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amongst whom he was always hap- vaders, who to equal avarice united py to converse upon the subject of boundloss profusion. Christ's religion."

“ Can it be asserted their superMr. John states that the new stitions are harmless? Their reliedition of the Old Testament had gion has inculcated human sacrilately been finished in their Malabar fices; and they appear yet to exist printing press, which they had been under different forms. The numenabled to accomplish by means of ber of widows who perish on the the printing paper sent out by the funeral pile, or are buried alive in Society.

the same grave with their husbands, Two Missionaries, the Rev. Mr. is as great as ever. To their suRingeltaube and the Rev. Mr. Holz- perstition, among many other injuhergh, were this year sent out to rious customs, may be ascribed India by the Society. An able their laying the sick at the edge of charge was given to them by the the river in all seasons, when the Rev. Mr. Owen, forn:erly one of opipion, or whim, or interest of luis the Company's Chaplains in Bengal, relations may suggest that a man is and now Chaplain-General of the near death. To this may be asNavy and Army. He exhibits in it cribed their base subjection to those some striking views of Hindoo su- who assume dominion over their perstition.

conscience. No human vigilance “ Where shall we look for the can long keep all parts of a family morals of this people? Among their from some ceremonial impurity that Bramins ? They who officiate at inay affect its honour: nothing can the great pagodas are licentious, exceed the secrecy and certainty and eager for gain to an incre- with which a certain order of Bradible extent. The unbounded su- nins obtain information of what is perstition of the people protects amiss, or the address with which them in their vices. In this re- they turn the terror of their records spect, it would be difficult to say, to their own purpose. whether their priestcraft has been “ All false religions have beert more fatal to themselves, or to accommodated to the corruption of their followers. Will you seek huinan creatures, by whom nothing for morals among their myriads of is less sought than justice or purity Fakirs and travelling saints? It is of heart. It has ever been bodily common to see one of these extort. exercise that profiteth little,'instead ing money from the reluctant manu- of 'godliness that is profitable to facturer by a torrent of obscenity in all things.' The people of India which he insults him, and the treat lave indeed line upon line to make of curses which no Hindoo will clean the ontside of the cup and of incur.

the platter! But is that superstition “ Will you inquire among their harmless by which a man would merchants, or manufacturers, or sanctify unjust gain by giving part iandhollers? The great feature in of it to an idol, or purify his soul as a Hindoo's character is the desire he washes his body in the Ganges ? of amassing wealth : this be does I have seen them shew strong sympwith a cold, unfeeling perseverance, toms of uneasiness when urged on that baffles all consideration of this side; and no wonder." morals or humanity. The rich are He adds in a note oppressive; the poor are knavish: “ The officers who led back the it is craft against violence. Their Bengal troops by Jagernaut, at the avarice is connected with parsi- close of ilic last war, indulged the mony; and hence, as from other Hindoos in their earnest desire of causes, they are free from much of visiting this celebrated place of the luxury of their Mahometan in-, worship, the resort of pen from the extremities of India. On their ap- petida, I am indebted to your proach to the temple, they passed correspondent for the highly origiby an enclosure white with the nal though somewhat irrelevant inbones of wretched pilgrims, who, formation, that all mankind came exhausted with fatigue and poverty, in the first instance out of Asia. My had died under the delays and ex- obligation to him would be increase tortions of the Bramius. The sighted, if he would tell me where he occasioned a shout of indignation. has found the proofs that the great

“The modes of extortion used Sclavonic house is descended from at Gaiah, a place of famous resort the old Scythians : I have not hiwithin our provinces, are extremely therto, in the course of my reading, whimsical. Among others, they been fortunate enough to meet will bind rich persons with a wreath with them. I must not unfairly o towers, to a tree, till they have ask him to demonstrate a negative: agreed to pay such sums as they are otherwise, while he is about the mattoid it is their duty to pay, and, ter, I would request a proof that which are often enormous.” the Goths are not the descendants (To be continued)

of the Scythians. With respect to this point, however, I' can venture

to assure him, that the relationship To the Editor of the Christian Observer. of our brave ancestors to that wise

and powerful people does not hang I am sorry that I cannot entertain upon quite so slender a thread as so rery high an opinion of the au- be seems to imagine. thority of the Jewish historian as I here close my correspondence; your correspondent ANOTHER IN. the sole object of which was to QUIRER; who appears to deem a shew the danger of interpreting contradiction of Josephus scarcely genealogical propliecies without a less misdemeanor, than a coutra- first carefully studying the pedidiction of Scripture itself.

grees of nations: whence I would For my own part, as I bave some caution your readers against too serious doubts respecting that wri- bastily admitting Mr. Penn's extrater's assertion, that the four rivers, ordinary view of the predictions which once met all together in Para- relative to Goy ani Magog. dise, are the Ganges, the Euphi

AN INQUIRER. rates, the Tigris, and the Nile, thongh such might very possibly be the traditional belief of his countrymaen; because I cannot help won.

