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“ Bishop. Things not forbidden of learned Oxonians of high consi God may be used for order and obedi- deration in the school of peaceable ence. This is according to the judg. Puritanism; and it would repay the ment of the learned Bullinger. We, trouble of investigating both their therefore, desire you to be conformable. “ Smith. What if I can shew you
conduct and their treatment, to Ballinger against Bullinger, in this ascertain from their history The thing?
limit at once of the scruples of “ Bishop. I think you cannot, Smith. reasonable and conscientious Non" Smith. Yes, that I can
conformists, and of the persecutions “ Bishop. Though we differ from of the ruling party. Time, however, other reformed churches, in rites and will not let us enlarge on the ceremonies, we agree with them in the memoirs of these two nurslings, substance of doctrines.
unfortunately, of Zurich and Stras“ Hawkins. Yes; but we should follow the truth in' all things. Christ burgh. We can only notice their . saith, "Go ye, therefore, be teaching singular ground of dissent, not to them to observe all things; but you have say their prevarication, in allowing brought the Gospel and its ordinances the lawfulness of the babits, but into bondage to the ceremonies of An- still denying their expediency tichrist; and you defend idolatry and (p. 368): and whilst on the former papistry, &c.”
ground they were acquitted by the “After much of the same sort- church of nonconformity, on the
Mayor. Well, good people, I wish latter they reserved their claim to you would wisely consider these things, and be obedient to the Queen's good appear amongst Mr. Brook's worlaws, that you may live quietly and
thies. They were both decided have liberty. I am sorry that you are
Presbyterians in discipline : yet troubled; but I am an officer under my Humphrey obtained nearly comprince, and therefore blame me not. plete toleration; and though SampThe Queen hath not established these son suffered deprivation and a garments and other things for any holi- temporary restraint, he spent the ness in them, only for civil order and last twenty-one years of his life comeliuess; and because she would have in the government of an hospital ministers known from other men, as at Leicester, and “ in his beloved aldermen are known by their tippets, work of preaching,” and “ died in judges by their red gowns, and noblemen's servants by their liveries : there. great tranquillity and comfort in fore, you will do well to take heed and his nonconformity,” in 1589, aged obey." pp. 134-139.
seventy-two years. His plain deal
ing with Archbishop Grindal and We own we like the speech of the Queen herself in council, is the good, honest lord mayor better alike honourable to his own sinthan all the rest; and cannot help cerity and, if we may add it with: thinking within ourselves --" Now, out offence, to the candour of those mark how a plain tale will set thee whom he addressed.
It is redown.” It seems many of these markable, that these two learned conferences were not indeed wholly divines, who seem to have referred without their use at the time; for, every thing to their continental strangely enough to appearance as advisers, wrote, as Mr. Brook inthey are given, they sometimes forins us, to Bullinger of Zurich, suddenly end in the submission and also to P. Martyr and Bernardin, subscription of the party under for their opinion on habits and examination, and that, either with bishoprics. Mr. Brook tells us or without explanation. Messrs. of the reference-why does he not Underdown and others, p. 272, tell us of the result ? For this seem to be inslances of this; Mr. we must look in Collier. Bullin, Stroud, p. 300; Drs. Humphrey ger replies in the first place to the and Sampson, pp. 368 and 373. queries proposed by Humphrey These latter persons were two “Whether a particular habit ought
On the contrary, Mr. Deering had blished ecclesiastical government, and before averred,
particularly the persecution and tyran.
ny by which it was upheld. But I few, White any law bound me to wear the says he, could they have obtained their cap and surplice, 1 wore both. I never desire of the Parliament, the platform persuaded any to refuse them, &c." which they proposed must have been But still in other matters, “If I seem established by some persecuting laws; curious, or to stand upon little points, which I cannot find that Christ ever conscience, it should be remembered, is appointed his misisters to use for the very tender, and will not yield contrary to advancement of his kingdom. All com. its persuasion of the trutin," p. 201.
