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any reason, that we should labour upon our own? who goeth a warfare &c. ?
IX. 9, 10 Doth God take care for oxen? Or saith he it altogether for our sakes ? For our sakes, no doubt, this is written : that he that ploweth should plow in hope ; and that he that thresheth in hope should be partaker of his hope. Do ye think, that in that law God's principal aim and drift was to make provision for oxen ? and did not rather therein intend to give order for those, which are, typically, the oxen of his spiritual husbandry; even those, which labour in his harvest ? and, doubtless, it was meant chiefly to us, and giren for our sakes; that we, which take pains in the field and floor of God, might both hope for and receive such recompence as is meet for us.
IX. 11 If we have sown unto you spiritual things, is it a great thing if we shall reap your carnal things ? If we have conferred upon you spiritual blessings, and have brought you the knowledge of Christ and salvation by him, do ye think it a great matter, to return unto us some poor temporal provisions of food, raiment, and meet maintenance ?
IX. 12 Nevertheless we have not used this power ; but suffer all things, lest we should hinder the gospel of Christ. Nevertheless, we have not made use of this power and liberty of taking maintenance from you ; but rather take pains, and endure want, lest occasion should be hereupon taken to hinder the passage of the Gospel.
IX. 15 For it were better for me to die, than that any man should make my glorying void. For it were better for me to die, than to lose this glory of my free and unrecompensed preaching of the Gospel, amongst you ; wherein I have both prevented scandal, and outbidden and shamed the false apostles.
IX. 16 For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel! For preach I must: howsoever, I cannot nor may not glory in this, That I preach the Gospel; for I may not do otherwise: the necessity of my calling lays this duty upon me; and woe be to me, if I preach not the Gospel! so as this is no thank to me.
IX. 17 For if I do this thing willingly, I have a reward: but if against my will, a dispensation of the Gospel is committed unto me. If I do it willingly, I have my reward with God: but if unwillingly and grudgingly, I lose my reward; because, I am, as it were, forced to my service by command: for this dispensation is committed unto me, howsoever; and I must discharge it upon my peril.
IX. 18 What is my reward then? Verily, that when I preach the gospel, I may make the gospel of Christ without charge, that I abuse not my power in the gospel. The only thing, therefore, that I can holily glory in, is this, That I have preached the Gospel, cost-free; and have not so abused my power and liberty, as to be a scandal unto any whatsoever.
IX. 19 For though I be free from all men, yet have I made myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more. Ye talk of your liberty in these indifferent things: I am as free as you; free from all men; yet have I willingly yielded to make myself a servant to all men, &c.
IX. 21. To them that are without law, as without law, (being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might gain them that are without law. To the Gentiles, tbat, are without the Mosaical Law, I became, in ceremonial matters, as without the Law: (yet let no man tax me for a lawless man; I am not without the Law of God in respect of moral duties, and do willingly subject myself to the Evangelical Law of Christ :) that I might gain them that are without Law.
IX. 22 I am made all things to all men, that I might by all meuns save some. I framed myself and my carriage in all things, to the dispositions and manners of all men, so far as I lawfully might; tbat, by thus applying myself unto them, I might by all means save some.
IX. 23 And this I do for the gospel's sake, that I might be par. taker thereof with you. And this I do, out of a desire to propagate and enlarge the good success of the Gospel; that I might be partaker with you of the comfort that ariseth therefrom, and the crown laid up for the furtherers thereof.
IX. 24 Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain. Let this also be your care and endeavour; and do ye persevere constantly therein: It is with Christians in their holy course, as with runners in a race: for, as in a race many run but one receiveth the prize; so in Christianity many make a profession and put forward to a holy conversation, but only he that persists to the end shall be saved : so run ye therefore, that ye may attain. .
IX. 25 And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible. And, in this your holy profession, be careful to abstain from all those offences, which may be a binderance unto you: Ye see how wrestlers and fencers, that strive for the mastery, and praise of their art and strength, temper their diet, so, as they refrain from every thing that may be harmful to them, either for the shortening of their breath, or the stiffening of their sinews. Now if they do this for a garland of withering leaves, how much more should we do it for an immortal and incorruptible crown!
IX. 26 I therefore so run, not as uncertainly; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air. I therefore so run, as one that resolves to hold out to the end: I so fight, as one that would not spend one blow in vain, but as one that would be sure to strike to purpose.
IX. 27 But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection : lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway. And, as those wrestlers do, I diet myself accordingly: I keep under my body therefore, and bring it in subjection, by abstinence and such other hard exercises; lest, that, by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself, letting loose the reins to my own lusts, should be a castaway.
X. 1, 2 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be igno. rant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that our Jewish forefathers, in the Church of Israel, were in the very same condition with us: they were under the same Sacraments with us: for, being all under the cloud and all passing through the sea, they were all baptized, under the ministry and conduct of Moses, in the cloud and in the sea: that waterish cloud and those sea-waters were as no other, but those baptismal waters, wherewith we are now washed in our initiation into Christ.
