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bis misguided people all that liad passed burgh; but it has proved unavailing; during his absence from France. The and more than half a million of men, in two chambers have been dissolved, and arms, have advanced into the very a fresh election ordered. We must heart of the kingdom. Many fortified probably await the meeting of the new places still liold out; and the army legislature for the denunciation and which retired from Paris, though pro arrest of those traitors who are to be fessing submission to the king, still tried. It surely, however, would have maintains a menacing aspect. With been an act of prudence in the mean these exceptions France is once more time to have secured the persons of the subdued," and must owe her inte. guilty, The government might at least grity to the moderation of her con have taken the necessary measures for querors. The emperors of Russia and the arrest of the more distinguished Austria, the kings of Prussia and of and notorious offenders; provided, in the Netherlands, are now assembled at deed, it did not feel itself restrained Paris. Lord Castlereagh arrived there by the convention of Paris; and in no on the 6th instant. From their united other way can we accouut for this councils, tutored as they have been by tiwid policy. Ignorant of the motives the experience of the past year, we may which may have influenced this line of expect arrangements which shall secure conduct, we forbear from the observa- the liberty and happiness of France, tions it naturally suggests. There must and the peace and independence of be something very peculiar in the state the rest of the world, It seems, how; of France, supposing the king's coun- ever, scarcely possible that this great cils not to be justly liable to the charge work should he erected on a stable either of infatuation or treachery, which foundation, if the present French army, should require not only that the men with its burning thirst for rapine and who have been the most deeply impli- revenge, shall be suffered to continue cated in the late transactions should be an organized body. It must be comat large, and should enjoy an entire pletely dissolved, and the very eleimmunity even from public reproba- ments of which it is composed distion,-nay, should be even spoken of persed to the four winds of heaven, with lenity and respect in prints com- before we can calculate with any con. pletely under the controul of govern- fidence on the repose of the world, ment; but that some of their number Until this object be effected, we trust should be placed in the highest and that not a single soldier of the allies most confidential offices of state. The will be withdrawn from France. first act of the king, on entering Paris, In the mean time, the inliabitants of was to appoint a ministry. Talleyrand that country are suffering very severely, has been named secretary of state The distress which their gwn improfor foreign affairs, and is also to be the vidence and vanity, may we add, their premier; Barou Louis, minister of the sacrilegious contempt of all obligations, finances; Baron Pasquier, minister of human and divine, have brought upon justice; Count Jaaçour, minister of them, and which involves the innocent marine , the duke de Richelieu, mini. and the guilty in one common punishster of the household ; Gonviou St.

Cyr, ment, is described to us by eye-witminister of war; and Fouchè, Bona- nesses in terms calculated to excite the parte's duke of Otranto, minister of the commiseration of their worst enemies. police. The circumstances, we repeat Neither their own troops, nor those of it, must be very extraordinary, to jus- the allies, are likely to be very abstinent tily in the eyes of Europe such an in the use of their power, And as appointment as the last. A short time their wants must be amply supplied, it will probably reveal its true motives: cannot be doubted that their fulness is we shall therefore withhold at present gained by the destitution and misery of qur farther cominents.

multitudes. In Paris and its vicioity While these things have been pro. there is scarcely a house in which some ceeding at Paris, the armies of the of the allied soldiers are not quartered, allied powers have continued to pour the owners of the house being obliged into France, on the side of Italy and 'to feed as well as lodge them; and as Germany. Considerable resistance to the number is supposed to amount to their progress was made by Marshal 150,000 men, the suffering must be Suchet, in the south, and by General great, independeutly of the vitiating Rupp, in the neighbourhood of Stras effects of other kinds which must be the fruit of such associations. God papers of Paris, which had been the grant that these calamities may tend to heralds of Napoleon's greatness, and humble this proud and irreligious peo. the channels of conveying to every ple, and may lead them to bow before part of France, to the very moment of Him who smites them, and who, after the capture of their city, the inflamhaving employed them as his instru- matory libels of his adbereuts against ments in the chastisement of other na- their lawful sovereign, now very dutions, is now giving them to drink of tifully assume all the emblems of loythe cup of his chastening!