pulsion and enforcing of ecclesiastical That these good men stood upor discipline by eivil penalties, is quite little points, as it respected the contrary to the spirit of Christianity,
Mr. Field and Mr. Wilcocks presented liturgy by law established, is pretty the Admonition themselves to the Par clear; but not so, many redoubted liament; for which, July 7, 1572, they sticklers for “ religious liberty," were sent to prison; and after examina. when establishing their own disci- tion, they were, by the instigation of the pline. In the present volume we bishops, sent to Newgate." Vol, i, p. 319. find Mr. Field, and in the second volume Mr. Wilcocks, with divers It may not be uninteresting to the others, bard at work on their reader to see the grounds on which favourite book of discipline. This the bishops (as it is alleged) were seems to have been first brought desirous to be beforeband with the into the world under cover of an disciplinarians, in the enforcement Admonition to Parliament, framed of civil penalties:' and therefore more particularly. by Messrs. Field we subjoin, in a note, a Protestaand Wilcocks; and of which Mr.B. tion* drawn up about the same gives us the following account:
“ Being thoroughly persuaded in "This work was entitlea, An Ad my own conscience, by the working, and monition to the Parliament; with Beza's by the word of the Almighty, that these Letter to the Earl of Leicester, and relics of Anti-Christ (the Prayer-book, Gualters to Bishop Parkhurst, for re
&c.) be abominable before the Lord formation of church discipline, annex
our God; and also for that by the ed. It contains the platform of a church; of the Lord our God only, I am escaped
power, mercy, strength, and goodnese the manner of electing ministers with their several duties, and their equality detestable traditions, through the knowa
from the filthiness and pollution of these in government. It then exposes, with some sharp language, the corruptions of ledge of our Lord Jesus Christ; and last the hierarchy, and the tyrannical pro
of all, inasmuch as by the working also of ceedings of the bishops. The admonic the Lord Jesus, his Holy Spirit, I have tien concludes with a petition to both joined in prayer and hearing God's Houses, that discipline more consonant
word with those that have not yielded to the word of God, and agreeable to
to this idolatrous trash; notwithstandthe foreign reformed churches may be ing the danger for not coming to my established by law. Their attempt to
parish church, &c. Therefore I come
procure an establishment of their own
not back again to the preaching, &c. of opinions, Mr. Pearce justly observes, the Romish beast. I. Because of Gody
them that have received these marks of was the greatest fault in the book, or in any attempt which the Puritans commandment to go on to perfection. made. With unanswerable evidence Also to avoid them [divers texts inter they exposed the corruptions of the esta
vene in these interstices). II. Because they are abomination before the Lord
our God. III. I will not beantify with dogent argument against it, as tending my presence those filthy rags, which to disunion and disagreement in the bring the heavenly word of the Eternal, churcler Who, in the name of common our Lord God into bondage, subjection, sense, is the author of that disunion, but and slavery. IV. I would not commuthe opponent himself, who, first fabri, nicate with other men's sin-touch cates, agıl then uses the weapon! no unclean thing, &c. Sirach xiji, da
time, by these champions of liberty, service of the churcb, and was a dito which they required each other vine of great leurning and piety (this severally to swear, and afterwards as a matter of course always with to take the holy communion in Mr. Brook); yet, for the single sin ratification of it,
of nonconformity often persecuted, We do not understand how Mr. &c." p. 194. Brook or his authorities are entitled, The mention of Mr. Wilcocks after such a Protestation, to write brings us into the 2d vol. from of Mr. Wilcocks thas: “ He was a which, however, and the 3d, our experson of great moderation : be tracts must be very few. We find in acknowledged the Church of En- the 2d vol, many of Mr. Wilcocks's gland to be a true church, and her brethren in labour, all celebrated in ministry a true ministry, though Mr. B.'s pages, but who must nearly greatly encumbered, &c. He also all pass with us for an ingens sine “ occasionally attended the public nomine turba. We lament 10 find
“ the learned and pious but CalviV. They give offences both to the preach- nistic Perkins," before “the high er and the hearer. VI. They glad and strengthen the Papists in their errors with
Cartwright or others, about
tribunal,"answering for conferences and grieve the godly. VII. They petsecute our Saviour Christ in his mem
matters of discipline. p. 133. bers, &c. VIII. These popish garments
“ Mr. Perkins's sermons were all law, are now become very idols indeed, &c. IX. I come not to them, because they
and all gospe!. He was a rare instance should be ashamed and so leave their eminent a degree in the same preacht,
of those opposite gifts meeting in so idolatrous garments, &c.* .. If any man
even the vehemence and thunder of Boaobey not oár sayings, note him. More. over, I have now joined myself to the fort of Barnabas.. He used to apply the
nerges...-and the persuasion and conchurch of Christ; wherein I have
terrors of the law so directly to the con. yielded myself subject to the discipline sciences of his hearers, that their hearts of God's word, as I promised at my bap would often sink under their convictions; tism. Which if I should now again mis- and he used to pronounce the word take, and join myself with their tradi
damn with so peculiar an empbasis, that tions, I should forsake the union where
it left a doleful echo in their ears a long in I am knit to the body of Christ, and join myself to the discipline of Anti- advice and comfort, was great,” &c. Vol.
