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SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING the last year only, to the schools united

CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. with the National Society. To these the The Annual Report of this Society, for Society for promoting Christian Know1814, has been printed; and it thence ledge supplies elementary books of in appears that the Society continues to struction, Bibles, Prayer-books, &c. increase in extent and efficiency, chief. The Committee express a strong desire, ly through the beneficial influence of that the Diocesan and District Comthe Diocesan and District Committees. mittees would furnish regular returns In consequence of this enlargement, of all schools aided by the Society, “ a more wakeful attention has been ex- which should specify the description of cited to the spiritual necessities of the school whether week-day or Sunday Indigent and afflicted;" “ the number school, and the number of children of of books dispersed has considerably in each sex. creased," while they have “ in very The whole number of books dispersed many cases been distributed to greater by the Society, from April 8, 1813, to advantage." The sale of books at re. April 21, 1814, is as follows—Bibles duced prices has been encouraged with 25,765 ; New Testaments and Psalters the best success. The progress of the 47,314; Common Prayers 56,628; other Society is illustrated by the insertion in bound books 49,310; tracts 488,710*. the Appendix of the First Annual Re. Besides which a number of books and port of the Winchester Committee; from papers have been printed and distributwhich it appears, that the whole County ed gratuitously. of Hants has been brought into close co- A plan has been adopted for supply. operation with the Society; that the ing the revenue boats stationed round amount of donations received, is 12401. the coast with the Scriptures, the Comand of annual subscriptions, 525l.; and mon Prayer, and some books and tracts, that there had been issued from the dif- on the suggestion of Lieut.-Col. Bur. ferent depôts alone, independently of gess; and also for translating some tracts wbat members may have procured from into the Welsh language. The family Loudon, 1617 Bibles, 957 Testaments, Bible is stated to have had a rapid and 3096 Prayer-books, and 533 Psalters, extensive sale. Two editions on royal besides school books and religious tracts. paper; one consisting of 2500, the other Twenty-four Diocesan, Decanal, or Dis- of 2000 copies ; have been sold, besides trict Committees have been formed in 7000 copies on medium paper. The the course of the year, including four in Committee strongly recommend this the British dominions in North America, work to general attention. and one in the Isle of Man. “ It is re- We now proceed to give an abstract markable," the Committee observe, of the Report of the Society's Mission " that at the moment when the Society, in India. Mr. Pæzold represents the on occasion of the appointment of the concerns of the Mission at Vepery, to Lord Bishop of Calcutta, was first ven- proceed with order and regularity. turing to express the wishes which they The Christians at Pullicat, instead of had long cherished, that a great insti- applying to him as formerly, had placed tution might arise in the East, embrac- themselves under the pastoral care of ing in friendly combination the several the Company's Chaplain. He had furgrand designs carried on by this Society, nished the 'Tanjore Mission with a supply a like establishment was taking place of Malabar New Testaments and other, in the West, under the patronage of the books, and had distributed some Bibles, highest constituted authorities in church Prayer-books, &c. among soldiers and and state there; and which it is confi- others. dently hoped may be a model and esample to others, whereby the pure reformed faith of the English Church may * The number distributed from that be further propagated, and increasingly time, to 20th April, 1816, is still larger, confirmed in those regions."

viz. 26,766 Bibles ; 48,018 Testaments On the subject of education and and Psalters ; 65,492 Common Prayers; schools, they remark, that an accession other bound books 51,525 ; small tracts, of 20,000 children had been made during half bound books, and papers 653,501.,

Mr. Pæzold communicates the arrivaled in the Mission for 44 years. The of Mr. Jacobi in a good state of health free schools formed by Dr. John have ou the 6th of Sept. On the 3d of Oct. been placed under the particular direc. he departed for Tanjore, where he ar- tion of Mr. Cammerer, at the request rived on the 15th. He was seized on of the Rev. Mr. Thompson of Madras. his way thither with an illness, which The increase of the Tranqnebar Conhas since, we are much concerned to gregation in the course of the year had state, terminated fatally. The com- been 103, amongst whom were 17 Hea. munications from Mr. Jacobi himself thens, and 2 Roman Catholics. appear to have been of a very pleasing The Rev. Mr.Holzberg has been remov. kind. During the passage he convers ed from his situation of Missionary. The sed in Arabic with some Mahoinmedan cause of his dismissal is not specified. Lascars, that were on board, and at There are no accounts in the present Madeira had an opportunity of confer- Report from the Rev. Mr. Kolhoff, at ring, both in Portuguese and Latin, with Tanjore. a Romish priest; and he seemed fully An impressive valedictory address to bent on exerting himself strenuously in the Bishop of Calcutta, delivered on the the service of the Society.