alty, and sound in unmeasured terms In contemplatiog the course of events the praises of Louis le Desired. In all during the last month, it is impossible this there is something which not only not to be impressed with this sentiment, äppears bollow and unsatisfactory, but that they have been pecnliarly “ the to the feelings of an Englishman even Lord's doing.” On the eighteenth day disgusting; while there are far too many from the opening of the campaign, a stringent circumstances of a contrary force amounting to not more than an kind wbich prove a great part at least eighth part of the allied armies, dis- of this people to be tainted to the very solves that military power which had core with a disloyal spirit, and to preso recently set at defiance the rest of fer Bonaparte's rod of iron, accompaEurope; dethrones the object of its ido- nied, as they trust it would be, by exlatry; re-seats Lonis XVIII. on the abdi- ternal rule and rapine, to the mild cated throne; and is the undisputed mas- sway of the Bourbons, if onder them ter of the capital of France. Never before they must forego their wicked projects were such stupendous effects pro- of domination and pillage, and their duced by means more signally inade, ferocious hopes of vengeance. The quate. Nor were they the result of acci- circumstances to which we allude are dent or surprise. Bonaparte bad had the necessity under which the allies time to prepare his military means, have been placed of punishing with botir of annoyance and defence. His dreadful severity the inhabitants of troops seconded his plans with an many of the places through which they ardour and devotement which have have passed, and who either opposed to never been exceeded. He was free them a useless resistance or secretly to choose his time and place of attack. massacred the stragglers of the army;

Yet atter one battle his means of effec- the tardiness with which the tri-coloured tnal resistance are annihilated; and flag has given place to the royal ensign, France becomes the conqnest of a frag- even in places where it could not be ment of the alliance with which she had alleged that the feelings of the popnthought to cope. It certainly is a lation were restrained by military force; cnrious cirenmstance, that Paris, that the audacity with which the friends eradle of all the miseries which for and adherents of Bonaparte, relying, twenty-five years have wasted Europe, as it would seem, on the popularity of should twice in fifteen months have their cause, proclaimed their attachfallen iðto the power of the nations whom ment to him, and protested against the France had oppressed and pillaged, and change of government, even after the that this last time the blow should have British standard was planted on Montbeen struck by a handful of English. martre, and Louis was already at the mėn. How often did sbe burl against gates of Paris; aud the almost total -as the menace of destruction,-a me- silence of the French press respecting nace which would have been fearfully the criminals who have caused so much executed, bad the Alipighty given the blood to flow, and been the artifirein to her rage! It will, we trust, cers of so much misery to Europe, and be our characteristic to be neither especially to France herself. We feel, crnel in war nor vengeful nor insolent in indeed, for the sufferings of the French; triumph; and that our possession of Paris and we sincerely wish they were terwill only afford us the opportanity of minated; but it is vain to hope that in teaching its inhabitants a lesson of mo- what appears to be the prevailing state deration and mercy.

of men's minds in that country, either We hear much of the joy and exul Louis can enjoy a tranquil reign, or tation with which the return of Louis Europe a rational lope of peace, with XVIII. bas been bailed; and there are out some strong external pressure. doubtless many external indications to There is, however, one circumstance support the statemeat. The news of happy augury, which, we confess, goes far, in our' estimation, to counter- others, he had threatened and insulted, balance those weighty motives to de- and whose utter destruction was the spondency. It is now no longer a matter leading and uniform aim of his policy. of doubt, that the French Government This selection certainly renders ne has consented to a total and nnqnali. mean homage to her character. He is fied abolition of the Slave Trade. From himself said to have addressed a letter this one concession, humanity derives a to the Prince Regent, from Rochefort, compensation for a large share of those containing these words : " I have termisufferings which, in the inscrutable nated my political career; and I come, counsels of Providence, have unques like Themistocles, to seat myself at the tionably paved the way for obtaining hearths of the British people. I place it. Let us thank God for this boon. myself under the protection of their

