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preacher thus commandingly and tification of our passions; and the affectingly addresses a congregation united cry of religion and our country of noble and wealthy persons among reached us in vain, amidst the eager his countrymen on the subject of pursuits of personal interests, and the the Irish rebellion, at the moment

agitations of a life most shamefully

secular. of recent deliverance from that « The hour of retribution at length cruel calamity.

came; national iniqnity provoked na

tional judgments, and our own people ".To the latest lionr of your lives, were destined, as they had long been while memory remains a faculty of the trained, to become the ready and furious mind, humanity will weep, and religion executioners of the sentence. shudder, at the horrors that have been « Let' not the valour and loyalty we crowded into the short space of one have displayed, or the laurels we wear, season. I pass them over; may we deceive us so far, as to leave no room live to atone for the share we have had in our hearts, but for pride and exultain them! May they never rise in jndg- tion; when we consider our omissions ment against us! I do most solemnly on the point I speak of, perhaps if there declare, the more I consider the natu. be hearts under heaven that should ral effect of causes, the more I am know neither pride nor peace, they induced to pardon the guilt (if I may say it) of the people, even white as « To have manfully opposed the snow, when compared to ours. I would tempest that burst on us; to have bled almost say, they could not have acted (or been ready to bleed) when murder otherwise than as they did. Minds so and rapine were at our doors, when completely depraved, so entirely un- our constitution, our altars, and every oecupied by any restraining sentiment, private blessing we enjoyed, were were filled with matter too inflammable, marked for destruction, was doing no possibly to resist those infernal princi- more than the wretched inhabitant of ples that hovered around them. The an uncivilized country would have done knowledge of God, and the blessings to maintain the dominion, and protect of religion, (those infallible sources of the peaceful misery of his hut; but subordination and virtne,) we had oh! what ground of eternal remorse, to almost totally neglected to diffuse; the reflect, that we have, with our own very little we had been goaded to in hands, sown the seed of all the calathis way, served but to throw the eye mities that have come upon our country: over the immensity that remained to all the enormities that have dishonoured be done; and like spots of cultivation, religion and buman nature; all the onts to render the surrounding sterility more rages committed on every feeling of striking and apparent.

humanity; all the souls that have pe“The great mass of our people con- rished, and miseries that have been tinued still an untutored and unfortu. entailed on the innocent and unoffend. nate race, without interest in the public ing, in the course of this unbappy conweal; with deep and hereditary ani. test.” pp. 161–165. mosity to the state and its institutions; ripe for destroying all above them delity he thus expresses himsell:

Respecting the growth of infibrutal in vice, brutal in ignorance; ferocious of soul, and panting for the “. First, then, I ask if it can be signal of revolt and blood.

doubted, that the mortal poison of in “To this spectacle of degraded nature, fidelity is rapidly gaining ground? Can of barbarism in the bosom of civiliza- it be donbted, that the most sacred tion, of mental darkness in the midst traths of Christianity are, in too many of revelation and light, we remained instances, scouted without reserve, and hardened and insensible. The great delivered over to scorn? Is there misfortune, the uncivilized condition of scarcely a young man, at the present. Ireland, became no nncommon theme day, in that class of the world which is of sarcasm, even to Irishmen.

honoured with the name of fashionable, “ Thus, did we live Christians with who professes to believe any thing on out zeal; citizens without public virtue; the score of religion? Is it not too i men without bowels of humanity; cor nuch the reigning tone among men, to rapt, venal, dissipated, and luxurious; rise superior to the weakness and simo our means were all devoted to the gras. plicity of believing Christians!

“ What minister of religion can now the practice of this virtue! Why bas yenture to preach on the subject of our the pulpit been obliged to descend to holy mysteries, or enforce their divine the very language of Aattery, in order authority, without exciting a philoso- to extort from your vanity what it is phic smile in these children of light? hopeless of ohtaining from a principle Who shall even glance at the doctrine of religion? Why is it become necesof eternal punishment, or of fature pu- sary to hold ont, on almost every occanishment at all, withont being openlysion of this nature, the too dangerous pitied for his credulity, or secretly doctrine, 'that charity covereth a mularraigned for hypocrisy?