17th May, 1814, immediately before his From Trichinapoly, Mr. Pohle writes, departure to India, by the Bishop of that the Tamul congregation amounted Chester, and the very pleasing reply of to 333, and the Portuguese and half cast the Bishop of Calcutta, are inserted at to 145. His great age and weak health full length in the Report. confined his Jabours chiefly to the The onmber of subscribing members place of his station ; but he saw that admitted from August 1813, to Christthose under him discharged their duty, mas 1814, was 1559, besides 263 ladies. which indeed they did. A new church The whole receipts of the year, from had been built at Trichinapoly for the April 8, 1813, to April 21, 1814, were troops, which had been recently opened 34,5451.; and the whole disbursements, by the Rev. Mr. Smith, one of the Com- 34,5341. In the year ending 20th April

, pany's Chaplains.

1815, the receipts amounted to 47,6431. Some very candid admissions are and the disbursements to the same sam. made by Mr. Pohle, in reference to Of this the subscriptions amount to some reflections that had been cast on 74401.; the benetactions and legacies to the communications of the Missionaries about 40001. ; various dividends to abont respecting the Syrian Christians. We 70001. presume he refers to those which appeared in the Christian Observer for BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE 1812, p. 105. He admits, that those com

SOCIETY. munications amounted to little more The Rev. Henry Lindsay, Chaplain to than what they collected from the pub- the British Embassy at Constantinople, lication of former Missionaries. He had in a letter 'dated from the British Palace, always wished for additional informa. Constantinople, Jan. 12, 1815, has intion, to be obtained by the residence of closed a paper from the Greek Patrisome competent person among them for arch of Constantinople. What gave oca year or two; but this it was not possi. casion to it was this : “Upon making ble for them in their circumstances to inquiry,” says Mr.Lindsay,“ relative to accomplish. Still he was backward in distributing, either gratis or by purchase, taking all for granted that had appeared the modern Greek Testaments which the in a journey, when but imperfect obser- Society had entrusted to my care, I was vations could be made, especially without generally given to understand that the a knowledge of the country language. Greek Priests would do all in their

From the printing press at Tranqne- power to thwart and render ineffectual bar, various useful publications had any such distribution. I determined, issued, for the supply of the Chris- therefore, to go at once to the Patriarch, tians belonging to the Society's Missions, and, if possible, procure his sanction. and also at Ceylon, and particularly the Accordingly I got translated a large Proverbs of Solomon, the Psalter, and Extract from the Summary Account select sentences from the Old and New of the Society, which I left with him, Testament, all in Tamul, besides school together with a copy of the Modern books.--Dr. John had died on the 1st Greek Testament. When I next saw Sept. 1813. This active and faithful him, he told me that he considered the servant of Jesus Christ had been engage object of the Society highly landablo, and presented me with the enclosed de- literary attainments, after mature de claration.

liberation, and a careful perusal of the “ As the present Patriarch is consi- Gospel in the Cingalese language, liad dered a person of great literary attain, determined to throw aside his yellow ments, the opinion of so competent a robes, and embrace the Christian re. judge respecting the version adopted ligion. by the Society may be thought in itself “ It was in vain that his resolution satisfactory; but I conceive the De- was assailed by his brother priests, and claration may be also extensively use- by the solicitations of his own family; ful, if the Society should think proper their importunities ouly served to agito print and prefix it to each copy of tate his mind, but could not shake his the Romaic Testanient which may here. determined conviction, founded upon after be issued. I have been credibly examinatiou and reflection. He gave informed, that many Greeks have scrup- up rank, affluence, connections, and led to purchase, or even receive, the family, to follow the dictates of his con. Scriptures, without some such authori- science. He was baptized immediately ty; and I understand, that the persons after the Second Lesson, by the name of acting for the Society at Zante are of • Petrus Panditta Sekanas ;' and Mr, opinion, that the sale of the Testaments, Annom and Mr. Clough (the missionary transmitted there, has been materially by whose instrumentality he had been retarded by those scruples.”

converted) were his godfathers. From The following is a translation from the natural influence of his character the modern Greek of the patriarch's and abilities, such an example promises declaration :

to be ot' signal use in the propagation “ Cyril, Archbishop of Constantinople, of Christianity. The causes which led

