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PACALTSDORP STATION, SOUTH AFRICA. PACALTSDORP,* of which a representation is given on the preceding page, is situated in the district of George, in the colony of the Cape of Good Hope ; being distant, in an easterly direction, about 300 miles from Cape Town, and three from the town of George. It stands on an elevated site, in the midst of a large and beautiful plain, near Mossel Bay, and commands a view of George. The settlement is enclosed by a strong fence, erected by the Hottentots belonging to the Institution, the number of whom, according to the latest returns, is about 828.
The large building in the centre of the drawing is the Mission Chapel ; close to which, on the right, stands the adult Sabbath-school. At a short distance in the same direction is the entrance-gate of the Institution. Beyond this, on the extreme right, the village of George presents itself; in the rear of which are the Cradock Mountains. The large building next but one to the chapel, on the left, and the other which forms the last of the range in that direction, are the dwelling-houses of the Missionary and the schoolmaster, and the building between these, adjoining the former, is the Infant-school. The smaller erections in the same line are chiefly the out-offices of the Mission ; and the remainder, together with those scattered in various directions over the enclosed space, are the houses of the native inhabitants.
The Mission at this place originated in a visit to the spot by Messrs. Read and Wimmer, a short time before that of the Rev. Mr. Campbell, in 1813. They remained there for a while, preaching the Gospel to the inhabitants, both bond and free, who listened to them with apparently deep interest, and earnestly entreated that a Missionary might be sent to reside among them. When Mr. Campbell afterwards visited the settlement, the people repeated their request ; and in February, 1813, Mr. Charles Pacalt was appointed to the Station
The efforts of Mr. Pacalt to promote the important object of his mission, and to advance the people in civilisation, were of an energetic and useful character ; and he had the satisfaction to witness much good effected through his instrumentality. In a comparatively short period, his congregation amounted to between 200 and 300 ; being composed partly of the people of the Institution, partly of inhabitants of the town of George, and partly of persons in the service of the neighbouring farmers. The number of communicants was about forty. A day-school was established, consisting of about sixty scholars, who, with a number of adults, and the rest of the children of the Institution, also received catechetical instruction on the Sabbath.
On the 26th of November, 1816, it pleased Divine Providence to remove Mr. Pacalt by death, in the midst of his usefulness, and the Institution was shortly afterwards placed under the care of the Rev, J. G. Messer, whose labours in connexion with it were abundantly blessed ; the attendance on public worship increased to about 300, the number of communicants to 46, and the school to 70. Shortly after his arrival, he commenced a Sabbath-school, chiefly for the religious instruction of those who could attend on no other day; and the poor slaves and others flocked from all quarters to avail themselves of the means of instruction ; even those “ who for many years," Mr. Messer said, “had appeared to possess hearts as hard as a stone, came and bowed their knees at the feet of Jesus."
In January, 1822, the Rev. William Anderson succeeded Mr. Messer in the charge of the Station, at which he still continues to labour with fidelity and zeal.
The preceding statements convey a general view of the more prominent
• Formerly called Hoege Kraal.
features of the Institution from the period of its formation, in 1813, to the year 1834. Since the latter period, though not unimpeded by difficulties, it has been on the whole steadily and decidedly progressive. The annexed particulars comprise an account of its circumstances and progress in the past year; during which it has been largely favoured by the Divine Lord of Missions, in nearly all its departments,
Among the younger members of the native congregation there has been a pleasing revival of religion, and the meetings for prayer and mutual edification are marked with unusual seriousness and interest. The Bible-class, conducted by Mr. Anderson's daughters, is found highly beneficial. In November last, several of the young persons belonging to this class, of whose growth in religious knowledge and personal piety our venerable brother speaks in highly gratifying terms, were preparing for baptism. The Temperance Society, commenced in 1831, continues to operate in the most salutary manner.
In connexion with the schools, there has been an ample measure of encouragement. The Infant-school, under the care of one of Mr. Anderson's daughters, wears a delightfully promising aspect, and attracts the attention of all who visit the Station. The number of children taught in this school amounts to 160. On the Sabbath they are also instructed in the Scriptures; and the gratifying fact is stated, that many of these children on returning to their homes are in the habit of communicating to their parents the lessons of Divine truth which they receive. The day-school has declined in number, in consequence of several of the most advanced scholars having entered, with the advantage of the education afforded them, on various occupations to obtain a livelihood. This diminution is not a subject for regret, but for congratulation, as it is hereby shown that the school is fulfilling one of its chief ends.
