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by the Light of the Rules which they have lately learned.
For a farther Progress in these Studies, they may consult Quintilian and Voffius's Rhetoric; the Art of Poetry will be best learned from Bossy and Bohours in French, together with Dryden's Effays and Prefaces, the critical Papers of Addison, Spence on Pope's Odysley, and Trapp's Præle&tiones Poeticæ ; but a more accurate and Philosophical Account is expected from a Commentary upon Aristotle's Art of Poetry, with which the Literature of this Nation will be in a fhort Time augmented.
VI. With regard to the Practice of Drawing, it is not necessary to give any Directions, the Ule of the Treatise being only to teach the proper Method of imitating the Figures which are annex’d. It will be proper to incite the Scholars to Industry, by thewing in other Books the Use of the Art, and informing them how much it allilts the Apprehension, and relieves the Memory; and if they are oblig'd sometimes to write Descriptions of Engines, Utensils, or any complex Pieces of Workmanship, they will more fully apprehend the Necessity of an Expedient which so happily supplies the Defects of Language, and enables the Eye to receive what cannot be conveyed to the Mind any other Way. When they have read this Treatise and practis'd upon these Figures, their Theory may be improved by the Jesuit's
Perspective, and their manual Operations by other Figures which may be easily procured.
VII. Logic, or the Art of arranging and connecting Ideas, of forming and examining Arguments, is universally allow'd to be an Attainment in the utmost Degree worthy the Ambition of that Being, whose highest Honour it is to be endued with Reason; but it is doubted, whether that Ambition has yet been gratified, and whether the Powers of Ratiocination have been much improved by any Systems of Art or methodical Institutions. The Logic which for so many Ages kept Possession of the Schools, has at last been condemned as a mere Art of Wrangling, of very little Use in the Pursuit of Truth; and later Writers have contented themselves with giving an Account of the Operations of the Mind, marking the various Stages of her Progress, and giving some general Rules for the Regulation of her Conduct. The Method of these Writers is here followed ; but without a servile Adherence to any, and with Endeavours to make Improvements upon all. This Work, however laborious, has yet been fruitless, if there be Truth in an Observation very frequently made, that Logicians out of the School do not reason better than Men unaslisted by those Lights which their Science is supposed to bestow. It is not to be doubted but that Logicians may be sometimes overborn by their Passions, or blinded by their Prejudices; and that a Man may reaion ill, as he may act ill, not because he does not know what is right, but be
cause cause he does not regard it; yet it is not more the Fault of his Art that it does not direct him when his Attention is withdrawn from it, than it is the Defect of his Sight that he misses his Way when he shuts his Eyes. Against this Cause of Error there is no Provision to be made, otherwise than by inculcating the Value of Truth, and the Neceffity of conquering the Passions. But Logic may likewise fail to produce its Effects upon common Occasions, for want of being frequently and familiarly applied, till its Precepts may direct the Mind imperceptibly, as the Fingers of a Musician are regulated by his Knowledge of the Tune. This Readiness of Recollection is only to be procured by frequent Impreffion; and therefore it will be proper when Logic has been once learned, the Teacher take frequent occasion, in the most easy and familiar Conversation, to observe when its Rules are preserved, and when they are broken, and that afterwards he read no Authors, without exacting of his Pupil an Account of every remarkable Exemplication or Breach of the Laws of Reasoning.
When this System has been digested, if it be thought necessary to proceed farther in the Study of Method, it will be proper to recommend Crousaz, Watts, Le Clerc, Wolfius, and Locke's Essay on Human Understanding; and if there be imagined any Necessity of adding the Peripatetic Logic, which has been perhaps condemned without a candid Trial, it will be con
venient to proceed to Sanderson, Wallis, Crackanthorp and Aristotle.
VIII. To exite a Curiosity after the Works of God, is the chief Design of the small Specimen of Natural History inserted in this Collection; which, however, may be sufficient to put the Mind in Motion, and in some measure to direct its Steps; but its Effects may easily be improved by a Philosophic Master, who will every Day find a thousand Opportunities of turning the Attention of his Scholars to the Contemplation of the Objects that surround them, of laying open the wonderful Art with which every part of the Universe is formed, and the Providence which governs the Vegetable and Animal Creation. He may lay before them, the Religious Philosopher, Ray, Derhan's Physico-Theology, together with the Spectacle de la Nature ; and in time recommend to their Perusal, Rondoletius and Aldrovandus.
IX. But how much soever the Reason may be strenghtened by Logic, or the Conceptions of the Mind enlarged by the Study of Nature, it is necessary the Man be not suffered to dwell upon them so long as to neglect the Study of himself, the Knowledge of his own Station in the Ranks of Being, and his various Relations to the innumerable Multitudes which surround him, and with which his Maker has ordained him to be united for the Reception and Communication of Happiness. To
consider consider these aright is of the greatest Importance, fince from these arise Duties which he cannot neglect. Ethics or Morality, therefore, is one of the Studies which ought to begin with the first Glimpse of Reason, and only end with Life itself. Other Acquisitions are merely teinporary Benefits, except as they contribute to illustrate the Knowledge, and confirm the Practice of Morality and Piety, which extend their Influence beyond the Grave, and increase our Happiness through endless Duration.
This great Science therefore must be inculcated with Care and Affiduity, such as its Importance ought to incite in reasonable Minds; and for the Prosecution of this Design, fit Opportunities are always at hand. As the Importance of Logic is to be thewn, by detecting false Arguments, the Excellence of Morality is to be displayed, by proving the Deformity, the Reproach, and the Misery of all Deviations from it. Yet it is to be remembered, that the Laws of mere Morality are of no coercive Power; and however they may by Conviction of their Fitness please the Reasoner in the Shade, when the Passions stagnate without Impulse, and the Appetites are secluded from their Objects, they will be of little force against the Ardour of Desire, or the Vehemence of Rage, amidst the Pleasures and Tumults of the World. To counteract the Power of Temptations, Hope must be excited by the Prospect of Rewards, and Fear by the Expectation of Punishment;