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no beginnings of that " love, joy, in other respects, who is known to peace, long-suffering, gentleness, have undergone some imminent goodness," which are the fruits of danger, and to have escaped by a the Spirit?

wonderful deliverance, excites ge· Reflect also-and it is a very in- neral attention. Still more, if his teresting reflection--that both the liberation was effected by the decalamity thus sustained and the voted and heroic exertions of some deliverance offered are common to generous champion: in such a case, us all. In Adam all die; in Christ our sympathy is heightened by a all are made alive. We fell by the tacit reference to that absent friend same sentence, and forfeited the of wlrose great and good qualities same paradise of purity and happi- we behold a living memorial. But, ness. We are restored by a com- if we should farther learn that this mon amnesty, nor are the many mighty deliverer was a benefactor, mansions prepared for us in our a protector, a preserver, a deliverer, Father's house divided by any im- of our own,-our sympathy would passable barriers. If we observe swell into enthusiasm and warna those who escape together from into a feeling of affinity. In the some dreadful earthly suffering or view of the Christian dispensation, danger, we shall perceive that one man in general appears under cirof the first impulses after their de- cumstances of similar though of far liverance is to embrace each other deeper interest. He is a monument with transport. This is buman na- of great events and of many 'cares. ture subjected to a decisive experi- No common tears have been shed ment: it is the heart speaking at a for him; no common blood has moment which precludes disguise. flowed for him; he was the subject Nor does the effect in such cases of no ordinary combat, and the expire with the occasion; among prize of no vulgar“ victory, The the strongest friendships in life are idea of that mighty and mysterious those that have been thus knit to- rescue surrounds him with touchgether under the influence of coming associations; and his light af moh vieissitude, -alliances cément- fiction becomes awful, by remind: ed by tears of sorrow and joy. If ing us of an agony more than morthese sentiments be natural to the tal. This consideration alone might human mind under such circum- give our brethren of mankind a stances, they should assuredly glow peculiar attractiveness and dignity with tenfold warmth in the bosom in our eyes; but what an affecting, of him who, looking round on the what an impressive inducement is great family of man, surveys only added, when we reflect that the the children of the same wrath and rescue which has so ennobled them heirs of the same promise. In this was achieved by the Author and mournful companionship of woe, Finisher of our own deliverance; in this inspiring community of hope, that they are dear to the heart what a seed is sown of sacred and which was pierced for our offences, active sympathy! Nothing but the and graven on the hands which insensibility produced by the effect have wrought out our happiness! of the very ruin we are consider. This, this, is the appropriate, the ing, could render men, callous to distinctive spring of Christian 30 affecting a motive of matual at- charity: The light of nature and tachment and beneficence. : philosophy might have tauglit men

There is another interesting and to regard each other as brethren, important light in which the doc- and might' in some measure have trine of redemption places mankind enforced the claims resulting from with respect to each other. It is a that endearing relation; but what patter of familiar experience that human reason ever imagined the a person, however little remarkable untold charities that reside in the

CHRIST, OBSERV, No, 164, 4 A

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expression, Our brother for whom very noble , natural eloquence Christ died ?

throughout the volume; but a large These are not the only considera- octavo. of natural eloquence, on tions that prove the force of the local subjects, or rather on a single argument we have been recommend- local subject, and unaided by the ing; or, in other words, that im- relish of anecdote or narrative, or mediately connect a belief in the by interesting displays of individual doctrine of redemption with the character, is not calculated to be exercise of charity. There are come popular with the modern other connecting principles, of a English public. We are not good similar kind, and of at least equal recipients of unaccompanied natural strength; probably there are many eloquence. We require variety, others. But our narrowing limits finish, matter, philosophy; and, warn us to forbear: we shall there where we find these sparingly dealt fore leave the subject to the reader, out, are not unlikely, after admirand shall at the same time conclude ing a few pages, to sleep over the the present article.

rest. The Sermons of Dean Kirwan Yet this volume has

many claims will, we doubt not, be more or less on the public attention; and among read: the effect which they are others, it has one which we should known to have produced, and the hold it unpardonable to pass in sirenown of their eminent author, lence. Dean Kirwan left bebind cannot fail to secure them readers; him a family of two sons and two but whether they will become daughters. The latter have the generally popular, particularly in benefit of a small annuity from the this country, is a matter of more Crown ; but the sons are totally doubt. As pieces of hortatory without provision, and one objeet divinity (which is their most impor. of the present work is to assist in taut character), having no longer raising funds for their education. the embellishments of the admirable Can there be a more affecting elocution and manner which ori- thought than that these very disginally recommended them, they courses, which have produced will be found too strict to please thousands of alms for the Orphanthe worldly; and they want fulness, house in Dublin, which have upminuteness, and accuracy, for the held the most splendid institutions pious. As works of eloquence, the of charity, which have soothed so genius which unquestionably lives many pains, and assuaged so many in them cannot be fully appreciat. sorrows, should now plead in vain ed without a more careful advert- for the orphans of him by whom ence to the circumstances under they were composed ? which they were delivered, than can be expected from a casual reader. The localities that gave them interest in the delivery, must Hebrew Melodies. By LORD BYrather operate against them in the