But it is time we should advert to laws, which I claim of your Royal High Bonaparte himself. He quitted Paris ness, as the most powerful, the most on the 30th of June, and repaired to constant, and the most generous of my Rochefort, with the purpose of effcct- enemies." ing his escape in two frigates to the Bourdeaux, Thoulouse, Strasburgh, United States of America. Here he with many other of the frontier fortresses, found his path so beset by English' are still held by the rebel soldiery, encruizers, as to render this attempt hope- couraged in their resistance, probably, less; while in France, he probably found by the still formidable attitude which is the toils winding around hiin more maintained by Davoust's army on tho closely, and menacing his personal safe. Loire. This has caused some sangui. ty. In this dilemma he adopted the nary assaults, and destructive bombard. resolution of throwing himself on the ments, which have led to much loss of generosity of the British Government, life and property. The army of the and with that view surrendered himself Loire, indeed, affects to submit to the unconditionally into the hands of Cap- king's authority; and the army of the täin Maitland, of his Majesty's ship Bel- Soutli, under Suchet, is said to have lerophon, by whom he has been convey done the same; but judging by the laned to England. He embarked on board guage of Davoust's letter to the king, that ship, on the 15th inst, with a suite on behalf of his army, we confess we of about 40 persons, and arrived in Tor- do not count much on the sincerity of bay on the 24th. His future destination that submission. In the mean time, the has not yet been made known. What. allied forces have advanced to the Loire ever it inay be, we trust it will be such a British squadron has also entered the as shall afford a complete security river of Bourdeaux : it can hardly be against the slightest chance of his any doubted, therefore, that if milder means more disturbing the peace of nations. fail, the salutary application of force We certainly do not participate in those will soon extinguish every rempaņt of feelings of vehement resentment towards open resistance to the king's autho. this miserable man which some of our rity. contemporaries take a pleasure in ex- It must be admitted that Louis has a pressing; and we think the language of delicate and difficult part to act at the insult and abuse, which is always mis- present crisis. He has to reconcile a' placed, peculiarly indecorous wben due regard to his own outraged authoemployed towards a fallen and prog- rity, and to the just expectations of his trate foe. We cannot, however, adinit allies, with the interests and constitut that we should suffer ourselves to be tional liberties of Frauce, and the wishes betrayed by a false feeling of genero- and feelings of the sound part of the sity, or a false estiinate of magnanimity, community. He has begun well, in coninto the adoption of any procedure with senting to disburden France of the nerespect to him which is not calcolat- farious traffic in slaves. Let him prome ed to extinguish in his own breast, and eeed to place the religions and civil in that of his ferocious adherents, the rights of bis subjects on a firm basis; slightest hope of his being ever again to put out of question their security called into active life.

from any revision of the national sales, It is another of the very singular oc- from any revival of the abrogated privi. enrrences of the present singular period, leges and exactions, wliether of the that Bonaparte sliould thus voluntarily noblesse or the clergy; to encourage a throw himself into the power of Great liberal system of education; and to Britain, the nation which, above all raise, if possible, the relaxed tone of

some success on

morals, without reverting to mumme- as follows:-British and Hanoverians : ries which can only excite contempt, or killed, 2462; wounded, 9427; missing, to severities with which the present 1875 ; of these last, the greater part are state of French manners will hardly be said to have returned. The officers inmade to correspond; aụd we may hope, cluded in the above number amount after a time, with the blessing of God, to 148 killed, 670 wounded, and 28 to witness a salutary change in the moral missing. The loss on the part of the and social condition of that country. We remaining allies, during these three are aware, indeed, that nothing can days, is estimated at 33,000 men, and produce an effectual improvement, but that of the French at 70,000.-We are the general diffusion of better princi- happy to say that the subscriptions for ples, through the mass of the commu- the relief of the wounded, and of the nity. Even of this, however, we do not families of the killed, amount already to despair; and it may be, that the very suf about 100,0001. ferings which France at this moment is The definitive acts of the Congress of experiencing may induce multitudes to Vienna have been published; but we turn with a more willing mind to the hopes shall not have room, in the present Numand copsolations of Scripture. We trust ber, for even a brief abstract of them, that the Bible Society will not be slow Hostilities have commenced between to improve the favourable opening. the Americans and the Algerines, with The returns of the loss sustained in

part of the former, the battles of the 16th, 17th, and 18th of who have captured one Algeriue ship of June, have been received. They are war and destroyed another.