titude of sins ;' and thus ran the hazard “ Is it not this predominating cha- of misleading yon on the subject of racter of the day that has forced, in a

your own salvation, in order to force manner, the pulpit, in spite of itself, you to become the instrument of salvato slur over the awful and tremendous tion to others? Why are we obliged to in religion, and recar to topics as suited use the arts and colouring of profane to the portico, as to the temple of Jesus eloquence to make appeals to your pas Christ? What does there too generally sions ? To search and probe the great appear to be left of religion among body of human misery to the bone? To many men, but a sentiment common to

bring it, I may say, before your hearts, enlightened heatheus, namely, a poli.

naked and expiring, quivering and dis tical respect for its influence in re jointed? To expose all its miseries and straining the vulgar?” pp. 289, 209. horrors? To mingle our own tears

with the tears of the unbappy objects Preachers of charity sermons

that invoke us? And, after all, why de labour under the temptation of

we often fạil?” pp. 17, 18. representing works of charity as in

“ I fear, my friends, we need not go ibemselves meritorious ; nor, even far to discover the true source of our in those who are aware of the torpor and indifference in this canse: radical fallacy of such a represen- Had we more of fervent, gepnine relio tation, is it always easy, amidst gion in our breasts, it would not have the fervour of an earnest pleading

been thus long and shamefully neg for the objects of benevolence, to lected; bnt the truth is, that, with

the exception of a chosen few, we have i avoid expressions that may seem

universally departed from the letter and to give it countenance, We do

spirit of our calling. We have supk a not feel sure that the language of religion, destined to elevate man to the Dean Kirwan is uniformly without sublimest virtue, into a system of rile objectiou on this score; and his accommodation with the passions and opinions respecting the general interests of this world. To the design efficacy of a good life, which are once formed of extirpating Christianity by no means stated clearly, do not by violence and persecution, has sacseem to have been altogether cor

ceeded one more likely to effect that rect; but he is express and dis purpose, because less apparent. The

great enemy of our salvation has not tinct in representing Christian cha- ceased to combat: he has but changed rity as part of the Christian life, his weapons. and in denying the absurd doctrine

“ In the days of Christian fervour he of the meritorious efficacy of what went about like the roaring lion is commonly called charity. seeking whom he should devour. In

these days of refinement and effemi. “ Tell me, is there a single Christian nacy, like the timid serpent, he creepsy before me, who, it'the offer were made and gives death under flowers. Vio hin at this moment, would be satis, lence is abandoned as a bad system : fied to stake his salvation on the ques. for, contrary to his hopes, it only tended tion of his charity? Oh not one! and to people the world with proselytes, yet, our consciences are at rest; we and heaven with martyrs. To seduc. flatter ourselves we are merciful. Hea- tion and insinuation he has therefore yeng! If there be any just ground for had recourse: crimes are stripped of such a thought, why has it become ne- their natural turpitude; they are em cessary to prostitute, in some degree, bellished and adorned; our reason is the most sacred of all functions for the betrayed, our senses are fascinated; ho purpose of moving and inspiring us tą has left as the external exercise of our

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religion, but has raised altar against of transcribing the following very altar.

fine reflections. They appear 19 1 * What is the consequence? Why, us equally exalted, original, aud his triumph is nearly complete; the

just. mystery of iniquity has nearly absorbed the mystery of holiness! What the “ Alas! my brethren, if religion has Cruelty of tyrants could not accomplish, had' its martyrs, perhaps thie greatest is rapidly accomplishing by softer of all martyrs are to be found within means. Never did the earth contain the circle of the world's reputed enjoy: such a number of Christians as at this mients: but the truth, the awful truth hour; never did contain so little I would impress is this, that he who Christianity," pp. 90–93.

suffers for reputation or the things of

this eartlı, has to look for his recomAfter describing what would

perce where he has placed his heart; have been the happy effects of a he may receive it, or he may not, that general sense of religion, le ihus įs, the ambitious niay have his power proceeds:

and honour; the interested his gold, « At the view of such a blessed lets his name; but there is no crown

the soldier his laurels; the man of ta. scene, who would not feel himself in for the affiction of the Christian, in clined to exclain, like Balaam before the camp of: tlie Israelites, How whatever state it may be found, or from goodly are thy teats

, ob Jacob, and thy whatever passion it may arise, if it be tabernaeles, oh Israel! This is what not ultimately sanctified by religion.