RON. ' London: Murray, '1815. perusal; and the similarity and confined range of the subjects has the history of this publication is tended to produce a monotony in very short. Mr. Braham, the celethe whole mass, which it required brated vocal performer, and Mr. more exuberance of thought or Nathan, having undertaken to pubvariety of illustration thau we bere lish some Hebrew melodies, or find, to - Telieve. „That free, de- tunes, which have been immemoriclamatory manner, besides, which ally used in the synagogues, were probably gratified the Irish hearer, so fortunate as to be supplied with will as probably offend the English English words for their music by reader, There is a great deal of Lord Byron. The words are now

pp. 53.

published by themselves, though He who opens the book with this still under the title of Hebrew Me- impression, will feel some surprise lodies ; a term perhaps improperly on reading the 'first piece in the applied, since it seems synonimous collection. We subjoin it for the with Hebrew airs," or music, and judgment of the reader.'' therefore belongs rather to the

“She walks in beauty, like the night tunes themselves than to the ac

Of cloudless climes and starry skies; companying poetry. The only And all that's best of dark and bright justitication of this apparent im- Meet in her aspect and her eyes: propriety, is by supposing it to be Thus mellow'd to that tender 'light the practical application of a well- Which heaven to gaudy day denies. known metaphor; and that music, “One shade the more, one ray the less, having been in this instance“ mar- Had half impair'd the nameless“ grace tied to immortal verse" (as Milton Which waves in every raven tress, ii. ** expresses it), has given to its part- Or softly lightens o'er her face; ner its own name, which is still Where thoughts serenely sweet express retained in a state of separation.

How pure, how dear their dwelling ? Those who expect to tind in this

place. collection a very ample or striking

“And on that cheek, and o'er that brow, exhibition of Lord Byron's genius, The smiles that win, the tints that glove

So soft, so calm, yet eloquent, will probably.. be disappointed. But tell of days in goodness spent, İt is, indeed, sprinkled with occa. A mind at peace with all below, sional indications of his hand; but, A heart whose love is innocent!"' 53 on the whole , it is a slight work,

pp. 3, 4. and was evidently intended as no

It would be lost time, to shew thing more. It might rather seem that this is not sacred poetry; but the fruit of a single day of leisure, we may be allowed to remark, that than the hard achievement of long- it is not even appropriate or nacontinued toil, or a brilliant assem, tional. There is nothing in it

of blage of the results of distant and

Hebrew or even of an Oriental ipsulated moments of inspiration. The members of Christian com supposed in the mention of cloud

character; unless an 'allusion be munities have been so accustomed less climes;” an allusion too faint to regard Hebrew exclusively as a to be perceived till it is sought, sacred language, that the term The personification of Night, which Hebrew Melodies, when applied to forms the basis of the poem, would poems, instinctively conveys to our rather suit the genius of classical minds the idea of compositions than of Oriental composition. Of directly employed on sacred or such personifications all poetry highly moral subjects, and devo- which is not derived from a classitional in their general complexion cal source, from

(10 if not in their immediate and professed distination. In the work

(Hit the songs

1995:37 before us, indeed, the author speaks ke Of Grecian bards and records weit in the character of those with whom

'b 11.

iloen Hebrew is, in some degree, the For Grecian beroes, ?: language of business and of society makes a very sparing use. But the as well as of religion. Still, as the comparison of a dark beauty to à music for which bis compositions star-light night, seenis neither claswere 'intended, is upderstood to sical nor Hebrew. It reminds us have been perpetuated only through rather of the quaint prettiness and the medium of worship, we natu- fanciful refinement that distinguishirally conclude that the poetry willed the poets of our own country in consist of - holy Hays ; verses the seventeenth century, in the either immediately religious, or at age of madrigals and posies, of the least serious and contemplative. Withers, Herrick, and Carew.. This


'by fame

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remark does not necessarily imply to have been met with in Palestine, blame ; for the poem is evidently yet at all events, she must be too the production of a superior hand; much of a stranger there, to hold a and the second stanza strikes us as prominent place in a twilight pic. peculiarly elegant. Yet, after all, ture. What is worse, the twilight such themes sound somewhat itself is a stranger, or nearly so, in strange on holy ground. Our ear- the regions adjacent to the tropics; liest associations are violated, when that is, it is too short and hurried we hear the Muse of Palestine so in its duration to gain a marked uttering her voice; and we are 'character. But the description tempted to believe, that she has offends more by omission than by really forgotten the songs of her positive fault. The ideas which country in a strange land.