time after! Also his wisdom in giving Christ.-God give us grace still to strive in suffering under the cross, that
ii. p. 130. the blessed word of God may only rule, He was a singularly rapid and and have the highest place to cast down
accurate reader; and used to write ptrong holds, to destroy or overthrow polécy or imaginations, and every high in the title of all his books, “ Thou thing that is exalted against the know
art a minister of the word; mind ledge of God, and to bring into captin thy business.” His peaceable behavity or subjection every thought to the viour and great fame are " said” to obedience of Christ, &c. that the name have procured him à dispensation and word of the eternal, our Lord God, from the persecutions of bis brethmay be exalted or magnified abare all Perhaps, like one Parker in things.” Collier's Eccl. Hist. vol. ii. p. this same volume, “he most proba544. - This Protestation, let it be obably received the ecclesiastical cen. served, was framed so early as 1673, tif
sure: and if he had been taken, teen years after Elizabeth's accession,
must have been cast into prison; and may therefore afford a key to the proceedings of the large remainder of where, without doubt, he must have ber own, and the subsequent reigus.
died !!" p. 239.
The able Dr, Whitaker is forced • Here we seem again to catch our
into the same ranks; and figures, learned Antibiblican plagiarisis. They though evidently with some relucmust not give a Bible even, with a Distance, side by side with Cartwright, jenter. Note him.
Travers, and others, of notorious
memory. We think one of the be like to be prejudicial, as, namemost questionable features in Mr. ly, to give strength and authority Brook's work, is this indiscriminate to those amongst us, who are enaconjunction of men of all classes, moured of the foreign platform, or under one broad and sweeping bring a yoke upon our own by libanner of non-conformity. This miting and making us obnoxious, very Dr. Whitaker, who is at issue we'l stand aloof and not meddle with the Archbishop on the most with it, lest we infringe our liberty." essential points of discipline, yet We are sorry Mr. Brook should lay we find the selected delegate from hinself open to so severe'a charge Cambridge, in 1595, to Lambeth, as he incurs, by attempting to prove for the purpose of consulting with the non-conformity of a man, by a the Archbishop and other learned letter which he knows 'to contain divines, upon the Calvinistic points such a sentence as the above. The (then opposed by Dr. Baro and fact is, Mr. Mede, like a wise and others): “ when they concluded good man, saw and lamented errors upon nine propositions, commonly on both sides; and without the called the Lambeth Articles, to smallest leaning towards the Preswhich, as it should seem, by Whi- byterian discipline, which be extaker himself, the scholars in the pressly disclaimed, he yet knew University were enjoined an exact enough of its strength to see it conformity.” p. 82.