Thongh his life should be exposed true religion, universally known and practised, would have produced. This to a thousand perils, and even his body is the effect it wrought on its early disa so mutilated as scarcely one half of the ciples, tliat singular and extraordinary

individual to survive the other, in the description of mer, which arose all at service of his country, if his motives once in the very boson of paganism. be not Christian, he will

, with respect The friends of peace, who obeyed, and to his immortal prospects, have suffered even prayed for the prosperity of their in vain, for nothing but what is referred persecutors, and were as much dis to God can return to God. tinguished for the love of one another,

“ In the next place, it is necessary we as for the unequalled purity of their should endure our portiou of ills iritu lives. There were riches and poverty profound resignation. The calling of a among them, and yet they were neither Christian is the imitation of Christ rich or poor. Love alone equalized sublime as such a destination may be, every thing. They had but one uni St. Paul expressly lays it down as indis versal will, the will of God; one spirit, pensable. For whom he did forethe spirit of God; one interest, the in know, he also 'did predestinate to be terest of all. Divine operation of reli. conformed to the image of his Son.' gion! what are now thy substitutes?

“ It is not given to man to suspend Mutual repulsion among Christians:

the career of nature; to appease the private interest almost exclusively pun ocean and the storm, or give animation sued: disguised ermities : secret en

to the grave. Jesus Christ did not save vies: perfidies in friendship: antipas by the glorious demonstration of his thies in marriage.: discord in familles : power, but by his sufferings and bumili, animosities of party : jealousies of


profession: treasons against the state : à

“What was therefore the great example general fermentation : hatred raukling of the divine justice, we are required to within, the sword unsheathed without; make the close and eager object of our a nation, forced, in its own preserva imitations? It is not meant however, tion, to arm chiefly against its own that to become a disciple of Jesus Christ anoatural children: citizens still kept we are to run in search of afflictions, together by their wants, divided by which providence may rothave designed their passions : exterior courtesy, no

us; since in defect of these, a true sentiment of affection: protestations spirit of evangelical detachment is suf, that cost' nothing, no real services; an ficient to establish ont conformity to assemblage of men, no society!" pp. tat divine model; but I say, for the 95, 96.

consolation of the affiicted Christian,

that his conformity with tiiat model is We cannot resist the temptation most perfect; for Jesus Christ became CHRISTOBSERY No 160

not in theory but in practice the man of gone. The world has resamed its assorrow,

and emptied the cup which his cendency. We resemble the unsteady Father presented him, to the lees, for Israelites, wliq bowed and adored when the salvation of mankind.” pp. 393— they first saw that resplendent column 395.

of fire that led them by night through

an untrodden wilderness, but relapsed One more passage we subjoin, aş again into their former sindacility, as å specimen of the author's pathetic soon as the augnst spectacle became fastyle. It is from one of the ser- miliar to their eyes.”, pp.118-120...mons in support of the Female Or,

* Before we quit this part of our

, to bave been his favourite charity. subject, we cantiot help noticing

two instances in wliich the Author 140 I would not lave you to do at this has referred to Scripture inaccuhour, what you would not do at the

rately. next, and the next. If sober and dispassionate reflection produce not the u Witness the widow of Zarepta, from effect; I desire then, give the last blow whom the prophet of the Lord was dito this godlike charity. You have rected to seek shelter and support, in a shaken it already, let it sink; let its in- seasou of famine; from her whose mates go forth into a world of iniquity whole property, under the sun, was and woe; they are not yet without hope. San handful of meal in a barrel, and a They have still the great Father of the drop of oil in a cruse, and yet to him, fatherless to supply your place; to at the first aspect of his extraordinary shield them from the approaches of misery, did she sacrifice, without a mo. guilt, and feed them as he feeds the ment's hesitation, the last morsel of her raven of the air.

self and child." p. 59. “ Alas, my friends, I had forgot that

“ Think of the five thonsand people bis ways are inscrutable! Who can that followed and invoked Jesus Christ, answer for his special interference even in the extremity of hunger and distress : here! They may fall, as thousands of did he refuse to suecour them? did he deserted creatures have fallen before spurn them? No: the Gospel tells us them. Those forms you now behold, expressly, that his heart bled for them." may be blasted with loathsomeness and p. 22, disease; that spotless purity be trans- On reference to the sacred page formed into shameless and incorrigible (1 Kings xvii. 14) it will be found, vice; those humble comforts into naked. That the widow of Zarepta did not ness and famine, and all the varieties divide her morsel with the prophet of human wretchedness. " Candidates at this moment for a

before she had received his assurcareer of virtue and blessed futurity, ance that the barrel of meal should they may live but to curse the hour they not waste, nor the cruse of oil fail. were born, through tiine and eternity. Nor does it appear from the Gospels Such is the dooin that too possibly may that the multitude who were miraawait then; can you think of consign. culously fed had previously invoking them to it? Can you look up without ed our Lord in the extremity of trembling, or without a tear?