we, in this western world, popularNext to this, we might not im- ly entertain about Judæan scenery, properly introduce a similar melody, are sufficiently peculiar and distincentiiled, “I saw thee weep;" in tive. We think of vines, and olives, which the eyes of the person ad- and cedars,-of the camel and the dressed are compared to a violet, antelope,-of streams bordered by and her smiles, first to a sapphire, date-trees, plains covered with and then to the setting sun, which tulips and roses, and hills rich with tinges even the darkest clouds pasturage or fragrant with aromatic around it with a glow of cheerful shrubs. These ideas the descripness. But we must not be too pro- tive poet should satisfy, or should fuse of quotation; and, therefore, correct. But, in the lines before shall rather submit to the reader us, no such local features occur ; another piece which we consider nor is there any thing to mark the as a happier specimen of the au. distinction which may be supposed thor's manner:

between the richness and luxurious

lassitude of a Syrian sunset, and the * It is the hour when from the bonghs

more sober, more refined, more The nightingale's high note is heard; contemplative character of our own It is tire hour when lovers' vows

Seem sweet in every whispered word; evening landscapes. And gentle winds and waters near

The following couplets are not Make music to the lonely ear.

open to the same criticism, or are Each flower the dews have lightly wet, open to it but slightly; for the And in the sky the stars are met; piece is extremely short, and turns And on the wave is deeper blue, on a single thought:And on the leaf a browner hue ; And in the Heaven that clear obscure, “ Sun of the sleepless! melancholy star! So softly dark, and darkly pure,

Whose tearful beam glows tremulously That follows the decline of day

far, As twilight melts beneath the moon

That show'st the darkness thou canst not away." p. 23.


How like art thou to joy remembered This is soft and harmonious ; well! but it is an European, not a He- So gleams the past, the light of other brew melody. In such of these days, poems as are descriptive, we pre- Which shines, but warma not with its sume it will not be denied that the powerless rays; scene, unless where it is avowedly A night-beam Sorrow watcheth to be. laid in some country of exile or of

hold, temporary residence, should be laid

Distinct,' bat distant-clear-but, ob

how cold . p. 37. in the Holy Land itself. But the scene of this poem, if any where, These lines will, we make no is laid in England. The nightin- doubt, be extreinely admired; and gale, for example is introduced; they certainly display fancy, comand, though the nightingale is said mand of expression, and ease of.

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versification. It may, however, be us thus far, and have heard of noobserved that they are turned with thing but starry nights, ruddy a kind of ingenuity and cleverness clouds, clear heavens, sun, moon, which hardly belong to effusions of and stars, must begin to think deep and strong feeling. There there is some truth in Juvenal's old is, indeed, nothing affected or un- accusation, that "the Jews have. natural in comparing a single star no objects of worship but the to remembered joy, had the resem. clouds and the divinity of the visiblance been just touched and no ble firmament *.” It should be menmore; it would then have been de- tioned, therefore, that the examples lightful; but, when dilated and we have given have been selected dwelt upon and pursued into par- from different parts of the collecticulars, it does itself become what tion, and that they are interspersed it describes—“ distinct, but dis- with others, which, if not strictly tant-clear, but, oh how cold !" sacred, at least approach to that

It may seem a slight objection, character more nearly.' The prebut we will take the opportunity of sent state of the Jewish people, protesting against the unnecessary expatriated - dispersed - trodden multiplication of such hard words down--contemned, -afforded the as night-beam. Formerly, our noble author a very fine subject;: poets were fond of yoking together and that be has not neglected to a noun and a participle; as, saf- avail himself of it, will appear from fron-cinctured, tempest-footed, lion, the following lines: hearted, death-devoted, love-lighted, and many others; combinations, “Oh! weep for those that wept by sometimes necessary,sometimes very

Babel's stream, expressive, sometimes at least toler. Whose shrines are desolate, whose land able, more often as gratuitous as

a dream;

Weep for the harp of Judah's broken they were harsh and disagreeable. But what are these to night-cloud, Mourn—where their God hath dwelt the death-shot, death-shade, death-an

godless dwell! gel, death-scene, bosom-scene, fire

" And where shall Israel lave her bleed, shower,battle-shower, glory-wreath,

ing seet? poison-mouth, sorcery-secret, and And when shall Zion's songs again seem the rest of that variety of curious

sweet? manufactures which the present And Judah's melody'once more rejoice day has poured forth? The com- The hearts that leap'd before its hea.. pound epithets of the old school venly voice? were distressing enough; but they “ Tribes of the wandering foot and are simplicity and harmony itself, weary breast, when compared with the combina- How shall ye fee away and be at rest! tion-substantives (if we may name The wild-dove hath her nest, the fox his them after their own style) of the

cave, new. It needs the strongest com

Mankind their country-Israel but the pensating advantages to justify the

grave!" p. 11. use of forms of speech so strange and uncouth. The Hebrew tongue, worthy of the writer. They are

Surely these are lines every way, indeed, has a method of joining to- full of nature and feeling. The gether nouns in regimine, as it is only remark we shall venture on called; but we deprecate the ex. them in the way of censure, is one tension of such a regimen to Enga which must strike every reader;lish, even when employed on He- they rather ungracefully confound brew inelodies. Such of our readers as expected

the present state of the Jews with to find this a collection of sacred ." Nil præter nubes et cæli numen poems, and who have accompanied adorant."


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