New Rome, and Ecumenical Patri- to his adoption of the Christian religion, arch.

and the probable consequence of his “Our Lowliness notifies by this pre- conversion, were noticed with much sent Patriarchal Declaration, that, lav- effect by the Honourable and Rev. Mr. ing examined accurately, and with the Twisleton, in his sermon on the occa. necessary attention, the edition of the sion; and they furnished a most approNew Testament in two languages, Hel priate conclusion to a discourse delenic and Romaic, published in England livered on the nativity of Him who by the Society there established, of was destined to be a Light to lighten British typography, by John Tilling, at the Gentiles." Chelsea, in the year one thousand eight The account of the conversion of this hundred and ten of the Incarnation of priest is too long to be inserted entire, Christ our Saviour, we have found We must content ourselves with a few in it nothing false, or erroneous; where- brief extracts. fore we have judged right to give per- " The manner," says Mr. Clough, mission for it to be used, and read by 'in which I became acquainted with all pious, united, and orthodox Chris- the Budhist priest, was by attending tians; to be sold in the booksellers' the idolatrous worship and ceremonies. shops, and to be bought freely by all On these occasions I was always atwho wish it, without any one making tended by an interpreter, by whose the least hesitation; for the manifesta- means I was enabled to make many tion of which, this our present Patri. inquiries; and I the more particularly archal Declaratiou has been issued, in addressed this Priest, perceiving that the thirteenth day of the month of he possessed acuteness of intellect, and December, 1814."

was acknowledged to be the best versed

in the religion of Budhu, and in the CEYLON.

sciences of the country. I began to take The following is an extract from a great pleasure in conversing with him: communication recently received from and the pleasure appearing to be reciColumbo, in the island of Ceylon, and procal, onr interviews became frequent dated January 13, 1815:-

and of protracted length. “ On Christmas-day (1814) a very

* Perceiving, after many conversa. remarkable baptism was celebrated in tions, that he continued to be very the middle of Divine worship, before inquisitive about Christianity, I fura full congregation, at the church in nished him with a copy of the four the Fort. A Budhist priest, of great Gospels in Cingalese, with which he eminence for character, talents, and was much pleased, saying, “ This is

what I have long wished to see, and would be extreme, and that he shonld be assured I will read it with great think that the great God had sent me attention; but,' he added, 'may I re- from England to Ceylon to instruct quest an additional favour of you, him, and shew him the right way of which is, to explain any part which worshipping God; and in return, he I may not understand.' I presented to should think it incumbent upon him, to him the Gospels at his own heathen his latest hour, to make known to his temple, when some of his pupils for the countrymen the blessings of the Gospel Budhist priesthood were present, who which had been thus offered to him were not a little surprized at the joy through my means. Perceiving that he he expressed, and the care he mani. was prepared to manifest his converfested in wrapping it up, as being more sion, I asked him what he conceived valuable than gold.

the most speedy and effectual mode of “ He soon put me to the pleasing doing it. He replied, " By laying aside task of explaining, to the best of my my priestly garments, and joining myabilities, those things which were ra- self to the society of Christiaus ;' adding, ther mysterious to him. After he had I am, in my present situation, as comread the Gospels several times, he began fortable as I can wish, with regard to to fament that he had not the old the things of this world; but as soon Testament, supposing it would give as I throw off this garment, I shall be him a clear explanation of the New. deprived of all means of support: and

I must now pass over a number of this gives me uneasiness, because I interesting evening conversations, and shall be brought into distress. If, how. hasten to the interview when he made a ever, I had only a sufficient knowledge public confession of the state of his mind of the Christian religion, to enable me and present views, which was nearly as to preach it, I believe the great and follows:- I feel a wish to give you good God would not suffer me for one a relation of my preseut condition, and moment to want; and one of the greatest I believe, from what I know of yon, acts of mercy you can do, will be to that you will not make a wrong use of assist me a little in this particular.' any thing I saySince I became ac- “ About this time there was a meet. quainted with you, your conversation ing convened of several Budhist priests, and your answers to my different qnes- for some particnlar occasion near Galle, tions have made a deep impression on my and the meeting was to continue for mind; and during the last three weeks, some days; and I was apprehensive he I have been in a state of great distress might be shaken, or not sufficiently of mind. I have often returned home