To the Editorof the Christian Observer. dering, low in the world ihey all Tp you will take the trouble to turn got there : so I have likewise ven, to the 2d vol. of Ilale's Chronotured to impugn his other assertion, logy (pp. 705-710), you will find though probably he might have no a very difficult passage (viz. St. less Jadaieal authority for it, that Lake ii. 2.) explained in a most the Seythians were the children of simple and satisfactory manner. Magog: simply because I find it The object of this paper is to excontradicted' by direct evidence. plain another equally difficult pasTo enter, however, into the detuil of sage of the same Evangelist by the this evidence would not be suitable, sanie process, and I trust with the to the plan of a periodical publica- same effect. The passage to which tion: I shall, therefore, not trouble i allude is St. Luke xxi. 32. 'Aure you with it.

λέγω υμίν, ότι και μη παρέλθη η γενεά In reply to my remark, that a 77. Ews av Trávta yevras. Now primeval national settlement of the the whole difficulty of this passage Scythians in Europe would neeesa consists in the word aüty, and may serily have prored them to be Jas be reipoved, I think, in the most easy and natural manner by simply and dependant states falling like altering the accents, and writing it stars from heaven? Have we not thus αυτη. .

seen upon “ the earth distress of It is well known, that in the most nations with perplexity, the sea anct ancient manuscripts written in un- the waves roaring;” innumerable cials or capitals, without points or and furious multitudes madly rushaccents, the word is ambiguous, ing to destroy each other? And let and therefore the alteration that I me ask, is there an individual to be propose is perfectly allowable. Let found, whose heart has not failed us then consider how the sense of him for fear, and for looking after the passage will be affected by it. those things that were coming on

The primary object of our Lord the earth? If then these things are in this prophecy was doubt!ess to so, oh sir! let us take to ourselves forewarn his disciples of the ap- the encouraging declaration with proaching destruction of Jerusalem. which the whole concludes, “When This lie does in the fullest and these things begin to come to pass, plainest manner, in the preceding then look up, and lift up your part of the chapter to the end of leads ; for your redemption drawThe 23d verse. In the 24th verse

ethi vigh."

Verily I say unto you, he concludes this account by the that * generation shall not pass following declaration: “ And ibey away till all be fulfilled. Heaven (i.e. the Jews) shall fall by the edge and earth shall pass away, but my of the sword, and shall be led word shall not pass away." away captive into all nations." He But let us consider the precise then in mcdiately adds, “and Jerite meaning of the words ; aird is it not salem shall be trodden down of the clearly this; that all these great Gentiles, uutil the times of the and awsul events shall occupy a Gentiles be fulfilled;” viz. till the space of time tess than a generation? 2300 years of the daratiou of the Now a generation we know by the Roman Empire, or, what amounts consent of all chronologers is thirtyto the same thing, till the 1260 of three years and a half; and we likethe Anticliristian Apostacy are wise know from the book of Daniel, completed *. After their expiration, that the time of the end, in which ali he informis us, “there shall be These great events are to be accom» signs in the sun, and in the moon, plished, is precisely thirty years : and in the stars; and upon the or three and a half years less than earth distress of nations with per- a generation. So accurately true plexity; the sea and the waves roar- are the words of our Redeemer, so ing; men's hearts failing them for appropriate was the confession of fear, and for looking after those his enemies themselves, he spake as things which are coming on the never man spake. Well indeed might earth.” In these words we read a he conclude with that decisive asmost accurate description of the severation. “ Heaven and earth events of the last twenty years. shall pass away, but my word shallHave we not seen great and mighty not pass away;" and well may we empires, which formerly shone like rely on liis never failing promise, suns in the political' firmament, that, " to those who look for hiin, either eclipsed or set in total dark- he will appear the second time withness? Have we not seen the minor out sin unto salvation.”

That this is the right interpretation • The word auty is so rendered by our is evident from the 2d verse of the 11th own translators in the 38th verse of the chapter of Rev. where it is expressly as- 2d chapter of this Gospel, xai aŭrn aüti ry serted, that the Holy City, i. e. Jerusa- wcze iwisata, " and she coming in at that lem shall be trodden under foot of the instant." The same translation is appliGentiles, forty and two months, or 1260 cable also to Matt, xxiv, 34. Mark xiii. prophetic days.

30.

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I shall conclude by observing, the law prevail, there are mere Ishthat, according to the view I have maels, conceived of God's right just taken of the prophecy, of these seed, even as Ishmael was conceived thirty years, twenty-two are already of Abraham, hearing the word and past, and that only eight remain to preaching, and talking more about be fulfilled: “Watch ye, therefore, it than true and right Christians; and pray always, that ye may be but not sincere. They stumble on accounted worthy to stand before the law of works, they attempt the Son of Man.” Lift up your every thing with their own free-will, keads, for your redemption draweth and leave themselves to its guidNIGH!"

auce. They have God's commands C. 0. before them, and pass a plausible

kind of life in the eye of the world,

which no one can particularly EXTRACTS FROM THE WRITINGS blame; but they are all children of OF LUTHER.

