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wealth*; and at another time stir. future period;" and we should ring beaven and earth against the marvel much if either they or their bishops, for the continuunce, not parishes were the worse for the the original enactment, of a few compliance. And so far from ownindifferent ceremonies, merely be- ing ourselves indebted to the sucause they chose to think, that perior wisdom, piety, or constancy those ceremonies, rather than an. of those who did not follow the other Directory for ceremonies of example, it is a marvel to us, that their own, would operate fatally they saw not at the time what the against the spirit of the Gospel ? plainest understanding, if unbiassWell might Mr. Brook quote fromed, can now see in their proceedStrype, “ It is murrellous how much ings; 1st, that in rejecting a milder these habits were abhorred by wbilst they would have agreed to many honest, well-meaning men; a stricter imposition, they were in who styled them antichristian cere- fact forging future and heavier monies, &c.” It is marvellous, on the chains for the consciences of the one hand, how their judgments nation; 2d, that in every appeal should have been so misled, as to they made to Government for rethink that they had either right or gulating those impositions, they in power to briug ihe whole nation un- fact recognized the power which der the Geneva Cioak; or, on the enforced submission to them; 3d, other liand, how their consciences that in consequence in every deparshould have been so misinformed as ture from the final determination to imagine that no pure Gospelcould of the Government, except where issue from beneath a surplice, a the word of God lay against the tippet and hood. It was certainly express ceremony itself, (as in the pot marvellous, that “ 300 scholars case of worshipping images, a case in St. John's college should throw which they could never prove away their surplices with one con- against the Protestant forms), they sent,” (p. 25.); and we marvel if were guilty, by their own acknowtheir Euclids and syllabuses did not ledgment, of rebellion against the idly float after them in the Cam. state ; 41h, that therefore, by a But that grave and solid divines, most singular infelicity, they esta professing godliness, and claiming blished an inseparable association, to themselves the meekness of wise in the minds of men, between dom, should have made it a turning purity in religion and disorder in point with themselves as to preach the state; 5th, that their very docing the pure and reformed religion trines, on which at first all were of Jesus, under tbe wing of an ac- agreed in the main, must in knowledged Protestant government, tiine sbare the prejudice, raised and a learnedly orthodox episco- against their discipline; 6th, that pacy, that “the popish government therefore, every additional imposiand ceremonies” (which after all tion of forms, every departure from were not of Popery, but long prior pure doctrine, which they succes to it), “should be left indifferent, sively complained of in their advers& and some liberties indulged in the ries, was ultimately chargeable upon use of the cominon prayer,” (p. 20.) themselves ; 7th, that such preju. does, we own, make as marvel, and dice against their doctrines and that greatly! “Some,” we are told, against their cause was, in the na“ did in part comply, in hopes of the ture of things, likely to be perpe removal of these grievances at some tual; so that in all succeeding ages

dissension and division were almost * Yet the well known confession of sure to exist in the Church of Ballinger, a reformed pastor of Zurich Christ; and a plausible argument is remarkable, « Satis facit piis Ed- would be furnished to the enemies wardi reformatio."

of truth, as if its friends were, the enemies of the state ; and whereas tion they felt of the total impossitill then it had been calumny, that bility of introducing so rigid a code Christians “thin the world upside of doctrine and discipline into so down :" from thenceforward it wide, so diversified, so free, perhaps would come to look like truth ; and so ignorant, and so immoral a nathe bitter spirit, and implacable tion and government as that of language in which their opposition England. We must look for it in was too oftep acted, would for ever their firm belief of the sacred origin cast an indelible slur, (as it has of Episcopacy, in opposition to the done to this day), upon all preten- alleged jus divinum of Presbytery. ders to vital religion.

We must look for it in their more It should never be forgotten, that correct and liberal views of a the earliest persecutors of the Puri-church-establishment, as requiring tans were, like themselves, Calvinists indeed strict submission to what it in doctrine. None more rigid, as does ordain, but as leaving the the Lambeth Articles testify, than greatest possible latitude in its orWhitgift himself. It was not till dinances, whether to men of stricter 60 years after these discussions principles to carry iustruction to its about discipline began, that the greatest height of purity, or to men deeper doctrines of that school of lesser principles not to rebel were prohibited from the pulpit: against its discipline; in short, as when, as Fuller quaintly observes, conciliating all parties. And if, in a kind of “ sermon-surfeit” bad their doctrinal views, we are to taken place; and, by a strange and look for any cause of their conduct, mischievous transposition,