X. 3, 4 And did all cat the same spiritual meat; And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. And as this Sacrament was the saine to them and to us, so was that other also; for they did all eat the same spiritual meat with us; And did all drink of the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that water, which issued from that Rock; and that Rock was a figure of Christ, out of whose side issued that blood, which our sacramental wine now representeth.
X. 5 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. But yet, for all this, there were many of them, with whom God was displeased; notwithstanding this outward profession, and participation of bis Sacraments: as ye may perceive by the effects; for they were overthrown in the wilderness.
X. ^ The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. The people did feast in their sacrifices, to the honour of their idol; and, 'in celebration of their solemnities, did rise up to play.
X. 8 As some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. As they committed fornication with the Moabitish women, and were accordingly punished; there being slain of them, in one day, three and twenty thousand, beside one thousand before.
X. 9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of thein also tempted. Neither let us tempt our Lord Christ, with our impatience and infidelity, as some of them tempted bim, by making undue trials of his power and mercy.
X. 10 And were destroyed of the destroyer.
And were destroyed of the destroying angel, executing the just wrath of God.
X. 11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples : and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. Which are fallen upon the very last age of the world; so as those things, which were done so long since, in the very first ages of the Church, are still warnings for us, in these latest times.
X. 12 Therefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. Let no man therefore glory in his own strength, or securely presume upon his own abilities; but let him, that thinks he standeth, and applauds himself in his own abilities, take heed lest he fall.
X. 13 There hath no temptation taken you, but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it. Now, upon these examples of God's judgments and the reproof of your sins, I would not have you too much dejected and discouraged; for, if you have been miscarried with temptations, nothing is befallen you herein more than is incident into other men: rather have careful recourse to God, who is faithful in the performance of all his promises and undertakings; and, if ye look up to him, will not suffer you to be tempted above your strength to resist and overcome; but will moderate the temptation, and give you a happy issue out of it; and enable you, in the mean time, to go through with it.
X. 15 I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say. I speak, as to wise men, who do well understand the true nature and use of the Sacraments; and therefore judge ye, whether that which I speak be not just and right.
X. 16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? Is it for you, that are members of Christ and partakers of the body and blood of Christ in his Holy Supper, to have any thing to do with the table of Idols? Look to the holy elements of both kinds : that sacred cup in the Eucharist, which we consecrate and bless, is it not that, wherein we have a joint communion with Christ, in partaking of his blood? The bread, which we break in that Holy Supper, is it not that, wherein we do both profess and have communion with Christ, in a joint receiving of his body?
X. 17 For we being many are one bread, and one body : for we are all partakers of that one bread. For we, that receive this body of Christ, are now not many bodies, but one body; even as the bread is, of many grains, made up in. to one loaf.
X. 18 Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar
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Cast your eyes upon those Jews, which hold themselves still to the Mosaical Law: are not they, while they eat of the oblations made to God, justly thereby held to be partakers of that sacrifice, which is offered upon the altar, unto the true God? So therefore must it needs be, that ye, which eat of the meat offered to idols, do, by this means, interest yourselves in their Idolatry.
X. 19 What say I then, that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing? What shall I say then that the Idol hath any power in itself, to defile and pollute the creature? or that the things offered to Idols do, either in their nature contract any pollution hereby, or cast as of themselves any uncleanness upon the partaker of them? No, surely; all the pollution is in the purpose and intention of the re. ceivers: the end and scope of these superstitious Idolaters is wicked; and thereupon, those, that join with them in their abominable work, become justly defiled.
X. 20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. For the deities of the Gentiles are no other than devils, what forin soever they put on; and, therefore, those things, which they sacrifice unto those their imagined gods, are by them sacrificed indeed unto devils, not unto God: and I would not, that ye should have any communion with and in the service of devils.
X. 21 Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of de. vils : &c. Ye, therefore, who, at God's table, partake of the cup of the Lord, cannot, at the table of Idols, partake of the cup of devils : &c.
X. 22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he? Do we dare to provoke the Lord to wrath; and to a jealous indig. nation, at our participation with Idol-gods? Can we bear it out against him? Will he not be sure to be revenged on us, to our utter confusion:
X. 23 All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient : all &c. See chap. ix. ver. 12.
X. 24 Let no man seek his own, but every man another's wealth, Let no man stand upon the terms of his own right and liberty, and regard his own pleasure or profit, but carefully tender the good and welfare of others.
X. 25 Making no question for conscience sake. Making no question of the lawfulness thereof, nor raising any scruple in thy conscience concerning it.
X. 26 For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof. For the earth is the Lord's, and all the creatures wherewith it is furnished; and, in his right, they are therefore thine to make thy Jawful use of.
X, 28 But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice