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bered, that they were not serving men adapted and suited to him in every but God; that it was an honour to be so time: it supplied his wants, corrected engaged ; that it was a high privilege to his. errors, enlightened his darkness, hew wood, or draw water, or be a mere instructed his ignorance, provided for servant to the Lord of hosts. God could the pardon of his sins, and the renewal do without him, without his agency, of his nature : it met him in trouble, without his money ; God carried on his and gave to him the “peace that passeth work before he was born, and would still understanding," and the “joy that is do so when he was dead : and though he unspeakable and full of glory :” it met had raised him up and privileged him to him in his feebleness and fear; and, in be a fellow-worker with Him in blessing the midst of his wants and trials, it the world, if he became unfaithful or inspired him with courage, and supplied unworthy He would put him aside and him with strength: it met him in break him in pieces as a potter's vessel ; bereavement, and when in the prospect others would be raised up, and the work of leaving his family in the midsť of a would go on and prosper, although he wide world, and to strangers, and said, might not be permitted to “pursue the “Leave thy fatherless children, and let triumph and partake the gale.” It would thy widows trust in me: it met him in be so if all the labourers were to throw down death, and removed its bitterness, scattheir spades ; if all the reapers in the field tered its darkness, and washed his perwere to throw away their sickles : other son from corruption in the blood of workmen would go up, and the crop sprinkling : it met him in the intermewould be reaped, not a single ear would diate state, and introduced his spirit to remain ungleaned, and then would come the souls of the righteous : it met him the harvest-home of the creation, the in the day of judgment, and inspired him jubilee of the universe; but no idle ser. with courage, and supplied him with vant would be permitted to partake boldness, and secured for him the merin its festivities, and triumphs, and ciful acceptance and approbation of the joys. He imagined it was also im. Judge; and did not leave or forsake portant to keep in mind that their object him until it saw him through the was peculiar and definite. They aimed to gates into the city, where there are preach the Gospel of the grace of God, fulness of joy and pleasures for everand thus to turn men from darkness
This was the religion of man, to light, and from the power of Satan to the religion which they wished to carry God; and here they separated and di- to every nation under heaven, to every vided at once from multitudes of the island of the sea, and to every habitation reformers and philanthropists of the day. of man.
Besides, they had themselves The latter talked about the march of experienced its power and blessedness. mind; they said the schoolmaster was It had turned them from darkness to out; they anticipated the millennium of light; it had removed guilt and conscience, and art, and literature. Of demnation from their consciences, and course, the advocates of the Missionary given them peace and joy in believing. cause did not undervalue learning and It was not theory with them ; it was not the arts and sciences; but they held, speculation : they had tasted, felt, and that if every nation under heaven were handled the word of life. The bread learned as Greece or Rome; that if which they offered to others they had every individual of the world's popula. partaken of themselves; the cup of saltion were a scholar; their work would vation did not pass through their hands be to do, and they would have to send merely; they had drunk of it themout Missionaries to the east and the selves, and could bear testimony to its west, to the north and the south, to life-giving, soul-cheering, refreshing, preach the Gospel of the grace of God. sanctifying properties. On occasions like The object of every Missionary Society the present, he always liked to have a word was, to preach “the truth as it is in
on personal religion ; and it had struck Jesus ;” and, like the great Apostle of him, that by these remarks he might be the Gentiles, they were determined to reflecting on some in that assembly. He know nothing among men save Christ had known Missionary Collectors, and and him crucified.” They had exa persons who attended Missionary Meetmined the evidences of the Gospel, and ings, and gave to the utmost of their they found it was “no cunningly-devised ability, to send the word of truth and fable,” but “the wisdom of God in a the Gospel of salvation to the ends of the mystery,” and “the salvation of God to earth, who nevertheless were destitute of every one that believeth ;
Christ themselves. O the folly of this had studied the genius of the Gospel, conduct! It was to see others into the and found it was the religion of man,
ark, and fall back themselves into the
waters of the deluge; it was to conduct built them places of worship; it had made others to their Father's house, and see their Kings nursing-fathers and their them sit down where there was bread Queensnursing-mothers, and filled and coenough and to spare, and themselves to vered them with the fruits of righteousness, go back into the land of famine, and and the flowers of Paradise. Christianperish with hunger ; it was to bring ity done no good ! He would not others to the Saviour, the great Physi. believe an angel, if he were to say so. It had cian, to be healed, and to remain them. done all the good that had been done in selves incrusted over and over with the the world; it had produced all the moral leprosy of sin, that would eat like blessings of life; it had built all the a canker through their souls. He institutions of benevolence that ever prayed that God might grant to all the existed in any time or any place; it had experimental knowledge of vital godli. made our land the glory and boast of all
The Resolution referred to a lands; it had converted every sinner
They had success; and he that had been converted, and introduced thanked God for it. They knew, in every spirit into heaven that now wor. some measure, how to estimate the value shipped before the throne ; and when of success. The soul was so important this Christianity should be universally that to accomplish its salvation in but diffused, the mystery of godliness would one instance would be sufficient to com. be finished, Paradise would be restored, pensate for the labours of ten thousand and earth be exchanged for heaven. As men for ten thousand years. But multi. he had been announced to the Meeting tudes of such souls had been saved. At as a Missionary, it might not be amiss, this moment there were within the gates if, for a few moments longer, he said of heaven a great multitude which no something in reference to the scene of man could number, who had washed his future labours. New Zealand, it their robes and made them white in the was well known, was situate on the other blood of the Lamb. On the road to side of the globe to that which we inha. heaven, at this moment, there were tens of bit. It consisted of some two or three thousands as the result of Missionary principal islands, which, in their dimenlabour. And yet it had been said, that sion, and climate, and insular character, Christianity had done no good. Would somewhat resemble the British isles. it be believed, at this time of day, that They were discovered first of all by even an infidel should have the effront. Tasman, a Dutch navigator, and called ery to say, that Christianity had done no by him Statenland ; but little notice good ?
But so it was. Men who hated was taken of them until Captain Cook, the light, and would not come to it, in the year 1778, re-discovered and took called “good evil, and evil good, and possession of them in the name of the put sweet for bitter and bitter for British Crown. They were represented sweet.” If he were to ask the negroes as beautiful wild spots, overrun by luxin the West Indies whether Christianity uriant vegetation, and inhabited by a had done them good, they would say, it noble but savage race. A writer in had melted the chains of the slaves, and “ Blackwood's Magazine " had endearaised many of them into the Lord's voured to draw a comparison between freemen. if he were to ask the women the state of New Zealand at the time, of India whether Christianity had done and of Britain two thousand years ago, them any good, they would say, it had when discovered by the Romans. He saved them from being burned on the did not profess to know much about funeral pile of their deceased husbands, antiquity ; but he did say, this was well and placed them in their proper situation worth looking at. Our island was not in society. If he were to ask the Caffres always full of light and blessing as it and Bushmen of Southern Africa what now was. There was a period when our Christianity had done for them, they forefathers painted their bodies red and would say, it had formed them into vil- blue, and wandered in the wildness of lages, and taught them the arts of civiluntutored barbarism : they were divided ized life. If he were to sail about the into innumerable tribes, who were almost islands of the great South Sea, which, in a state of perpetual hostility : they notwithstanding the richness of the soil, were idolaters, and had gods of wood and the salubrity of the atmosphere, and and of stone : they were superstitious; the loveliness of their landscapes, were they considered the serpent as immortal; but lately the strongholds of idolatry, the mistletoe was regarded by them with and the rendezvous of hell ; and if he peculiar veneration, and when it was were to ask them whether Christianity discovered, they gathered it with glad. had been of any use, they would say, it ness, the Priest cut it with a golden had given them the Sabbath ; it had knife, and it was received in a white sheet, and thus the Priests deluded a was conquered by the Romans; and it superstitious people. But this was not was possible that the relationship suball: they were murderers.
sisting between this country and Rome occasions, human sacrifices were offered; might facilitate the introduction of and it was a solemn fact, that the still- Christianity : hut the Gospel could not ness of their native forests was frequently come to us by chance or accident, any broken by the dying groans of infant more than it has been introduced by victims, whose infatuated parents sought chance or accident to Africa, India, or to secure the favour of their deities, “by the South-Sea islands : “ How could giving their firstborn for their trans. they hear without a Preacher ? and how gressions.” The New Zealanders paint could they preach unless they were their bodies and tattoo their faces; there sent ? ” We did not know much about was among them no national bond of the men who came here first ; but we union ; their Chiefs were jealous of each know that they did not labour in vain ; other's power and authority ; their hand that they did not spend their strength was raised against every man, and every for nonght was plain from our Sabbaths man's hand was raised against them; of peace, and institutions of benevothey had a strong passion for war, a lence, in which every species of disprinciple which they drank in with their tress could find refuge, in which every infancy; they were trained to acts of variety of want might find relief : so cruelty by the example of their parents that our country, as the Queen of and friends ; they were remarkably nations and Mistress of the seas, in her superstitious, and given to charms and personified genius, might be said to spells; they had no idols, and little have on her brow the helmet of salvanotion of a Supreme Being; their Priests tion, in her right hand to wield the were impostors and jugglers, practising sword of the Spirit, and to have her feet the incantations of hell; they believed shod with the preparation of the Gospel in the immortality of the soul, but they of peace, the Gospel which she wished to had no hope ; they did not offer human send to every nation under heaven, and sacrifices, as our forefathers did, but every island of the sea. New Zealand they delighted until lately in the horrid had lately become the scene of much practice of cannibalism; and even now excitement and interest in this country. they preserved the heads of their enemies A plan of colonization had been formed, as trophies of their victories, and ranged somewhat in the spirit of chivalry and them in rows on the tops of their houses : romance. It had been proposed to call so that, beautiful as were these islands, the country Victoria ; that persons of all they were full of the habitations of cru- ranks, almost from the Peer to the peasant, elty, and the abomination of desolation. should go out as settlers; that cities Our countrymen might have been bar- should be founded, and ports opened ; barous and savage as the New Zealand- that warehouses should be built
, and ers were ; Missionaries from other coun- commerce encouraged ; that the natives tries might have been visiting our should be moulded into scholars, agricul. shores, and translating the Scriptures turists, and mechanics; and that this into our dialects, and building schools should grow into a great empire, equal. for the education of our children, and ling, and perhaps surpassing, the motherpreaching to us the unsearchable riches country! But the system was radically of Christ. As we were now sending defective, as had been all former systems Missionaries to New-Zealand and other of colonization; and, with all its plausi. places, and receiving reports of success, bility and speciousness, would be found so might it have been with us, in refer. to involve the New Zealanders in utter ence to some other nation; they might ruin, if it did not bring down upon us have been reporting, that at the begin the curse of injustice and oppression. ning of the nineteenth century the white Let Missionaries go to New Zealand ; Heathens of Britain were ceasing to offer let the natives have the Gospel, and it their children to idols, &c.
But at an
would raise their minds, and soften their early period the word of the Lord came
it would abolish their wars and to us through human instrumentality ; feuds ; teach them to learn war no more, Missionaries, with love in their hearts, and “beat their swords into ploughsevered themselves from the endearments shares and their spears into pruningof home, and kindred, and country ; hooks ;” it would teach them to till the they braved the perils of the sea and ground and sow the seed; it would lead the desert, planted on our barbarian them to relinquish their frightful and shores the standard of the cross, and vulgar ornaments; it would break preached to our heathen ancestors the through their spells, and dissolve their unsearchable riches of Christ. Britain enchantments, frustrate the tokens of the liars, and drive their diviners mad; it with delight and gratitude at the proswould teach them to render to all their pect of going out far hence among the due, tribute to whom tribute was due, cus- Gentiles with tidings of mercy.