could not be put down by mere But of all friends to meet, steal- violence; and bis sagacious mind i:g along the trackless mazes of discovered very plainly, without Puritanism, we own we are most the help of prophecy, the course surprised at recognising the face of which things were likely to take, ungood old venerable Joseph Mede! less a different spirit were adopted, pp. 429 et seq. If there ever and that church and state would in was a man whom we should have all probability buy experience by been desirous of claiming more than their downfall. Joseph Mede, we another, as a pure specimen of should take in one word, to be a mild, judicious, and Christian-like, complete ante-dated instance of the but, at the same time, true and true Church-of-England spirit; that faithful conformity to the establish- which we should wish it always to ed church, it is the author of the have been, and that which we are Clavis Apocalyptica. It seems Mr. bold to say, in an age certainly B. has had the same likeing for so more liberal, enlightened, and exgreat a name: and we should have perienced, than the puritanical one, been as well satisfied with him, if it now is. He gained that temper we had not found him at his old of mind, that view of things, from work of leaving out, from his docu- his own natural sagacity, or, let us ments quoted, the exact sentences say, from above, in reward for bis which make against himself. The humble and unceasing investigations letter quoted from p. 865 of the of the Divine word, which we have folio vol. of his works, and which obtained from hard experience; we have no space to give, speaks and as soon should we think of imambiguously, it is true, as far as plicating a Tillotson, a Buruet, a Mr. B. has gone, of our church Beveridge, or a Secker, in the going upon differing principles from charge of non-conformity, from the rest of the reformed, p. 432. their known liberality of sentiment, But had the following sentence as we should this learned and dibeen added, all would have been vinely-enlightened interpreter of clear. “If this union, (viz. with prophecy. foreign churches,) be like to further Many an affecting contrast to and advantage us in the way we this quiet and moderate spirit, does affect, we shall listen to it. If it the present volume afford us in the
"mixed medley of characters it con- “ The pardon and release of Mr. Carttains. To Messrs. Cartwright, Tra- wright and his brethren was procured of vers, and other choice spirits of the
the Queen by the intercession of Arch'Presbyterian school, we have before self.) Also it is observed," that when Mr.
bishop Whitgift” (the persecutor himalluded. Mr. Brook commits one Cartwright was freed from his troubles, of his usual convenient oversights, he often repaired to the Archbishop, in misplacing a journey of the for
who used bim kindly, and for several .mer to the continent (it is intimated years tolerated his preaching at Warby Fuller, in consequence of an of- wick, upon his promise not to impugn fence taken at the conduct of Queen the laws, orders, and government of the Elizabeth to him at Cambridge), Church of England, but promote, both from which he is said to have "re
publicly and privately, the estimation turned" in due time “ a bitter ene
and peace of the same. With these my to the hierarchy.” It is of standing, when the Queen understood
terms, it is said, he complied. Notwithgreat consequence to know the that he preached again, though in a points at issue between him and temperate manner, according to his proWhitgist to have been Geneva-bred; mise, she would not permit him any particularly as Mr. B. has been so longer without subscription; and she large in the detail of that contro- was not a little displeased with the versy, of which he significantly Archbishop for his past conuivance." hints the issue. in profit to bave p. 158. been, that
Whitgift was made The character of Travers, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and famous opponentof Hooker, is given Cartwright was persecuted from by Mr. Brook from Fuller, we think place to place as untit to live.” We with no fair admission of the excan only, however, stop to ask how, treme candour and general imparin the face of Fuller, an historian of tiality, as well as real and unaffectthe most undoubted credit, and ed piety of that witty historian, and constantly referred to as such by “ zealous conformist;" whom we him, and who expressly and parti. cannot too strongly recommend to cularly relates this journey, and the the attention and perusal of our time of it; can Mr. B. positively readers. declare, without any mention of Fuller observes of Mr. Travers, that historian's evidence on this oc- “ that his utterance was agreeable, casion," it is pretty certain Cart- his gesture graceful, his matter wright never went to Geneva, till profitable, his method plain, and after his expulsion from the Univer- his style carried in it the flowings sity.” p. 143. The relation of the of grace 'from a sanctified heart.” controversies in which Mr. C.'s Why “graceful” was snbstituted for views of church-government involv- Fuller's word “plausible,” Mr. B. ed himself and his church-adver- must determine. We will give Mr. saries is sufficiently lamentable. B. so far credit for forbearance in Threats, and even expulsion, might the eyes of our readers, as to add, certainly be necessary in extreme what he has not added, the histocases, in a university; but confine- rian's account of Hooker in the ment in a cold prison, with the next sentence. “ Some say that gout and sciatica, could form no the congregation in the temple ebbpart of syllogistic reasoning, or of ed in the morning, and Aowed in legitimate discipline, either for the afternoon, and that the auditory university or church: much less of Mr. Travers was far the more could personal reproach and invec- numerous, the first occasion of tive be expected to win back a lost emulation between them. But such son to the church, who had already as knew Mr. Hooker, knew him to " left all to follow-Christ" shall be too wise to take exception at we say, or--" Calvin?" Yet we such trifles," &c. Fuller, lib. ix. p. Are told
216. In truth, I'ravers appears to