At the close of the year the Mission Church consisted of 69 members. The congregation had increased to 400, and the Sabbath-school to 130.
We cannot conclude the present communication without observing, that Pacaltsdorp is among the Stations in South Africa, in connexion with which Divine love and mercy have been most conspicuously manifested. Many of the Hottentots at this Station are living evidences of what the grace of our Lord can effect. Those who were afar off have been made nigh; the power of his Cross and the influences and operation of his Spirit have been wonderfully unfolded. He has encouraged his servants to labour while it is called to-day, by giving them to see that their labour has not been in vain ; and what has been thus accomplished may well be regarded as an invitation to others to enter into the field, that through their united instrumentality the period may be hastened when Ethiopia, throughout her vast extent, shall be converted unto God and rejoice in possessing the riches of his great salvation.
MISSION TO THE NAVIGATORS ISLANDS.
(Continued from p. 71.)
SAVAII. MR. HARDIE commenced his labours at Savaii, in June, 1836, and was joined there by his colleague, Mr. Macdonald, at the close of the ensuing March, or beginning of April. During his stay at Rarotonga, Mr. Macdonald had been mercifully restored to health, and, when he arrived at his Station, had the prospect of being able to pursue his labours without interruption. He was accompanied by his wife and child. Mr. Hardie writes, under date 7th of April last. He had experienced the kindest treatment from the chiefs and people, and their endeavours to make him and Mrs. Hardie comfortable in their new residence had been unceasing. Mr. Hardie omitted no opportunity of testifying his sense of their friendly attentions, and the most perfect good-will had thus been cemented between them. In company with Mr. Buzacott, to whose effective aid and fraternal affection he and the other brethren bear grateful testimony, Mr. Hardie made a tour of observation through the island, and was every where received with the most cordial frankness and hospitality. At several places he stationed native teachers, to whom the people evinced a kindly spirit, and willingly consented to receive instruction from them. In Savaii, as in the other islands, the prevalence of ophthalmic and scorbutic disorders had considerably arrested the attention of the brethren ; the applications of the people for medicine had been eager and incessant; and although a temporary and partial diversion of labour was thus occasioned, yet the alleviation of physical suffering which the Missionaries had been able to effect greatly augmented their moral influence. After noticing these circumstances, Mr. Hardie mentions the formation and encouraging progress of a school containing 100 children, at Sapapalii, and then adverts to his hopes and efforts in reference to the direct communication of the Gospel.
“I am happy," he observes, “ in being able to state that I am now able to impart to the people the knowledge of salvation by Jesus Christ, though my acquaintance with the language is, and for some time must be, imperfect. My earliest attempt at preaching was on the first Sabbath in September; and I have since continued to instruct the people, more or less, every Lord's-day and during the week, in the truths of the Gospel. For several months I have statedly preached two or three times every Sabbath, and once on the Wednesday, besides holding a meeting with the steady people on the Friday. After the services on the Sabbath, I make a rule of questioning the people on the sermon, and it gives me much satisfaction to state, that they generally repeat the text and divisions of the sermon and all its leading points very correctly."