the bond-woman ; for there is no (Coatinued from tol. for 1814, p. 692.)

promise of God's word in their We then that are strong ought to It is a work of nature. God's grace

religion. is all flesh and blood bear the infirmilies of the weak, has wrought an bing. There

is no and net to please ourselves.- faith in the heart, by which they Rom. xv. 1.

might be delivered from the law. Men are very unwilling to bear They are therefore nothing more with the failings of others; but than Ishmaels. every one in fact almost requires of others that they be perfect. Still For whatsoever is not of faith is men thiok of this duty of forbear- sin.-Ron). xiv. 23. ance, and one will say here and We must learn to judge aright another there, that be has overcome what it is that makes a work really his dislikes, and cultivates friend- good, that it proceeds from God's ship and harmony with those around Spirit ; and not to consider so much bim. But when such persons have how long or great or ditticult it is, deserted their neighbours and re- or who has done it; but, scattering jected them, they contrive to flatter all this to the wind, to sce whether themselves, and say, they do it for God has commanded it and it is the love of righteousness, and be done in faith. For that is the standcause they do not wish to be ac. ard, and ineasure, and weight by quainted with vicked people, but which God measures and weighs only with pious and good men like all works. Wherefore if it is not themselves; and thus really neglect of faith and God's word, even the duty of bearing with the weak. though it should be raising the dead This evil prevails most in those who or living as chaste and pure as the are somewhat different from the blessed Virgin, it is yet nothing betgenerality, and follow a decent kind ter before God than open sin and of life, and have more grace than shame. others. These are apt to swell and hold up their heads. Whatever is Blessed is he who hath not seen and not like them is odions. They con- yot hath believed.- John xx, 29. demn it: they despise it-and con- My beloved Philip *, the end and sider themselves as the only fa- eveut of things trouble you. But vourites in the house.

this would I say to you, even if I so then, brethren, we are not chil- could comprehend them, I should dren of the bond-woman, but of managing affairs; much less would the free.-Gal. iv. 31. Where persons who build upon

Melancthon.

I be the head or beginner of them. While the other has little stress laid God has placed you in a situation, upon it. But such a disposition where you find nothing in your argues both a narrowness of mind, shetoric, and nothing in your which takes only a partial view of philosophy to help you. This situa: truth, and also a want of proper tion requires faitli, in which all reverence for the declarations of those things stand, which we can God, which are intended not to be neither see nor comprehend. He opposed to each other, but to be who will make all things visible, believed and obeyed. Thus our and glaring, and comprehensible, Lord declares that both watching as you do, has sorrow of heart and and prayer are necessary to enable mourning for his reward, as you also us to resist temptation; and have much against my will. rience will fully justify the wisdom The stone which the builders refus either depends upon prayer, with

of his declarations; for whoever ed, is become the head of the cor

out vigilance, or upon his own enner.

This is the Lord's doing, deavours, without fervent prayer, and it is marvellous in our eyes. will assuredly find that he cannot --Psalm cxviii. 22, 23.

stand in the hour of trial. These words are soon learnt and It is true, indeed, that all power said; and how finely and well I to' resist sin proceeds from God could do this, my books shew. only; and if our own endeavours But when the conflict comes on, were to be set in opposition to bis that I must grapple with the devil, grace, there could be no question sin, death, the world, and all extre- upon the subject; or if prayer mities, and there is no help, relief, were considered as interesting us nor comfort but from this Corner- in the power of God, and vigilance stone; then I truly find what I am esteemed only as the effect of huable to do, and what a science it is man effort, there could, in this to believe in Christ. I then see casc, be no doubt which would be well what David neant in these the most effectual agent in resisting words, It is marvellous in our eyes. sin. But this would not be a cor

rect representation of the case.

Vigilance ought to be esteemed as FAMILY SERMONS. No. LXXIII. much a means appointed by God, Matt. xxvi. 41.- IVatch and pray, effect of his grace, as prayer. The

and the cxercise of it as much the that ye enter not into temptation. course in which God pleases to SOME persons are ready to pray communicate his grace, embraces against temptation, but are not sure equally prayer and exertion. We ticiently watchful against falling must, therefore, use both in deinto it; others watch and use en- pendance on him. deavours against it, but do not lay I. We inust pray that we inay much stress upon the efficacy of not enter into temptation-i. e. that prayer. Both these descriptions of we may not be tempted at all; or, persons are wrong. The command if exposed to temptation, that we of our blessed Lord unites both may be enabled to withstand it. prayer and watching. “Watch and

Now, in order that we may pray pray, ye enter not into tempta- aright, several things are necessary. tion."

1. Our prayer must be founded in There has ever been an unhappy a deep sense of the evil of sin.propensity in men to separate the Whoever is insensible to the evil of truths which God has united ; to sin, cannot pray with sincerity and set up one as it were in opposition earnestness to be delivered from it. to another; to establish a system in Even he who only dreads the conwhich one is studiously exalted, sequences of sin, without hating the

that

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