hrunger and distress; they seem to “ I need press you no more. I, at have followed him from better moleast, shall be guiltless of their blood. Deal the point with your God! you are

tives : it was bis own unsolicited before trim!'he sces you! he wiú judge compassion that prompted the you this hour, as he will judge you for miracle, and when; on the day ever! I have the authority of his word following, those who had been fed for saying it; for saying, that vain is our again resorted to him, apparently bope of werey, should we appear before with the hope of a repetition of his his awful tribunal chargeable with the bounty, we are told that he reperdition of any human creature. Ol, my friends, I recollect days he gratified iheir wish. (John -vi.

proached their worldliness, not that when the cause I pow plead could stir up mercy in glorious profusion; but like 26.)"). a tale too often told, wo hear the perse.

w: We here close our remarks on vering appeal to ns with increased in the character of Dr. Kirwan's elodifference. The attraction of povelty is quice, which was the first of the

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two objects we originally proposed any part of the doctrines here de to ourselves. What remains, is to livered, the authority of the preacligive some view of his doctrines; an er only renders it the more necesundertaking which, in part, has sary to make them. We will venbeen indirectly anticipated by the ture to observe, therefore, that, extracts already made. It will have excepting the powerful representa beeu perceived, that the preacher tions of the necessity of a Christian sets forth in strong colours the life, to which we have inore than vanity of earthly pursuits, the once referred, Dean Kirwan's expowretched senselessness of a care sitions of Christian truth appear less, a luxurious, and a selfish life, defective, both in the way of omisa the self-mortifying and strictly sion and in that of partial statepractical nature of Christianity, ment. the utter delusiveness of attempt- It may perhaps be said, that ing to compromise between God these discourses were all composed and the world, and the obligation for particular and occasional purs imposed on us of following the poses of beneficence; and that, if steps of a persecuted and crucified we look for, doctrines in such Leader. The plainness and warmth works, we deserve to be disap. with which Dean Kirwan enforces pointed. The answer is, that, if these and similar topics, ' are such charity is to be recommended as a as almost to disarm "eriticism. branch of Christiau obedience, and When, indeed, we behold this Christian obedience is to flow from minister of Christ' standing, as it Christian belief, a charity sermon is were, in simple dignity, before as- precisely the place where we ought semblies composed of all the wealth to look for doctrines with the best and fashion of a splendid and dis- chance of success. The occasional sipated metropolis, -- when we hear 'nature of the discourse may perhaps hiau denouncing, with apostolic exclude a very systematic or techboldness of speech, principles and nical detail of truth, but not its -practices the most fondly loved and substance; and the less so, in pro most obstinately clung to by his portion as the occasion is impor audience, when, with all the au- taut. We do not, indeed, believe, thority of an ambassador from Hea- that the author himself would liave ven, he holds up to the insensate accepted any defeyce of his works, votaries of pleasure and vanity the founded on the principle that such eross of a bleeding Master, and aw- compositions have uo concern with fully charges them that are rich in doctrine. He uniformly and very this world shat they be not bigh- properly represents the exercise of minded nor trust in uncertain charity, not as an insulated or in siches but in the living. God, and dependent virtue, bat as an essen? that they be rieb in good works, tial branch of Christian virtue in ready to distribute, willing to com- general, We ask na larger con municate:-- we feel a reverence for cession; for where can we find the the speaker which strongly disip- springs and motives of Christian velioes us to a minute investigation virtue in general, but in the does i of his theologicab accuracy. Nor trines of the cross ?. . can we help recollecting with lemo- . We will now eite miscellaneously tion, that he who spoke is now at from the volume a few passages rest from these labours of love, and which refer to the doctrines of that bis works have already, as we Christianity, and, as we.conceive, shumbly trust, followed him into the in an imperfect or inaccurate inang presence of his Lord. But we also ner... feel that we are not at liberty to compliment away our functions ; “ Through the whole course of his and, if objections can be made to ministry, to require a belief in the sky

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