so the those doctrinal views, we must repeople heard of nothing but the collect, they had originally in comduties of the court; the court of mon with their adversaries. If nothing but the duties of the peo- violence was added occasionally to ple.” This curious species of An- severity, arrest and imprisonment to tinomianism was in time suspected to suspension and deprivation, and fre. grow out of the favourite doctrines quent personal abuse and invective carried to excess : and if, after that to all the rest,--these, we have too suspicion, the bishops and the court manifest proof, they shared likewise inclined to the low Arminian school, with the Puritans; and since they we leave it to the world to judge had nothing else in common, but who at least shared the blame of originally their Calvinistic creed, the change. At any rate let not let Mr. Brook, if he pleases, attrilow and secular principles of reli- bute their conmon violeuce to that, gion be supposed at the bottom of We shall only bint at the possithe Puritanical oppressions, when bility, that that creed, not yet fully Puritanical pertinacity, in all human exorcised from the spirit of Popery probability, laid the foundation for and crudely derived by some otherthese. If bishops who had forfeit- wise eminent reformers from the ed all but their lives by opposing popish schools, may have produced Popery under Queen Mary; if an exasperated state of feeling on kings and queens who had been both sides, from which modern nursed with favour in the lap of Calvinists will do well to prove Protestantism, and even Puritanism, their exemption. And whilst we according to Mr. Brook, both sud- equally shrink from the haughty denly turn about when in power to and towering attitude of episcopal the side most opposite to Puritan- despotism, and the self-applauding ism, we really must look further for and vindictive tone of Puritan methe cause, than to the predilection nace, whatever sanction each may of either for Popery, or for the low clains from their common orthodoxy doctrines of later Protestantism. of sentiment; taught in a better age, We must look for it in the convic- we are bold to say, that genuine

CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 162. 3 G

Christianity, and therefore real Pro- thodox establishment, together with testantism, disclaims them both; a safe and full religious toleration, and that to neither are we indebted, which divines of other times and except by accident, for those in, other schools at length devised. comparable blessings of a mild or

(To be continued.)


&c. &c.



of Christ Church. Sir Roger Newdigate's In the Press : A work on the Breeding, Prize- English Verse: “ The Temple Rearing, and Management of Poultry, of Theseus." Mr. S. Rickards, Com. Pigeons, and Rabbits, the Result of 40 moner of Oriel college, Years' Practice, with Experiments on At Mr. Edwards' late sale, the Bed. hatching Eggs, by B. Mowbray, Esq.;- ford Missal was bought by the Marquis A new edition in Svo. and 4to. of Strype's of Blandford for 6871. 158.; and the Ecclesiastical, Historical, and Civil splendid copy, on 'vellum, of the first Memorials, relating chiefly to the Re- edition of Livy, Romæ 1469, was parformation, in seven vols. to be followed chased by Sir M. M. Sykes, Bart. for by his Annals of the Reformation dur- 003). iug the first twelve Years of Elizabeth's A most extraordinary letter of Dr. Reign;-Baxteriana, or Selections from Kipling, the Dean of Peterborough, the Works of Baxter, by Arthur Young, has lately found its way into the public Esq. in one vol. 12mo. ;-(By Subscrip- prints. It is addressed to the Rey. tion) the Mosiad, an Epic Poem, on the John Lingard, a priest of the Romish Deliverance of Israel from Egypt, by Church, and is marked by something Mr. C. Smith ;-A new edition in 8vo. of the same strange perversity of judg. of Burnet's History of His Own Times; ment which has appeared in former -An Account of the Pursuits encourag- publications. He tells Mr. Lingard, ed and enforced in the University of that he is amenable to a court of Cambridge, by the Rev.L. Waenewright justice, for having, in his strictures op of Emanuel College.

