour of death, this interesting request. Judging appear to me to be more important and from internal evidenee, we see an real than ever. ** The foundation of all my preaching uniformity of style, which shews

the character of the original writer amongst you has been this: that we are baterally in a corrupt state, alienated to have been, on the whole, though from God, and subjeet therefore to the perbaps with some exceptions, just displeasure and condemnation of carefully maintained: whilst, at the the Almighty; that it is the chief busi. same time, it has not happened to dess of an in this life, and his first and us to find many instances of haste most important duty, to seek deliverance or obscurity, such as might have from that state, that he may be recon- been expected from an author not ciled to God * Here, I regret to say," observes writing for publication, or an ediMt. Pearson, this interesting and va, tor not correcting for personal luable Farewell Address from your late reputation. The subjects of the beloved Pastor, ends. It bears upon it sermons will be found highly in striking marks of his characteristic hu teresting; though we are not able mility, faithfulness, and concern for the to state that any particular order spiritual and eternal welfare of his seems to have been observed in fock: and I cannot doubt, that its their arrangement. We shall first simple, asiectionate, and weighty impart will make a deep and lasting

give all the subjects or titles of the impresion upon your minds. The long sermons in the two volumes dis. and uniform tenor of his preaching may tinctly: we shall then give a few enable you to conjecture what would such extracts as may serve to illuprobably kave been the substance of minate their author's views upou his advice and exhortation, had he some of the leading doctrines of been permitted to have completed this the Gospel, which will include parting address. He would doubtless a notice of some expository dis, have repeated, what he had so fre courses; then such as may direct us quently declared, and on which he kad been aceastowed so copiously and to his standard of practicat piety; ably to enlarge ;-that the delivetance and, finally, such as may give some of fallen, sinful man, was to be sought idea of the sublime conceptions and by faith in oar Lord Jesus Christ, as flights of devotion with which his the only and all-sufficient Saviour; and by mind continually teemed. We may the reaewing and sanctifying intluences offer some concluding observations of the Holy Spirit, to be obtained by on the general result. fervent and persevering prayer." pp. XX5,--xxxi.

The Sermons in lbe First Volume The sermons before us, as it “ 1. The Importance and Diffienlties of further appears from the preface, the Christian Ministry, from 1 Cor. ii

. 3. are a selection from his manu

-II, On Preaching the Gospel, Mark scripts by luis friends; one of whom xvi. 15.--III. The Glory of God, Exod. he addressed in the following terms ita 24.-Y. The Prayer of St. Paul for

xxxiii, 18.-IV. On Good Works, Jam. a few months before. lie died :

the Ephesians, Ephes. iii. 14-19.-VI. * I request you to point out from State of the Saints above contrasted recollection, as well as you can, with their former Condition below, Rev. those sermons of mine whieh you vii. 9–17.-VII. The great Mystery of thay think to be the least unworthy Godliness, 1 Tim. iii. 14–16.-VIII. of ihe public eye. I must further On the Doctrine of the Trinity, Matt. trust to your kindness iu taking a

xxvii. 19.--IX. How. Abraham saw the share in giving them that correc: Types in the Old Testament referred to

Day of Christ; and in what Mapper the tion which is absolutely necessary Christ, John viii. 56.-X. Difference for their publication, leaving as between the Patriarchal, Jewish, and much as you can unaltered, &c." Christian Dispensations, Luke x. 28.It is but justice to say, that the XI, On the Communion of Saints,

are

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Review of Venn's Posthumous Sermons. (JAN, 1 John is 3.-XII. On Communion with from the doctrinal sermons: one the Angels, Heb. xii. 22.-XIII. On of which meets us appropriately the Effect of seeing God as lie is, 1 John in the second, on Preaching the tion a Source of Unbelief, John v. 44.4 Gospel; the first and most awful XV. On the Causes of Unthankfulness subject of consideration to the Rom. 1. 21.-XVI. The Tares and the Christian minister. In resolving Wheat, Matt. xiii. 28.-30.--XVII. In this question, a very clear state, decision in Religion, 1 Kings xiii. 21. ment of Gospel-truth is proXVIII. Fall and Punishment of David pounded; after which the followillustrated, 2 Sam. xii. 7-XIX. On ing negative series of illustrations the gradual Progress of Evil, James is offered, which we shall give enül, 5,-XX. The Nature and Value of

tire. Human Life, Psal. Ixxxix. 47.-XXI, The Christian's State of Pilgrimnage on

“I shall proceed to shew what it is Earth, Heb. xi. 13.-XXII. On Fast: not to preach the Gospel. ing, 2 Chron. xx. 3."

