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the former periods. Perhaps we and will afford us little opportu. are neither of us willing to start nity for variety in our extracts bemore game than can be fairly run yond the heads bere enumerated. down. For ourselves, we are amply In the first volume, containing content with the challenge cour mostly the Puritans of Queen Eliteous for a future day in other zabeth's reign, a motley group, we fields; and shall now return to were much interested by the conver• ground already trodden, to look sion of Bale, with which the Mefor something there that may re- moirs

open, and that of honest compense the reader, after the dry and apostolical Bernard Gilpin, and tedious labours through which The former, as being the most picit has been necessary to conduct turesque, we here give. It is front him. lo other words, we shall de- his own pen. dicate our remaining space to the large residue of Mr. Brook's Ist “ I wandered,” says he,“ in utter ign vol. with the whole of the 2d and norance, and blindness of mind both 3d, containing the Biographical there (at Norwich) and at Cambridge, Memoirs. From these we shall having no tutor or patron; till, the word extract a few such circumstances of God shining forth, the churches beand traits of character, as we think gan to return to the pure fountain of may be attended with interest; of the New Jerusalem being not called

true divinity. In which bright rising and shall endeavour to draw some by any monk, 'or priest, but seriously general view of the Puritan charac. stirred up by the illustrious the lord ter, as resulting from the whole. Wentworth, as by that centurion, who

It is to be borne in mind that the declared Christ to be the Son of God, I history of every individual


presently saw and acknowledged my contained in these volumes is pro the Divine goodness, I was removed from

own deformity;and immediately through fessedly the history of a suffering, and, as it is alleged, oppressed and fertile valley of the Gospel, where !

a barren mountain, to the flowery and persecuted character. Their first found all things built, not on the sand, conversion, and gradual acquisition but on a solid rock. Hence I made of“ wisdom and knowledge” confor• haste to deface the mark of wicked mable to their new views; their re antichrist, and entircly threw off his sistance to the established order of yoke from me, that I might be a parthings; and their consequent“ ap. taker of the lot and liberty of the sons prehension by pursuivants," with of God. And that I might never more their numerous and expensive jour- serve so execrable a beast

, I took to nies; their examination before bi- wife the faithful Dorothy." p. 101. shops and councils, with the subse- This gentleman, after his converquent sentence (when any took sion, accepted, and resided upon, place) of suspension, deprivation, the bishopric of Ossory, in Ireland, imprisonment, banishment, or dis- and positively refused to be consemission to preach the Gospel in the crated but according to the English most barbarous parts of Stafford. Book of Common Prayer. Unforshire, Shropsbire, Lancashire, &c. tunately, however, driven to Ge(vol. i. p. 322.); their measures of neva by the persecutions of Queen defence or retaliation, as opportu- Mary, he returned, like most of nity might offer; together with their his friends, in a different mind. more laudable labours amongst their His bishopric “ went a begging;" respective flocks, or in their stu- the church, he had now discovered, dies; and finally, where it was to only had begun to be ruled by the be obtained, the account of their government of bishops about 607, last moments and dying testimo- A. D., through the invention of nies to their favourite opinions; the monks;" and he contented himmake up the bulk of these memoirs, self with a prebend of Canterbury.

where he employed himself in ' for I know not;' said be, ' how soon I composing strong invectives against may have occasion for it. As soon as he Popery, and writing “ comedies of was apprehended, he set out for Loudon, Christ's Baptism and Temptations."

in expectation of the fire and faggot. A comedy of Christ at twelve But on his jourkey to the metropolis, we

are informed that he broke his leg, years old; a comedy of the Raising which unavoidably detained him some of Lazarus; a comedy of the High time on the road. The persone conductPriests' Council; a comedy of Si- ing bim took occasion from this disaster mon the Leper; a comedy of the maliciously to retort upon him a freLord's Supper, and the Washing of quent observation of bis, viz. “That the Disciples' Feet; two comedies nothing happeus to us but what is in. (or rather tragedies) of Christ's tended for our good. And when they Passion; two comedies of Christ's asked him whether he thought his broken Burial and Resurrection, &c. From leg was so intended, he meekly replied these, and the titles of nearly sixty that he had no doubt of it. And, indeed,

so it soon appeared in the strictest other' Protestant works, it is easily sense; for before he was able to tragathered that he was a mau of vel, Queen Mary died, and he was set great wit: and if we consider bis at liberty. Thus he again eseaped out last change of opinion, of lamen- the hands of his enemies." pp. 253, tably short memory!