GREAT BRITAIN. On the 12th inst. the session of Par- melancholy occasion, But they are not liament terminated. The speaker, in the only mourners. The numerous poor addressing the prince regent, and the who were cherished by his bounty will prince regent in his speech to Parlia. deeply feel his loss. But it is as a pubment, dwelt with much effect on the ļic man that we have been called chiefly brilliant achievenients of the allied arms, to contemplate him; and in this point of and on their glorious fruits.- The only view, greatly as we have differed from measure of general interest which pre- him ou many of the most important quesceded the prorogation, was a proposal tions of state policy, we have always to add 60001. per andun to the income admired the manliness and sterling inof the duke of Cumberland, in conse- tegrity of his character. To use the quence of his marriage with a German language of Mr. Wilberforce, in the princess, the princess de Salm. Strong House of Coinmons," he was a complete objections of a moral kind were taken Englishman." 46 All who knew him to this marriage; and the grant was op must recollect the indefatigable earnestposed on the ground that it became ness and perseverance with which, durParliament to refuse to give its sanction ing the course of his life, he directed to such au union. We believe that the his talents, and the whole of his time, to success of that opposition was produc- the public interest.” “ For himself,"Mr. tive of very great and general satisfac- W. added," he could never forget theimtion. After several divisions, in which portant assistance derived from his zeal the majority in favour of the bill gra- and ability in the great cause which he dually diminished, from 17 to 5, it was had so long advocated in that House. at length thrown out on the 2d reading On every occasion, indeed, in which the by one vote.

condition of human beings was concernThe only domestic occurrence which ed—and the lower their state, the remains to be noticed, is one which pro- stronger their recommendation to his duced a very strong and general sensa- favour-no one was more anxious to tion, vot only in the metropolis, but apply his great powers to increase the throughout the country at large; we happiness of mankind."-Nor ought we mean, the untimely and affecting end of to omit the tribute to the memory of Mr. Whitbread. Under the iniluence of this distinguished Senator, a tribute no ipsanity, he put a period to his own ex- less bonourable to the ealogist than to istence on the morning of the 6th in the deceased, which was paid by the stant. We sincerely sympathize with Chancellor of the Exchequer:-“Whathis amiable god afflicted family on this ever difference of opinion might exist

on political questions, there was no one that he was actuated in his public conwho did not do justice to the virtues duct by any other motive than a con. and talents of the great object of their viction of public duty." regret, or who for a moment supposed

OBITUARY,

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MR. THOMAS ROCK.

His example as an early, constant, Account of Mr. Tuomas Rock, and reverent attendant on the pub

of the Crescent, Birmingham, lic.worship of God, will not, I trust, extracted from a Sermon, preach. soon be forgotten by any, and espeed at St. Mary's, April 7, 1815, cially by the younger part of my by the Minister of that Chapel, hearers; and, as a member of this from Gen. v. 24.

congregation, you can nost of you Får be it from me, on this solemn witness, that love for his brethren occasion, to indulge in a strain of marked the tenor of his life. His vain and unprofitable eulogy! But Christian affection was diffusive, I must say, that, allowing for human uniform, and ardent; and it was mainfirmity, and to the praise of God's nifested in a way so humble, so grace, i have known but few men mild, and persuasive, that I have who, in all essential points, have rarely met with a Christian of any more resembled Enoch than our denomination, who had passed but much-lamented friend and brother, an hour in his company, and who It might truly be said of bim, as did not acknowledge himself edified. the distinguishing feature ini his But those of you, especially, who character, that "he walked with walked with him in the house of God."

God as friends, can best testify, Like Abel and Enoch, he sought how much bis spirit and example and found his peace with God, by bave contributed to your profit, as faith in the great Sacrifice; and to well as to the general harmony of “ none other name given under this congregation. heaven" did he look, that he migbt In him, most of our charitable be saved.

and religious institutions have lost After the example of Enoch, he an invaluable friend. Our Sunday “ walked with God," in habitual Schools, our Schools of Industry, acts of holy intercourse and fellow- our Benevolent Society, our Bible ship. He was a man of retirement, and Church Missionary Associa: who gave himself inuch to prayer, tions; all of them feel the loss, and the diligent study of the word and I am persuaded, sympathise of God. Hence it was apparent, with us on the present occasion. to all competent judges who were They would be ready, I am sure, favoured with his society and like the grateful widows round the friendship, that “ the word of bed of Dorcas, to present, at the Christ dwelt in him richly;" and I tomb of our friend, their respective may even say, in all the essential temorials of his active benevolence, and useful branches of sacred and of their own deep and univerwisdom.

sal regret. In the important duties of domestic religion, he was exemplary.

children; and liow deeply he was inHis maxim appears to have been terested in the spiritual welfare of

other branches of his family will apo that of Joshua; “ As for me and my

pear from a paper in the Christian Ob. house, we will serve the Lord."*

server, vol. ii, page 773 for December; He set apart one eveving in every 1803, entitled " A young Mau'r Account of week for the religious instructive of his his Father."

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