* We do not preach the Gospel,' if 5. The Sermons in the Second Vow from that which the Gospel supposes,

we represent man'as in a state different Jume are

If we do not describe him as fallen and “ I. On the Condescension and Good. corrupt; if we do not speak of him as ness of God to Man, from Psak viii. 4. yielding to the power of sin, and there: II. Jacob and Esau, Gen. xxvii. 35.

fore obnoxious to the just displeasure III. On Divine Grace and Human of a holy God; we give a false view of Agency, Phil. ii. 12, 13.-IV. The Hap the subject; such a view, indeed, as piness of Heaven, Rev. xxi. 3-5.-V, wholly supersedes the grace of the The Nature and Character of John the Gospel? Baptist's Office and Preaching, as com

« Again: If, allowing the corrupt state pared with those of the Apostles and of the human race, we assert that there Prophets, Matt. xi. 7-15.-VI. On the is sufficient power in man to restore Nature and End of Life, James iv, 14. himself by his own exertions, without VII. Deficiency of the Righteousness - referring him to the grace and power of the Scribes and Pharisees, Matt. vi of God; we do not preach the Gospel. 20.-VIII. Comparison of the Jewish and This is to render the sanctifying influChristian Dispensations, Heb. xii. 22- ences of the Holy Spirit unnecessary. 24.-IX. On the Way of Acceptance The philosophers of old did not preach with God, John xiv, 6.-X. On Insta: the Gospel; for they pointed out no bility in Religion, Gen. xlix. 4.-XI. other means of reclaiming man than the The Knowledge of Sin necessary to

wisdom of his own reasonings, and the Repentance, 1 John iii. 4.-XII. The

energy of his own exertions. Reasons why Men do not come to Christ,

“ Further: If we so exalt the merit John v. 40.—XIII. On the Proper Ef

of any righteous acts which man can fects of the Hope of Heaven, 2 Peter

perform, as to suppose them sufficient iii. 12.-XIV. Godliness profitable for

to counterbalance his trangressions, and all Things, 1 Tim. iv. 8.-XV. Meetness

to render him acceptable in the sight of for Heaven, wherein it consists, Coloss. God; we do not preach the Gospel; 1. 12–16.—XVI. Walking in the Spirit,

for thus also we make the cross of the Preservative from the Lusts of the Christ of none effect.

This was the Flesh, Gal. v. 16.-XVII. Regard to

error of the Jews: they had a zeal for God, the great Preservative from Sin, God, but not according to knowledge; Gen. xxxix. ix.-XVIII. The work of for being ' ignorant of God's righteousChrist, Luke iv. 18, 19.-XIX. The ness, and going about to establish their Duty of Glorifying God, 1 Cor. x. 31.

own righteousness, they did not submit XX. Proofs and Reasons of the Suffer to the righteousness of God.' ings of the Son of God, Isa. liii. 3-0.

Again : If we represent Christ as XXI. On the Peace arising from Trust only an example to mankind, and not in God, Isa. xxvi. 3.--XXII. On Bear

ás making atonement by his blood for ing the Cross, and following Christ, sin; as being a mere man, and not as Luke xiv. 27.-XXIII. How to use the the only begotten Son of God, who World so as not to abuse it, 1. Cor. vii.

came down from heaven to become our 29—31."

Redeemer; we do not preach the

Gospel. For 'great is the mystery of Our first set of extracts will be godlines'--that is, of the Gospel

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God was manifest in the flesh, seen of faith, and I have works; shew me thy angels, received up into glory.". faith' (to which thou pretendest)'with.

“In like manner, if we do not insist out thy works,” if thou art able. For that the great end of Christ's coming in my part, I will prove the superiority of the desk was to purchase to himself a that faith which tlou despisest; because boly people who should be zealous of " I will shew thee my faith by my good works, to enable them to escape works.' the corruptions of the world, and make 16 « Thou believest that there is one them partakers of a Divine nature; we God.. Thon (in this) dost well;' but if do not preach the Gospel:' for we

this faith has no influence upon thy overlook the very design of Christ in conduct, what is it more than the coxing upon earth.

devils' possess ? " The devils believe' "In a word, if we represent man as in the power of God, and their faith in no need of a Saviour, or if we'ascribe has some influence upon them ; for to hin the abslity to deliver himself; if they tremble.? Can thy pretended we leave Christ out of our view, or faith, which has less influence on thee Abstitute any thing in the place of his than even that of the devils, save meritorious death, perfect righteous: thee?” Vol. i. pp. 57, 58. Dess, and prevailing intercession; or if We cannot but apprehend some we do not insist on the necessity of the error to have crept into this passanctifying influence of the Spirit; -we sage, which inakes the first paraevidently do not preach the Gospel graph wholly unintelligible to us. we do not glorify Christ, or exalt his The obscurity arises from no notice of the state of man, and therefore fail being given how far the objection in rightly preparing him for eternity" of the “ opposer" goes, or where Vol. i. pp. 19–21.

the Apostle resumes.