254. Of that truly reverend Father, Now for the persecution of the Bernard Gilpin, we should be much conforming prelates. more willing to deprive our author, who boldly challenges him for "a

" The excellent Bishop Pilkington, thorough Puritan in principle, and who succeeded Tonstal

, at Durham, a most conscientious Nonconformist connived at his non-conformity; and in practice, but against separation.” of the habits, and a strict observance of

excused him from subscription, the use He was a man, indeed, whom any the ceremonies. But the Bishop could party might be proud to claim.

screep him only for a season. For upon Let us be content, and share him, the controversy about the habits, about if we must, with our dissenting 1566, he was deprived for non-confor. brethren. We will allow him his mity; but it is ex remely probable he did scruples (he, too, was a travelled not long continue under the ecclesiasti. divine), if they will follow him in cal censure. The year after he was offer. his abhorrence of separation. And ed and nominated to the bishopric of

Carlisle, he was offered the provostship in Mr. Brook's own account we

of Queen's College, Oxford; but this he will contrast his situation under per- declined also. His heart was set on secution;– from the Papists, as a

ininisterial usefulness, not ecclesiastical Protestant,- and from the conform preferment.” p. 255. ing prelafes, as a Nonconformist, . In the former case, when he had

The anecdotes of this great and manfully abode the storm of Queen good man are too well known, parMary, at his post, and had at length ticularly through the medium of his received the fatal summons from interesting life, written by his worburning Bonner,

thy descendant, to warrant any

further extract from this memoir. " laying his hand on the shoulders Of the same order of Nonconof a favourite domestic, he said, “ At formists appears to have been the length they have prevailed against me. venerable Miles Coverdale. To his I am aecused to the bishop of London, travels in Germany, during the from whom there will be no escaping. reign of Queen Mary, are we inGod forgive their malice, and give me debted for his refusal of the bistrength to undergo the trial.' He then ordered bis servant to provide a

shoprio of Exeter, on his return, long garment, in which he might go which he had occupied previous decently to the stake, and desired it to his departure. He, however, might be got ready with all expedition; assisted in the consecration of

66 like

Archbishop Parker, wearing only a very sagacious dog." Upon' a plain black goun, and was no this, separatist; though it is impossible « laving invited a bishop to dine with to lament sufficiently those scruples him, lie was desirous to put a joke upon which forbad him in lawn sleeves his lordship. Therefore, while they to resume himself the same func

were at dinner, he called his dog, and tions, as a Protestant bishop, which told him that the bishop perspired very he had exercised in them before much. The dog then immediately flew under King Edward VI., when, upon his lordship, snatched off his cor

nered cap, and ran with it to his maa true primitive bishop, he ster.” p. 131. was a constant preacher, and much given to hospitality. He was sober and If this bishop was Bishop Aylmer, temperate in all things, holy and blame- perhaps there was more of meaning less, friendly to good men, liberal to the than met the ear in an expression poor, courteous to all, void of pride, of his, formerly alluded to, that clothed with humility, abhorring covet

“ he was hated by the Puritans ousness and every scene of vice. His house was a little church, in which was

worse than a dog. As to Dean exercised all virtue and godliness. He

Turner (for, notwithstanding all suffered no one to abide under his roof his persecutions for nonconformity, who could not give some satisfactory he was Dean of Wells*), we must account of his faith and hope, and whose leave Mr. Brook to settle a controlife did not correspond with his profes- versy that seems to have arisen sion. He was not, however, without about bis rudeness of character. his enemies. Because he was a constant " That this celebrated divine," Mr. and faithful preacher of the Gospel, an Brook inforins us, “was opposed to avowed enemy to all superstition and the episcopacy and ceremonies of Popery, and a most upright and worthy the church, was never doubted; man, his adversaries sought to have him disgraced : sometimes by secret back- but that he was a disturber of the biting ; sometimes by open raillery; and peace, was never proved !Ibid. sometimes by false accusation. Indeed, The next life, with many others in their malice is said to have been carried the course of the work, contains one to so great a length, that they endea of those logomachies or free convoured at last to poison him; but through ferences usual in those times, but the good providence of God, their snares which, with Mr. Brook, we conwere broken, and he was delivered out sider only as a kind of " of their hands.” p. 124,