Professor Marsh's “Comparative View," Preparing for Publication : The Life applied the words “ the new," and and Correspondence of the Lady Ara- "the modern,” to the “ Church of Eng. þella Stuart (cousin to king James I.) land;" such words tending to a breach whom it was intended to place on the of the peace; and the church by law estathrone after Elizabeth, compiled from blished being so in separably inter woven her original letters ;- A Universal Tele- with the Constitution, that a calumny on graph and general Code of Signals for the former is a calumny on the latter. Merchant Vessels of all Nations, by “If, however," he proceeds, you shall which they may communicate with each assure me in the course of a few days, other at Sea, without deviating from that within a reasonable time” (which their course, by Mr. R. Crowgie of Fal, he explains to mean' "a few months mouth.

only"), “

you will publish a vindica

tion of this defamatory language, I will At Oxford, the Prize Compositions defer to prosecute you, not only till have been adjudged as follows, viz: sufficient time has been granted you Chancellor's Prizes-English Essay; “ The for that purpose, but also till an opporEffects of Colonization on the Parent tunity has been allowed the public to State.” Mr. T. Arnold, B. A. Scholar peruse my reply to it. By a vindication of Corpus Christi college, and Fellow is here meant complete proof of this poElect of Oriel.-Latin Essay; “ In illa sition, that the structure of the Church Philosophiæ Parte que Niarali dicitur of England and the materials of which tractanda, quænam sit præcipue Aristotelicæ it is composed, are new and modern. Disciplina Virtus?" Mr. C. G. Daubeny, Should it appear to be the general opi B.A. demy of Magdalen college.- Latin nion, when the reasonings of us both Verse; “ Europa Pacutores Oxoniam in- shall have been maturely considered, risentes.” Mr. A. Macdounell, Student that your vindication is complete, I will

then make a recantation, and cease to termined sehisms. As strange would be a member of the Established Church, it be to see loyal Britons forming a If by the generality of our readers it political association with, or furnishing shall be thought defective, you will be money and arms to, those whom they summoned to answer for your offensive knew to be exciters of sedition, abettors demeanour in Westminster-ball.” of privy conspiracy, and promoters of

There is something truly ludicrous in rebellion." Whatever may be the fate this publicchallenge to polemical debate, of Mr. Lingard, we trust ihat his iordaccompanied by the threat of Westmin- ship, for the sake of public justice, ster-hall to sharpen the wit of his anta- will at least take care tliat the author gonist.–Dr. Kipling would probably of this atrocious calumny “ shall be maintain, that his own works exhibit summoned to answer for his offensive the sentiments of the Church of Eng. demeanour in Westminster-hall." land. If so-if the doctrines of the Church of England are to be identified

FRANCE. with those of the learned Dean, then We have already alluded to a Decree Mr. Lingard will have no difficulty in of Bonaparte, founded on a report of proving them to be innovations on the Carnot, reconimending the establishviews, not only of the Apostles, but of ment of schools in France, on the model the reformers. But, after all, we are of Bell and Lancaster, for the educabalf inclined to view the statement tion of two millions of children who father as a hoat practised by some require primary instruction. The folenemy of the Dean of Peterborough, lowing is a copy of the Decree; and than as a sober reality; and this opi. though Bonaparte appears now to apnion gathers strength from another cir- proach the crisis of his fate, we trust cumstance. The same paper in which that this decree will not be reversed. we first saw an accouut of the letter “ Considering the importance of eduattributed to the learned Dean, contains cation for improving the state of soa manifest calumny on the Bishop of ciety; considering that the methods Lincoln, in the shape of a report of a hitherto used in France, have not atCharge delivered by his lordship to his tained that degree of perfection which clergy, at Bedford, on the 1st instant. it is possible to reach, and desiring to This libel states the bishop to have place this branch of our institutions on represented the Bible Society as “ very a footing with the intelligence of the dangerous to the established religion, age, we have decreed, and do decrée and to the orthodox principles of those

as follows:who attended its meetings;" and "how- “ Art. 1. Our Minister of the Interior ever sincere the motives which originally shall invite around him the persons who induced unsuspicious clergymen of the deserve to be consulted as to the best Church of England to join it, they must methods of primary education. He shall now have seen enough in the published examine and decide on those methods, accounts of its meetings, and in the and direct the experiment of such as proceedings and speeches there, to he shall deem preferable. induce them to withdraw from it; or at “2. Tliere shall be opened at Paris, least to raise some misgivings in their an experimentul school of primary education, minds, as to the real views of many of so organized as to serve for a model, its most active members." He is said and to become a normal school, to form to have declared, that “though it be our

primary teachers. duty to shew gentleness, and forbear- “ 3, After satisfactory results shall ance, and charity towards all our Chris. have been obtained from this school of tian brethren, yet, that we are not experiment, our Minister of the Interior authorised to give the right hand of shall propose to us the measures calfellowship or co-operation to those who culated to enable all the departments cause divisions, or to unite in religious to enjoy all the advantages of the associations with those who publicly new methods which shall have been avow the falsest doctrines, the most adopted." notorious heresies, and the most de


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