If he tom to whom custom, and honour to whom knew himself at all, there was no sacri. honour;" it would make their wilder. fice which he would not make, no work ness a fruitful field and their desert the he would not engage in, no cross he garden of the Lord.” This was not all. would not bear, so that God might be The object in view was not secular, ter. glorified, whether by his life or his death. minating with the world and time. He had now been eight years engaged in Where Christianity came, the arts and
the work of the Lord. The five years sciences flourished, and the savage be- which he had spent at Birmingham had came civilized. But this was merely the been the happiest of his life. Nature richness and fertility which the river left said, “Stay at home;" friends, on the as it rolled back to the ocean. Only let right hand and on the left, said, “ Stay Christianity go to New Zealand ; only at home;" but let the Gospel be preached to the natives,
“ He heard a voice they did not hear, with the Holy Ghost sent down from
He saw a hand they could not see: heaven, and it would not only give them the Sabbath, and houses of prayer, but it would And all that he asked of his friends, here make them new creatures in Christ Jesus, and elsewhere, was, that they would and convert them into a kingdom of priests grant him their sympathies and their and holy men. New Zealand had hither. prayers; that they would continue to to been rather injured than benefited by love and support the Missionary cause ; the visits of Europeans. It was a fact,
that while the Missionaries went down, that, in some instances, the savages had as it were, into the mine, they would been corrupted by their intercourse with hold the ropes; and he hoped their Miscivilized men. It was estimated, that sionaries would be able to bring up many there were not less than two thousand a precious gem, many a valuable jewel, runaway convicts in the islands of New which, in the mediatorial diadem of the Zealand,—men of the most depraved Redeemer, would shine and sparkle with character,—men who had been called increasing brilliancy. All he had fur“the devil's Missionaries,” and who, in ther to say was included in the lines their intercourse with the natives, teach composed by an old Methodist Preacher, ing them new lessons of evil, too much
favourite lines with him :resembled the arch-apostate and his “ The God of Abraham praise; angels, in works of iniquity and dark.
At whose supreme command, ness. Something had, it is true, been From earth I rise, and seek the joys done for New Zealand. The Church Mis.
At his right hand. sionary Society had valuable Stations and I all on earth forsake, Agents, and the Methodist Society had a
Its riches, wealth, and power; few Missionaries : but “what were they
And him my only portion take, among so many ?” The fields were
My shield and tower.” white to the harvest, but the labourers Mr. Bumby resumed his seat amidst were so scattered, that they could scarcely loud and repeated cheers, and the deep hear each other's voices, and they were sympathies of the audience. ready to faint and be discouraged at the The Rev. GEORGE STEWARD, vastness of the work given them to do. of Manchester, observed, that the adA preparing influence had gone forth dresses delivered on occasions like the on the minds of the people. He was present, generally consisted of two aware, that, in some instances, travellers, kinds ; such, for instance, as dealt in who had gone out on scientific errands, general principles, or such as dealt to trace the course of a river, or watch in facts; and he thought the comthe transit of a planet, had been mur- bination of these two gave the perfection dered ; but the natives of New Zea- of the advocacy of the cause ; showing land had received the Missionaries its character, principles, bearings, and as heralds of peace, as angels of God; triumphs; the facts confirmed the prin. they had the utmost confidence in them ; ciples, and the principles explained the and there was doubt that God facts. There were general facts which Almighty had said to the barbarous referred to the general working of the tribes of these islands, “ Touch not mine system of Missionary enterprise ; and anointed, and do my prophets no harm.” there were particular facts, which referred He expected, in a few months to go to to certain particular forms of labour. New Zealand ; and he should hate his They were both interesting in their way, own heart, if, while it trembled at the and might contribute to deepen our Misimportance of the work, it did not bound sionary principles, to inflame our Mis.