duel between two 'hostile parties, We are sorry to find this vene,

which can

no more decide the rable father in not the best of equity of any cause, than an appeal company. The next memoir, we

to the sword or pistol, and ought think disrespectfully enough, re

to be as much discountenanced lates the history of a nonconform amongst all denominations of Chrising dog.-A certain divine, by tians.” (Vol. III. p. 430.)- There name Turner, who had begun is still this further objection to the preaching the Gospel without or relation of them, that it must be dination—but " a most learned for the most part wholly unfair, as and pious Nonconformist, an avow- being given under a bias to one ed enemy to all the abomina- side or the other. It makes all tions of Popery, and a most

the difference who paints the piczealous promoter of the Reforma- ture. The painter puts the lion tion,” and who had discovered his under the man : perhaps the lion, contempt of the clerical garments by enjoining a common adulterer

* Besides being also " a most skilful to do penance in a priest's square complex titles

of his books; e. g. A Pre:

physician,” which may account for the cap-had contrived to convey this servative, or Triacle against the Poison same contempt into the mind of of Pelagius,






1815.] Review of Brook's History of the Puritans,

457 if a painter too, would have re

Nixon. I beseech you let me anversed the attitude. The following swer a word or two.

* Bishop. Nixon, you are a busy felspecimen, however, we will select from the life here mentioned of low. I know your words, You are

full of talk. I know from whence you R. Hawkins, as an edifying model for religious disputation. Drama- - Hawkins. I would be glad to anmatis Personæ:--Hawkins, White, Smith, Nixon, Rowland, &c. who, Bishop. Smith, you shall answer. it appears, had all come fresh from

66 Smith. So long, indeed, as a short imprisonment in the Comp- might have the word freely preached, ter,

one side; and Bishop and the sacraments administered with Grindal, Dean Goodman, Archi

out the use of idolatrous gear, we never deacon Waits, the lord mayor, &c. assembled in private houses. But when

all our preachers, who could not subon the other.

scribe to your apparel and your laws, “ The Bishop charged them with ab- were displaced; so that we could not senting themselves from the parish hear any of them in the church, for the churches, and with setting up separate space of seven or eight weeks, except asseinblies for prayer, preaching, and Father Coverdale, who at length durst administering the sacraments. He told not make known to us where he preachthem, that by these proceedings they ed; and then we were troubled in your condemned the Church of England, courts, from day to day, for not coming which was well reformed according to to our parish churches; we considered the word of God, and those martyrs, among ourselves what we should do. who shed their blood for it. To this We remembered, that there was a corcharge Mr. Hawkins replied, in the gregation of us in this city, in the days name of the others, as follows; and would of Queen Mary; and a congregation at have said more, but was interrupted. Geneva, which used a book and order

Hawkins. We condemn them not. of preaching, ministering the sacraWe only stand to the truth of God's ments and discipline most agreeable to word.

the word of God. This book is allowed Bishop. Have you not the Gospel by the godly and learned Mr. Calvin, freely preached, and the sacraments and the other preachers at Geneva, duly ministered, and good order pre- which book and order we hold. And if served; though we differ from other you can, by the word of God, reprove churches in different ceremonies, this book or any thing that we hold, we which the prince has the power to com- will yield to you, and do penance at mand for the sake of order? What say Paul's cross; but if not, we will, by the you, Smith, as you seem the ancientest? grace of God, stand to it.

Smith. Indeed, my lord, we thank “ Bishop. This is no answer. God for reformation; and that is the “ Smith. Would you have me go thing we desire according to God's back from better to worse? I would as word.

soon go to mass as to some churches, “ White. I beseech you, let me an- and particularly to my own parish

church; for the minister is a very Bishop. Nay, White, hold your Papist. peace. You shall be heard anon.