prepared to stand the attacks of such a after my interviews with you, unable to number of his former acquaintance. sleep all night.' I asked him the cause But at this time a singular circumstance of his trouble. He replied, that it arose occurred, which seemed to give weight from an apprehension that he and his to all his past conduct. The priests countrymen who followed the religion who had assembled were desirous to of Budhu had been mistaken in their avail themselves of the opportunity of religious principles, which was to him receiving personal improvement through a consideration of the greatest import. the means of my faithful convert; for ance. He added, that the more he he being the senior priest, was looked thought on the subject, the more the up to for instruction; and one evening apprehension increased, in as much as when they were assembled, and were the evidences in favour of the Christian expecting to hear him preach on the religion were making a stronger and religion of Budhu, he drew out the stronger impression upon him. I then Cingalese New Testament, and began asked him whether the God of the to read the first chapter of St. Matthew; Christians was hc who ought to be and he proceeded to read other chap. worshipped in preference to idols. He ters, making his observations till morn. replied, that he had been considering ing, by which time he had finished the the subject in all its bearings, and that whole Gospel. He was heard with sur he had offered up prayers for direction prise and attention ; and they frequently in a matter so important; and the more interrupted him, as he proceeded, with he prayed, the more did his desire to questions, which he answered to the quit the religion of Budhu increase best of his ability." He then asked me to assist him in His baptism appears to have taken managing this, for which his gratitude place soon after this occurrence. In

a few days“ another priest inade appli- among the different villages of his cation to be permitted to embrace countrymen, who are setuled all along Christianity, and to be publiciy bap- the sea coasts of our island. tized, as an example to his countrymen. “ When at Jaffna,. I had the satisfac. This man is at present receiving the tion to know that many of the most necessary instruction; and as soon as intelligent of the Bramins of that place he has made adequate proficiency in the had read the New Testament, and two principles of our religion, he will be of thein were fully impressed with the permitted to avow the renunciation of truth of the religion it teaches. When his own faith, and the adoption of ours, next there, I expect to have an opporin the same way which the other priest tunity of conversing with many of them has done.

on the subject, and hearing from them “About a year ago, a Mahometan the progress which they have made in merchant of Jaffna, came down to understanding the nature of onr reliColumbo, and was publicly baptized in gion. The conversion of these Bramins our church. He had long been weigh- is very desirable, not only from the ing the comparative merits of the Koran iufiuence which they possess over the and the Testament, and had fully de- minds of the inhabitants of the province cided in favour of the latter, wlien he of Jatina, but also from the continual came to me while I was at Jaffna in communication which is kept up belast March, and stated to me his con- tween them and the Bramins of the victiou of the truth of Christianity, and island of Ramiseram, through whom his desire to become a Christian. I they may very easily disseminate the advised that he should be brought down principles of Christianity in every part from Jaffna, and admitted into our of India ; Ramiseram, being one of the faith, under the protection of the Go- greatest places of resort in the South of vernor. This had the desired effect; India for all the devotees and pilgrims for although the other Mahometans had of the Hindoo religion. endeavoured to deter him from changing “ The members of the Bible Society his religion, by open threats, they de- at Columbo have every reason to be sisted from their intended persecution satisfied with the progress which our of him the moment they found he was interpreters have made in the new protected by persons in power. He has translation of the Testament. Almost since gone back to Jaffna; and I had the whole of the translation is finished, the pleasure of knowing, when I was and a great part of it has been revised; there in October, that he had suc- so that we shall soon begin to have it ceeded in getting forty or fifty Maho- printed. In the mean time, great nummetans to attend him daily forthe purpose bers of the copies of the former tranof learning the principles of a religion slation are daily distributed; and, I which seemed to them to have carried dare say, we shall soon perceive that such conviction to his mind. This is the doctrines of Christianity are much just what was to be wished for: and

more generally understood in this island I have little doubt that his example than they ever were before." will produce the most extensive effect


BATTLE OF WATERLOO. momentous consequences to Europe and It were vain to attempt to express, in the world which it cannot fail to produce. any adequate terms, the feelings of Of all the arduous conflicts in which gratitude to the Supreme Disposer of the great Wellington has been engaged, events, with which we contemplate the this appears to be by far the most im splendid success recently achieved by portant ; and its result will probably the duke of Wellington, in the neigh- contribute more directly and imme. boarhood of Brussels. The battle of diately to the peace and happiness of Waterloo will stand distinguished in mankind than even his many former the page of history; not only for the victories. consummate skill and unequalled valour The situation in which the allies were displayed by the combatants, but for the placed gave à manifest advantage to


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