Having on one occasion specially invited such of the people as were seriously impressed to meet him for religious conversation, Mr. Hardie supplies the following pleasing statement of the results :
At the time appointed there came twelve and in presence of the people, I asked them men, with whom I conversed separately at a series of questions, in the simplest manner .considerable length. I found their know I could adopt, respecting the duties incul. ledge of the plan of salvation, though li cated by the word of God. The answers mited, sufficiently clear. The truth seemed which they gave were very satisfactory. Deep evidently to have taken hold of their minds. interest was manifested by the people, and Being satisfied from my knowledge of their several of those about to be baptised were character and conduct, and believing that melted to tears. The whole service was they sincerely trusted in Jesus, and were deeply interesting and impressive. In the willing to renounce every thing incompatible afternoon a church was formed, consisting with his service, I told them that it was the of eleven Samoans, the native teachers, and will of Christ that all who believed in him ourselves. It was to us a time of much in. should be baptised, and formed into socie terest and spiritual enjoyment. We felt ties for the observance of his worship, and deeply humbled before God on account the advancement of his glory. They said of our unprofitableness, and melted by his it was very good, and that it was their de great goodness. Pray for us, that the bless. sire to do whatever was the will of Jesus. ing of God may rest upon all our endea. Accordingly, on Sabbath the 26th of March, vours to do good to this ignorant and deI baptised twelve of them, and eleven of graded but interesting people. their children. Previous to baptising them,
TUTUILA The effects of the first introduction of the Gospel to this island have been already noticed. These, it is hoped, will, through the Divine blessing, be fully developed and matured by the labours of the brethren, Murray and Barnden, who are now stationed here. The measure of encouragement which they have received is not less decided than that which has been experienced by the brethren at the other islands. Tutuila has been divided into two districts, namely, Pagopago and Leone. Under date, 18th of April, Mr. Murray, who has taken charge of the former district, in communicating his report of the Station, thus writes :
“At the conclusion of the first nine months On the 27th of January, 1837, we were of our Mission, I rejoice to be able to state joined by Mr. and Mrs. Buzacott, and were that hitherto the Lord has graciously pros favoured with their kind and valuable aid, pered us, given us favour in the eyes of till the arrival of the schooner on the 21st the people, and supplied all our necessities of March last. Mr. Buzacott and myself with a bountiful hand. I mean not to say made a tour of that part of the island conthat we have had no difficulties and no nected with this Station, and afterwards trials. Some of these we have indeed ex Mr. Buzacott and Mr. Barnden explored, in perienced, but they are not worthy to be a similar manner, the district connected named in comparison with our great object with Leone. Mr. Buzacott preached at all
Mrs. Murray and myself have both suf the settlements where a hearing could be fered occasionally from bodily illness, but obtained. There are eighteen settlements are now by the goodness of God in the en. connected with Pagopago, containing a pojoyment of a good measure of health. Hi. pulation of about 5000, scattered over a therto our principal attention has been space of probably forty miles in circumferdirected to the acquisition of the native ence.” language. This we find, of course, a work Mr. Murray states, that for some months of no small difficulty ; yet not by any means after his arrival, he had not been able to more difficult than we had anticipated. For make any effective arrangements for the the last three months I have been attempt. instruction of the children, owing to the ing to conduct the worship of God; and want of school books; but he subsequently hope, ere long, to be able with freedom and received a plentiful supply of those issued fluency to make known the blessed Gospel from the press at Huahine, together with a to this poor degraded people.
large number of St. Matthew's Gospel from For the first six weeks we had the assist the same source. In the same ship by ance of Mr. S. Wilson, which was of great which the books were conveyed, a native advantage to us in reference to the lan teacher of Rarotonga also arrived, and was guage. After that time we were thrown immediately stationed at the large and pocompletely on our own resources. We pulous settlement of Fagasa.* Mr. Murray judged it best for the first six months to was anxious to increase the number of naconfine our efforts of a directly Missionary tive teachers, and intimated his design of kind to the settlement where we live. We directing his best attention to that object. have had public service twice on the Sab- In conclusion Mr. Murray, after expressbath, and on Wednesday and Friday even. ing his earnest hope that the Mission with ings, conducted by Raki, our native Assist which he is connected would be rememant. The average attendance is from thirty bered in the prayers of the friends of the to a hundred persons, being a fair propor Saviour at home, observes :tion of those who are professedly Christian ; “We are anxious, to hear from our naand such only attend on public instruction. tive land, yet we are by no means un. On this account even an outward adoption happy; on the contrary, we rejoice in our of Christianity is in a measure beneficial; it work, and look forward with cheering anhas the effect of bringing the people under ticipation to the time when we shall rest the sound of the Gospel, and operates more. from our labours, in those everlasting haover as a powerful check to many of their bitations where anxious separations shall evil propensities. It is a very rare circum. be experienced no more." stance for any who have once professed themselves Christians to return again to
* Massacre Bay. heathenism.
A Missionary printer, and a brother well qualified to aid in the important work of translation, have sailed for the Navigators Islands with Mr. Williams, in the Missionary ship ; and so truly encouraging is the state of the Mission, and so impossible is it that the present number of Missionaries should be able to visit, even at remote intervals, the numerous and important spheres of labour around them, that the Directors have felt it their duty to send out, in company with their venerable brother, Mr. Nott, in the course of the present summer, four additional labourers to this important Mission.