With the In Sermon. IV. “ on Good, exception of this passage, we think Works,” the delicate task is under the whole a luminous, convincing, taken of reconciling St. James's and highly useful and important Second chapter with the Epistles discussion of this much-controverted of St. Paul. The discussion is very text of St. James. impartial; and, after Mr. Venn's "What, then," he argues, “is the object osaal method of exposition, takes of St. James? In producing this example a wide view of the whole chapter ; :of Abraham, did he wish to contradict the and, we thiok, clears with admirable Old Testament;-to contradict it also in skill the doctrine of justification that

part which was used as an important by faith from the difficulties arising he ulean to assert, in contradiction to

bulwark of the Christain Church? Did from a partial view of this passåge. Moses, that Abraham was not justified by The following remark on 'the 17th faith, but by his works? If he did, why Verse much struck sis:-

quote the very Scripture which makes “ You do not condemn the quality of against him; and why speak of its being. Christian love, because a pretender to fulfilled, but upon the supposition that it will suffer his brother to starve; but the object of the Apostle, in the precedyou justly condemn the mag, and denying verses, is what I have shewn it to be? that he possesses thiş-Joye. Exep sa, There he quotes the example of Abrawhen a man • says he has faith, but has ham, as a case full in point, to strengthen De works to demonstrate it;- you would the assertion just made, that a faith not Lot condemn faith, but this pretender productive of works is useless or dead, to faith, and reprove him by saying, and therefore will not justify. On this that ' faith without works is dead."" supposition the example he produces is

important, and the declaration of Scrip

ture in harmony with it. It is to this The next two”, paragraphs, we effect. Abraham was justified by faith. must own, are not quite so clear. But consider the character of his faith. “We now come to the eighteenth Was it not so powerful and active a Terse. "Yea, a man' (an opposer of the principle, that, under the most trying Christian faith, as a Jew, for instance) circumstances, he stood ready to saeri"may say to such an empty pretender fice his child to God? Was he, therefore, to fasts, Thou boastest that thou hast justified, by a fruitlese faith? Or by a

Vol. i. p. 57.

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faith. 'which produced works? Seest Jewish dispensation. This idea,
thou not how his faith wrought by hiş Mr. Venn observes,
works, constraining him to produce
them; and that thus his faith was com-

having thus taken possession of the pleted, was rendered perfect, by his mind of the Apostle, he continues, in his works? Thus the Scripture was fulfilled usual manner, to dwell upon it; institut. which said, “ Abraham believed in God, ing a comparison or analogy between

the and his faith was imputed to him for

presence of God formerly displayed, righteousness;- and thus, on account

and the presence of Christ as vouch. of his faith, so manifested by works, he safed to the Christian church. In this was called the friend of God. Vol. parallèl,however, from the usual rapidity

of his ideas and conciseness of his inan. pp. 60, 60.

ner, he leaves the points of resemblance Sermons VII. and VIII. contain ad- to be in part sapplied by the reader. mirable discussions of the great My- Contemplating the similarity of the type stery of Godliness, and the Trinity; and the antitype, he observes,' and as Sermons IX, and X. do of "the great, withont controversy, is the myTypes of the Old Testament," and stery of godliness," or of the Christian “the Patriarchal, Jewish, and Chris- dispensation. The mystery of the aptian Dispensations." His mode of pearance of God in the pillar and clond

to the Jews, was confessedly great; treating the doctrine of the Trinity but, says the Apostle, the mystery of reminds us much of the admirable his being manifested in the flesh, is sermon of Dean Swift's, on that without doubt great also.-If, in the subject; which, however, we pre- wilderness, God was justified, or his sume to think, it surpasses in me- Divine presence, and his truth were thod and fulness, as well as felicity vindicated, by miraculous signs; 80, ip of illustration. In simplicity of the Christian church, Christ was justistyle and clearness, as well as pru- pretensions vindicated by the mirach

fied, or the truth and authority of his dence in developing the most my- Jous operations of the Spirit.- If, in the sterious of doctrines, we are only wilderness, the Divine presence was be willing to place them on the same held by angels,' who, on Sinai, attendlevel.

ed the delivery of the Law, and who In his discussions of the different were represented as stooping over the dispensations, we clearly see the ark, desiring to look into the things hand of a master. He had inti- shadowed out by it; thus, in the new mately studied them, and he de dispensation, Christ was the object of scends to the very foundations of wonder and adoration to angels : he was those Divine systems, with every host;' as he lay at his birth in a manger;

seen by a 'multitude of the beavenly light which reason or revelation he was seen of angels,' when he was affords for tbeir inspection. Like tempted in the wilderness; he was óseen the man

seen by the prophet' in of angels,' whilst in agony in the gar. vision, he seems to have measured den of Gethsemane ;' he was seen of the "height and the “breadth," the angels;' while lying in the sepulchre, parts,” the “ chanıbers,” the

and when he rose from the dead and as:

very “ ornaments” of the temple. We

ceuded into heaven. - In the wilderness, should willingly give extracts, but alone; but Christ “preached' kis Gospel