Dean. He counteth the service and

reformation in the days of King Edward, * This gentleman was examined, it

as evil as the mass. seems, again before the Lord Chief “ Bishop. Because he knoweth' one Justice, &c.; and on his being intro that is evil, he findeth fault with all. duced, the following specimen of the You may go to other places, dignity of the bench in those curious “ White. If it were tried, there would times take place :

be found a great company of Papists in L. C. J. Who is this?

this city whom you allow to be mini" White. White, if it please your sters, and thrust out the godly. bonour.

Bishop. Can you accuse any of L. C.J. White? as black as the them of false doctrine? devil!

Nixon. Yes; I can accuse one of White, Notso, my lord; one of God's false doctrine, who is even now in this children!"

house. Let him come forth and answer


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to the doctrine which he preached apon not, bạt suffer whatsoever authority is: John x

pleased to lay upon us. “ Dean. You would take away the Bishop. Thieves likewise suffer when anthority of the prince and the liberty the law is laid upon them, of the Christian.

White. What a comparison is this! “ Bishop. Yes; and you suffer justly. They suffer for evil doing, and you

Hawkins. It does not belong to the punish us for serving God according to prince, nor to the liberty of Christians, his word. to use and defend that which apper. “ Niron. The prince, as well as our. taineth to papistry and idolatry, as selves, must be ruled by the word of appears from Deuteronomy vii. and God: as we scad, 1 Kings xii. that the other parts of Scripture.

king should teach only the word of Dean. When do you hear us main

God. tain such things in our preaching?

Bishop. What should the king teach Haukins. Though you do not defend the word of God? Lie not. them in your preaching, you do it by “ Nixon. It means that both king and your deeds and your laws. You preach people should obey the word of God. Christ to be a Prophet and Priest, but Bishop. It is indeed true, that princes not to be a King; nor will you suffer him must obey the word of God only. But to reign in his church alone by the obedience consisteth of three points. sceptre of his word; but the pope's canon 1. That which God' con mandeth may law, and the will of the prince, must be not be left undone. 2. That which God preferred before the word and ordi. forbiddeth may not be done. 3. That nance of God.

wbich God hath neither commanded Dean. Yon speak irreverently of nor forbidden, aud consisteth in things the prince, before the magistrates, indifferent, such things princes have You were not required to speak, and authority to appoint and command. therefore might hold your tongue.

Prisoners, Prove that. Where find “ Hawkins. You will suffer us to make our defence, seeing you perse- Bishop. I have talked with many cute us.

persons, and yet I never saw any beBishop. What is so preferred ? have themselves so irreverently before

Niron. Your laws, your copes, and magistrates. your surplices; because you will suffer “ White. I beseech you, let me speak a none to preach, except they wear them word or too. and subscribe.

Bishop. White, stay a little. You shall Bishop. No! What say you of Samp- speak anon. son, and Lever, and others? Do but “ Hawkins. Kings have their rule and they preach?

commandment, Deut. xvii. not to de. “ White. Though they preach, you cline from the word of God, to the right have deprived and forbidden them, and hand or to the left, notwithstanding though you suffer them, the law stands your distinction. in force against them; but for what “ Smith. How can you prove those cause you will not suffer others, whom hings to be indifferent which are abomin, you cannot reprove by the word of God, able? I know not.

Bishop. Yon mean our caps and “ Bishop. They will not preach tippets, which you say came from among you.

Rome. White. Your doings are the cause. Ireland. They belong to the Papists;

Hawkins. And they will not join therefore throw them to them. with yon. One of them told me he “ IWatts. You would have us to use had rather be torn in an hundred pieces nothing that the Papists used. Then than communicate with you.' We neis should we use no churches, seeing the ther hold nor allow any thing that is not Papists used them, contained in the word of God - but if " Hawkins. Churches are necessary you think we do not hold the truth, to keep our bodies from the rain; but shew anto us, and we will reuounce it. copes and surpliccs are superstitious

Smith. And if you cannot, we pray and idolatrous. you let us pot be thas used.

* White. Christ did cast the buyers Deun. You are not obedient to the and sellers, and their wares out of the authrity of the prince.

tem e; jet was not the temple over“ White. Yes, we are. For we resist thrown.

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