sionary zeal, and to set us to work again taking up the interest of that race, and rewith greater diligence and earnestness, pairing the breach; so that if it could be for the promotion of this great cause ; proved they were distinct races, that they for, he apprehended, we should have to had no coinmon origin, that men were bring to it more principle, zeal, liberality, separate as regarded caste and family, and prayer, than we had hitherto done. there might be cases in which Mission. Though his audience might congratu ary labour would be unavailing, in which themselves on what had been accomplish- the parties were not in the covenant, and ed, and behold with delight the increas. the attempts to Christianize them would ing zeal and rising energies of the church, be abortive. But what had been the yet it could not be concealed that, as yet, fact, as elicited by Missionary operation, the harvest was great, and the labourers both with reference to ancient and mo. were few; that the world was yet im. dern times ? Why, the Gospel, which mersed in darkness, and there were but a bringeth salvation to all nen, had apfew partial streaks, the mere lucifer to- peared ; they had samples of Christian kens of approaching light. There were and converted men belonging to all nacertain points, however, established as tions and tribes ; there had been no exmatters of fact, to which he would refer ception, so far as he knew : and though his audience for a short time, and which the demonstration might not yet be permight be, perhaps, somewhat interesting fect, because there might be men unviand edifying on the great subject of Mis- sited, and, therefore, unevangelised ; yet sionary enterprise.-One fact to which it had proceeded so far as to satisfy us of he would refer, as being an established the accuracy of our principles, and that fact, that had been brought out by the the race, under ten thousand various spepast working of Missionary enterprise, cies, was essentially one. The polished was the positive identity, the family inhabitants of Europe linked with the identity, of the human race; that, not- Caffres of Africa, and these with the withstanding there might be diversity New Zealanders, and with the Fejee of colour, and of form, and. a vast variety cannibals. Notwithstanding tradition of external phenomena belonging to man, had perished, or was retained only in yet, nevertheless, there was a family fabled narratives like that of Deucalion identity, as well as an identity of nature. and Pyrrha ; notwithstanding the darkThere was belonging to man consan. ness of remote antiquity had settled guinity under all circumstances ; however around the habitations of men; and, diversified those circumstances might be, notwithstanding that philology which whether he might be here, or at our anti- could not unravel the mysteries of podes, all drew their blood from the same language, and ten thousand babbling fountain, all were attached to each other tongues seemed to proclaim the diver. by the ties of consanguinity, which no sity man ; and though physiognomy distance of time, or variety of circum- itself might assume the mask, and atstances, or history, could ever dissolve ; tempt to conceal part from the eye of and it was thus that the Bible gave noble philosophy, and the student of external and tender views of humanity, laying the nature, and did conceal it; yet the Probasis of our benevolence in the consan- teus of our nature had, in fact, been guinity of our race; while it gave to all bound by the giant of Missionary enterinjuries committed against man, a pecu- prise, and forced to confess the mysteriliar atrocity, it gave to all duties the ad- ous truth. It might be left to men of ditional obligation of a debt of consan- taste, and genius, and research, to exguinity. It might, indeed, be inquired plain the fact, or harmonize the phenohow this was made out by the operation
He contented himself with a sim of Missions ? The theology of the Bible ple statement of the fact, as one that was was based on the history of the Bible, undeniably ascertained. This demonand the New Testament gave contirma. strated the truth of the Bible theology, tion of the history of the human race, as well as the divinity of its history. as originating in a single pair ; it gave -Another fact which he might refer to as that as an inspired relation of a matter clearly made out by Missionary enter* of fact ; and then the scheme of redemp- prise, was the fact of universal exigency tion was based on that fact; the applica- and moral need. As there was a family bility of that remedy was to the race of identity of oneness, so there was light Adam, not simply to man as man, but to thrown on the doctrine of human deprathe progeny of Adam. These were the vity, and the fall of man ; that there had points on which the redeeming economy been a transition from moral perfection rested : the first man was federally re- to a state of depravity and wretchedness. lated to the whole human race, and so was
This was a fact of the first consequence the second man, the Lord from heaven, to evangelization. There was no such