God delivered the Law to the Jews forbear. The temple will scarcely to the Jew and Gentile also. In the bear division : it must be viewed as wilderness, only one nation' believe in a whole.--Our author's deep ac- God, and even they continually gave quaintance with the Jewish econo way to unbelief; but the Gospel of my, has led to a very ingenious, Christ was preached throughont the and to us new, exposition, in the world, and throughout the world was first of ibese four sermons, viz. on

his name hopoured.-In the wilderness, the Mystery of Godliness.

the cloud, the visible symbol of the Di.

He considers the passage in 1 Tim. iii. heaven, the seat of the Most High; and,

often mounted up towards 14-16. to contain a lengthened, in like manner, Christ proved his inter. though obscute, allusion to the course with Heaven, by being, in the

vine presence,

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presence of many witnesses, 'received ver us out of the hand of these mighty up into glory.'* Vol. i. pp. 105, 106. Gods ? Be strong, and quit yourselves

In the Second Volume, under the like men, Oye Philistines, that ye be head of deetrine and doctrinal ex

not servants to the Hebrews as they

have been to you. Quit yourselves like position, we shall confine ourselves men, and fight. But, on the other to the mention of a most important hand--unite the two doctrines, and the sermon, the third," on Divine Grace sentiments and feelings of a Christian and Human Agency," and the ninth, become like those of Hezekiah, when eighteenth, and twentieth, on what he gathered the captains of war togemay be truly called “ the Doctrine ther, and spake comfortably to them, of Christ." "In this sermon, which

saying; Be strong and courageous: be is from Phil. ii. 12, 13. " Work

not afraid nor dismayed for the king of

Assyria, nor for all the multitude that is out your own salvation with fear

with him; for there are more with us and trembling, for it is God which than with him: with him is an arm of worketh in vou, &c.” Mr.V.does not flesh, but with us is the Lord our labour so much to establish any God, to help us and to fight our batparticular views of doctrine found tles.'" Vol. ii. pp. 33–35. ed op that text, as he does to shew After this he observes, with the clearness with which the two much depth of thought, that " if comlending doctrines of grace and either doctrice be removed, not free agency are revealed in Scrip. only the duties and graces are inture." Without aiming to shew, jured resulting from ibat, but those that they do not clash, or to explain also which appear wholly derived the precise way in which they are from the other.” The sermon is to be reconciled," he justly ob- then devoted to shew how the docserves, “ the sacred writers assert trine of the grace of God tends to both...... In like manner will every quicken, to direct, to humble us, truly humble Christian, who acts to influence our gratitude and enrather than disputes, unite in his courage our exertions in the path practice these two doctrines.” of life. On this last topic he ob

serves: “If either doctrine had been revealed in Scripture without the other, it is evi

“When a person begins in sincerity to dent there would have been a set of

serve God, he will dwell chiefly upon daties on the part of man in some mea

the duties and powers of man; but when sure different from what are now requir

he has had much experience of his own ed of him. If God, for instance, had heart, he will fix his attention and rest merely proclaimed his own grace withi

his hopes upon the grace of God. No. out issuing any commands to mankind, for a time, to make him earnest to

velty, terror, and hope, may combine, it would have been our daty to have Esed no efforts : our case would then

work out his salvation;' but soon these have resembled that of the Israelites will cease to affect the mind. Then the upon the banks of the Red Sea, when only resource (but, blessed be God, it the injunction given to them was ;--

is both a sure, and abiding resource) is 'Fear ye not: stand still,

and see the in the grace of God. Here is the ensalvation of the Lord, which he will

couragement of a Christian. Welabour, shew you this day; for the Ægyptians not from any high opinion of our own whom ye have seen to-day, ye shall see powers, but because we trust in that then again no more for ever. The Lord

God who inspires us with desire, and shall fight for you, and ye shall hold

whose grace and goodness are im. şoar peace-if, again, practical ex

measurably great, and who has promised hortations had been isyed withont any

not to forsake those who call upon him. revelation of the grace of God, it would : Thus, with the Psalmist, when the trave been our duty to encourage our

Lord says, 'Seek ye my face,' our hearts telves to exertion with such arguments, reply, Thy face, Lord, will we seek??" as the Philistines used when the ark of

Vol. ii. p. 43, God was brought into the camp of Israel.

From the three sermons aboveAnd the Philistines were afraid. And - mentioned, one on the Mediation of they said, Woe unto is! who shall deli-. Christ, from Jolin xiv. 6; the other CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 157.

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